Triz

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Triz

  1. 1. Ram SastryRam.Sastry@outlook.com
  2. 2. Once upon a time ….Then there was Innovation !
  3. 3.  Thinking Innovating
  4. 4.  Have you made attempts at Inventing, any time in yourlife? What are some of the greatest Inventions ?◦ Wheel : 3100 BC◦ Printing Press : John Gutenberg◦ Communication : Morse, Marconi, Tesla◦ Steam Engine : James Watt◦ Automobile : Karl Benz, Henry Ford◦ Light Bulb : Thomas Edison◦ Computer : Alan Turing◦ Internet : DARPA Can you imagine such Inventions in the future ? Inventions vs. Innovations
  5. 5.  Today’s businesses thrives on Innovation. There is a need for innovating constantly &putting them to use pretty quickly (time tomarket). Examples of some companies excelled byconstantly innovating:◦ Nokia/Samsung in mobile technologies while Motorolawas the one to invent mobile◦ Sony/Canon/Nikon excelled in digital photography whileKodak relegated to history◦ Epson/HP in modern printing technology vis-à-vis Xerox◦ The Apple Story
  6. 6.  Is it intuition or methodical ? Is it individualistic or a process ? Is it Eureka moment or result of brainstorming ? Is it Laissez faire or restricted ? Is it inspirational or systematic ? How about a structured approach forInnovation to solve problems?
  7. 7.  TRIZ - teoriya resheniya izobretatelskikh zadatch (in Russian) TIPS - theory of inventive problem solving (in English) TRIZ was developed by the Soviet inventor and science fiction author GenrichAltshuller and his colleagues, beginning in 1946. TRIZ is a problem-solving, analysis and forecasting tool derived from the study ofpatterns of invention in the global patent literature. TRIZ is spreading into corporate use across several parallel paths – it isincreasingly common in Six Sigma processes, in project management and riskmanagement systems, and in organizational innovation initiatives. TRIZ research began with the hypothesis that there are universal principles ofcreativity that are the basis for creative innovations that advance technology:Somebody someplace has already solved this problem (or one very similar to it.Creativity is now finding that solution and adapting it to this particular problem.
  8. 8. The Arrows represent transformation from one formulation ofthe problem or solution to another. The Gray arrows representthe analysis of the problems and analytic use of the TRIZdatabases. The Purple arrow represents thinking by analogy todevelop the specific solution.Your SpecificProblemTRIZ GeneralProblemTRIZ SpecificSolutionYour SpecificSolution
  9. 9.  A fundamental concept of TRIZ is that contradictions should be eliminated.TRIZ recognizes two categories of contradictions:◦ Technical contradictions are the classical engineering "trade-offs." The desired state cant bereached because something else in the system prevents it. In other words, when something getsbetter, something else gets worse. Classical examples include: The product gets stronger (good), but the weight increases (bad). The bandwidth for a communication system increases (good), but requires more power (bad). Service is customized to each customer (good), but the service delivery system gets complicated(bad). Training is comprehensive (good), but keeps employees away from their assignments (bad).◦ Physical contradictions, also called "inherent" contradictions, are situations in which one object orsystem has contradictory, opposite requirements. Everyday examples abound: Surveillance aircraft should fly fast (to get to the destination), but should fly slowly to collectdata directly over the target for long time periods. Software should be complex (to have many features), but should be simple (to be easy to learn). Coffee should be hot for enjoyable drinking, but cold to prevent burning the customer Training should take a long time (to be thorough), but not take any time.
  10. 10.  The 40 TRIZ principles are known solutions tosolve contradictions. Using these known solutions in new problemscan bring innovative solutions! Discover the 40 principles of TRIZ with someexamples:
  11. 11.  To use this table, go down the left hand side untilyou come to the property which you desire toimprove. Then think about the parameters or properties thatdegrade or get worse as you try to do this. Findthese on the X axis. At the intersection of these two (or more) you willfind the number of the TRIZ inventive principle(s)that are most often used to resolve thiscontradiction. An empty box indicates that many of the 40principles may apply and so all of them should beconsidered.
  12. 12. Thank You!

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