www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np1g]kfn d]l8sn sfplG;n lgodfjnL, @)@$g]kfn d]l8sn sfplG;n lgodfjnL, @)@$g]k...
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www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np3-3_ k]zf k|lt akmfbf/ /xg] u/L b/vf:tjfnfn] x:tfIf/ u/]sf] cg;"rL–@ adf]l...
www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np4++++&=&=&=&= ljz]if1 btf{ljz]if1 btf{ljz]if1 btf{ljz]if1 btf{ M -!_ o; lg...
www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np5af]nfpg kg]{5 / pkfWoIfn] klg sfplG;nsf] ljz]if a}7s gaf]nfPdf To:tf] Dof...
www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np6∗-!%s_ pklgod -!%_ adf]lhd k|fKt xg cfPsf] lg0f{osf] ;DaGwdf ;b:ox¿sf]sg}...
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www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np8-@_ lrlsT;sx¿sf] btf{ ;DaGwL /lhi6/ cfˆgf] lhDdfdf /fVg],-#_ gfdfjnLsf] ;...
www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np9!*=!*=!*=!*= /lhi6/af6/lhi6/af6/lhi6/af6/lhi6/af6 gfd lemSg] / km]/L btf{...
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www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np11-@_ z}lIfs, k|zf;lgs / cfjfl;o ejgx¿sf] kof{Kt Joj:yfePsf],-#_ lrlsT;f l...
www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np12-@_ pklgod -!_ adf]lhd ul7t lg/LIf0f 6f]nLdf sfplG;nn] cfjZostf cg;f/tLg...
www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np13-@_ pklgod -!_ df hg;s} s/f n]lvPsf] ePtfklg d]l8sn sn]hsf] :jLs[ltvf/]h...
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www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np19-v_ cfˆgf] gfd rnfpg] cyjf wg sdfpg] p2]Zon] sg} kl/ro kf6Ljf Kof8df cfˆ...
www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np20@$=@$=@$=@$= kg/fj]bgkg/fj]bgkg/fj]bgkg/fj]bg M -!_ /lhi6«f/n] u/]sf] lg...
www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np21cg;"cg;"cg;"cg;"rrrrLLLL––––!!!!-lgod # sf] pklgod -!_ ;Fu ;DalGwt_b/vf:...
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www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np23cg;"cg;"cg;"cg;"rrrrLLLL––––@@@@-lgod # sf] pklgod -#_ sf] v08 -3_ ;Fu ;...
www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np24∗cg;"cg;"cg;"cg;"rrrrLLLL––––####-lgod !% sf] pklgod -!_ ;Fu ;DalGwt_:yf...
www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np25∗cg;"cg;"cg;"cg;"rrrrLLLL––––$$$$-lgod !% sf] pklgod -!_ ;Fu ;DalGwt_c:y...
www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np26∗cg;"cg;"cg;"cg;"rrrrLLLL––––%%%%-lgod !% sf] pklgod -!_ ;Fu ;DalGwt_k/L...
www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np27∗cg;"cg;"cg;"cg;"rrrrLLLL––––^^^^-lgod !% sf] pklgod -!_ ;Fu ;DalGwt_ljz...
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nepal medical council niyamawoli

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Rules of Nepal Medical Council

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nepal medical council niyamawoli

  1. 1. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np1g]kfn d]l8sn sfplG;n lgodfjnL, @)@$g]kfn d]l8sn sfplG;n lgodfjnL, @)@$g]kfn d]l8sn sfplG;n lgodfjnL, @)@$g]kfn d]l8sn sfplG;n lgodfjnL, @)@$g]kfn /fhkqdf k|sflzt ldlt@)@$÷(÷!&;+zf]wg ug]{ P]g;+zf]wg ug]{ P]g;+zf]wg ug]{ P]g;+zf]wg ug]{ P]g!= g]kfn d]l8sn sfplG;n -klxnf] ;+zf]wg_ lgodfjnL, @)$& @)$&÷&÷!@@= g]kfn d]l8sn sfplG;n -bf];|f] ;+zf]wg_ lgodfjnL, @)%% @)%%÷!!÷!&#= g]kfn d]l8sn sfplG;n -t];|f] ;+zf]wg_ lgodfjnL, @)%& @)%&÷!!÷!*g]kfn ;/sf/n] g]kfn d]l8sn sfplG;n P]g, @)@) sf] bkmf #@ n] lbPsf] clwsf/ / To;;DaGwdf k|fKt c? ;a} clwsf/sf] k|of]u u/L b]xfosf] lgodx¿ agfPsf] 5 .kl/R5]bkl/R5]bkl/R5]bkl/R5]b––––!!!!k|f/lDesk|f/lDesk|f/lDesk|f/lDes!=!=!=!= ;+lIfKt gfd / k|f/De;+lIfKt gfd / k|f/De;+lIfKt gfd / k|f/De;+lIfKt gfd / k|f/De MMMM -!_ oL lgodx¿sf] gfd æg]kfn d]l8sn sfplG;n lgodfjnL,@)@$Æ /x]sf] 5 .-@_ of] lgodfjnL t?Gt k|f/De xg]5 .@=@=@=@= kl/efiffkl/efiffkl/efiffkl/efiff M ljifo jf k|;+un] csf]{ cy{ gnfu]df o; lgodfjnLdf –-s_ æP]gÆ eGgfn] g]kfn d]l8sn sfplG;n P]g, @)@) ;Demg k5{ .-v_ æbtf{Æ eGgfn] P]g adf]lhd lrlsT;sx¿sf] gfd btf{ ul/g] /lhi6/df ul/g]btf{nfO{ ;Demg k5{ .-u_ æ:yfoL btf{Æ eGgfn] o; lgodfjnL adf]lhd ul/g] :yfoL btf{ ;Demg k5{ .-3_ æc:yfoL btf{Æ eGgfn] P]gsf] bkmf !$ sf] pkbkmf -@_ adf]lhd ul/g] c:yfoL btf{;Demg k5{ .-ª_ ækl/If0f btf{Æ eGgfn] οοοοPs jif{sf] cjlwsf] nflu ul/g] btf{ ;Demg k5{ .++++-r_ æljz]if1 btf{Æ eGgfn] cfwlgs lrlsT;fzf:qdf :gftsf]Q/ l8u|L, l8Knf]df pkflwk|fKt JolQmx¿sf] btf{ ;Demg k5{ .-5_ æof]UotfÆ eGgfn] g]kfn ;/sf/n] /lhi6/df gfd btf{ ug{ P]gsf] cg;"rL adf]lhddfGotf lbPsf] l8u|L, l8Knf]df, ;l6{lkms]6, nfO{;]G; jf pkflwx¿ ;Demg k5{ .t];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .οοοοklxnf] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .++++bf];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .
  2. 2. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np2××××----h_ ===============♦-em_ æljZjljBfnoÆ eGgfn] k|rlnt sfg"g adf]lhd :yfkgf tyf ;~rfng e} d]l8snkm]sN6L ePsf] ljZjljBfno jf ;f] ;/xsf] lzIf0f ;+:yf ;Demg k5{ .♦-`_ ækm]sN6LÆ eGgfn] lrlsT;fzf:q ljifosf] sf]if{ ;~rfng ug{ k|:tfljt ljifosf;Dk"0f{ ljefu jf To:tf ljifo;Fu ;DalGwt lj1x¿ /x]sf z}lIfs gLlt lgdf{0fsfnflu v8f ul/Psf] lgsfo ;Demg k5{ .kl/R5]bkl/R5]bkl/R5]bkl/R5]b––––@@@@lrlsT;slrlsT;slrlsT;slrlsT;sx¿x¿x¿x¿sf] gfd /lhi6/df btf{ ug]{ ;DaGwL Joj:yfsf] gfd /lhi6/df btf{ ug]{ ;DaGwL Joj:yfsf] gfd /lhi6/df btf{ ug]{ ;DaGwL Joj:yfsf] gfd /lhi6/df btf{ ug]{ ;DaGwL Joj:yf#=#=#=#= b/vf:t lbgkg]{b/vf:t lbgkg]{b/vf:t lbgkg]{b/vf:t lbgkg]{ MMMM -!_ P]g adf]lhd of]Uotf k|fKt lrlsT;sn] cfˆgf] gfd btf{ u/fpgrfx]df sfplG;n ;dIf cg;"rL ! adf]lhdsf] b/vf:t lbg k5{ .-@_ pklgod -!_ adf]lhd b/vf:t lb+bf b]xfodf n]lvPdWo] sg lsl;dsf] btf{u/fpg rfx]sf] xf] ;f] ;d]t n]Vg kb{5 M–-s_ :yfoL btf{,-v_ c:yfoL btf{,-u_ k/LIf0f btf{, jf++++----3_ ljz]if1 btf{ .-#_ pklgod -!_ adf]lhd b/vf:t lb+bf b]xfo adf]lhdsf k|df0fkqx¿ ;d]t gTyLu/L b/vf:t b:t/ ;fy bflvn ug{ k5{ M–-s_ hg l8u|L l8Knf]dfsf] cfwf/df btf{ u/fpg rfx]sf] xf] To;sf];Ssn k|df0fkq / ++++sfplG;nsf] ;b:o jf btf{jfnflrlsT;sx¿dWo] sfplG;nn] tf]s]sf] lrlsT;sn] k|dfl0ftul/lbPsf] k|ltlnlk To:tf] ;Ssn k|df0fkq gfd btf{ eP kl5 jfbtf{ gxg] lg0f{o eP kl5 lkmtf{ ul/g]5 .-v_ b/vf:t lbg eGbf ^ dlxgf cl3;Dddf lnOPsf] kf;kf]6{ ;fOhsf]b/vf:tjfnfsf] kmf]6f] # k|lt,οοοο-u_ gful/stfsf] k|df0fkq / cGo k|df0fkqsf] k|ltlnlkx¿,××××t];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f lemlsPsf] .♦t];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f yk .++++bf];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .οοοοklxnf] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .
  3. 3. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np3-3_ k]zf k|lt akmfbf/ /xg] u/L b/vf:tjfnfn] x:tfIf/ u/]sf] cg;"rL–@ adf]lhdsf] k|lt1fkq .∗-ª_ Pd=aL=aL=P;= jf aL=8L=P;= jf ;f] ;/xsf] sf]if{df egf{ ln+bfsf];dodf lghn] kf; u/]sf] l8u|Lsf] ;Ssn / sfplG;nsf ;b:o jfbtf{jfnf lrlsT;sx¿dWo] sfplG;nn] tf]s]sf] lrlsT;sn] k|dfl0ftul/lbPsf] Ps k|lt k|ltlnlk .-r_ sfplG;nn] tf]s]sf cGo sfuhft .$=$=$=$= :yfoL btf{:yfoL btf{:yfoL btf{:yfoL btf{MMMM -!_ g]kfnleq :yfoL ¿kn] cfwlgs lrlsT;fsf] Joj;fodf nfUg rfxg]lrlsT;sn] :yfoL btf{ u/fpg cg;"rL–( df tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] b:t/ ;fy b/vf:t lbgk5{ .-@_ d]l8sn sfplG;nsf] u7g xg eGbf klxn] u7g ePsf] g]kfn sfplG;nlk|k/]6/L sld6Ln] u/]sf] btf{nfO{ cGoyf ab/ ul/Pdf afx]s o; lgod adf]lhd ul/Psf]:yfoL btf{ dflgg]5 .%=%=%=%= c:yfoL btf{c:yfoL btf{c:yfoL btf{c:yfoL btf{ M -!_ cfwf/e"t z}lIfs of]Uotf / sfplG;nn] tf]s] adf]lhdsf] lk|/lhi6«]zgtflnd jf OG6{g{zLk jf xfp; ha k"/f u/]sf] g]kfnL gful/sn] c:yfoL btf{ u/fpgsf]nflu sfplG;n ;dIf lgj]bg lbg ;Sg]5 .-@_ c:yfoL btf{ ;DaGwL b:t/ cg;"rL–( df tf]lsP adf]lhd xg]5 .-#_ c:yfoL btf{ ;DaGwL cGo Joj:yf sfplG;nn] tf]s] adf]lhd xg]5 .^=^=^=^= k/LIf0f btf{k/LIf0f btf{k/LIf0f btf{k/LIf0f btf{MMMM ++++-!_ sfplG;nn] tf]s] adf]lhdsf] of]Uotf k|fKt u/L sfplG;nn] tf]s]adf]lhdsf] lk|/lhi6«]zg tflnd, OG6{g{zLk jf xfp; ha k"/f u/L g;s]sf] cj:yfdf klgsfplG;nsf] k/LIf0f btf{ lstfadf cfˆgf] gfd btf{ u/fpg kg]{5 .++++----@_ k/LIf0f btf{ b:t/ cg;"rL–( df tf]lsP adf]lhd xg]5 .-#_ =============-$_ k/LIf0f btf{jfnfn] sfplG;nn] tf]s] adf]lhdsf] sfd tf]s]sf] :yfgdf dfq ug{kfpg]5 .∗bf];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f yk .t];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f yk .t];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .++++bf];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .bf];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f lemlsPsf] .
