Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016 1
By: Sar Sulistyo
DANGEROUS GOODS REGULATIONS
Setting the Course to Safety
By Sarsulistyo, S.S., M.Psi
Dangerous Goods Regulations®2016
Able to identify dangerous goods;
Have knowledge of the origin of the current regulations and be
aware of the general philosophy;
Able to identify the classes of DGs;
Able to refer to the List of DGs;
Recognise and identify the hazard/handling labels applicable to
Able to identify potential hidden hazards in cargo;
Be familiar with loading and storage procedures;
Be aware of the provisions for DGs in baggage of passengers and
Be familiar with DGs emergency response procedures.
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Who should attend ?
FLIGHT DISPATCHER/FOO LOGISTIC/STORE KEEPER
PILOT FLIGHT ATTENDANT AIRCRAFT ENGINEER
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Marking And Labeling
Notification To PIC (NOTOC)
Avoiding Hidden Hazards
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ICAO ANNEX-18 TI for the safe transport of DGs by air
CASR PART. 92
PM No. 30, 2013
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1.6. DANGEROUS GOODS SECURITY
18.104.22.168 All persons engaged in the transport of dangerous goods should
consider security requirements for the dangerous goods commensurate with
22.214.171.124 Dangerous goods should only be offered to operators that have been
126.96.36.199 The provisions of this subsection do not apply to:
a) UN 2908 and UN 2909 excepted packages;
b) UN 2910 and UN 2911 excepted packages with an activity level not
exceeding the A2 value; and
c) UN 2912 LSA-I and UN 2913 SCO-I.
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Indicative List of High Consequence Dangerous Goods (188.8.131.52.2)
Class 1 Division 1.1
Class 1 Division 1.2
Class 1 Division 1.3 Compatibility Group C
Class 1 Division 1,4, UN 0104, UN 0237, UN 0255, UN 0267, UN 0289,
UN 0365, UN 0366, UN 0440, UN 0441, UN 0455, UN 0456, UN 0500
Class 1 Division 1.5
Class 2 Division 2.3. toxic gases (excluding aerosols)
Class 3 Desensitized explosives
Class 4 Division 4.1 desnsitized explosives
Class 6 Division 6.1 substances of PG I; except when transported under the
excepted qty provisions (see DGR 2.6)
Class 6 Division 6.2 infectious substances of category A (UN 2814 and UN
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184.108.40.206 Camping Stoves and Fuel Containers that have Contained a Flammable
With the approval of the operator, as checked baggage only, camping stoves and
fuel containers for camping stoves that have contained a flammable liquid fuel may
be carried provided the fuel tank of the camping stove and/or fuel container has
been completely drained of all liquid fuel and action has been taken to nullify the
danger. To nullify the danger, the empty fuel tank and/or container must be
allowed to drain for at least 1 hour, the fuel tank and/or container must then
be left uncapped for a minimum of 6 hours to allow any residual fuel to
evaporate. Alternative methods, such as adding cooking oil to the fuel tank and/or
container to elevate the flash point of any residual liquid above the flash point of
flammable liquid and then emptying the fuel tank and/or container, are equally
acceptable. The fuel tank and/or container must then have the cap securely
fastened and be wrapped in an absorbent material such as paper towel
and placed in a polyethylene or equivalent bag. The top of the bag must then be
sealed or gathered and closed with an elastic band or twine.
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CLASSES AND LABELS (DGR 3.1 to 3.9; 7.3, 7.4)
CLASS 1 : EXPLOSIVE
It has 6 divisions
They are forbidden carried by
pax. Acft and CAO
Except. Division 1.4S
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CLASS 2 : GASES
It has 3 divisions
Division 2.1 Flammable gas (RFG)
Division 2.2 Non Flammable no toxic gas (RNG)
Division 2.3 toxic gas (forbidden for
transport by air) (RPG)
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CLASS 3 : FLAMMABLE LIQUID (RFL)
It has no division
The material (liquid) which is having
flash point equal or less than 60⁰C
Flash point equal or less than 65ᴼC (open
It has flash point and boiling point
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CLASS 4: FLAMMABLE SOLID
They have three divisions:
Division 4.1: flammable solid (RFS)
Division 4.2 spontaneous combustible
Division 4.3 dangerous when wet (RFW)
Division 4.3 shall be segregated with water;
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CLASS 5: Oxidizer and Organic
it has two divisions:
Division 5.1: oxidizer (ROX)
Division 5.2: Organic peroxides
Note: Division 5.1 shall be protect
from direct sun exposure, and shall
be attached by handling label such
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CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING
1. Toxic substances:
a) Class or Divisions: ……………………?
b) IMP codes: ……………..?
