Presentation on “ROAD
ACCIDENTS IN BANGLADESH
AND ITS REMEDIES”
Presented by :
MD SARWAR KAMAL
Student of IIUC, BBA
The idea of this presentation
is not to win any prize.
The only idea is to save at least some
of the thousands killed in
road accidents every year.
If at least one life can be saved,
that will be a great success.
• Brief details of Bangladesh
• # Bangladesh, a country in south Asia
• # population around 150 million
• # Area 1,47,570 sq. km
• # population density about 980
• Inhabitants per sq. km.
• # GDP per capita $600(US).
• # Population growth 1.42 per annum
• # About 27 percent of the population is
• living in the urban areas
• # the rate of urbanization over the last
• decade has been between 7 and 8 percent
• Road Accident Statistics
• Bangladesh has a very high road
• rate with official figures indicating more
than 60 deaths
• per 10,000 motor vehicles.
• Everyday around eight persons
• Die in road accidents
• The number of accidents has increased
by 43% between 1982 and 2000
The trend of accidents in Bangladesh in the six
years from 1998 to 2003 is shown in Table 1.
The table also contains data from 1992 as a reference to
understand the trend in a time span of ten years.
The numbers of accidents and persons injured in 1992 are
inexplicably higher than in the preceding and following
• Table 1 Road accident rates in Bangladesh
Year Number of Accidents Number of Casualties
• 1992 4,012 2,317 4,509
• 1998 3,533 2,358 3,297
• 1999 3,948 2,893 3,469
• 2000 3,970 3,058 3,485
• 2001 2,925 2,388 2,565
• 2002 3,941 3,053 3,285
• 2003 4,114 3,334 3,740
• Table 2 lists two common
fatality indices for the different years.
• Most motorized vehicles in Bangladesh are
concentrated in Dhaka city.
• Consequently, almost a fifth of road accidents
in Bangladesh take place in Dhaka.
• Table 2 : Fatality index values
Year Index value
Fatality per 10,000 vehicles Fatality per
(excluding motorcycles) 100km of road
1992 69.9 12.2
1998 67.3 11.3
1999 79.5 13.9
2000 80.9 14.7
2001 60.4 11.5
2002 78.6 14.7
2003 89.6 16.0
• we all known that Bangladesh is a densely populated
country and in these densely country road
• accident occurs most of the time in several places.
Bangladesh has about 1.40 million motorized
• and could be over 3 million non motorized vehicles.
Out of the motorized vehicles about 62% 2
• and 3 wheeler vehicles and the rest vehicles are of
different categories such as car, jeep, bus,
• truck, pick up is steadily increasing along with the
increase of mad mileages.
• In the recent years smooth road are being constructed
adding speed to transportation and
• frequency of movement of people. Simultaneously
number of road accidents are also soaring
• high. Road accidents in Bangladesh turns on an average
about 4000 lives and injure 2 or 3 times.
•Some of the road accidents
happened in Bangladesh
are shown below
roads accident deaths of children less
than 5 years:
• Child fatalities of road traffic accidents in
fatalities (age 0-5) (age 6-10) (age 11-15) (out of all)
• 2001 68 173 102 21%
• 2002 67 210 108 21%
• 2003 68 216 111 19%
• 2004 85 177 104 21%
• 2005 73 140 103 20%
• 2006 168 150 91 19%
• 2007 108 208 130 19%
• 2008 106 184 84 17%
Steps to be taken for Preventing Road
• Most important method to bring down accidents is
strict enforcement of speed limits. 90 % of accidents
can be avoided by strict enforcement of speed limits.
• Heavy Penalty should be imposed on ALL those who
cross speed limits. If this is strictly implemented,
nobody will dare to go at high speed
• Existing speed limits should be brought down further.
• Heavy penalty should be imposed for those who
• Tamper proof speed controllers should be made
mandatory for all heavy vehicles. New heavy vehicles
should have built in tamper proof speed controllers.
• Two wheeler manufacturers should be asked to design two
wheelers with a designed maximum possible speed of (say)
50/60 kmph. This limit may be decided based on the
conditions of each country.
• Diving tests for issue of Driving license is to be made more
stringent and foolproof.
• Lower age limit for two wheeler and Heavy Vehicle license
should be raised to 21.
• Helmet should be made compulsory by law in all countries,
OR impose a lower speed limit for those who do not use
helmet. Issue of Helmet should be made mandatory with
the sale of each two wheeler.
• Helmet should be made compulsory for back seat riders
• Ensure that all Helmet users are fixing the Chinstrap of
Helmet. Otherwise it will not help during an accident.
• Ensure that ONLY good quality Helmets that meet
standard specifications are available in the
• Existing traffic rules should be strictly enforced.
• Law should be modified such that the person
who makes the accident has to bear (say) 0 to 10
% of the insurance claims, depending on severity
of negligence. Also the compensations should be
made very huge, making accidents unaffordable
so that everyone will be very vigilant.
• All those who do not maintain the safe distance
for the speed should be punished.
• The high rate of fatal accidents in Bangladesh is
cause for alarm and unacceptable. The creation
of NRSC and adoption of Road Safety Strategic
Action Plans are welcome moves towards
improving road safety. However , not many
tangible results have been achieved so far . It is
imperative to review the measures adopted to
identify the problems of implementation and
improve or modify them so that they can be