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Bvm

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A small description on Bag Valve Mask

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Bvm

  1. 1. Ms. SARITHA MOHAN, BSN, MBA NURSING EDUCATION UNIT AL MANA GENERAL HOSPITAL KINGDOM OF SAUDI ARABIA BAG VALVE MASK (Bvm)
  2. 2.  AMBU Bag  Manual Resuscitator  Self inflating bag
  3. 3. Artificial Manual Breathing Unit Air Mask Bag Unit
  4. 4.  Adult, Pedia & Infant
  5. 5. A hand held device commonly used to provide positive pressure ventilation to patients who are not breathing or not breathing adequately. Using ambu bag to ventilate the patient is called “ Bagging”.
  6. 6. Discovered in the year of 1953 by Dr. Holger Hessee ( a German Engineer) & his partner Mr. Henning Ruben ( Anesthestist). The word “AMBU“ came from “ Ambulance ”
  7. 7.  Respiratory Failure  Respiratory Arrest  In case of Ventilator failure  Transfer of critical patients between wards.  In between suctions
  8. 8.  Paralysis  Complete upper Airway Obstruction
  9. 9.  OPA  NPA
  10. 10. 1. Non-rebreathing patient valve 2. Intake valve 3. Compressible self refilling ventilation bag 4. Nipple for oxygen tubing 5. Oxygen reservoir bag 6. Oxygen reservoir 7. Ambu mask 8. Oxygen extension tubing
  11. 11. it is not recommended to use the AMBU bags when you are a single rescuer because it is difficult for a single rescuer to hold the mask and squeeze the bag at a time, as mouth & nose should be completely sealed by mask during bagging. If 2 rescuers there, one can hold the mask while the other can squeeze the bag.
  12. 12. •BVM not connected to Oxygen & reservoir (Room Air)21% •BVM connected to Oxygen source of 5-10L40-60% •BVM with reservoir & 15L of oxygen connection100%
  13. 13.  Gastric Insuflation (Vomiting, Aspiration)  Barotrauma (lung injury from over pressurization)  Volutrauma (lung injury from overstretching)  Mendelson’s Syndrome  Hypoventilatiion
  14. 14.  Observe for chest rise  Saturation level  Improving from cyanosis

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