INVOCATIONCreature of all things, true source of Light and Wisdom, lofty source of all Being, graciously let a ray of Your Brilliance penetrate into the darkness of our understanding and take from us the double darkness in which we have been born, sin and ignorance.Give us sharp sense of understanding, a retentive memory, and the ability to grasp things correctly and fundamentally.Grant us the talent of being exact in our explanations, and the ability to express ourself with thoroughness and charm. Point out the beginning, direct the progress, and help in the completion.This we ask through the merits of Your begotten Son, our Lord Jesus Christ. AMEN.
WHAT IS ADOLESCENCE?Adolescence (from Latin “adolescere,” “to grow up”)is a transitional stage of physical and psychologicalhuman development generally occurring betweenpuberty and legal adulthood (age of majority).It is the period in which the person becomesphysically and psychologically mature and acquires apersonal identity. At the end of this critical period indevelopment, the person should be ready to enteradulthood and assume its responsibilities (Erb 2004).
• The period of adolescence is most closely associated with the teenage years, although its physical, psychological and cultural expressions can begin earlier and end later. For example, although puberty has been historically associated with the onset of adolescent development, it now typically begins prior to the teenage years and there has been a normative shift of it occurring in preadolescence, particularly in females (The Wikipedia ca. 2000).• In studying adolescent development, adolescence can be defined biologically, as the physical transition marked by the onset of puberty and the termination of physical growth; cognitively, as changes in the ability to think abstractly and multi-dimensionally; or socially, as a period of preparation for adult roles (ibid.).
THE PSYCHOSOCIAL DEVELOPMENT AMONGADOLESCENTS According to Erikson (1963), the psychological task of the adolescent is the establishment of an identity. The danger of this stage is role confusion. The inability to settle on an occupational identity commonly disturbs an adolescent. Adolescents help one another through this identity crisis by forming cliques and a separate youth culture. These often exclude all those who are “different” in skin color, cultural background, aspect of dress, gestures and tastes. They are usually concerned with their body, their appearance, and their physical abilities. Adolescents are “sexually” active and may engage in masturbation as well as heterosexual and homosexual activities. Mr. Erik Erikson
THE SPIRITUAL DEVELOPMENT AMONGADOLESCENTS According to Fowler, the adolescent or young adult reaches the synthetic – conventional stage of spiritual development. As they encounter different groups in society, they are exposed to a wide variety of opinions, beliefs and behaviors regarding religious matters.An adolescent may reconcile the differences in one of the following ways: Deciding any differences are wrong. Compartmentalizing the differences (i.e., a friend may not be able to go to dances on Friday evenings because of religious observances, but one can share activities on other days). Obtaining advice from a significant other, such as parent or a cleric, minister, pastor, et cetera. References: Erb, Glenora et al. Promoting Health from Conception through Adolescence. FUNDAMENTALS of NURSING. Prentice Hall, New Jersey. 2004: pp. 387-389. Mr. Fowler The Wikipedia (en.wikipedia.org)