  4. 4. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np4++++&=&=&=&= ljz]if1 btf{ljz]if1 btf{ljz]if1 btf{ljz]if1 btf{ M -!_ o; lgodfjnL adf]lhd sfplG;ndf :yfoL btf{ ePsf] JolQmn]sfplG;nn] tf]s] adf]lhdsf] of]Uotf xfl;n u/]df dfq To:tf] JolQmsf] gfd sfplG;ndfljz]if1sf] ¿kdf btf{ ul/g]5 .-@_ ljz]if1 btf{ b:t/, jflif{s zNs gjLs/0f b:t/ / ljnDa b:t/ cg;"rL–(df tf]lsP adf]lhd xg]5 .kl/R5]bkl/R5]bkl/R5]bkl/R5]b––––####sfplG;nsf] a}7sfplG;nsf] a}7sfplG;nsf] a}7sfplG;nsf] a}7s / To; ;DaGwL cGo Joj:yfs / To; ;DaGwL cGo Joj:yfs / To; ;DaGwL cGo Joj:yfs / To; ;DaGwL cGo Joj:yf*=*=*=*= sfplG;nsf] a}7s / To;sf] sfo{ljlwsfplG;nsf] a}7s / To;sf] sfo{ljlwsfplG;nsf] a}7s / To;sf] sfo{ljlwsfplG;nsf] a}7s / To;sf] sfo{ljlw M -!_ cWoIfn] sfplG;nsf] a}7s af]nfpg] 5 .-@_ sfplG;nsf]] a}7s k|To]s jif{ οοοο;fwf/0ftof ^ k6s sf7df8f}+df xg]5 .-#_ /lhi6«f/sf] a}7s a:g] sDtLdf & lbg cufj} sfo{;"rL -Ph]08f_ ;lxtsf] ;"rgfk7fpg]5 .-$_ cWoIfsf] cgkl:yltdf pkfWoIfn] sfplG;nsf] a}7ssf] cWoIftf u|x0f ug]{5 /cWoIf jf pkfWoIf bj}sf] cgkl:yltdf pkl:yt ;b:ox¿sf] axdtn] 5flgPsf] JolQmn]a}7ssf] cWoIftf u|x0f ug]{5 .οοοο-%_ sfplG;nsf] ;Dk"0f{ ;b:o ;+Vofsf] krf; k|ltzt ;b:ox¿ pkl:yt ePdfu0fk"/s ;+Vof ku]sf] dflgg]5 .-^_ cWoIfn] cfjZos 7fg]df ljz]if a}7s af]nfpg ;Sg]5 . ljz]if a}7s af]nfpgk/] slDtdf ++++rf}la; 306fsf] ;"rgf lbgkg]{5 / To:tf] a}7sdf hg s/fsf] lgldQ a}7saf]nfOPsf] xf] ;f] ljifo afx]s c? s/fsf] 5nkmn xg ;Sg] 5}g .∗-^s_ sfplG;nsf] s"n ;b:o ;+Vofsf] klRr; k|ltzt ;b:on] sfplG;nsf] ljz]ifa}7s af]nfO{of]; egL 5nkmnsf] ljifo ;d]t pNn]v u/L cWoIf ;dIf x:tfIf/ ;lxtsf]lgj]bg lbPdf To:tf] lgj]bg k/]sf] ldltn] ;ft lbg leq cWoIfn] sfplG;nsf] ljz]if a}7saf]nfpg kg]{5 .∗-^v_ pklgod -^s_ adf]lhdsf] Dofb leq cWoIfn] sfplG;nsf] a}7s gaf]nfPdfTo:tf] Dofb ;dfKt ePsf] ldltn] ;ft lbg leq pkfWoIfn] sfplG;nsf] ljz]if a}7st];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .οοοοklxnf] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .∗bf];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f yk .
  5. 5. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np5af]nfpg kg]{5 / pkfWoIfn] klg sfplG;nsf] ljz]if a}7s gaf]nfPdf To:tf] Dofb ;dfKtePsf] ldltn] ;ft lbg leq /lhi6«f/n] sfplG;nsf] ljz]if a}7s af]nfpg kg]{5 .-&_ sfo{;"rLdf ;dfj]z gePsf] sg} ljifo dfly ljrf/ ljdz{ u/fpg rfxg];b:on] a}7s a:g] sd;]sd # lbg cufl8 /lhi6«f/ 5]p lnlvt ;"rgf lbg kg]{5 .-*_ /lhi6«f/n] pklgod -&_ adf]lhd ;dfj]z ul/Psf] ;+zf]lwt sfo{;"rL a}7s a:g]@ lbg cufj} ;a} ;b:ox¿ ;dIf k7fpg]5 .t/ sfplG;nsf ;a} ;b:ox¿sf] ;j{;Ddltn] sg} dxTjk"0f{ ljifo dfly ljrf/ljdz{ u/fpgsf lgldQ a}7ssf] sfo{;"rLdf ;dfj]z u/fpg rfx]df hlt;s} l9nf] u/L;"rgf k|fKt eP klg ;f] ljifonfO{ 5nkmndf /fVg cWoIfn] cgdlt lbg ;Sg]5 .-(_ sg} a}7ssf] u0fk"/s ;+Vof a}7ssf] lgldQ tf]lsPsf] ;do eGbf cfwf 306fkl5;Dddf klg k"/f gePdf ;f] a}7s :ylut xg]5 / ;f] a}7s km]l/ cWoIfn] tf]lslbPsf]:yfg / ;dodf :ylut ePsf] @$ 306f kl5 hg;s} a]nf a:g ;Sg]5 / o;/L kgM a;]sf]a}7snfO{ u0fk"/s ;+Vofsf] cfjZostf kg]{ 5}g .-!)_ :ylut u/L kgM af]nfOPsf] a}7ssf] ;"rgf /lhi6«f/n] cgkl:yt ;b:ox¿nfO{klg lbg]5 .-!!_ sg} ljifodf Ps dt gePdf dtbfg lnOg] 5 / axdtsf] lg0f{o dfGo xg]5 .-!@_ dtbfg ln+bf xft p7fP/ jf dt lbg] JolQmx¿ kIf ljkIfdf afFl8P/ jf uKtdtbfgåf/f lng] eGg] s/fsf] lg0f{o cWoIfn] ug]{5 / dtbfgsf] kl/0ffd cWoIfn] ;gfpg]5 .t/ ++++sfplG;nsf] a}7sdf pkl:yt axdt ;b:on] hg k|0ffnLsf] dfu ug]{ 5gToxL adf]lhdsf] k|0ffnL g} ckgfOg] 5 .-!#_ sg} k|:tfjnfO{ :jLs[lt ug]{, c:jLs[t ug]{, ;+zf]wg ;lxt :jLs[t ug]{ jf:ylut ug]{ clwsf/ sfplG;nnfO{ xg]5 .-!$_ cWoIfn] cfjZostf cg;f/ ;b:ox¿nfO{ a}7sdf af]Ng ;do tf]lslbg]5 .++++-!%_ a}7sdf 5nkmn eO{ lg0f{o ePsf s/fx¿ /lhi6«f/n] a}7s a;]sf] c7rfnL;306f leq ;a} ;b:ox¿sf] hfgsf/Lsf] nflu k7fpg kg]{5 .+bf];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .
  6. 6. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np6∗-!%s_ pklgod -!%_ adf]lhd k|fKt xg cfPsf] lg0f{osf] ;DaGwdf ;b:ox¿sf]sg} k|ltlqmof eP ;f] k|fKt ePsf] rf}la; 306f leq /lhi6«f/ ;dIf cfˆgf] k|ltlqmof k7fpgkg]{5 .∗-!%v_ pklgod -!%s_ adf]lhdsf] Dofb leq ;b:ox¿af6 sg} k|ltlqmof k|fKtgeP a}7sdf 5nkmn eO{ lg0f{o ePsf s/fx¿ /lhi6«f/n] lg0f{o kl:tsfdf hgfO{ cWoIfsf]x:tfIf/af6 k|dfl0ft u/fpg kg]{5 .∗-!%u_ pklgod -!%s_ adf]lhdsf] Dofb leq ;b:ox¿af6 sg} k|ltlqmof k|fKteP /lhi6«f/n] To:tf] k|ltlqmofsf] ;DaGwdf cWoIf;Fu cfjZos k/fdz{ u/L cWoIfsf]lgb]{zfg;f/ ug{ kg]{5 .∗-!%3_ sfplG;nn] cToGt h?/L elg lg0f{o u/]sf ljifox¿sf] ;DaGwdf pklgod!%, -!%s_, -!%v_ / -!%u_ adf]lhdsf] sfo{ljlw ckgfpg kg]{ 5}g .-!^_ sfplG;n ;DalGw ;a} sfuhkq /lhi6«f/ lhDdf uf]Ko /xg] 5 . sfplG;nsf;b:on] To:tf] ljj/0f x]g{ jf ;fg{ ;Sg]5 .-!&_ /lhi6«f/n] sfplG;nsf] gLlt lgb]{zg eGbf aflx/ uO{ sfd u/]df jfsfplG;nsf] xfgL gf]S;fgL xg] sfd hfgfhfgL u/]df jf ug{ k|oTg u/]df jf cfˆgf]cf]xbfsf] b?kof]u u/L cglrt nfe p7fPdf jf ;f] ug{ k|oTg u/]df jf sfplG;nsf] lxtlj?4 xg] u/L k|ToIf jf ck|ToIf ¿kdf sg} sfd u/]df jf c? sg} clgoldt sfd u/]dflghnfO{ avf{:t ug{ jf c? sg} ;hfo ug{sf nflu sfplG;nn] cfˆg lgisif{sf] k"0f{ ljj/0f/ cfwf/x¿ vnfO{ g]kfn ;/sf/ 5]p k|ltj]bg k]z ug{ ;Sg]5 .g]kfn ;/sf/n] /lhi6«f/ dfly nfu]sf] sg} cf/f]ksf] hfFraem u/fpg lgldQlghnfO{ ;:k]08 ug{ ;Sg]5 .(= =============+!)= ;ldltsf] u7g / clwsf/ k|Tofof]hg M -!_ P]gsf] bkmf !! adf]lhd sfplG;nn] b]xfoadf]lhdsf] ;ldlt u7g u/L To;/L u7g ePsf] ;ldltnfO{ P]g tyf o; lgodfjnLadf]lhd sfplG;n] cfkm"nfO{ k|fKt clwsf/ cfˆgf] /]vb]v / lg/LIf0fdf /xg] u/L k|Tofof]hgug{ ;Sg]5 M–-s_ btf{ ;ldlt,∗bf];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f yk .klxnf] ;+zf]wgåf/f vf/]h .+bf];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .
