Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Presentacion seminario Pragasin fotos


Published on

  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Presentacion seminario Pragasin fotos

  1. 1. Preliminary approach of the community of primates in the protected area of Oglán Alto, Arajuno-Pastaza, Ecuador G.A. Carrillo-B, J. J. Bravo, S. Martin, M-C. Huynen ©G. Carrillo-B.
  2. 2. Introduction <ul><ul><li>Causes of primate extinction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Habitat destruction </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>13 million ha </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hunting </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Bushmeat </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Pets </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>© Helene Palomino © Helene Palomino
  3. 3. Biodiversity in Ecuador <ul><ul><li>Ecuador: number 4 on the list of countries having more species per sq. km </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>40 % of primate species are from the Neotropical Region </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of primate species in Ecuador: 19 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of primate species in the Amazonian Ecuador: 15 </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Study Site <ul><ul><li>Protected Area Oglan Alto </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>01°19’27.5’’|S, 77°41’20.1’’|W </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>3 344 ha </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>25 % of Ecuador’s mammal species and 49 % of the Amazonian region’s </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Two identified types of forest: Lowland Rain Forest and Piedmont Forest </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. <ul><ul><li>The management plan results were mostly taken from interviews with the community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lack of studies in the Amazonian </li></ul></ul><ul><li>site of Oglan Alto </li></ul>Primate Cebidae Cebus albifrons Saimiri sciureus Lagothrix lagotricha Pithecia monachus Ateles belzebuth Alouatta seniculus Callitrichidae Saguinus sp Saguinus fuscicollis Cebuella pigmea
  6. 6. <ul><ul><li>The aim of this study was to obtain preliminary results on the presence of primates in the Oglan Alto Reserve, with the participation of the community </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Methods
  8. 8. <ul><ul><li>Four explorative trips have been made (June 2006 - January 2007) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The intensive phase of field research began in March 2007 </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. TWO COMPONENTS Non-human Primate Component Human Component
  10. 10. Primate Component Data Collection <ul><ul><li>Time distribution </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>2 research groups: 1 researcher + 1 assistant </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Seven 45-day fieldtrips a year (rainy season and dry season) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>20 days to census primates </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>20 days to look for primates and habituation </li></ul></ul></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><ul><li>Census of primates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Direct Observation: </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Location </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Number of individuals </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Group Composition </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Indirect Observation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Auditory Record: Vocalizations </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Faeces </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food Consumption traces </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><ul><li>Monitoring </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>4 transects of 4 km each </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Transects are marked and mapped every 25 m </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>6h00-11h00 and 13h00-18h00 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Home Range: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>location of primates is registered every 20 min starting at 6h00 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><ul><li>Phenological sampling </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>3 phenological transects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trees DBH>10 cm  marked and mapped </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>fruit abundance : Direct observation and fruit traps </li></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. <ul><ul><li>Behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Focal: Every min for a 20 min period </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Scan Group: every 5 min </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Codes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Foraging </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Food Consumption </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Movement </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Rest </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Active (Out of sight) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Inactive (Out of sight) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Human Component <ul><ul><li>Training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Seminars: Field Reports </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Field training: “Para-Biologos” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Environmental Education </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Schools and High Schools </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Informal </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Themes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Environment </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sustainability </li></ul></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Results <ul><ul><li>A 10 000 meters long system of trails and transects has been established across 358 ha </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Results and Discussion Alouatta seniculus Lagothrix Lagotricha Saguinus fuscicollis
  18. 18. <ul><ul><li>We already have 6 plant species from their diet, that are being identified </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We can find al least 90 trees per 1000 m2 with DBH>10 cm </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. <ul><ul><li>2 seminars have been made </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We have trained 3 futur “para-biólogos” </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Conclusions <ul><ul><li>This project is just beginning </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We would like to finish the elaboration of transect before the end of the year </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>We’re going to continue with the monitoring and the habituation process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The next step will be to collect ethological and ecological data </li></ul></ul>