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  1. 1. Sarena Herrera c32 List of The Constitution of the PhilippinesThe Constitution of the Philippines (Filipino: Saligang Batas ng Pilipinas) is the supreme law ofthe Philippines. The Constitution currently in effect was enacted in 1987, during theadministration of President Corazon C. Aquino, and is popularly known as the "1987Constitution".[1] Philippine constitutional law experts recognise three other previousconstitutions as having effectively governed the country �the 1935 CommonwealthConstitution, the 1973 Constitution, and the 1986 Freedom Constitution.[2][3] Constitutions forthe Philippines were also drafted and adopted during the short-lived governments of PresidentsEmilio Aguinaldo (1898) and Jos�P. Laurel (1943).Background of the 1987 ConstitutionIn 1986, following the People Power Revolution which ousted Ferdinand E. Marcos as president,and following on her own inauguration, Corazon C. Aquino issued Proclamation No. 3, declaringa national policy to implement the reforms mandated by the people, protecting their basicrights, adopting a provisional constitution, and providing for an orderly transition to agovernment under a new constitution.[4] President Aquino later issued Proclamation No. 9,creating a Constitutional Commission (popularly abbreviated "Con Com" in the Philippines) toframe a new constitution to replace the 1973 ConstitutionParts of the 1987 ConstitutionThe Constitution is divided into 18 parts, excluding the Preamble, which are called Articles. TheArticles are as follows:Article I - National TerritoryArticle II - Declaration of Principles and State PoliciesArticle III - Bill of RightsArticle IV - CitizenshipArticle V - SuffrageArticle VI - Legislative DepartmentArticle VII - Executive DepartmentArticle VIII - Judicial DepartmentArticle IX - Constitutional CommissionArticle X - Local Government
  2. 2. Article XI - Accountability of Public OfficersArticle XII - National Economy and PatrimonyArticle XIII - Social Justice and Human RightsArticle XIV - Education, Science and Technology, Arts, Culture and SportsArticle XV - The FamilyArticle XVI - General ProvisionsArticle XVII - Amendments or RevisionsArticle XVIII - Transitory ProvisionsThe Constitution establishes the Philippines as a "democratic and republican State", where"sovereignty resides in the people and all government authority emanates from them".Historical constitutionsConstitution of Biak-na-Bato (1897)A later meeting of the revolutionary government established there, held on 1 November 1897 atBiak-na-Bato in the town of San Miguel de Mayumo in Bulac 疣, established the Republic of Biak-na-Bato. The republic had a constitution drafted by Isabelo Artacho and F駘ix Ferrer and basedon the first Cuban Constitution.[10] It is known as the "Constituci Provisional de la Rep 炻lica deFilipinas", and was originally written in and promulgated in the Spanish and Tagaloglanguages.Ratified on November 15, 1897.Malolos Constitution (1899)The Malolos Constitution was the first republican constitution in Asia.[12] It declared thatsovereignty resides exclusively in the people, stated basic civil rights, separated the church andstate, and called for the creation of an Assembly of Representatives to act as the legislativebody. It also called for a Presidential form of government with the president elected for a termof four years by a majority of the Assembly.[13] It was titled "Constituci pol 咜ica", and waswritten in Spanish following the declaration of independence from Spain,[14] proclaimed onJanuary 20, 1899, and was enacted and ratified by the Malolos Congress, a Congress held inMalolos, Bulacan. The resulting Malolos Constitution was ratified on November 29, 1898, signedinto law on December 23, approved on January 20, 1899, sanctioned by President EmilioAguinaldo on January 21, and promulgated on January 22.Acts of the United States Congress