  7. 7. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np7-v_ of]Uotf lgwf{/0f ;ldlt,-u_ Jofj;flos cfr/0f tyf :jf:Yo ;ldlt,-3_ lzIff ;ldlt .-@_ pklgod -!_ adf]lhdsf ;ldltsf cltl/Qm sfplG;nn] cfjZos ;Dem]df cGobO{j6f yk ;ldltsf] u7g ug{ ;Sg]5 .-#_ pklgod -!_ / -@_ adf]lhd ul7t ;ldltsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ ljlgoddfJoj:yf eP adf]lhd xg]5 .-$_ pklgod -!_ ad]flhd ul7t ;ldltdf sfplG;nn] cfjZostf cg;f/ bGtlrlsT;ssf] k|ltlglwTj xg] u/L sDtLdf tLgb]lv kfFr hgf;Dd ;b:ox¿ tf]Sg ;Sg]5 .!!=!!=!!=!!= ====================================================!@=!@=!@=!@= ================================================================!#=!#=!#=!#= sfplG;nsf sd{rf/LsfplG;nsf sd{rf/LsfplG;nsf sd{rf/LsfplG;nsf sd{rf/Lx¿x¿x¿x¿sf] ;]jf zt{sf] ;]jf zt{sf] ;]jf zt{sf] ;]jf zt{ M /lhi6«f/ / sfplG;nsf c? sd{rf/Lx¿sf] ;]jfzt{, tna eQf sfplG;nn] ljlgod agfO{ tf]lslbP adf]lhd xg]5 .∗∗∗∗!#s=!#s=!#s=!#s= cWoIfsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/cWoIfsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/cWoIfsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/cWoIfsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ M P]g tyf o; lgodfjnLdf n]lvPsf Joj:yfx¿sf]clwgdf /xL cWoIfsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ b]xfo adf]lhdsf] xg]5 M–-s_ sfplG;nsf] a}7sdf 5nkmn ul/g] ljifox¿sf] k|fyldstf lgwf{/0f ug]{,-v_ sfplG;nåf/f ;~rflnt of]hgf tyf sfo{qmdx¿sf] cgudg tyf d"NofÍg ug]{,u/fpg] / tT;DaGwdf cfjZos lgb]{zg lbg],-u_ sfplG;nsf] sfd sf/jfxL Jojl:yt, k|efjsf/L / ;rf? ?kaf6 ;~rfng ug]{,-3_ sfplG;nn] lgb]{zg lbP adf]lhdsf] cGo sfo{x¿ ug]{, u/fpg] .∗∗∗∗!#v=!#v=!#v=!#v= pkfWoIfsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/pkfWoIfsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/pkfWoIfsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/pkfWoIfsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ M P]g tyf o; lgodfjnLdf n]lvPsf Joj:yfx¿sf]clwgdf /xL cWoIfsf] cgkl:yltdf cWoIfn] k|of]u u/L cfPsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/sf]k|of]u pkfWoIfn] ug]{5 .!$=!$=!$=!$= /lhi6«f/sf] sfd / st{Jo/lhi6«f/sf] sfd / st{Jo/lhi6«f/sf] sfd / st{Jo/lhi6«f/sf] sfd / st{Jo M o; lgodfjnLdf cGoq pNn]v ePsf] sfd, st{Jo /clwsf/sf] cltl/Qm /lhi6«f/sf] b]xfo adf]lhdsf] sfd / st{Jo xg]5 M–-!_ btf{sf] lgldQ k]z xg cfpg] lrlsT;sx¿sf] b/vf:t sf/jfO{sf lgldQ o;lgodfjnL cGtu{t u7g xg] btf{ ;ldltdf k]z ug]{,t];|f] ;+zf]wg4f/f yk .t];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f vf/]h .klxnf] ;+zf]wgåf/f vf/]h .∗ bf];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f yk .
  8. 8. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np8-@_ lrlsT;sx¿sf] btf{ ;DaGwL /lhi6/ cfˆgf] lhDdfdf /fVg],-#_ gfdfjnLsf] ;"rLdf s;}sf] gfd 56]sf] kQf nfu]df jf s;}n] ;f] s/fsf] ;"rgfk7fPdf cfjZostf cg;f/ ;+zf]wg ug]{,-$_ sfplG;nsf] sf]iffWoIfsf] ¿kdf sfd ug]{,-%_ sfplG;nsf sd{rf/Lx¿sf] lgolQm jf k|df]zg / lghx¿ dfly ljefuLo ;hfosf]nflu sfplG;n 5]p l;kmfl/; ug]{,-^_ sfplG;n k|lt pQ/bfoL eO{ sfplG;nsf] cfGtl/s b}lgs k|zf;g ;+rfng ug]{,∗-^s_ sfplG;nsf] jflif{s sfo{qmd tyf of]hgf th{df u/L k|To]s jif{sf] kmfug d;fGtleq sfplG;ndf k]z ug]{,∗-^v_ sfplG;naf6 :jLs[t ah]6, of]hgf tyf sfo{qmdsf] sfof{Gjog ug]{,∗-^u_ sfplG;n / sfplG;ndf gfd btf{ ePsf lrlsT;sx¿aLr ;Dks{ clwsf/Lsf]¿kdf sfd ug]{,∗-^3_ sfplG;naf6 cfb]z tyf lgb]{zg lbP adf]lhdsf] cGo sfo{x¿ ug]{ u/fpg] .-&_ sfplG;n;Fu k"j{ k/fdz{ lnO{ g]kfn ;/sf/n] tf]lslbPsf] c? sg} sfd ug]{ .++++!%=!%=!%=!%= btf{ lstfabtf{ lstfabtf{ lstfabtf{ lstfa M -!_ sfplG;ndf :yfoL, c:yfoL, k/LIf0f / ljz]if1sf] ¿kdf lrlsT;ssf]gfd btf{ ug]{ k|of]hgsf] nflu cg;"rL–#, $, % / ^ adf]lhdsf] 9fFrfdf qmdzM :yfoL,c:yfoL, k/LIf0f / ljz]if1 btf{sf] 5§f 5§} btf{ lstfa /flvg]5 .-@_ pklgod -!_ adf]lhdsf] btf{ lstfa g]kfnL tyf c+u|]hL efiff bj}df /fVg;lsg]5 . g]kfnL efiffsf] btf{ lstfadf gfdsf] klxnf] cIf/sf] / c+u|]hL efiffsf] btf{lstfadf y/sf] klxnf] cIf/sf] j0ff{gqmd cg;f/ btf{ ul/g]5 .++++!^= btf{ ;"lr k|sfzg ug]{btf{ ;"lr k|sfzg ug]{btf{ ;"lr k|sfzg ug]{btf{ ;"lr k|sfzg ug]{ M -!_ sfplG;nn] k|To]s jif{ sfplG;ndf gfd btf{ ePsflrlsT;sx¿sf] gfd btf{ ;"lr k|sfzg ug]{5 .-@_ pklgod -!_ adf]lhd k|sflzt gfd btf{ ;"rL k|To]s rf/ jif{df sfplG;nn]cBfjlws u/L k|sfzg ug]{5 .-#_ pklgod -!_ / -@_ df hg;s} s/f n]lvPsf] ePtfklg k/LIf0f btf{jfnf /btf{jfnf ljb]zL gful/s lrlsT;s lrlsT;ssf] gfd btf{ ;"rLdf k|sfzg ul/g]5}g .!&= ================∗bf]>f] ;+zf]wgåf/f yk .++++bf]>f] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .t]>f] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .
  9. 9. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np9!*=!*=!*=!*= /lhi6/af6/lhi6/af6/lhi6/af6/lhi6/af6 gfd lemSg] / km]/L btf{ ug]{ af/]gfd lemSg] / km]/L btf{ ug]{ af/]gfd lemSg] / km]/L btf{ ug]{ af/]gfd lemSg] / km]/L btf{ ug]{ af/] M -!_ sg} klg btf{jfnf lrlsT;sn] cfˆgf]gfd /lhi6/af6 x6fpg rfx]df bvf{:t lbO{ x6fpg ;Sg]5 .t/ lghn] bvf{:t lbP kl5 klg lgh pk/ P]g lgod adf]lhd sg} sf/jfxL rnfO{;hfosf] ¿kdf /lhi6/af6 gfd x6fpg sg} afwf xg] 5}g .-@_ o;/L cfkm"v;L gfd x6fPsf] lrlsT;sn] kgM bvf{:t u/L k"/f b:t/ lt/]dfkm]/L cfˆgf] gfd btf{ ug{ ;Sg]5 .-#_ P]gsf] bkmf !# sf] pkbkmf -@_ sf] cj:yf k/L gfd x6fOPsf] cj:yfdf km]/Lbvf{:t lbO{ gfd btf{ ug{ rfxg] lrlsT;saf6 lgod adf]lhd k"/f b:t/ lnO{ lghsf] gfdbtf{ ul/g]5 .-$_ P]gsf] bkmf !& sf] pkbkmf -!_ adf]lhd /lhi6/af6 gfd x6fOPsf] lrlsT;sn];f] gfd x6fOPsf] ldltn] @ jif{ kl5 rl/q ;wfg]{ k|lt1f u/L km]/L gfd btf{ ug{sf] lgldQb/vf:t lbg ;Sg]5 . sfplG;nn] klg p;sf] ck/fw jf cfr/0fsf] ljrf/ u/L rl/qsf];wf/ eP gePsf] / xg ;Sg] g;Sg] s/f tkm{ ljrf/ u/L btf{ ug]{ ;DaGwdf lg0f{o ug]{5 /gfd btf{ ug]{ lg0f{o ePdf lgod adf]lhd k"/f b:t/ lnO{ lghsf] gfp“ btf{ ul/g]5 .-%_ pklgod -$_ adf]lhd lbPsf] b/vf:t :jLs[t gePdf ! jif{ lat] kl5 km]/Lb/vf:t lbg ;Sg]5 .!(=!(=!(=!(= sfplG;nsf ;b:on] /fsfplG;nsf ;b:on] /fsfplG;nsf ;b:on] /fsfplG;nsf ;b:on] /fhhhhLLLLgfdf u/]df jf vfnL ePdf ug]{gfdf u/]df jf vfnL ePdf ug]{gfdf u/]df jf vfnL ePdf ug]{gfdf u/]df jf vfnL ePdf ug]{ M ++++-!_ sfplG;nsf] sg};b:on] cfˆgf] kbaf6 /fhLgfdf ug{ rfx]df lgjf{lrt ;b:on] cWoIf ;dIf / g]kfn;/sf/af6 dgf]lgt ;b:on] cWoIf dfkm{t g]kfn ;/sf/ ;dIf /fhLgfdf lbg ;Sg]5 .-@_ sg} ;b:osf] :yfg lghn] /flhgfdf lbP/, lghsf] d[To eP/ jf P]g adf]lhd ;b:o/xg g;Sg] sf/0f k/L l/Qm xg uPdf lghn] sfplG;nsf] ;b:otf cl3 h;/L k|fKt u/]sf]lyof] To;} u/L ;f] l/Qm :yfgsf] k"lt{ oyfzL3| ul/g]5 .@)=@)=@)=@)= sfplG;nsf] sf]if / To;sf] ;~rfngsfplG;nsf] sf]if / To;sf] ;~rfngsfplG;nsf] sf]if / To;sf] ;~rfngsfplG;nsf] sf]if / To;sf] ;~rfng M -!_ sfplG;nsf] sf]ifdf lgDg lnlvt /sdx¿/xg]5g M–-s_ sfplG;nnfO{ b/vf:t b:t/af6 k|fKt xg cfpg] /sd,-v_ sg} ;+:yf jf JolQmn] sfplG;nsf] gLlt jf p2]Zodf afwf gkg]{u/L lbPsf] zt{/lxt /sd -gub jf lhG;L_,-u_ sfplG;nn] sg} k:ts klqsfx¿ 5kfO{ ljqmL u/L p7fPsf] /sd,bf]>f] ;+zf]wgåf/f vf/]h .++++bf]>f] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .
