Open Source & itsOpen Source & its
ApplicationsApplications
Dr. Sarika SawantDr. Sarika Sawant
SHPT School of Library Scie...
Defines…Defines…
 Free RedistributionFree Redistribution
 Source CodeSource Code
 Derived WorksDerived Works
 Integrit...
OS meansOS means
 Software developed under “open source” licensesSoftware developed under “open source” licenses
(GPL)(GP...
HistoryHistory
YearYear EventEvent
19691969 Creation of UNIXCreation of UNIX
19691969 Development of ARPANETDevelopment of...
YearYear EventEvent
19901990 Most components of GNU completeMost components of GNU complete
except Kernelexcept Kernel
199...
Popular OSS tools: LinuxPopular OSS tools: Linux
 Very well known OSS projectVery well known OSS project
 Cross-platform...
Apache Web ServerApache Web Server
 Web server stores web documents andWeb server stores web documents and
displays them ...
Mozilla Web BrowserMozilla Web Browser
 Started by Netscape Communications CorporationStarted by Netscape Communications ...
 osCommerce is an online shop e-osCommerce is an online shop e-
commerce solutioncommerce solution
 Allow store owners t...
1010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
 Largest Open Source ad server in theLargest Open Source ad server in the
worldworld
 Integrated banner managementIntegr...
 Web-based photo albumWeb-based photo album
 Automatic thumbnail creation, imageAutomatic thumbnail creation, image
resi...
1313IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
 Open source content managementOpen source content management
systemsystem
 Support a variety of websites rangingSupport...
1515IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
 Web analytics software programWeb analytics software program
 Detailed reports on your websiteDetailed reports on your ...
 Easy uploading of Videos directlyEasy uploading of Videos directly
from the user computerfrom the user computer
 Suppor...
1818IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
 Content management system (CMS),Content management system (CMS),
which enables you to build Web siteswhich enables you t...
2020IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
 Open-source graphics application forOpen-source graphics application for
digital paintersdigital painters
 Exists for s...
2222IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
 Course Management System /Course Management System /
Learning Management SystemLearning Management System
 Tool for cre...
IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010 2424
IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010 2525
2626IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
 open-source Integrated Libraryopen-source Integrated Library
SystemSystem
 modules for circulation, cataloging,modules ...
 International metadata andInternational metadata and
interoperability standards: MARC-21,interoperability standards: MAR...
 To build, maintain, and distributeTo build, maintain, and distribute
digital library collectionsdigital library collecti...
3030IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
3131IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
3232IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
3333IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
Open Source Software in theOpen Source Software in the
Knowledge EconomyKnowledge Economy
 OSS providesOSS provides oppor...
Open Source in Developing CountriesOpen Source in Developing Countries
Open
Source
Application
ICT
Policy
E-
Governance
Aw...
ICT PolicyICT Policy
 With emergence of OSS, there is a need forWith emergence of OSS, there is a need for
countries to r...
E-GovernanceE-Governance
 Using technology to reach out to citizensUsing technology to reach out to citizens
 Help to bu...
DevelopersDevelopers
 Nature of OSS is such that availability ofNature of OSS is such that availability of
developers for...
AwarenessAwareness
 OSS needs effective marketingOSS needs effective marketing
 Lack of large marketing budgetsLack of l...
AcknowledgementAcknowledgement
 Open source initiatives websiteOpen source initiatives website
 Open source software’ s ...
OSS: Replace Proprietary?OSS: Replace Proprietary?
AdvantagesAdvantages
 Reduced costs and lessReduced costs and less
dep...
