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New microsoft office power point presentation

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New microsoft office power point presentation

  1. 1. Presentation on “ROAD ACCIDENTS IN BANGLADESH AND ITS REMEDIES”
  2. 2. Presented by : MD SARWAR KAMAL Student of IIUC, BBA +8801815806291
  3. 3. The idea of this presentation is not to win any prize. The only idea is to save at least some of the thousands killed in road accidents every year. If at least one life can be saved, that will be a great success.
  4. 4. • Brief details of Bangladesh • # Bangladesh, a country in south Asia • # population around 150 million • # Area 1,47,570 sq. km • # population density about 980 • Inhabitants per sq. km. • # GDP per capita $600(US). • # Population growth 1.42 per annum • # About 27 percent of the population is • living in the urban areas • # the rate of urbanization over the last • decade has been between 7 and 8 percent
  5. 5. • Road Accident Statistics • Bangladesh has a very high road accident fatality • rate with official figures indicating more than 60 deaths • per 10,000 motor vehicles. • Everyday around eight persons • Die in road accidents • The number of accidents has increased by 43% between 1982 and 2000
  6. 6. The trend of accidents in Bangladesh in the six years from 1998 to 2003 is shown in Table 1. The table also contains data from 1992 as a reference to understand the trend in a time span of ten years. The numbers of accidents and persons injured in 1992 are inexplicably higher than in the preceding and following years
  7. 7. • Table 1 Road accident rates in Bangladesh Year Number of Accidents Number of Casualties killed injured • 1992 4,012 2,317 4,509 • 1998 3,533 2,358 3,297 • 1999 3,948 2,893 3,469 • 2000 3,970 3,058 3,485 • 2001 2,925 2,388 2,565 • 2002 3,941 3,053 3,285 • 2003 4,114 3,334 3,740
  8. 8. • Table 2 lists two common fatality indices for the different years. • Most motorized vehicles in Bangladesh are concentrated in Dhaka city. • Consequently, almost a fifth of road accidents in Bangladesh take place in Dhaka.
  9. 9. • Table 2 : Fatality index values Year Index value Fatality per 10,000 vehicles Fatality per (excluding motorcycles) 100km of road 1992 69.9 12.2 1998 67.3 11.3 1999 79.5 13.9 2000 80.9 14.7 2001 60.4 11.5 2002 78.6 14.7 2003 89.6 16.0
  10. 10. • we all known that Bangladesh is a densely populated country and in these densely country road • accident occurs most of the time in several places. Bangladesh has about 1.40 million motorized • and could be over 3 million non motorized vehicles. Out of the motorized vehicles about 62% 2 • and 3 wheeler vehicles and the rest vehicles are of different categories such as car, jeep, bus, • truck, pick up is steadily increasing along with the increase of mad mileages. • In the recent years smooth road are being constructed adding speed to transportation and • frequency of movement of people. Simultaneously number of road accidents are also soaring • high. Road accidents in Bangladesh turns on an average about 4000 lives and injure 2 or 3 times.
  11. 11. Growth of motor vehicles and road accident casualties for last fourteen years vehicle Year Registered vehicles Deaths Injury Total casualties 1995 44004 1653 2864 4517 1996 46457 2041 3301 5342 1997 32283 3162 5076 8238 1998 32481 3085 3997 7082 1999 31503 3314 3453 6767 2000 28764 3430 3211 6641 2001 42510 3109 3172 6281 2002 54877 3398 3770 7168 2003 59248 3289 3818 7107 2004 49202 2748 1080 5621 2005 65878 3187 2754 5941 2006 80305 3193 2409 5602 2007 121272 3749 3273 7022
  12. 12. •Some of the road accidents happened in Bangladesh are shown below
  13. 13. roads accident deaths of children less than 5 years: • Child fatalities of road traffic accidents in Bangladesh Year Children fatalities (age 0-5) (age 6-10) (age 11-15) (out of all) • 2001 68 173 102 21% • 2002 67 210 108 21% • 2003 68 216 111 19% • 2004 85 177 104 21% • 2005 73 140 103 20% • 2006 168 150 91 19% • 2007 108 208 130 19% • 2008 106 184 84 17%
  14. 14. Steps to be taken for Preventing Road Accidents • Most important method to bring down accidents is strict enforcement of speed limits. 90 % of accidents can be avoided by strict enforcement of speed limits. • Heavy Penalty should be imposed on ALL those who cross speed limits. If this is strictly implemented, nobody will dare to go at high speed • Existing speed limits should be brought down further. • Heavy penalty should be imposed for those who cause accidents • Tamper proof speed controllers should be made mandatory for all heavy vehicles. New heavy vehicles should have built in tamper proof speed controllers.
  15. 15. • Two wheeler manufacturers should be asked to design two wheelers with a designed maximum possible speed of (say) 50/60 kmph. This limit may be decided based on the conditions of each country. • Diving tests for issue of Driving license is to be made more stringent and foolproof. • Lower age limit for two wheeler and Heavy Vehicle license should be raised to 21. • Helmet should be made compulsory by law in all countries, OR impose a lower speed limit for those who do not use helmet. Issue of Helmet should be made mandatory with the sale of each two wheeler. • Helmet should be made compulsory for back seat riders also. • Ensure that all Helmet users are fixing the Chinstrap of Helmet. Otherwise it will not help during an accident.
  16. 16. • Ensure that ONLY good quality Helmets that meet standard specifications are available in the market. • Existing traffic rules should be strictly enforced. • Law should be modified such that the person who makes the accident has to bear (say) 0 to 10 % of the insurance claims, depending on severity of negligence. Also the compensations should be made very huge, making accidents unaffordable so that everyone will be very vigilant. • All those who do not maintain the safe distance for the speed should be punished.
  17. 17. CONCLUSION • The high rate of fatal accidents in Bangladesh is cause for alarm and unacceptable. The creation of NRSC and adoption of Road Safety Strategic Action Plans are welcome moves towards improving road safety. However , not many tangible results have been achieved so far . It is imperative to review the measures adopted to identify the problems of implementation and improve or modify them so that they can be more effective.

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