  10. 10. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np10-3_ g]kfn ;/sf/af6 k|fKt cgbfg, /++++-ª_ cGo ;|f]taf6 k|fKt u/]sf] /sd,t/ sfplG;nn] u}/ g]kfnL gful/s, ljb]zL ;/sf/ jfcGt/f{li6«o ;+3 ;+:yfaf6 cfly{s ;xof]u k|fKt ug{ cl3 g]kfn;/sf/sf] k"j{ :jLs[lt k|fKt ug{ kg]{5 / To;/L k|fKt u/]sf] /sdhg sfdsf] nflu k|fKt u/]sf] xf] ;f]xL sfo{df dfq vr{ ug{ kg]{5 .++++-@_ sfplG;nsf] sf]ifsf] ;~rfng ljlgoddf Joj:yf eP adf]lhd xg]5 .-#_ sfplG;nsf] cfly{s jif{ k|To]s jif{sf] cfiff9 d;fGtdf ;dfKt xg]5 .-$_ ===============-%_ sfplG;nn] lgoQm u/]sf] n]vfk/LIfsåf/f cfly{s jif{ ;dfKt u/]sf] # dlxgfleq lx;fa hfFr u/fpg kg]{5 .-^_ sfplG;nn] n]vfk/LIf0f ;DaGwL k|ltj]bgsf] k|ltlnlk g]kfn ;/sf/ ;dIf k]zug{ k5{ .@)s=@)s=@)s=@)s= d]l8sn sn]hnfO{ sfplG;nn] dfGotf lbg] cfwf/d]l8sn sn]hnfO{ sfplG;nn] dfGotf lbg] cfwf/d]l8sn sn]hnfO{ sfplG;nn] dfGotf lbg] cfwf/d]l8sn sn]hnfO{ sfplG;nn] dfGotf lbg] cfwf/ M -!_ P]gsf] bkmf &s= sf] pkbkmf-!_ sf] v08 -s_ sf] k|of]hgsf] nflu d]l8sn sn]hn] b]xfo adf]lhdsf] Go"gtd dfkb08tyf k"jf{wf/ k"/f u/]sf] xgkg]{5 M–-s_ u}/ ;/sf/L jf gLlh If]qaf6 ;~rfng ul/g] d]l8sn sn]h ePk|rlnt sfg"g adf]lhd :yfkgf / btf{ ePsf],-v_ d]l8sn sn]h / lzIf0f c:ktfn Ps} :yfgdf jf Ps csf{nfO{kfos kg]{ :yfgdf :yfkgf ePsf],-u_ ljZjljBfno;Fu ;DaGwg k|fKt u/]sf],-3_ lrlsT;fzf:q ;DaGwL d]l8sn jf 8]06n ljifosf] :gfts :t/sf]sf]if{ ;~rfng ug{ b]xfo adf]lhdsf] z}lIfs tyf ef}lts k"jf{wf/k"/f u/]sf] M–-!_ cfwf/e"t lj1fgtkm{sf] Pgf6f]dL, lkmlhof]nhL, Kofyf]nhL,kmdf{sf]nhL, dfOqmf]afof]nhL, afof]s]ldi6«L / ;dbfolrlsT;f ljefutkm{ kof{Kt lzIfs, z}lIfs ;fdu|L, cf}hf/,pks/0fsf] Joj:yf ePsf],++++bf]>f] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .bf]>f] ;+zf]wgåf/f lemlsPsf] .t]>f] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .
  11. 11. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np11-@_ z}lIfs, k|zf;lgs / cfjfl;o ejgx¿sf] kof{Kt Joj:yfePsf],-#_ lrlsT;f ljifo ;DaGwL k:tsfno :yfkgf u/]sf],-$_ :gfts txsf] d]l8sn sf]if{ ;~rfngsf] nflu k|:tfljtd]l8sn sn]hsf] sDtLdf krxQ/ /f]kgL cfˆgf] :jfldTjePsf] hUuf / :gfts txsf] 8]G6n sf]if{ ;~rfng ug{k|:tfljt d]l8sn sn]hsf] sDtLdf rfln; /f]kgL cfˆgf]:jfldTjsf] hUuf ePsf],-%_ Pd=aL=aL=P;= sf]if{ ;~rfngsf] nflu sDtLdf tLg ;oz}ofsf] rfn" hg/n c:ktfnsf] Joj:yf ePsf] tyf 8]G6nsf]if{ ;~rfngsf] nflu sDtLdf Ps;o z}ofsf] rfn" hg/nc:ktfn, klRr; olg6 8]G6n lro/ ;lxt bGt /f]u;DaGwL sDtLdf tLg ljifodf ljz]if1 ;]jf ePsf]c:ktfnsf] Joj:yf ePsf],-^_ z}lIfs, k|zf;lgs Pj+ lzIf0f c:ktfn / cfjf;Lo ejglgdf{0f / lj:tf/sf] k"j{ of]hgf tof/ ePsf] .-@_ lrlsT;fzf:qsf d]l8sn jf 8]G6n ljifosf] :gftsf]Q/ sf]if{ ;~rfng ug{ k"j{:gfts txsf] d]l8sn jf 8]G6n sf]if{x¿ ;~rfng u/L k|yd ;d"xsf ljBfyL{x¿n] sf]if{ k"/ful/;s]sf] xg kg]{5 .-#_ sfplG;nn] d]l8sn jf 8]G6n sn]hdf u0f:t/Lo lzIffsf] nflu cfjZoslzIfs, z}lIfs ;fdu|L, cf}hf/, pks/0f, c:ktfn / cGo cfjZos k"jf{wf/x¿ ;DaGwdfljlgod agfO{ Joj:yf ug{ ;Sg]5 .-$_ o; lgoddf plNnlvt k"jf{wf/ / dfkb08x¿ d]l8sn jf 8]G6n sn]hn]k|:tfljt sf]if{ z? ug{ cufj} k"/f u/]sf] xg kg]{5 / d]l8sn sn]h ;~rfng ug]{ ;+:yfn]sfplG;nn] tf]s] adf]lhd qmda4 ¿kdf k"jf{wf/ ljsf; ub}{ hfg kg]{5 .@)v=@)v=@)v=@)v=lg/LIf0flg/LIf0flg/LIf0flg/LIf0f M -!_ sfplG;nn] d]l8sn sn]hsf] k"jf{wf/ ljsf; u0f:t/Lo lrlsT;f lzIffsf]cgudg, d"NofÍg / k/LIff lg/LIf0fsf] nflu ljz]if1 lg/LIfsx¿sf] 5§f5§} lg/LIf0f6f]nLx¿ u7g ug]{5 .t];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f yk .
  12. 12. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np12-@_ pklgod -!_ adf]lhd ul7t lg/LIf0f 6f]nLdf sfplG;nn] cfjZostf cg;f/tLgb]lv ;ft hgf;Dd lg/LIfsx¿ tf]Sg ;Sg]5 .-#_ lg/LIf0f 6f]nLnfO{ ;xof]u ug{ / 6f]nLn] dfu u/]sf] ;Dk"0f{ ljj/0f pknAwu/fpg ;DalGwt d]l8sn sn]hsf] bfloTj xg]5 .-$_ lg/LIf0f 6f]nLn] ;DalGwt d]l8sn sn]h lg/LIf0f u/]sf] kGw| lbg leqcg;"rL–& adf]lhdsf] 9fFrfdf lg/LIf0f, cgudg tyf d"NofÍg k|ltj]bg tof/ u/LsfplG;n ;dIf k]z ug{ kg]{5 .-%_ P]gsf] bkmf @!v= adf]lhd k/LIff lg/LIf0fsf] nflu ljZjljBfno :t/Lo jflif{sk/LIffsf] ldlt tf]lsgf;fy sfplG;nnfO{ ;DalGwt d]l8sn sn]hn] lnlvt ;"rgf k7fpgkg]{5 .@)u=@)u=@)u=@)u=sf]if{ ;~rfng / dfGotfsf]if{ ;~rfng / dfGotfsf]if{ ;~rfng / dfGotfsf]if{ ;~rfng / dfGotfM -!_ lgod @)v= sf] pklgod -$_ adf]lhd lg/LIf0f 6f]nLn] k]zu/]sf] lg/LIf0f k|ltj]bgsf] cfwf/df ;DalGwt d]l8sn sn]hn] egf{ lng ;Sg] clwstdljBfyL{ ;+Vof ;d]t lgwf{/0f u/L Ps z}lIfs jif{sf] cjlwsf] nflu sfplG;nn] k/LIf0fdfGotf k|bfg ug{ ;Sg]5 .-@_ k/LIf0f dfGotf k|fKt d]l8sn sn]hn] k|To]s jif{ ljBfyL{ egf{ lng k"j{sfplG;nåf/f To:tf] sn]hsf] lg/LIf0f u/fO{ k/LIf0f dfGotf / ljBfyL{ egf{ ;+Vof gjLs/0fug{ kg]{5 .-#_ k/LIf0f dfGotf k|fKt u/L k|yd ;d"xsf ljBfyL{ pTkfbg u/L ;s]sf ;DalGwtd]l8sn sn]hnfO{ sfplG;nn] sg} vf; cjlwsf] nflu k"0f{ dfGotf k|bfg ug{ ;Sg]5 .-$_ lgod @)v= sf] pklgod -$_ adf]lhd lg/LIf0f 6f]nLn] sfplG;n ;dIf k]zu/]sf] lg/LIf0f k|ltj]bg / ;f] k|ltj]bgsf] cfwf/df sfplG;nn] u/]sf] lg0f{ox¿ sfplG;nn]cfjlws ¿kdf g]kfn ;/sf/, ;DalGwt d]l8sn sn]h / To:tf] d]l8sn sn]hn] ;DaGwgk|fKt u/]sf] ljZjljBfnonfO{ pknAw u/fpg kg]{5 .@)3=@)3=@)3=@)3=d]l8sn sn]h ;~rfng ug]{ :jLs[lt vf/]hLsf] nflu l;kmfl/;d]l8sn sn]h ;~rfng ug]{ :jLs[lt vf/]hLsf] nflu l;kmfl/;d]l8sn sn]h ;~rfng ug]{ :jLs[lt vf/]hLsf] nflu l;kmfl/;d]l8sn sn]h ;~rfng ug]{ :jLs[lt vf/]hLsf] nflu l;kmfl/; M -!_ sfplG;nn] dfGotfk|bfg u/]sf d]l8sn sn]hn] sfplG;nn] tf]s]sf] cjlwleq dfkb08 tyf k"jf{wf/ k"/f ug{g;s]df jf To:tf] d]l8sn sn]hsf] k/LIf0f jf k"0f{ dfGotf vf/]h ePdf sfplG;nn] g]kfn;/sf/ ;dIf To:tf] d]l8sn sn]h ;~rfng ug{ g]kfn ;/sf/n] lbPsf] :jLs[lt vf/]hLsf]nflu l;kmfl/; ug]{5 .t];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f yk .