4242IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
https://sites.google.com/site/drsarikasawant/
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Open source softwares and its applications

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Presentation by Dr. Sarika Sawant in Nexgen Librarians seminar by IBS College Mumbai held at 22nd October 2010

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Open source softwares and its applications

  1. 1. Open Source & itsOpen Source & its ApplicationsApplications Dr. Sarika SawantDr. Sarika Sawant SHPT School of Library ScienceSHPT School of Library Science SNDT Women’s UniversitySNDT Women’s University 1IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  2. 2. Defines…Defines…  Free RedistributionFree Redistribution  Source CodeSource Code  Derived WorksDerived Works  Integrity of The Author's SourceIntegrity of The Author's Source CodeCode  No Discrimination Against Persons orNo Discrimination Against Persons or GroupsGroups  Distribution of LicenseDistribution of License IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010 22
  3. 3. OS meansOS means  Software developed under “open source” licensesSoftware developed under “open source” licenses (GPL)(GPL)  Mostly developed by ad-hoc communities/GroupsMostly developed by ad-hoc communities/Groups from all over the worldfrom all over the world  Developers motivated by perception of theDevelopers motivated by perception of the development of open source as scientificdevelopment of open source as scientific discoverydiscovery  OSS is popularly perceived as an alternative toOSS is popularly perceived as an alternative to MicrosoftMicrosoft’’s monopolys monopoly 33IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  4. 4. HistoryHistory YearYear EventEvent 19691969 Creation of UNIXCreation of UNIX 19691969 Development of ARPANETDevelopment of ARPANET 19731973 Licensing of UNIXLicensing of UNIX 1974-19751974-1975 Growth in UNIX user groupsGrowth in UNIX user groups 19831983 Development of ARPANET intoDevelopment of ARPANET into InternetInternet 19851985 Free Software Foundation setup.Free Software Foundation setup. Development of General PublicDevelopment of General Public License (GPL). Start of GNULicense (GPL). Start of GNU operating system designoperating system design 44IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  5. 5. YearYear EventEvent 19901990 Most components of GNU completeMost components of GNU complete except Kernelexcept Kernel 19911991 Development of UNIX compatibleDevelopment of UNIX compatible kernel called Linux under GPLkernel called Linux under GPL 19941994 Launch of first Linux distribution.Launch of first Linux distribution. Development of application programsDevelopment of application programs to run on Linuxto run on Linux 19981998 Open Source Initiative founded toOpen Source Initiative founded to stress on “open source” as opposedstress on “open source” as opposed to the “free softwareto the “free software 55IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  6. 6. Popular OSS tools: LinuxPopular OSS tools: Linux  Very well known OSS projectVery well known OSS project  Cross-platform operating systemCross-platform operating system  Used on variety of hardware and applicationsUsed on variety of hardware and applications  Extensive documentation and online user groupsExtensive documentation and online user groups to aid usersto aid users  Yet to gain popularity in the desktop market orYet to gain popularity in the desktop market or average home user marketaverage home user market IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010 66
  7. 7. Apache Web ServerApache Web Server  Web server stores web documents andWeb server stores web documents and displays them on the Internetdisplays them on the Internet  Most popular web server with 60 percentMost popular web server with 60 percent of marketof market  Conforms with many standards and highlyConforms with many standards and highly securesecure  Can be tailored to requirements ofCan be tailored to requirements of individual sites small and largeindividual sites small and large 77IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  8. 8. Mozilla Web BrowserMozilla Web Browser  Started by Netscape Communications CorporationStarted by Netscape Communications Corporation and now developed by the Mozilla Foundationand now developed by the Mozilla Foundation  Free cross-platform Internet software suiteFree cross-platform Internet software suite  Includes web browser, email client, HTML editorIncludes web browser, email client, HTML editor and chat clientand chat client  tabbed browsing, spell checking, incrementaltabbed browsing, spell checking, incremental find, live bookmarking, a download manager,find, live bookmarking, a download manager, location-aware browsing (also known aslocation-aware browsing (also known as "geolocation")"geolocation") 88IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  9. 9.  osCommerce is an online shop e-osCommerce is an online shop e- commerce solutioncommerce solution  Allow store owners to setup, run,Allow store owners to setup, run, and maintain their online stores withand maintain their online stores with minimum effort and with no costsminimum effort and with no costs  PHP web scripting language, ApachePHP web scripting language, Apache web server, and MySQL databaseweb server, and MySQL database serverserver 99IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  10. 10. 