Exe mba ee-nuclear energy_sarjeevan

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executive mba oil & gas - energy economics - overview of nuclear energy in india

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Exe mba ee-nuclear energy_sarjeevan

  1. 1. OVERVIEW OF NUCLEAR ENGERGY IN INDIA Sarjeevan Sainbhi 20104006 Sarjeevan Sainbhi 1
  2. 2. “No power is costlier than no power” Dr. Homi J. Bhabha Sarjeevan Sainbhi 2
  3. 3. Electricity Power generation in india Nuclear RES** Fuel MW 3% (MNRE) Coal 94,653.38 11% Gas 17,706.35 Hydro Oil 1,199.75 (Renewabl Hydro 37,567.40 e) 21% Coal (Renewable) 54% Nuclear 4,780.00 Gas RES (MNRE) 18,454.52 Oil 10% 1% Total 1,74,361.40 Source: http://www.powermin.nic.in/ Sarjeevan Sainbhi 3
  4. 4. Electricity demand in India will Double in 2020___ Current : 1,74,361.40 MW 2020 : 3,48722.80 MW Source: KPMG immediate release “Let’s Buy one more A/C, TV, Computer…..” Sarjeevan Sainbhi 4
  5. 5. Sarjeevan Sainbhi 5
  6. 6. Why Nuclear Energy? Sarjeevan Sainbhi 6
  7. 7. 1990 2032 Sarjeevan Sainbhi 7
  8. 8. HEAT VALUE % carbon CO2 Crude oil 42-44 MJ/kg 89 70-73 g/MJLiquefied Petroleum Gas 49 MJ/kg 81 59 g/MJ (LPG) Bituminous coal 24 to 35 MJ/kg 45 to 86 88.13 g/MJNatural uranium, in FNR 28,000 GJ/kg 0 0 Source: http://www.world-nuclear.org Sarjeevan Sainbhi 8
  9. 9. Sarjeevan Sainbhi 9
  10. 10. Sarjeevan Sainbhi 10
  11. 11. Source: http://cdiac.ornl.gov/trends/emis/tre_ind.html Coal - 71% in 2007CO2 emissions will increase to 7.3 billion tons annually by 2031 Sarjeevan Sainbhi 11
  12. 12. Costs for electricity generation in India (IEA 2007) Sarjeevan Sainbhi 12
  13. 13. Source: KPMG report titled “India Electricity Market Outlook” published in 2008 Sarjeevan Sainbhi 13
  14. 14. Sarjeevan Sainbhi 14
  15. 15. Sarjeevan Sainbhi 15
  16. 16. - Thorium deposits - Nuclear heat can can sustain about be used for 300,000 MWe of production of electricity liquid generation capacity hydrocarbon for about 300 years fuels from coal. Sarjeevan Sainbhi 16
  17. 17. Sarjeevan Sainbhi Source: www.mapsofindia.com17
  18. 18. Nuclear Power Generation in India Sarjeevan Sainbhi 18
  19. 19. Sarjeevan Sainbhi 19
  20. 20. ____________Nuclear Power Growth ProjectionCurrent Year: 4,780 MWYear 2020 : 25,000 MWYear 2032 : 64,000 MW Sarjeevan Sainbhi 20
  21. 21. Sarjeevan Sainbhi 21
  22. 22. Sarjeevan Sainbhi 22
  23. 23. Indian Nuclear Resource As of January 2009___________ Reasonably assured resources (RAR) : 73,000 tonnes U Inferred resources : 33,000 tonnes Raw Uranium Price : ~ $130/kgU U308 Price : ~ $ 57.50/lb Thorium deposits can sustain for about: 300 years Sarjeevan Sainbhi 23
  24. 24. 44,000 tonnes of naturaluranium (U3O8) in just 15km of the 160-km long belt.Source: www.hindu.com, world nuclearresource, www.wikipedia.org Sarjeevan Sainbhi 24
  25. 25. Nuclear Energy Utilization_________________ Electricity consumption 2010-11(MWh) / year 875 Million Uranium found in Andra pradesh (kg) 44 Million Heat Value of Natural uranium in LWR (GJ/kg) 500 Annual Nuclear power production including PLF (0.77) & Misc. losses @ 10 % (MWh) 4209 Million Electricity Production up to 5 Yrs. Sarjeevan Sainbhi 25
  26. 26. Nuclear Energy Utilization_________________ GJ/Kg Elec. Prod.Heat Value of Natural uranium enriched to 3.5%, in LWR 3900 38 yrsHeat Value of Natural uranium in FNR 28000 55 yrsConsidering Annual Growth rate in Electricity Demand by 8 % GJ/Kg Elec. Prod.Heat Value of Natural uranium in LWR 500 4 yrsHeat Value of Natural uranium enriched to 3.5%, in LWR 3900 17 yrsHeat Value of Natural uranium in FNR 28000 40 yrs Sarjeevan Sainbhi 26
  27. 27. Nuclear Energy Utilization_________________ Considering Annual Growth rate in Nuclear Power by 13 % GJ/Kg Elec. Prod.Heat Value of Natural uranium in LWR 500 23 yrsHeat Value of Natural uranium enriched to 3.5%, in LWR 3900 39 yrsHeat Value of Natural uranium in FNR 28000 55 yrs Total RAR & Inferred Uranium as of 2009 is 106 Million Kg Electricity production for 63 yrs Sarjeevan Sainbhi 27
  28. 28. Sarjeevan Sainbhi 28
  29. 29. Sarjeevan Sainbhi 29
  30. 30. US-INDIA Nuclear Agreement Sarjeevan Sainbhi 30
  31. 31. Future of Nuclear Energy Sarjeevan Sainbhi 31
  32. 32. Nuclear Fission Nuclear Fusion Sarjeevan Sainbhi 32
  33. 33. Nuclear FusionSarjeevan Sainbhi 33
  34. 34. Challenges in Nuclear Energy Sarjeevan Sainbhi 34
  35. 35. Sarjeevan Sainbhi 35
  36. 36. Sarjeevan Sainbhi 36
  37. 37. Sarjeevan Sainbhi 37

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