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Sex and gender module 2

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Sex and gender module 2

  1. 1. SEX/GENDER AND THE SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF DIFFERENCE Module 2 Dr. Sarah Rainey
  2. 2. Ideology <ul><li>The myths, beliefs, principles, ideas that a person or culture holds. These ideas are believed to explain “the way things are” (worldview) and how things should be done (common sense). </li></ul><ul><li>Dominant ideology </li></ul>
  3. 3. Sex/Gender <ul><li>Sex: biological/physical (male and female) </li></ul><ul><li>Gender: social (masculine and feminine) </li></ul><ul><li>Essentialism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Biological Determinism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Social Constructionism </li></ul>
  4. 4. Other forms of difference <ul><li>Sexual Orientation </li></ul><ul><li>Race </li></ul><ul><li>Dis/ability </li></ul><ul><li>Class </li></ul>
  5. 5. Social Construction of Difference <ul><li>Difference only has meaning (bad and good) in systems of privilege and oppression. </li></ul><ul><li>Thus, what counts as “normal” is culturally and historically specific (i.e., changes over time and across cultures). </li></ul><ul><li>FEELS “real” and natural, even immutable. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Types of Privilege <ul><li>“ unearned entitlements,” things of value that none of us should have to earn; however, when only certain groups given it, becomes “unearned advantages” </li></ul><ul><li>“ conferred dominance”—gives on group power over another, not desirable </li></ul><ul><li>Male Privilege </li></ul><ul><li>White Privilege </li></ul><ul><li>Heterosexual Privilege </li></ul><ul><li>Nondisabled Privilege </li></ul>
  7. 7. Paradox of Privilege <ul><li>Experienced by individuals, but privilege is all about categories and groups </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Privilege conferred based on perception (not necessarily reality) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Systematic versus particular </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Individuals and Systems <ul><li>Socialization </li></ul><ul><li>“ Paths of least resistance” – rewards and punishments </li></ul><ul><li>Autonomy within system </li></ul>
  9. 9. Oppression <ul><li>Double bind </li></ul>

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