1010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  11. 11.  Largest Open Source ad server in theLargest Open Source ad server in the worldworld  Integrated banner managementIntegrated banner management interface and tracking system forinterface and tracking system for gathering statisticsgathering statistics  50,000 publishers serving more than50,000 publishers serving more than 300 billion ads per month300 billion ads per month 1111IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  12. 12.  Web-based photo albumWeb-based photo album  Automatic thumbnail creation, imageAutomatic thumbnail creation, image resizing, rotation, ordering,resizing, rotation, ordering, captioning and morecaptioning and more  Albums can have read, write, andAlbums can have read, write, and caption permissionscaption permissions 1212IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  13. 13. 1313IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  14. 14.  Open source content managementOpen source content management systemsystem  Support a variety of websites rangingSupport a variety of websites ranging from personal blogs, corporatefrom personal blogs, corporate brochures and large community-brochures and large community- driven websitesdriven websites 1414IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  15. 15. 1515IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  16. 16.  Web analytics software programWeb analytics software program  Detailed reports on your websiteDetailed reports on your website visitors: the search engines andvisitors: the search engines and keywords they used, thekeywords they used, the language they speak, yourlanguage they speak, your popular pages… and sopopular pages… and so much moremuch more 1616IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  17. 17.  Easy uploading of Videos directlyEasy uploading of Videos directly from the user computerfrom the user computer  Support for many formats includingSupport for many formats including (mpg, avi, divx and more)(mpg, avi, divx and more)  EditEdit  Make video public or private forMake video public or private for those who don't like to share :-)those who don't like to share :-)  Allow or disallow video commentsAllow or disallow video comments and also video embeddingand also video embedding 1717IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  18. 18. 1818IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  19. 19.  Content management system (CMS),Content management system (CMS), which enables you to build Web siteswhich enables you to build Web sites and powerful online applicationsand powerful online applications  Corporate Web sites or portalsCorporate Web sites or portals  Online magazines, newspapers, andOnline magazines, newspapers, and publicationspublications  E-commerce and online reservationsE-commerce and online reservations  Government applicationsGovernment applications  Community-based portalsCommunity-based portals 1919IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  20. 20. 2020IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  21. 21.  Open-source graphics application forOpen-source graphics application for digital paintersdigital painters  Exists for several platformsExists for several platforms  Extensive brush creation andExtensive brush creation and configuration optionsconfiguration options  Unlimited canvas (you never have toUnlimited canvas (you never have to resize)resize)  Basic layer supportBasic layer support 2121IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  22. 22. 2222IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  23. 23.  Course Management System /Course Management System / Learning Management SystemLearning Management System  Tool for creating online dynamic webTool for creating online dynamic web sites for their studentssites for their students IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010 2323
  24. 24. IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010 2424
  25. 25. IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010 2525
  26. 26. 2626IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  27. 27.  open-source Integrated Libraryopen-source Integrated Library SystemSystem  modules for circulation, cataloging,modules for circulation, cataloging, acquisitions, serials, reserves, patronacquisitions, serials, reserves, patron management, branch relationships,management, branch relationships, and more.and more.  text-based and RDBMStext-based and RDBMS 2727IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  28. 28.  International metadata andInternational metadata and interoperability standards: MARC-21,interoperability standards: MARC-21, MARC-XML, z39.50, SRU/W, OAI-MARC-XML, z39.50, SRU/W, OAI- PMHPMH  OS independentOS independent  RFID integrationRFID integration  Acquisitions, Serials mgt, TechnicalAcquisitions, Serials mgt, Technical processing, Circulationprocessing, Circulation 2828IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  29. 29.  To build, maintain, and distributeTo build, maintain, and distribute digital library collectionsdigital library collections  Multiplatform availability – Unix,Multiplatform availability – Unix, WindowsWindows  Powerful Indexing, Searching andPowerful Indexing, Searching and browsingbrowsing 2929IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  30. 30. 3030IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  31. 31. 3131IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  32. 32. 3232IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  33. 