2. How many classes of dangerous goods?
3. Dangerous goods class 1 may not be allowed carry by
passenger and CAO, except?
4. Dangerous goods which does have Division, mentioned them.
5. Dangerous goods which has flash point point and boiling point?
6. Liquid which is categorized “Flammable Liquid”, how many flash
7. May Dangerous Division Division 2.3 be carried by aircraft?
8. Can the bullets be carried by aircraft?
9. What is Division of Class 2 of DGs which may NOT be allowed
carry by passenger & CAO?
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At the end of this session the participants will be able to:
Identify the UN number or Proper Shipping Namae (PSN) of the
Dangerous Goods in the DGR manual
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The function of IDENTIFICATION is:
To look for UN number;
Proper Shipping Name (PSN)
Class or division
Packing Group/PG (the degree of danger, there are 3 PG, I,
Packing Instructions (PI)
Maximum net qty/pakcage
In the IATA DGR manual you can put on:
• Sub section 4.2 “LIST OF DANGEROUS GOODS”
• Sub section 4.3 ‘NUMERICAL CROSS REFERENCE”
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CHECK YOUR UNDERSTANDING
• UN number ?
• Class/Division = ………….?
• PG ?
• Max. net qty for passenger aircraft?
• Max. net qty for CAO?
2. UN 1546
• PSN ?
• Class/Division = ………….?
• PG ?
• Max. net qty for passenger aircraft?
• Max. net qty for CAO?
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Dangerous goods must be packed in good quality packagings which
must be strong enough to withstand the shocks and loadings
normally encountered in transport, including removal from a pallet,
unit load device or overpack for subsequent manual or mechanical
5.3.2. GENERAL PACKING REQUIREMENTS
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The following types of packagings are used to ship dangerous
goods, other than radioactive material:
UN Specification Packagings;
Limited Quantity Packagings;
Excepted quantity packagings (see Unit 2);
220.127.116.11 Packing Groups
18.104.22.168.1 For packing purposes, Packing Group numbers I, II or III are
assigned to substances other than those in Classes 1, 2 and 7,
self-reactive substances of Division 4.1, Divisions 5.2 and 6.2, according
to the relative degree of danger presented by the substance.
Packing Group I—Substances presenting high danger.
Packing Group II—Substances presenting medium danger.
Packing Group III—Substances presenting low danger.
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Example of marking for single packaging to contain liquid:
1A1/Y 1.3/ 95 / 16 / USA / DOD
a b c d f g
(a) The United States National symbol
(b) The of packaging code
(c) Packing Group code
• X = PG I, II, III
• Y = PG II, III
• Z = PG III only
(d) Relative density (show if >1.2)
(e) Test pressure (in kilo pascals)
• PG I – not less than 250 kPa
• PG II & III, not less than 95 kPa
f) Year of manufacture or assembly
g) State (country) authorizing mark
h) Symbol of manufacturer/certifier
1 kPa =
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IMPORTANCE OF THE SHIPPER'S DECLARATION FOR
A Shipper's Declaration for Dangerous Goods is required from the shipper for
every dangerous goods that he ships — with very few exceptions which are
shown in the IATA DGR.
In completing one of these forms the shipper certifies that:
the goods are not forbidden for transport by air;
all goods listed are correctly classified;
All goods listed are packed according to the applicable packing
instructions and are in the quantities shown;
all packages are correctly marked and labelled;
the shipments are in all respects in the proper condition for transport by air
according to applicable national and international regulations and operator
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The Shipper's Declaration is a vital link in the safe transport of
dangerous goods by air. It indicates:
which type of aircraft can be used for the shipment (e.g.
passenger or all-cargo aircraft);
whether the shipment is radioactive or otherwise;
the technical name of the commodity(ies);
the hazards that are involved;
the type of packaging used and the quantity enclosed;
any special handling requirements;
who made the declaration.