  3. 3. The Philippines was a United States Territory from 10 December 1898 to 24 March 1934.[17] Assuch, the Philippines was under the jurisdiction of the federal government of the United Statesduring this period. Two acts of the United States Congress passed during this period can beconsidered Philippine constitutions in that those acts defined the fundamental politicalprinciples, and established the structure, procedures, powers and duties, of the Philippinegovernment.1.The Philippine Organic Act of 1902, sometimes known as the "Philippine Bill of 1902", was thefirst organic law for the Philippine Islands enacted by the United States Congress. It provided forthe creation of a popularly elected Philippine Assembly, and specified that legislative powerwould be vested in a bicameral legislature composed of the Philippine Commission (upperhouse) and the Philippine Assembly (lower house). Its key provisions included a bill of rights forthe Filipinos and the appointment of two non-voting Filipino resident commissioners torepresent the Philippines in the United States Congress.2.The Philippine Autonomy Act of 1916, sometimes known as "Jones Law", modified thestructure of the Philippine government by removing the Philippine Commission as the legislativeupper house, replacing it with a Senate elected by Filipino voters. This act also explicitly statedthat it was and had always been the purpose of the people of the United States to withdrawtheir sovereignty over the Philippine Islands and to recognise Philippine independence as soonas a stable government can be established therein.Though not a constitution itself, the Tydings 邦cDuffie Act of 1934 provided authority anddefined mechanisms for the establishment of a formal constitution via a constitutionalconvention.Commonwealth and Third Republic (1935)Constitution of the Philippines (1935)The 1935 Constitution was written in 1934, approved and adopted by the Commonwealth of thePhilippines (1935�946) and later used by the Third Republic of the Philippines (1946 �972). Itwas written with an eye to meeting the approval of the United States Government as well, so asto ensure that the U.S. would live up to its promise to grant the Philippines independence andnot have a premise to hold onto its possession on the grounds that it was too politicallyimmature and hence unready for full, real independence.The Commonwealth was created bythe Tydings-McDuffie Act, which was passed by the U.S. Congress in 1934. When Manuel L.Quezon was inaugurated president in 1935, he became the first Filipino to head a governmentof the Philippines.Second Republic (1943)
  4. 4. The 1943 Constitution was drafted by a committee appointed by the Philippine ExecutiveCommission, the body established by the Japanese to administer the Philippines in lieu of theCommonwealth of the Philippines which had established a government-in-exile. In mid-1942Japanese Premier Hideki Tōjō had promised the Filipinos "the honor of independence" whichmeant that the commission would be supplanted by a formal republic.Jos�P. Laurel wasappointed as President by the National Assembly and inaugurated into office in October 1943.The New Society and the Fourth Republic (1973)The 1973 Constitution, promulgated after Marcos declaration of martial law, was supposed tointroduce a parliamentary-style government.The Prime Minister was the head of government and Commander-in-Chief of the armed forces.This constitution was subsequently amended four times (arguably five depending on how oneconsiders Proclamation No. 3 of 1986)."Freedom Constitution" (1986)Proclamation No. 3: Provisional Constitution of the Philippines (1986)Following the EDSA People Power Revolution that removed President Ferdinand E. Marcos fromoffice, the new President, Corazon C. Aquino issued Proclamation No. 3 as a provisionalconstitution. It adopted certain provisions from the 1973 constitution and granted the Presidentbroad powers to reorganise the government and remove officials from office, and mandatedthat the president would appoint a commission to draft a new constitution.
  5. 5. Zamboangas Lokot-Lokot I think the foreign market where i will send this product is on the middle east, beacuse lokot-lokot was succesfully made by the muslims and it is ussually made during the Eid-il-Fitr, whichcelebrates the end of the fasting month of Ramadan.And also in china bacause as what they said in the article of this product that the chinese peopleare trying to immitate this produt but they cant so wich means they like the product.Tahois a Philippine snack food made of fresh soft/silken tofu, arnibal (brown sugar and vanillasyrup), and pearl sago (similar to pearl tapioca). This staple comfort food is a signature sweetand can be found all over the country.I will export this product on America because many americans dont eat breakfast or they donteat meals properly so it is best substitue for their meals.Delishas Homemade Atchara PAMPAGANA NA! MASUSTANSYA NA! ULAM PA! (It’s Appetizing! It’s Nutricious! It canbe a Main Dish!).I would export it on China, Korea and Japan because they are known in eating raw foodsandvegetables so im sure they will love this kind of food.