  13. 13. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np13-@_ pklgod -!_ df hg;s} s/f n]lvPsf] ePtfklg d]l8sn sn]hsf] :jLs[ltvf/]hLsf] nflu l;kmfl/; ug{ k"j{ sfplG;nn] ;DalGwt d]l8sn sn]hnfO{ plrt Dofb lbO{lg/LIf0f 6f]nLn] k]z u/]sf] lg/LIf0f k|ltj]bg adf]lhd g]kfn ;/sf/af6 To:tf] d]l8snsn]h ;~rfng ug{ k|fKt u/]sf] :jLs[lt vf/]hLsf] nflu g]kfn ;/sf/ ;dIf lsg l;kmfl/;ug{ gkg]{ xf] eGg] a]xf]/fsf] :ki6Ls/0f dfu ug]{5 .-#_ pklgod -@_ adf]lhd sfplG;nn] dfu u/] adf]lhd :ki6Ls/0f k]z xg gcfPdfjf k]z ePsf] :ki6Ls/0f ;Gtf]ifhgs gb]lvPdf lg/LIf0f k|ltj]bgsf] cfwf/df sfplG;nn]To:tf] d]l8sn sn]h ;~rfng ug{ pkoQm 5}g elg g]kfn ;/sf/ ;dIf :jLs[lt vf/]hLsf]nflu cfˆgf] lg0f{o ;lxt l;kmfl/; k]z ug{ ;Sg]5 .-$_ pklgod -#_ adf]lhd k]z u/]sf] l;kmfl/; k|fKt ePkl5 g]kfn ;/sf/n]cfjZos b]v]df plrt Dofb lbO{ ;DalGwt d]l8sn sn]h;Fu kgM :ki6Ls/0f dfu ug{;Sg]5 / :ki6Ls/0f k|fKt ePdf ;f] pk/ ljrf/ u/L / c? sg} yk hfFraem ug{ kg]{ ePcfjZos hfFraem u/L ;f] ;d]tsf] cfwf/df g]kfn ;/sf/n] To:tf] d]l8sn sn]hsf];~rfngsf] :jLs[lt vf/]hL ug{ ;Sg]5 .@)ª=@)ª=@)ª=@)ª= btf{ k|df0fkq k/LIffbtf{ k|df0fkq k/LIffbtf{ k|df0fkq k/LIffbtf{ k|df0fkq k/LIff M -!_ P]gsf] bkmf &s= sf] pkbkmf -!_ sf] v08 -3_ sf] k|of]hgsf]nflu sfplG;nn] btf{ k|df0fkq k/LIff lng]5 .-@_ pklgod -!_ adf]lhdsf] btf{ k|df0fkq k/LIff b]xfosf] sg} Ps jf PseGbfa9L t/Lsfaf6 ;~rfng ug{ ;lsg]5 M–-s_ lnlvt k/LIff,-v_ k|of]ufTds k/LIff, /-u_ cGtjf{tf{ .-#_ btf{ k|df0fkq k/LIff b:t/ cg;"rL–( df tf]lsP adf]lhd xg]5 .-$_ btf{ k|df0fkq k/LIff ;DaGwL cGo Joj:yf sfplG;nn] tf]s] adf]lhd xg]5 .-%_ btf{ k|df0fkq k/LIff pQL0f{ u/]sf] lrlsT;ssf] gfd P]g / o; lgodfjnLdfn]lvPsf cGo Joj:yfx¿sf] cwLgdf /xL btf{ ul/g]5 .@)r=@)r=@)r=@)r=ljz]if k/LIffljz]if k/LIffljz]if k/LIffljz]if k/LIff M -!_ P]gsf] bkmf @!3= sf] k|of]hgsf] nflu sfplG;nn] tf]s]sf] kf7oqmdsf]cfwf/df ljz]if k/LIff lng ;Sg]5 .-@_ ljz]if k/LIffdf lnlvt k/LIff clgjfo{ xg]5 tyf sfplG;nn] cfjZostfcg;f/ k|of]ufTds k/LIff, cGtjf{tf{ / cGo lsl;dsf] k/LIff klg lng ;Sg]5 .t]>f] ;+zf]wg4f/f yk .
  14. 14. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np14-#_ ljz]if k/LIff b:t/ cg;"rL–( df tf]lsP adf]lhd xg]5 .-$_ ljz]if k/LIff ;DaGwL cGo Joj:yf sfplG;nn] tf]s]adf]lhd xg]5 .@)5=@)5=@)5=@)5=k/LIff ;~rfng ;ldltk/LIff ;~rfng ;ldltk/LIff ;~rfng ;ldltk/LIff ;~rfng ;ldlt M lgod @)ª= / @)r= adf]lhd btf{ k|df0fkq k/LIff / ljz]ifk/LIff ;~rfngsf] nflu sfplG;nn] sDtLdf kfFr ;b:oLo k/LIff ;~rfng ;ldlt u7gug]{5 .@!=@!=@!=@!= d2f rnfpg] k|:tfj kfl/t ug]{ ;DaGwL sfo{ljd2f rnfpg] k|:tfj kfl/t ug]{ ;DaGwL sfo{ljd2f rnfpg] k|:tfj kfl/t ug]{ ;DaGwL sfo{ljd2f rnfpg] k|:tfj kfl/t ug]{ ;DaGwL sfo{ljllllwwww M -!_ P]gsf] bkmf @* sf] v08 -s_cg;f/ d2f rnfpg] k|:tfj kfl/t u/L g]kfn ;/sf/ 5]p k]z ug{ eGbf cl3 dgfl;jdflkmssf] df}sf lbO{ ;DalGwt JolQm jf ;+:yfsf] egfO{ jf k|ltlqmof dfly larf/ ug{sfplG;nsf] st{Jo xg]5 .-@_ g]kfn ;/sf/n] pklgod -!_ cGtu{tsf] k|:tfj k|fKt eP kl5 cf/f]ksf] kgM5fgljg u/fpg ;Sg]5 .∗∗∗∗@!s=@!s=@!s=@!s=lgjf{rg ;DaGwL Joj:yflgjf{rg ;DaGwL Joj:yflgjf{rg ;DaGwL Joj:yflgjf{rg ;DaGwL Joj:yf M -!_ P]gsf] bkmf $ pkbkmf -!_ sf] v08 -v_ / -r_ adf]lhdsfplG;ndf /xg] ;b:osf] lgjf{rg ;fdfGo axdtsf] cfwf/df xg]5 .-@_ ××××==============@!v=@!v=@!v=@!v= lgjf{rg ;ldltlgjf{rg ;ldltlgjf{rg ;ldltlgjf{rg ;ldlt M -!_ sfplG;nn] Pshgf k|dv lgjf{rg clws[tsf] cWoIftfdf cGo bO{hgf lgjf{rg clws[t ePsf] tLg ;b:oLo lgjf{rg ;ldltsf] u7g ug]{5 .-@_ pklgod -!_ adf]lhd ul7t lgjf{rg ;ldlt lgjf{rgsf] kl/0ffd k|sfzgePkl5 :jtM lj36g xg]5 .-#_ o; lgodfjnL adf]lhd lgjf{rg ;DkGg ubf{ nfUg] ;Dk"0f{ vr{ sfplG;nsf]sf]ifaf6 a]xf]l/g]5 .-$_ lgjf{rg ;ldlt ;DaGwL cGoM sfo{ljlw sfplG;nn] tf]s] adf]lhd xg]5 .@!u=@!u=@!u=@!u= dtbftfdtbftfdtbftfdtbftfMMMM -!_ lgjf{rg ;ldlt u7g xgeGbf cl3 sfplG;ndf gfd btf{ ePsf lrlsT;sx¿sfplG;nsf] lgjf{rgsf] nflu dtbfgdf efu lng ;Sg]5g .-@_ pklgod -!_ df hg;s} s/f n]lvPsf] eP tfklg k/LIf0f btf{jfnf / btf{jfnfljb]zL gful/s lrlsT;sn] sfplG;nsf] lgjf{rgdf dtbfg ug{ kfpg] 5}gg .t];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .∗bf];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f yk .××××t];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f lemlsPsf] .t];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f yk .
  15. 15. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np15@!3=@!3=@!3=@!3= lgjf{lrt ePsf] dflgglgjf{lrt ePsf] dflgglgjf{lrt ePsf] dflgglgjf{lrt ePsf] dflgg]]]] M -!_ Ps kbsf] nflu lgjf{rg ePsf] cj:yfdf lgjf{rgdf;a}eGbf a9L dt k|fKt ug]{ pDd]bjf/ lgjf{lrt ePsf] dflgg]5 .-@_ PseGbf a9L ;+Vofsf] kbdf lgjf{rg ePsf] cj:yfdf a9L dt k|fKt ug]{pDd]bjf/x¿ qmdzM lgjf{lrt ePsf] dflgg]5 .-#_ lgjf{rg ug{kg]{ kb ;+Vof a/fa/ jf ;f] eGbf sd ;+Vofdf lgjf{rgsf] nflupDd]bjf/ v8f ePdf To:tf] pDd]bjf/ lglj{/f]w lgjf{lrt ePsf] dflgg]5 .-$_ sg} pDd]bjf/x¿n] k|fKt u/]sf] ;b/ dt a/fa/ ePdf lgjf{rg clws[tn]a/fa/ dt k|fKt ug]{ pDd]bjf/ aLr uf]nf xfnL lg0f{o ug{ kg]{5 . To;/L uf]nfåf/f 5flgPsf]pDd]bjf/n] Psdt a9L k|fKt u/]sf] dflgg]5 .@!ª=@!ª=@!ª=@!ª= lgjf{rg ;lgjf{rg ;lgjf{rg ;lgjf{rg ;ldltsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ldltsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ldltsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ldltsf] sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/ M -!_ lgjf{rgs]f nflu dtbftf gfdfjnLk|sfzg ug]{, dtbftf gfdfjnLdf bfjL lj/f]wsf] ;gjfO{ ug]{, clGtd dtbftf gfdfjnLk|sfzg ug]{, pDd]bjf/sf] dgf]gog kq hfFRg], dgf]gog kqdf bfjL lj/f]wsf] ;gjfO{ ug]{,dtbfg s]Gb| tf]Sg], dtbfg u/fpg], dt u0fgf ug]{ / lgjf{rgsf] kl/0ffd 3f]if0ff ug]{ h:tflgjf{rg ;DaGwL ;Dk"0f{ sfd, st{Jo / clwsf/sf] k|of]u lgjf{rg ;ldltn] ug]{5 .-@_ pklgod -!_ adf]lhd lgjf{rg ;ldltn] cfkm"nfO{ k|fKt clwsf/ k|of]u ubf{ lgjf{rg;DaGwL kmf/fdx¿sf] 9fFrf tf]Sg, lgjf{rgsf] nflu cfjZos lgb]{lzsf hf/L ug{ / lgjf{rg;DkGg ug{ cfjZos kg]{ JolQmx¿nfO{ sfddf nufpg ;Sg]5 .-#_ lgjf{rg ;DaGwL cGo sfo{ljlw lgjf{rg ;ldltn] tf]s] adf]lhd xg]5 .kl/R5]bkl/R5]bkl/R5]bkl/R5]b––––#s#s#s#sljb]zL gful/s lrlsT;ssf] gfd btf{ ;DaGwL Joj:yfljb]zL gful/s lrlsT;ssf] gfd btf{ ;DaGwL Joj:yfljb]zL gful/s lrlsT;ssf] gfd btf{ ;DaGwL Joj:yfljb]zL gful/s lrlsT;ssf] gfd btf{ ;DaGwL Joj:yf@!r=@!r=@!r=@!r= btf{ lsbtf{ lsbtf{ lsbtf{ lstfa gfd btf{ u/fpg]tfa gfd btf{ u/fpg]tfa gfd btf{ u/fpg]tfa gfd btf{ u/fpg] MMMM -!_ sg} ljb]zL gful/s lrlsT;sn] lglZrt cjlwsf]nflu g]kfnleq sg} c:ktfn jf d]l8sn sn]hdf lrlsT;f Joj;fo ug{sf] nflusfplG;nn] tf]s] adf]lhdsf] 9fFrfdf btf{ lstfadf gfd btf{ u/fpg b/vf:t lbg kg]{5 .-@_ pklgod -!_ adf]lhd b/vf:t lb+bf ljb]zL gful/s lrlsT;sn] /fxbfgL /k|j]zf1f tyf /fxbfgL / k|j]zf1f cfjZos gkg]{ dnssf] ljb]zL gful/s lrlsT;s ePlghsf] kl/ro hlgg] u/L ;/sf/L lgsfoaf6 hf/L ePsf] kl/rokqsf] sfplG;nsf] ;b:ojf :yfoL btf{jfnf lrlsT;sdWo] sfplG;nn] tf]s]sf] lrlsT;sn] k|dfl0ft ul/lbPsf]k|ltlnlk b/vf:t;fy ;+nUg ug{ kg]{5 .t];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f yk .