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The shipper of the dangerous goods bears the greatest
responsibility under the TDG regulations for ensuring the safety of the
The shipper is responsible for the following:
• Determining the hazardous properties of the goods
• Classifying the goods based on their hazard(s)
• Labeling and marking the containers
• Choosing and using proper containers
• Preparing a proper shipping document
• Reporting spills
• Training employees who handle dangerous goods
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The Transporter’s Responsibilities
Ensuring the goods have been
Ensuring the shipping
document is correct
Training employees who handle
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1. Who is the most responsibility, when it comes to dangerous
2. What does this symbol mean?
3. Who is responsible to approved “Shipper’s Declaration of DGs?
4. Explain the meaning of the symbol of this marking!
5. Mention the following proper shipping name for the following items:
A. UN 1863
B. UN 1072
C. UN 2993
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DANGEROUS GOODS DOCUMENTATION
Dangerous Goods Shipper’s Declaration (SHIPDEC)
Notification to Captain (NOTOC)
Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
DGs Inspection checklist
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Shipper’s Declaration is
a formal document
which is used to inform:
a) The DGs has been
meet with the
(ICAO or National)
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Shipper's Declaration for Dangerous Goods
The list of dangerous goods that do not require a Shipper's
Declaration for Dangerous Goods will include four new items:
UN 3164, Articles, pressurized, hydraulic
UN 3164, Articles, pressurized, pneumatic
Dangerous goods in excepted quantities
UN 2807, Magnetized material
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Special provision 225 has been updated to specify the types of fire
extinguishers which fall under the entry UN 1044 FIRE
EXTINGUISHERS with compressed or liquefied gas:
• Portable fire extinguishers for small manual handling and
• Fire extinguishers for installation in aircraft.
• Fire extinguishers mounted on wheels for manual handling.
• Fire extinguishing equipment or machinery mounted on wheels or
wheeled platforms or units carried similar to (small) trailers.
• Fire extinguishers composed of a non-rollable pressure drum and
equipment, and handled e.g. by fork lift or crane when loaded or
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NOTIFICATION TO CAPTAIN (NOTOC)
Is a legal document which is issued by operators. This
document is used to give information to PIC, that his/her
aircraft loaded Dangerous Goods, and to request approval
from the PIC. If the PIC agrees, the NOTOC shall be
signed by the PIC.
NOTOC shall be:
Attached with SHIPDEC
Issued by FOO or HLO or Cargo staff
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The substance and articles listed in DGR Table 9.5.A are not
required to be shown on the NOTOC
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1. The function of NOTOC:
a. To give informal information to PIC that the A/C loads DGs
b. To give formal information to PIC that the A/C loads DGs
c. To request approval from the PIC
d. To meet the SOP
2. The function of SHIPDEC:
a. To make sure the DGs has been approved by the DGs specialist
b. To make sure that DGs has met with the classification
c. To make sure that DGs has meet with: identification,
classification, marking/labeling, proper packaging, and proper
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INFORMATION BY THE PIC IN CASE OF IN FLIGHT
Proper Shipping Name (PSN) and/or UN/ID Number
The class/Division (and for class 1 the compatibility Group)
Any identified subsidiary risk (s)
The quantity and the location on board the aircraft
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UNIT-8: DANGEROUS GOODS EMERGENCY RESPONSE
Ref. to ICAO Annex-14 AERODROMES, Chapter 9-Emergency and
Other Services . . .
Emergency checklist for Flight Crew:
1. Follow aircraft Emergency procedures for fire or smoke removal;
2. “No Smoking Sign” is ON;
3. Consider landing as soon as possible;
4. Consider turning off non-essential electrical power;
5. Determine source of smoke/fumes/fire;
6. For dangerous goods incidents in the passenger cabin, see cabin
crew checklist and coordinate cockpit/cabin crew actions;
7. Determine emergency response drill code (from NOTOC where
available or from “red book”);
8. Use guidance from aircraft emergency response drills chart to help
with incident; and
9. If the situation permits, notify ATC of Dangerous Goods being carried
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1. Disembark passengers and crew before opening any cargo