Art, Media, and Human Rights in Chile

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This presentation addresses how the arts and media have impacted political discourse about human rights throughout Chilean history.

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  • Art, Media, and Human Rights in Chile

    1. 1. Art, Media, and Human Rights in Chile By Sasha Harrison October 2012 Globalizing Education in the 21st Century: The Bologna Reform and Beyond conference 1
    2. 2. 2Globalizing Education in the 21st Century: The Bologna Reform and BeyondIntroduction: OutlineArt and Media background: Art and Cinema/ PublicMurals/Media/Museums/Pablo NerudaHuman Rights Background: Economic, Social andCultural rights as they relate to citizens in the contextof globalization in the 21st centuryChanging human rights awareness globally:1)1973 Military Coup, Changing Leadership2)Michelle Bachellette, Campaign3)Education: Student Protests: Educational Inequality
    3. 3. 3Globalizing Education in the 21st Century: The Bologna Reform and Beyond conferenceArt and Media Background Art and Cinema: Media, Film and Visual Effects Raise Awareness of Economic, Social and Cultural rights Carolina Larraín Institute of Communication & Image Universidad de Chile *Cinema and Film *Public Murals: Ex: Santiago *Museums: Ex: Quinto Normal- Valparaiso *Media *Pablo Neruda- Poet/ International Ambassador Quinto Normal July 2012
    4. 4. Globalizing Education in the 21st Century: The Bologna Reform and Beyond conference 4Art and Media BackgroundPublic Murals: Santiago, Chile
    5. 5. Globalizing Education in the 21st Century: The Bologna Reform and Beyond conference 5Art and Media BackgroundEl Mercurio Newspaper and news agency Cameron McCarthy, director de Estudios Globales y Educación en la U. de Illinois: Universitarios del mundo visitan nuestro país para estudiar el sistema educativo Parte de la tarea de los 16 alumnos del Máster en Estudios Globales de la Universidad de Illinois, Estados Unidos, consistió en leer sobre Chile: documentarse de su geografía, comida típica y sitios turísticos. Entre los tópicos más importantes, además, estuvo aprender sobre nuestro sistema educativo.
    6. 6. Globalizing Education in the 21st Century: The Bologna Reform and Beyond conference 6Art and Media in ChileQuinto Normal in Valparaiso- Outdoor Museum
    7. 7. Globalizing Education in the 21st Century: The Bologna Reform and Beyond conference 7Art and Media in ChileQuinto Normal in Valparaiso- Outdoor Museum
    8. 8. Globalizing Education in the 21st Century: The Bologna Reform and Beyond conference 8Art and Media in ChilePablo Neruda- Poet, International Ambassador
    9. 9. Globalizing Education in the 21st Century: The Bologna Reform and Beyond conference 9Changing Awareness of Human Rights ViolationsGlobally1) Introduction Social, Economic, Cultural Human Rights2) 1973 Military Coup 1) Salvadore Allende 2) Augusto Pinochet 3) International Response 4) Economic, Social and Cultural rights shown in Media, Human Rights Museum, Art
    10. 10. 10Globalizing Education in the 21st Century: The Bologna Reform and Beyond conferenceChanging Awareness of Human Rights ViolationsGlobally Michelle Bachellette Campaign- economic, social and cultural rights Political Changes in Chile Through Media: Dictatorship/Democracy Dr. Francisco Javier Díaz PhD in Political Science (University of Pittsburg) Ex-assistant of President Michelle Bachelet Strategy: Chose not to make it about being a woman- put her on same playing field as men Use Media to win- pictures of her with children/ actors/ Dr. *“Cool” *Tortured by Pinochet’s military regime *Pediatrician *Educational equity
    11. 11. Globalizing Education in the 21st Century: The Bologna Reform and Beyond conference 11Changing Awareness of Human Rights Violations Education: Public vs. Private Schools Neglect Economic, Social, Cultural Rights Today 2006 Protest: Penguin Revolution 2011 Higher Education 2012 Recent Protests Private institutions in all levels of education have become the majority provider in Chile and public schools are seen as a last resort for parents to enroll their children.  …many academics agree that it creates a system where social mobility through educational opportunities is decreased. – Christain Bellei, 2012 (PhD Education, Harvard University) Neo-liberal agenda espoused by Milton Friedman and the Chicago Boys during the military regime proved to have failed many members of society in Chile.
    12. 12. Globalizing Education in the 21st Century: The Bologna Reform and Beyond conference 12Penguin Revolution The Penguin Revolution and Student Movements economic and social rights through education Macarena Pena y Lillo Author "El Mayo de los Pinguinos" MA in Communication (University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign) *2006- student movement created by students, for students for demands on education – became public discourse over inadequate educational system.  *LOCE, laws that governed the educational system that were set in place directly before Pinochet left office. *Student Occupation *Media footage of the Penguin Revolution-helped students reach president.
    13. 13. 13Globalizing Education in the 21st Century: The Bologna Reform and Beyond conferenceAttaining Economic, Social and Cultural rights through highereducation2011 Student revolution- Higher EducationDemands*new framework education*more state assistance in secondary education*no more for profit universitiesBecauseLow public fundingNo system for grants/loansLow job placement flat marketContinued protests 2012
    14. 14. Globalizing Education in the 21st Century: The Bologna Reform and Beyond conference 14ConclusionEducation: Art and Media as tool to explore and encourageEconomic, Social and Cultural Rights"We will not enjoy security without development, we will notenjoy development without security, and we will not enjoy eitherwithout respect for human rights."(UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan, 2012)Solutions: Madhu Viswanathan and Martha Nussbaum.*Articles found in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights aswell as sustainable ideas and methods should be taught inbusiness curriculums internationally.*Awareness of media effect on HR. * Is this adequate? Willeducation translate to action for human rights awareness? Livewhat we teach. Teach by example.
    15. 15. Globalizing Education in the 21st Century: The Bologna Reform and Beyond conference 15 Thank You! Sasha Harrison Sasha.c.harrison@gmail.com 919-530-9758 www.linkedin.com/pub/sasha-harrison/12/209/458 Art and Politics in Chile Blog http://artandpoliticsinchile.blogspot.com/2012/08/chile-youth- public-education-and.html Locus Art by Sasha Harrison https://www.facebook.com/LocusArtBySashaHarrison

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