  16. 16. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np16-#_ ljb]zL gful/s lrlsT;sn] lgh sfo{/t /x]sf] b]zsf] d]l8sn jf 8]G6nsfplG;n jf ;f] ;/xsf Joj;flos kl/ifbaf6 k|fKt u/]sf] c;n lrlsT;s cfr/0fsf]k|df0fkq / lghn] hg c:ktfn jf d]l8sn sn]hdf sfd ug{ rfx]sf] xf] ;f] c:ktfn jfd]l8sn sn]hsf] k|dv / g]kfn ;/sf/n] lghn] ;f] c:ktfn jf d]l8sn sn]hdf sfdug{kg]{ sf/0f, cjlw cflb vnfO{ lghsf] gfd btf{sf] nflu ul/lbPsf] l;kmfl/;kqsf] ;Ssn /sfplG;nsf] ;b:o jf :yfoL btf{jfnf lrlsT;sdWo] sfplG;nn] tf]s]sf] lrlsT;sn]k|dfl0ft ul/lbPsf] ;f] l;kmfl/;kqsf] k|ltlnlk ;d]t ;+nUg ug{ kg]{5 .t/ ljb]zL gful/s lrlsT;snfO{ lrlsT;f Joj;fodf ;+nUg u/fpg g]kfn;/sf/;Fu lnlvt ;Demf}tf u/]sf jf g]kfn ;/sf/af6 ;xdlt k|fKt u/]sf c:ktfn jfd]l8sn sn]hsf] xsdf To:tf] ;Demf}tf jf To:tf] ;Demf}tfsf] Dofb;Dd jf ;xdlt k|fKtu/]sf] cjlwsf nflu g]kfn ;/sf/sf] 5§} l;kmfl/;kq k]z ug{ kg]{ 5}g .-$_ ljb]zL gful/s lrlsT;ssf] gfd btf{ a9Ldf Ps jif{sf] nflu dfq ul/g]5 .t/ sfplG;nn] cfjZos b]v]df Ps k6sdf a9Ldf Ps jif{ ggf£g] u/L btf{ gjLs/0ful/lbg ;Sg]5 .-%_ ljb]zL gful/s lrlsT;ssf] gfd btf{ cg;"rL–* df tf]lsP adf]lhdsf] btf{lstfadf ul/g]5 .-^_ pklgod -#_ df hg;s} s/f n]lvPsf] ePtfklg btf{jfnf ljb]zL gful/slrlsT;s sfo{/t /x]sf] c:ktfn jf d]l8sn sn]hdf lghsf] ;]jf cjlw ;dfKt ePdf jflghn] pQm c:ktfn jf d]l8sn sn]hdf sfd ug{ 5f8]df lghsf] gfd btf{ :jtM vf/]hePsf] dflgg]5 .-&_ ljb]zL gful/s lrlsT;ssf] gfd btf{ tyf btf{ gjLs/0f b:t/ cg;"rL–( dftf]lsP adf]lhd xg]5 .-*_ of] lgodfjnL k|f/De xg cufl8 ljb]zL gful/s lrlsT;ssf] gfd btf{ ePsf]/x]5 eg] :jtM of] lgodfjnL adf]lhd gfd btf{ ePsf] dflgg]5 .-(_ ljb]zL gful/s lrlsT;ssf] gfd btf{ ;DaGwL cGo Joj:yf sfplG;nn] tf]s]adf]lhd xg]5 .
  17. 17. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np17kl/R5]bkl/R5]bkl/R5]bkl/R5]b––––$$$$ljljwljljwljljwljljw@@=@@=@@=@@= lrlsT;ssf]lrlsT;ssf]lrlsT;ssf]lrlsT;ssf] cfrf/ ;+lxtfcfrf/ ;+lxtfcfrf/ ;+lxtfcfrf/ ;+lxtf M -!_ /f]uL / /f]uLsf kl/jf/sf ;b:ox¿ k|lt btf{jfnflrlsT;ssf] cfrf/ ;+lxtf b]xfo adf]lhd xg]5 M–-s_ cfˆgf] al4 / Ifdtfn] EofP;Dd plrt lgbfg u/L /f]usf] pkrf/ug]{,-v_ cfˆgf] plrt kfl/>lds, cf}iflw / ;fdfg tyf pks/0fx¿sf] nfUbf]vr{ afx]s cglrt t/Lsf;Fu k|ToIf jf ck|ToIf ¿kn] c? cfly{snfe gp7fpg],-u_ cfkm"n] ++++cfˆgf] zlQm, 1fg, lzk / cgejn] sg} /f]usf] pkrf/ ug{g;Sg] h:tf] nfu]df pknAw xg ;s];Dd sg} ljz]if1;Fu ;NnfxlnO{ ug]{ / cj:yf x]/L /f]uLsf] pkrf/ xg ;s];Dd ljz]if1af6u/fpg k5{ eGg] s/fsf] ;Nnfx :ki6 ¿kdf pkrf/ u/fpg] /f]uL jf/f]uLsf kl/jf/sf e/kbf]{ ;b:ox¿nfO{ lbg] cyjf c:ktfn h:tf;+:yfdf l;kmfl/; ug]{,-3_ /f]uLnfO{ jf lghsf kl/jf/sf ;b:onfO{ plrt b]lvPdf /f]usf]s8fO{sf] ;"rgf lbg],t/ cfly{s jf cGo sg} lsl;dsf] p2]Zo /fvL dfd"nL/f]unfO{ s8f agfpg] 5}g .-ª_ lgDglnlvt cj:yfdf afx]s cfkm"n] pkrf/ u/]sf] ++++/f]uLnfO{ cfˆgf]pkrf/af6 jl~rt gu/fpg] M–-!_ kfl/>lds lbg c:jLsf/ u/]df,-@_ cfkm"n] eg]sf] cf}iflw gu/]df,++++-#_ cfjZos gk/]sf cf}iflwx¿ n]Vg lrlsT;snfO{ bafalbPdf jf n]Vg afWo agfPdf .-$_ sg} ¿kaf6 cfkm"nfO{ cg}lts sfd u/fpg vf]h]df .-r_ /f]uLnfO{ s8f /f]u nfu]sf] sf/0fn] a/fa/ x]/ljrf/sf] h?/t 5eGg] yfxf eP kl5 cfˆgf] cgkl:yltdf klg kfP;Dd o; lsl;dsft];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .+bf];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .
  18. 18. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np18lrlsT;snfO{ b]vfp egL kl/jf/sf ;b:o jf x]/ljrf/ ug]{dflg;nfO{ lj:t[t ¿kdf atfO{ cfjZos k/]df cfkm"nfO{ va/ lbg;Sg] u/L cfkm" /xg] ;Defljt 7fpFx¿ ;d]t atfP/ dfq 5f8g],-5_ /f]u / /f]uLsf] x]/rfx ug]{ k|lt eb| Jojxf/ u/L cfˆgf] 1fg, al4 /cgejn] ku];Dd ljrf/ k¥ofO{ lgbfg / pkrf/df pk]Iff jfx]nrqmfO{ gug]{,-h_ s;}nfO{ lj/fdLsf] jf lg/f]lutfsf] em¶f k|df0fkq glbg] s;}sf] kIfdfjf ljkIfdf em¶f ;fIfL gaSg] k|df0f glbg] jf jQmJo glbg],-em_ cbfntsf] cfb]zn] sfg"g adf]lhd atfpg kg]{ hlt s/f afx]scfˆgf] /f]uLn] ljZjf; u/L atfPsf] lgh;Fu ;DalGwt sg} uKts/fx¿nfO{ gatfpg],-`_ :jf:Yosf] sf/0fn] afx]s c? cj:yfdf ue{kft gu/fpg] :jf:Yosf]sf/0f 5 eg] tfklg csf]{ lrlsT;ssf] ;d]t /fo lnO{ lghsf]/fodf klg ue{kft gu/fPdf ++++ue{jtLsf] Hofg vt/fdf 5 jfhGdg] aRrf ckflxh aGg] ;Defjgf 5 jf ue{jtL dlxnfsf]dfgl;s ;Gtng v/fa xg] ;Defjgf 5 eGg] s/fdf Ps dt ePdfdfq ue{kft u/fpg], t/ o;af6 sfg"g lj?4 sg} sfd ug]{clwsf/ ePsf] dflgg] 5}g .-6_ sg} pkrf/ ubf{ tT;DaGwL b3{6gf xg uPdf cfkm"n] ;Sbf] d]xgt/ al4 nufO{ /f]uLsf] k|f0f jf c+u arfpg] pkfo ug]{ c? ljz]if1sf];]jf k|fKt xg ;Sg] /x]5 eg] lghsf] ;xof]u lnO{ To; cj:yfdfk/]sf] /f]uLnfO{ pQ/bfloTj lnO{ oyf;Dej pkrf/ ug]{,-7_ nfu" kbfy{ vfO{ /f]uLsf] pkrf/ gug]{ .-@_ btf{jfnf lrlsT;ssf] ;xsf/L k|ltsf] cfrf/ ;+lxtf b]xfo adf]lhdsf]xg]5 M–-s_ cfˆgf ;xsf/Lx¿nfO{ zAbn] cyjf c? sg} Jojxf/af6 xf]Rofpg]jf ckdfg gug]{,++++bf];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .t];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .
