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Digital Cultural Heritage Data & AI : a museum perspective

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Presentation at the Time Machine 2018 conference at the EPFL in Lausanne in Switserland.

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Digital Cultural Heritage Data & AI : a museum perspective

  1. 1. TIME MACHINE CONFERENCE 2018 EPFL / Swiss Tech Convention Center – 31/10/2018 Saskia Scheltjens Head Research Services slideshare.net/saschel @saschel DIGITAL CULTURAL HERITAGE DATA & AI A museum perspective MaskbyLeshaLemonov,inspiredbyPortretvaneenmeisjeinhetblauwby JohannesCornelisz.Verspronck,1641-WinnerRijksmuseuAward2017*
  2. 2. MUSEUMS & AI Ambiguous relationship Awake and asleep at the same time COVER IMAGE
  3. 3. Cultural heritage can be an asset for AI if you understand the dynamics of cultural heritage institutions because it is complicated but it also enriches & enables innovation TAKE AWAY
  4. 4. The National Museum of Art and History of The Netherlands Dutch Golden Age and beyond +1.200.000 artworks +2.000.000 visitors each year State funded since 1800 Partial privatization in 1995 26 % government subsidy in 2017 FACTS & FIGURES
  5. 5. COMPLEX MISSION We • collect, • keep, • manage, • conserve, • restore, • research, • prepare, • present, • publish, and • share data and information about art and historical objects
  6. 6. = Early Open Data Champion in Cultural Heritage World
  7. 7. 2003-2011 Discussions with curators about opening up collections online Curated parts of the collection on the website (ARIA) First open collection data freely available is the metadata of the Rijksmuseum Research Library (in 2004) Co-operation with universities in projects re early semantic heritage data research (VU, CWI) http://schatkamer.nai.nl/system/pictures/170/original/Rijks_t2299.jpg?1308227959 OPEN DATA : WHEN
  8. 8. OPEN DATA : WHY Long renovation/restoration Closed between 2003-2012 Re-opening of the museum in 2013
  9. 9. OPEN DATA : WHY
  10. 10. Regaining control by sharing OPEN DATA : WHY
  11. 11. OPEN DATA : WHY *
  12. 12. 2012 First PID server for open collection data (handle system) Open Cultuur Data hackathon Release of 111.000 images with a CC-BY licence Launch of a new website, a new collection discovery interface Rijksstudio and an OAI-PMH API (build by Q42 and Fabrique) Development of first ever digital strategy, linked to the website but also linked to mission & values of the museum http://schatkamer.nai.nl/system/pictures/170/original/Rijks_t2299.jpg?1308227959 OPEN DATA : WHEN
  13. 13. We connect people, art and history Our collection belongs to everyone • Simple • Personal • Authentic • Qualitative • Innovative Open and Connected are central to what we do http://schatkamer.nai.nl/system/pictures/170/original/Rijks_t2299.jpg?1308227959 MISSION & CORE VALUES
  14. 14. First ever digital strategy in the museum: • Public first, technology second • Mobile first • Focus on the visual • Content needs to be shared • Everyone is a maker Link to mission & core values Closely connected to website redesign http://schatkamer.nai.nl/system/pictures/170/original/Rijks_t2299.jpg?1308227959 DIGITAL STRATEGY (2012)
  15. 15. 632.953 art works – 411.745 Rijksstudios (25/5/2018) OPEN DATA : HOW
  16. 16. http://schatkamer.nai.nl/system/pictures/170/original/Rijks_t2299.jpg?1308227959 OPEN DATA : HOW single immediate download (if Rijksstudio account)
  17. 17. OPEN DATA : HOW
  18. 18. OPEN DATA : RESULTS
  19. 19. http://schatkamer.nai.nl/system/pictures/170/original/Rijks_t2299.jpg?1308227959 OPEN DATA : RESULTS
  20. 20. https://www.rijksmuseum.nl/en/vogelen Numerous successful public crowd- sourcing events & hackathons OPEN DATA : RESULTS Photo by Romaine – CC0 1.0 -
  21. 21. OPEN DATA : RESULTS
  22. 22. Datasource for all kinds of different academic research OPEN DATA : RESULTS Chris Dijkshoorn, Lora Aroyo, … http://www.accurator.nl/#Intro *Thomas Mensink and Jan van Gemert, https://staff.fnwi.uva.nl/t.e.j.mensink/uva12/rijks *Floor Koeneman - http://visualizingvisions.com *
  23. 23. Datasource for academic education OPEN DATA : RESULTS Rijksdata Challenge Information Science Ba1 – olv Victor de Boer (VU)
  24. 24. 2013 Release of all public collection data & images under a CC0 license 2016 Launch of a live API (JSON), instigated by a request from Google Arts & Culture (GA&C) 2018 Launch of an innovative new Rijksmuseum app, including way-finding, and a SnapGuide http://schatkamer.nai.nl/system/pictures/170/original/Rijks_t2299.jpg?1308227959 OPEN DATA : WHEN
  25. 25. http://rijksmuseum.github.io/ (documentation) https://github.com/Rijksmuseum (code)
  26. 26. OPEN DATA LONGTAIL
  27. 27. OPEN DATA LONGTAIL
  28. 28. ‘The Difficult Second Date’ Merete Sanderhoff (2016)
  29. 29. • Fragmented responsabilities • Collection data silos • Complex collection data delivery • Stability & scalability of data services • Lack of versioning • Seamless is fiction http://schatkamer.nai.nl/system/pictures/170/original/Rijks_t2299.jpg?1308227959 PAINPOINTS of past situation
  30. 30. • Dare to be open • Change what doesn’t work • Holistic data approach • Agile development museum wide • Metadata about metadata • Take responsability http://schatkamer.nai.nl/system/pictures/170/original/Rijks_t2299.jpg?1308227959 LESSONS LEARNED
  31. 31. NEW Department of Research Services Alignment of all collection information ánd data to support innovative research services RESULT: REORGANISATON
  32. 32. COMPLEX ORGANISATION Departments involved in opening up collection data: 1. Research Services open data services, data management & - archiving 2. IT -> systems, security 3. Communication & Marketing digital marketing, website & collection discovery interfaces 4. Collections Management metadata creation & digitization 5. Curatorial departments metadata creation
  33. 33. COLLECTION CONNECTION CONVERSION Eenwaterval,JanvanKessel(1641-1680),1660-1680- http://hdl.handle.net/10934/RM0001.COLLECT.8874
  34. 34. • Rise of technical art history (NICAS institute) • New collaborations in Digital (Art) History • Rising interest in computational image processing & visualization > AI • Growing consensus re heritage data modeling • Generational shift http://schatkamer.nai.nl/system/pictures/170/original/Rijks_t2299.jpg?1308227959 LOCAL OPPORTUNITIES
  35. 35. • Do more with more data • Networking (national, international) • Scaling up • Take societal responsibility • Remain OPEN http://schatkamer.nai.nl/system/pictures/170/original/Rijks_t2299.jpg?1308227959 FUTURE PLANS
  36. 36. AI can be an asset for cultural heritage if we understand the dynamics of artificial intelligence research because it is complicated but it also enriches & enables innovation TAKE AWAY 2
  37. 37. THANK YOU * Parts of this presentation are based upon work of and talks with Taco Dibbits Robert Erdmann Chris Dijkshoorn Maarten Heerlien Lora Aroyo Merete Sanderhoff Ruben Verborgh Lizzy Jongma Peter Gorgels This presentation uses images & fonts with an open license, except otherwise indicated by an *

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