33. 3333IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  34. 34. Open Source Software in theOpen Source Software in the Knowledge EconomyKnowledge Economy  OSS providesOSS provides opportunityopportunity for developingfor developing countriescountries  ICT policy making and itsICT policy making and its integrationintegration  OSSOSS leads toleads to literacy, social development,literacy, social development, governance and the digital dividegovernance and the digital divide 3434IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  35. 35. Open Source in Developing CountriesOpen Source in Developing Countries Open Source Application ICT Policy E- Governance Awareness D evelopers 3535IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  36. 36. ICT PolicyICT Policy  With emergence of OSS, there is a need forWith emergence of OSS, there is a need for countries to reformulate ICT policycountries to reformulate ICT policy  Open source environments produce reliable,Open source environments produce reliable, secure and upgradeable software at low costsecure and upgradeable software at low cost  OSS policy can have anti-monopolistic effect onOSS policy can have anti-monopolistic effect on the IT marketthe IT market  ICT policy must be integrated with education,ICT policy must be integrated with education, industry and administrationindustry and administration 3636IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  37. 37. E-GovernanceE-Governance  Using technology to reach out to citizensUsing technology to reach out to citizens  Help to build awareness of new technologiesHelp to build awareness of new technologies  Will necessitate huge investments in IT which willWill necessitate huge investments in IT which will need close assessment of technology, itsneed close assessment of technology, its application and control and ownership of theapplication and control and ownership of the technologiestechnologies  Use of OSS in e-government is economicallyUse of OSS in e-government is economically advantageous and relevantadvantageous and relevant 3737IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  38. 38. DevelopersDevelopers  Nature of OSS is such that availability ofNature of OSS is such that availability of developers for single platform is very lowdevelopers for single platform is very low  Lack of technical support especially in developingLack of technical support especially in developing countriescountries  Government has a role to play in long termGovernment has a role to play in long term development of OSS skillsdevelopment of OSS skills  AppropriateAppropriate training programstraining programs must be integratedmust be integrated with the education systemwith the education system 3838IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  39. 39. AwarenessAwareness  OSS needs effective marketingOSS needs effective marketing  Lack of large marketing budgetsLack of large marketing budgets  Government must increase awareness of OSSGovernment must increase awareness of OSS through educational institutions and e-through educational institutions and e- government institutionsgovernment institutions  As awareness and use increases, networkAs awareness and use increases, network externalitiesexternalities 3939IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  40. 40. AcknowledgementAcknowledgement  Open source initiatives websiteOpen source initiatives website  Open source software’ s websitesOpen source software’ s websites  Dr Shan Ling PAN. KnowledgeDr Shan Ling PAN. Knowledge Management: Open Source ICTManagement: Open Source ICT applications as enablers of informedapplications as enablers of informed decision making. External groupdecision making. External group meeting report on OSS formeeting report on OSS for knowledge managementknowledge management IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010 4040
  41. 41. OSS: Replace Proprietary?OSS: Replace Proprietary? AdvantagesAdvantages  Reduced costs and lessReduced costs and less dependency on importeddependency on imported technology and skillstechnology and skills  Affordable software forAffordable software for individuals, enterprise andindividuals, enterprise and GovernmentGovernment  Universal access throughUniversal access through mass software rollout withoutmass software rollout without costly licensing implicationscostly licensing implications  Ability to customize softwareAbility to customize software based on unique requirementsbased on unique requirements  Lower security risks becauseLower security risks because of custom made packagesof custom made packages  Lowered barrier to entry forLowered barrier to entry for software businessessoftware businesses DisadvantagesDisadvantages  Lack of technical supportLack of technical support  Most open source software isMost open source software is not very user friendlynot very user friendly  Difficulty in finding the rightDifficulty in finding the right package, as open sourcepackage, as open source software is not marketed wellsoftware is not marketed well  Lack of critical mass as fewLack of critical mass as few users exist and not manyusers exist and not many applications are designed toapplications are designed to be compatible with other openbe compatible with other open source softwaresource software 4141IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010
  42. 42. 4242IBS Seminar 22/10/2010IBS Seminar 22/10/2010 https://sites.google.com/site/drsarikasawant/

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