  19. 19. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np19-v_ cfˆgf] gfd rnfpg] cyjf wg sdfpg] p2]Zon] sg} kl/ro kf6Ljf Kof8df cfˆgf] gfd, kfPsf] l8u|L l8Knf]df / sg} kb kfPsf] 5eg] Tof] afx]s c? sg} s/f gn]Vg],t/ sg} lstfa n]v]sf] 5 / ;f] lstfa ;j{;fwf/0fnfO{ ge}lrlsT;s jf tT;DaGwL JolQmsf] nflu dfq n]lvPsf] 5 eg] ;f]lstfadf c? kfPsf] sg} pkfwLx¿ n]Vg eg] sg} jfwf xg] 5}g .-u_ afgL a:g] cf}ifwL cfkm"n] ;]jg gug]{ tyf ;xsf/L / c?nfO{ ;d]tafgL a:g] u/L ;s];Dd ;]jg gu/fpg],-3_ of]Uotf gePsf JolQmnfO{ pkrf/ jf To; ;DaGwL sfd ug{ /u/fpg d2t gug]{,-ª_ s;}nfO{ cfˆgf] kfl/>ldssf] lx:;f saf]nL cfkm" sxfF la/fdL Nofpg]k|ToIf jf ck|ToIf ¿kn] Ph]06 gafpg] .@#=@#=@#=@#= ;hfo / cGo sf/jfO{;hfo / cGo sf/jfO{;hfo / cGo sf/jfO{;hfo / cGo sf/jfO{ M -!_ sfplG;nn] lgod @@ df pNn]v ul/Psf] cfrf/ ;+lxtfsf]pNn+3g ug]{ / cfˆgf] ck/fw 9fF6g] lrlsT;s dfly sf/jfO{ rnfO{ lghsf] gfd /lhi6/af6x6fpg /lhi6«f/nfO{ cfb]z lbg]5 .-@_ sfplG;nn] lrlsT;snfO{ :jo+ pkl:yt eO{ jf jsLn k7fO{ cfˆgf] ;kmfOsf];a"b lbg] df}sf lbg]5 .t/ cf/f]k nfu]sf lrlsT;sn] tf]lsPsf] Dofbleq cfkm" gcfPdf jf jsLn klggk7fPdf PstkmL{ lg0f{o xg]5 .-#_ ;hfosf] lgldQ rnfOg] sf/jfO{df ;DalGwt lrlsT;s, lghtkm{sf] jsLn,sfplG;nsf ;b:o tyf sd{rf/L / sfplG;nsf tkm{af6 cfPsf ;Nnfxsf/ afx]s c?pkl:yt xg kfpg] 5}gg .-$_ /lhi6/af6 gfd x6fpg] u/L ePsf] lg0f{osf] ;"rgf /lhi6«f/n] ;DalGwt JolQm,;+:yf / sfof{nonfO{ lbg]5 .-%_ sfplG;n P]gsf] bkmf !& -!_ / bkmf -@)_ cg;f/ sg} btf{jfnf lrlsT;ssf]gfd /lhi6/af6 x6fpg eGbf cl3 lghnfO{ cfˆgf] egfO{ k]z ug]{ dgfl;j dflkmssf] df}sflbg]5 .t/ g}lts ktg b]lvg] kmf}hbf/L cleof]udf clGtd cbfntaf6 ;hfo kfPsf]dfTo:tf] df}sf lbO{ /xg kg]{5}g .t];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .
  20. 20. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np20@$=@$=@$=@$= kg/fj]bgkg/fj]bgkg/fj]bgkg/fj]bg M -!_ /lhi6«f/n] u/]sf] lg0f{o jf sfd s/fdf P]g adf]lhd sfplG;ndf k]z ePsf]kg/fj]bgdf To:tf] kg/fj]bs -ckLn ug]{ JolQm_ sfplG;nsf] ;b:o /x]5 eg] ;f] ;b:o //lhi6«f/ bj}nfO{ pkl:yt u/fO{ sfplG;nsf] a}7sdf 5nkmn u/L lg0f{o ul/g]5 .t/ sfplG;nsf cWoIfn] To:tf] a}7ssf] ;"rgf sd;]sd Ps dlxgf cufl8/lhi6«f/ / kg/fj]bsnfO{ lbg kg]{5 .-@_ sfplG;nn] pklgod -!_ cGtu{t a:g] a}7ssf] ;"rgfdf tf]lsPsf] lbg /lhi6«f/jf kg/fj]bs sf]xL pkl:yt geP klg cfˆgf] lg0f{o lbg ;Sg]5 .@%=@%=@%=@%= k|df0fkq lbg] ;DaGwL Joj:yfk|df0fkq lbg] ;DaGwL Joj:yfk|df0fkq lbg] ;DaGwL Joj:yfk|df0fkq lbg] ;DaGwL Joj:yf M -!_ btf{jfnf lrlsT;sn] P]gsf] bkmf @( cGtu{tk|df0fkq lb+bf o:tf] k|To]s k|df0fkq tT;DaGwdf sfplG;nn] tf]lslbP adf]lhdsf]/lhi6/df btf{ ug{ kg]{5 .-@_ pklgod -!_ adf]lhd lbOPsf] hGdsf] k|df0fkqsf] cfwf/df dfq s;}sf]gful/stf lglZrt ePsf] dflgg] 5}g .
  21. 21. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np21cg;"cg;"cg;"cg;"rrrrLLLL––––!!!!-lgod # sf] pklgod -!_ ;Fu ;DalGwt_b/vf:t gd"gfb/vf:t gd"gfb/vf:t gd"gfb/vf:t gd"gf>L /lhi6«f/,g]kfn d]l8sn sfplG;n,sf7df08f}+, g]kfn .dxf]bo,d]/f] gfd g]kfn d]l8sn sfplG;ns]f btf{ lstfadf lgodfg;f/:yfoL÷c:yfoL÷k/LIf0f÷ljz]if1 btf{ u/fpg of] lgj]bg k]z u/]sf] 5 . s[kof d]/f] gfdsfplG;nsf] btf{ lstfadf btf{ u/L To;sf] k|df0fkq lbg xg cg/f]w ub{5 . d}n] k|fKt u/]sf];Dk"0f{ z}lIfs of]Uotfsf] k|df0fkq / nAwfÍkq, gful/stf / cGo k|df0fkqx¿sf] ;Ssn / ;f]sf]k|dfl0ft k|ltlnlkx¿, xfn;fn} lvlrPsf] kf;kf]6{ ;fOhsf] Zofd Zj]t kmf]6f] tLg k|lt tyf lgj]bgb:t/ ============ ?k}ofFsf] a}Í ef}r/ o;} ;fy ;+nUg u/]sf] 5 .b/vf:tjfnfsf] k"/f gfd M–:yfoL 7]ufgf M– b/vf:tjfnfsf],c:yfoL 7]ufgf M– b:tvt M–afasf] gfd M– ldlt M–afh]sf] gfd M–k|:tfljt sfd ug]{ 7fpF M–k|fKt u/]sf] z}lIfs tyf cGo pkflwx¿ M– -!_-@_-#_-$_z}lIfs tyf cGo pkflwx¿ k|bfg ug]{ ;+:yf M–k|fKt u/]sf] ;fn M–c? sg} Jofj;flos kl/ifbdf gfd btf{ ePsf] eP To:tf] kl/ifbsf] gfd / 7]ufgf M–lgj]bsn] k|]l:sK;gdf ug]{ b:tvtsf] gd"gf M–t];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .kf;kf]6{ ;fO{hsf]kf;kf]6{ ;fO{hsf]kf;kf]6{ ;fO{hsf]kf;kf]6{ ;fO{hsf]----xfn;fn} lvlrPsf]xfn;fn} lvlrPsf]xfn;fn} lvlrPsf]xfn;fn} lvlrPsf]ZZZZofd Zj]t kmf]6f]_ofd Zj]t kmf]6f]_ofd Zj]t kmf]6f]_ofd Zj]t kmf]6f]_
  22. 22. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np22ldlt M–kl/ro M– -sfplG;nsf] ;b:o . :yfoL btf{jfnf lrlsT;saf6_ M–d}n] lgj]bs 8f= =================== nfO{ /fd|f];Fu lrGb5 . lghn] lbPsf] ljj/0f 7Ls 5, km/sk/]df sfg"g adf]lhd ;xFnf, aemfpFnf .k|dfl0ft ug]{sf],gfd M–b:tvt M–btf{ g+= M–7]ufgf M–ldlt M–
  23. 23. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np23cg;"cg;"cg;"cg;"rrrrLLLL––––@@@@-lgod # sf] pklgod -#_ sf] v08 -3_ ;Fu ;DalGwt_k|lt1fkqk|lt1fkqk|lt1fkqk|lt1fkqd >L ======================================================= n] g]kfn d]l8sn sfplG;n P]g, lgodtyf ljlgod Pj+ k|rlnt cGo sfg"gsf] cwLgdf /xL lrlsT;ssf] x}l;otn] cfkm"n] kfngf ug{kg]{;a} sfd / st{Jo OdfGbf/L ;fy kfngf ug]{ k|lt1f ub}{ of] k|lt1fkq k|:tt u/]sf] 5 . d}n] g]kfnd]l8sn sfplG;n P]g, lgod, ljlgod tyf k]zfut cfr/0f / cGo k|rlnt sfg"gn] lglb{i6 u/]sf]lrlsT;ssf] sfd, st{Jo / cfrf/ ;+lxtf ljk/Lt sfd u/]df sfg"g adf]lhd sf/jfxL xg d]/f]dGh/L 5 .b:tvt M–gfd M–7]ufgf M–ldltM–t];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f ;+zf]lwt .
  24. 24. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np24∗cg;"cg;"cg;"cg;"rrrrLLLL––––####-lgod !% sf] pklgod -!_ ;Fu ;DalGwt_:yfoL btf{ lstfa:yfoL btf{ lstfa:yfoL btf{ lstfa:yfoL btf{ lstfabtf{ g+= btf{ ldlt gfd y/ 7]ufgf cfwf/e"t z}lIfsof]Uotf / tflndljZj ljBfno jf lzIf0f;+:yfsf] k/f gfd /7]ufgfcGo ljj/0f kf;kf]6{ ;fO{hsf]-xfn;fn} lvlrPsf]_Zofd Zj]t kmf]6f]k"/f gfd y/ b]jgful/df M–c+u|]hLdf M–afh]sf] gfd M–afasf] gfd M–lnË M–/fli6«otf M–hGd :yfg M–hGd ldlt M–;fn ==========dlxgf =========ut] ==========dnsc~rnlhNnf6f]n÷ufpFgu/kflnsfuf=lj=;=j8f g+=6]lnkmf]g;Dk{s 7]ufgfkmf]g g+=ˆofS; g+=kf]i6 aS; g+=xfn sg} ;+:yfdfsfo{/t eP;+:yfsf] gfd7]ufgfpkflwsf] gfdcWoog cjlwegf{ ePsf] ;fncWoog k"/f u/]s]f;fnO{G6g{zLk z? / k"/fu/]sf] ;fnpkflw k|fKt u/]s]fdlxgf / ;fnpkflw lbg] ;++:yfsf] gfd/ 7]ufgf OG6{g{zLk k"/fu/]sf] ;+:yfsf] gfd /7]ufgfklxn] sg} ;+:yfdf btf{ePsf] eP btf{ g+=ldlt;+:yfsf] gfdljj/0f eg]{sf] ;xL ?h ug]{sf] ;xL ;DalGwt lrlsT;ssf] ;xL /lhi6«f/sf] ;xL======================= =================== ==================================== ====================∗bf];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f yk .
