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  1. 1. Female & Male Reproductive System Terminology
  2. 2. We’re Growing Up video
  3. 3. Differences and Similarities <ul><li>Males have two openings for excreting waste and for reproduction. On males, the opening at the end of the penis is called the urethra. Both urine and semen come out here, but not at the same time. Farther back is the opening called the anus. Feces exits here. </li></ul><ul><li>Females have three openings for excreting waste and for reproduction. On females, the front opening between their legs is called the urethra. Urine is the only thing that comes out from a female’s urethra. The middle opening is the vagina. This is where menstrual flow exits. The back opening is the anus, where feces exits. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Menstruation <ul><li>One of the normal changes that takes place in girls as they go through puberty. It is a very clear sign that a girl is growing into a woman. Once a girl begins menstruating, she knows that her body is prepared to have a baby at some time in the future if she decides to have children. It is important to wait until she is an adult, has accomplished her goals for her education, and is ready to accept the life-long responsibility for raising a child. It is important for boys to wait to be a parent for the same reasons. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Ovulation and Menstruation <ul><li>Color a red flow exiting the vagina. </li></ul><ul><li>Color a pink thin lining in the uterus. </li></ul><ul><li>Make a blue dot in one of the ovaries, then in just inside the Fallopian tube. </li></ul><ul><li>Make a series of blue dots traveling down the Fallopian tube, through the uterus and out the vagina. </li></ul><ul><li>Color the pink lining of the uterus to make it thicker. </li></ul><ul><li>Color a red flow exiting the vagina. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Things you should know <ul><li>The amount of blood loss during each period is only 2-6 ounces </li></ul><ul><li>Menstruation does not hurt. </li></ul><ul><li>During menstruation, a girl can do any activities she normally does. </li></ul><ul><li>When discussing menstruation girls and boys should display maturity and sensitivity </li></ul>
  7. 7. More things girls should know <ul><li>Exercising or swimming during menstruation is fine. </li></ul><ul><li>The decision about whether to use a sanitary napkins or tampons or both is up to each person & your mom. </li></ul><ul><li>Sanitary napkins and tampons should be changed at least every 4 hours or every time you go to the bathroom. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers, parents and other adults are ready to help with questions and problems. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Accurate Sources of Information <ul><li>Parents, grandparents, aunts, uncles, older siblings </li></ul><ul><li>Other trusted adults </li></ul><ul><li>Doctors, nurses, health educators, </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers, counselors </li></ul><ul><li>Pastors, priests, rabbis </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries, reference books, health departments </li></ul><ul><li>Internet sites of reputable organizations </li></ul>
  9. 9. My Personal Puberty Plan Student Activity Sheet
  10. 10. Puberty Pointers for Girls <ul><li>Reduce body and foot odor. </li></ul><ul><li>Bathe or shower daily. </li></ul><ul><li>Use underarm deodorant & antiperspirant daily. </li></ul><ul><li>Change clothes daily. </li></ul><ul><li>Understand that people of various cultures have differing practices and opinions regarding body odors. </li></ul><ul><li>Care for skin. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep skin clean. </li></ul><ul><li>Drink plenty of water. </li></ul><ul><li>Ask parents about the use of acne medications. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep hair clean and off the forehead. </li></ul><ul><li>Change and wash the pillowcase regularly. </li></ul>
  11. 11. Puberty Pointers for Girls <ul><li>Keep hair healthy. </li></ul><ul><li>Shampoo frequently enough to keep it from being oily. </li></ul><ul><li>Brush and/or comb hair daily. </li></ul><ul><li>Know how to handle cramps. </li></ul><ul><li>Not everyone has them. </li></ul><ul><li>Exercise can help. </li></ul><ul><li>Warm bath or heating pad. </li></ul><ul><li>Medication can relieve cramps. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Puberty pointers for girls <ul><li>Be prepared for menstruation. </li></ul><ul><li>Keep track of your periods on a calendar. </li></ul><ul><li>Carry a pad in purse or backpack a couple days before you expect your period. </li></ul><ul><li>Carry change in case you need to buy sanitary products. </li></ul><ul><li>Change pads every few hours as needed. </li></ul><ul><li>Do NOT flush pads throw in waste basket. </li></ul><ul><li>Shower or bathe daily. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Puberty Pointers for Girls <ul><li>Recognize normal vaginal secretions. </li></ul><ul><li>A clear odorless discharge is normal at times during the month. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not douche or put deodorant in the vagina. The vagina is self cleaning. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid vaginal infections. </li></ul><ul><li>Any discharge that is colored, strong odor, or itches call a doctor. </li></ul><ul><li>Always wipe from front to the back. </li></ul><ul><li>Wash your hands before and after changing your pad. </li></ul><ul><li>Wear cotton underwear. </li></ul><ul><li>Bubble bath is irritating for some girls and should be avoided. </li></ul>
  14. 14. Puberty Pointers for Girls <ul><li>Form Healthy Relationships. </li></ul><ul><li>With people of both genders so you can know people as individuals. </li></ul><ul><li>With people of all ages so you can learn how to relate to a variety of people. </li></ul><ul><li>With people of different races, cultures, abilities, & interests. You will learn about yourself and about others. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Puberty Pointers for Girls <ul><li>Anticipate crushes. </li></ul><ul><li>It is normal for boys & girls to have crushes on people they fine attractive. </li></ul><ul><li>When this happens, you might want to be near them, feel self-conscious & embarrassed. </li></ul><ul><li>Most people have many crushes before they meet someone they fall in love with. </li></ul><ul><li>Sometimes people feel admiration for someone older, like a teacher. This is normal you are not required to act on feelings. </li></ul>
  16. 16. Puberty Pointers for Girls <ul><li>Understand curiosity. </li></ul><ul><li>During puberty, curiosity about the other sex increases. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember: no one has the right to touch another person without his/her permission. </li></ul><ul><li>Each person must keep his/her hands off others as a sign of respect for the other person. </li></ul><ul><li>If anyone touches you in an inappropriate way, tell someone, so help can be obtained. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Summary <ul><li>List two things you can do to take care of your body as you go through puberty. </li></ul><ul><li>Remember to ask questions and to talk with someone you trust regarding changes that you are going through. </li></ul>
  18. 18. 5 th Grade Lesson 2 Teaching Materials <ul><li>Power point </li></ul><ul><li>Overhead </li></ul><ul><li>Video: We’re GrowingUP </li></ul><ul><li>Pencil,markers/crayon (red, pink, & blue) </li></ul><ul><li>Question Box </li></ul><ul><li>6 oz. red colored water </li></ul><ul><li>Tampons, sanitary pads </li></ul><ul><li>Student copies of: </li></ul><ul><li>Ovulation & Menstruation </li></ul><ul><li>My Personal Puberty Plan </li></ul><ul><li>Let’s Talk: I Wonder How You Learned About Puberty </li></ul>