  25. 25. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np25∗cg;"cg;"cg;"cg;"rrrrLLLL––––$$$$-lgod !% sf] pklgod -!_ ;Fu ;DalGwt_c:yfoL btf{ lstfac:yfoL btf{ lstfac:yfoL btf{ lstfac:yfoL btf{ lstfabtf{ g+= btf{ldltgfd y/ 7]ufgf cfwf/e"t z}lIfs of]Uotf /tflndljZj ljBfno jflzIf0f ;+:yfsf] k/fgfd / 7]ufgfcGo ljj/0f kf;kf]6{ ;fO{hsf]-xfn;fn} lvlrPsf]_Zofd Zj]t kmf]6f]k"/f gfd y/b]jgful/df M–c+u|]hLdf M–lnË M–/fli6«otf M–gful/stf g+=M–hGd :yfg M–hGd ldlt M–;fn ==========dlxgf =========ut] ==========dnsc~rnlhNnf6f]n÷ufpFgu/kflnsfuf=lj=;=j8f g+=6]lnkmf]g;Dk{s 7]ufgfkmf]g g+=ˆofS; g+=kf]i6 aS; g+=xfn sg} ;+:yfdfsfo{/t eP ;+:yfsf]gfd7]ufgfpkflwsf] gfdcWoog cjlwegf{ ePsf] ;fncWoog k"/f u/]s]f ;fnO{G6g{zLk z? / k"/f u/]sf] ;fnpkflw k|fKt u/]s]f dlxgf / ;fnpkflwsf] gfdtflnd lbg] ;+:yfsf]gfd / 7]ufgfklxn] sg} ;+:yfdfbtf{ ePsf] eP btf{g+=ldlt;+:yfsf] gfdljj/0f eg]{sf] ;xL ?h ug]{sf] ;xL ;DalGwt lrlsT;ssf] ;xL /lhi6«f/sf] ;xL======================= ================== ================================== ===================∗bf];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f yk .
  26. 26. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np26∗cg;"cg;"cg;"cg;"rrrrLLLL––––%%%%-lgod !% sf] pklgod -!_ ;Fu ;DalGwt_k/LIf0f btf{ lstfak/LIf0f btf{ lstfak/LIf0f btf{ lstfak/LIf0f btf{ lstfabtf{ g+= btf{ ldlt gfd y/ 7]ufgf cfwf/e"t z}lIfs of]Uotf /tflndljZj ljBfnojf lzIf0f;+:yfsf] k/fgfd / 7]ufgfcGo ljj/0f kf;kf]6{ ;fO{hsf]-xfn;fn}lvlrPsf]_ ZofdZj]t kmf]6f]k"/f gfd y/b]jgful/df M–c+u|]hLdf M–afasf] gfd M–afh]sf] gfd M–lnË M–/fli6«otf M–hGd :yfg M–hGd ldlt M–;fn ==========dlxgf =========ut] ==========dnsc~rnlhNnf6f]n÷ufpFgu/kflnsfuf=lj=;=j8f g+=6]lnkmf]g;Dk{s 7]ufgfkmf]g g+=ˆofS; g+=kf]i6 aS; g+=xfn sg} ;+:yfdfsfo{/t eP ;+:yfsf]gfd7]ufgfpkflwsf] gfdcWoog cjlwegf{ ePsf] ;fnz}lIfs jif{cWoog k"/f u/]s]f ;fnO{G6g{zLk k"/f u/]sf] ;fnpkflw k|fKt u/]s]f dlxgf /;fnpkflwsf] gfdklxn] sg} ;+:yfdf btf{ePsf] eP btf{ g+=ldlt;+:yfsf] gfdljj/0f eg]{sf] ;xL ?h ug]{sf] ;xL ;DalGwt lrlsT;ssf] ;xL /lhi6«f/sf] ;xL======================= ================== ================================== ===================∗bf];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f yk .
  27. 27. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np27∗cg;"cg;"cg;"cg;"rrrrLLLL––––^^^^-lgod !% sf] pklgod -!_ ;Fu ;DalGwt_ljz]if1 btf{ lstfaljz]if1 btf{ lstfaljz]if1 btf{ lstfaljz]if1 btf{ lstfabtf{ g+= btf{ ldlt gfd y/ 7]ufgf cfwf/e"t tyf ljz]ifz}lIfs of]Uotf / tflndljZj ljBfno jflzIf0f ;+:yfsf] k/fgfd / 7]ufgfcGo ljj/0f kf;kf]6{ ;fO{hsf]-xfn;fn}lvlrPsf]_ ZofdZj]t kmf]6f]k"/f gfd y/ b]jgful/df M–c+u|]hLdf M–afasf] gfd M–afh]sf] gfd M–lnË M–/fli6«otf M–hGd :yfg M–hGd ldlt M–;fn ==========dlxgf =========ut] ==========dnsc~rnlhNnf6f]n÷ufpFgu/kflnsfuf=lj=;=j8f g+=6]lnkmf]g;Dk{s 7]ufgfkmf]g g+=ˆofS; g+=kf]i6 aS; g+=xfn sg} ;+:yfdfsfo{/t eP;+:yfsf] gfd7]ufgfcfwf/e"t pkflwsf] gfdcWoog cjlwegf{ ePsf] ;fnz}lIfs jif{cWoog k"/f u/]s]f ;fnO{G6g{zLk k"/f u/]sf];fnljz]if pkflw k|fKt u/]s]fdlxgf / ;fnklxn] sg} ;+:yfdfbtf{ ePsf] eP btf{g+=ldlt;+:yfsf] gfdljj/0f eg]{sf] ;xL ?h ug]{sf] ;xL ;DalGwt lrlsT;ssf] ;xL /lhi6«f/sf] ;xL====================== ==================== ================================== ===================∗bf];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f yk .
  28. 28. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np28cg;"cg;"cg;"cg;"rrrrLLLL––––&&&&-lgod @)v= sf] pklgod -$_ ;Fu ;DalGwt_lg/LIf0f, cgudg tyf d"NofÍlg/LIf0f, cgudg tyf d"NofÍlg/LIf0f, cgudg tyf d"NofÍlg/LIf0f, cgudg tyf d"NofÍg k|ltj]bgg k|ltj]bgg k|ltj]bgg k|ltj]bgd]l8sn sn]hsf] gfd / 7]ufgf M–;+rfns ;+:yfsf] gfd / 7]ufgf M–;+rfns ;+:yf k|dvsf] gfd / 7]ufgf M–d]l8sn sn]h k|dvsf] gfd / 7]ufgf M–d]l8sn sn]hn] ;DaGwg lnPsf] ljZjljBfnosf] gfd / 7]ufgf M–d]l8sn sn]h lg/LIf0fsf] p2]Zo M–ef}lts k"jf{wf/x¿sf] ljj/0f M–-!_ hUufsf] If]qkmn M–-@_ z}lIfs, k|zf;lgs / cfjf;Lo ejg M–-#_ cfwf/e"t lj1fgtkm{sf k|of]uzfnf, z}lIfs ;fdfu|L, cf}hf/ / pks/0fcflb M–-$_ lrlsT;f ljifo ;DaGwL k:tsfno M–-%_ lzIf0f c:ktfn / c:ktfndf ljleGg ljefu, cf}hf/, pks/0f / ;]jf;DaGwL tYofÍ M–lzIfs, lrlsT;s, k|lzIfs, g;{, k|zf;lgs / cGo hgzlQmsf] ljj/0f M–ljBfyL{ ;+Vof M–jflif{s k/LIffdf pQL0f{ k|ltzt M–;~rfng ul/Psf cGo z}lIfs sf]if{x¿ M–k"jf{wf/ ljsf; / hgzlQm ljsf; of]hgf M–cGo ljj/0f M–lg/LIf0f 6f]nLsf] lgisif{ M–lg/LIf0f 6f]nLsf ;b:ox¿sf] b:tvt M–ldlt M–t];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f yk .
  29. 29. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np29cg;"cg;"cg;"cg;"rrrrLLLL––––****-lgod @!r= sf] pklgod -%_ ;Fu ;DalGwt_ljb]zL gful/s lrlsT;s btf{ lstfaljb]zL gful/s lrlsT;s btf{ lstfaljb]zL gful/s lrlsT;s btf{ lstfaljb]zL gful/s lrlsT;s btf{ lstfabtf{ g+= btf{ ldlt gfd y/ 7]ufgf cfwf/e"t z}lIfs of]Uotf / tflnd ljZj ljBfno jflzIf0f ;+:yfsf]k/f gfd / 7]ufgfcGo ljj/0f kf;kf]6{ ;fO{hsf]-xfn;fn} lvlrPsf]_Zofd Zj]t kmf]6f]k"/f gfd y/b]jgfu/Ldf M–c+u|]hLdf M–lnË M–/fli6«otf M–/fxbfgL g+= M–k|j]zf1fsf] cjlw M–hGd :yfg M–hGd ldlt M–;fn ==========dlxgf =========ut] ==========b]zsf] gfd M–:yfoL 7]ufgf M–xfnsf] 7]ufgfM–c~rn M–lhNnf M–6f]n÷ufpF M–gu/kflnsf÷uf=lj=;= M–j8f g+= M–6]lnkmf]g M–;Dk{s 7]ufgf M–kmf]g g+= M–ˆofS; g+= M–kf]i6 aS; g+= M–xfn sg} ;+:yfdfsfo{/t eP;+:yfsf] gfd7]ufgf M–cfwf/e"t pkflwsf] gfd M–cWoog cjlw M–egf{ ePsf] ;fn M–cWoog k"/f u/]sf];fn M–O{G6g{zLk z? / k"/f u/]sf] ;fn M–pkflw k|fKt u/]sf] dlxgf / ;fn M–ljz]if1 pkflw k|fKt u/]s]f eP ;f]pkflwsf] gfd M–lrlsT;f Joj;fo ;DaGwL sg}tflnd lnPsf] eP To:tf] tflndsf]gfd M–tflnd lbg] ;+:yfsf] gfd / 7]ufgf M–klxn] sg} ;+:yfdfbtf{ ePsf] eP btf{g+= M–ldlt M–;+:yfsf] gfd M–ljj/0f eg]{sf] ;xL ?h ug]{sf] ;xL ;DalGwt lrlsT;ssf] ;xL /lhi6«f/sf] ;xL====================== ================= ================================== ===================t];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f yk .
  30. 30. www.lawcommission.gov.npwww.lawcommission.gov.np30cg;"cg;"cg;"cg;"rrrrLLLL––––((((-lgod $ sf] pklgod -!_, lgod % sf] pklgod -@_, lgod ^ sf] pklgod -@_, lgod &sf] pklgod -@_, lgod @)ª= sf] pklgod -#_, lgod @)r= sf] pklgod -#_ / lgod@!r= sf] pklgod -&_ ;Fu ;DalGwt_b:t/b:t/b:t/b:t/!= :yfoL btf{ b:t/ M Ps xhf/ ¿k}ofF .@= c:yfoL btf{ b:t/ M Ps xhf/ ¿k}ofF .#= k/LIf0f btf{ b:t/ M kfFr;o ¿k}ofF .$= ljz]if1 btf{ M–-s_ gfd btf{ b:t/ M Ps xhf/ bO{;o ¿k}ofF .-v_ jflif{s zNs M Ps;o ¿k}ofF .-u_ gjLs/0f b:t/ M Ps;o ¿k}ofF .-3_ ljnDj b:t/ M krf; ¿k}ofF .%= btf{ k|df0fkq k/LIff b:t/ M bO{ xhf/ kfFFr;o ¿k}ofF .^= ljz]if k/LIff b:t/ M tLg xhf/ ¿k}ofF .&= ljb]zL gful/s lrlsT;ssf] nflu M–-s_ gfd btf{ b:t/ M tLgxhf/ ¿k}ofF .-v_ btf{ gjLs/0f b:t/ M tLgxhf/ ¿k}ofF .t];|f] ;+zf]wgåf/f yk .

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