LECTURING AS A METHOD OF
BR.SARATH THOMAS CHAMAKALAYIL
,MARIAN COLLEGE KUTTIKANAM, firstname.lastname@example.org
WHAT IS A LECTURE.?
• A lecture is an oral presentation intended to
present information or teach people about a
particular subject, for example by
a university or college teacher.
• Lectures are used to convey critical information,
history, background, theories and equations
ETYMOLOGY OF LECTURE
• The noun "lecture" dates from 14th century,
Latin lectus, pp. of legere "to read.“
• Its subsequent meaning as "oral discourse on a
given subject before an audience for purposes
• The noun "lectern" refers to the reading desk used
LECTURING AS A MEANS OF GROUP
• “Lecturing is not simply a matter of
standing in front of a class and
reciting what you know.
• The classroom lecture is a special
form of communication in which
voice, gesture, movement, facial
expression, and eye contact can
either complement or detract from
• No matter what your topic, your
delivery and manner of speaking
immeasurably influence your
students’ attentiveness and
BASIC ADVANTAGES OF THE LECTURE AS A GROUP
• It provides an economical and efficient method for delivering
substantial amounts of information to large numbers of students.
• It affords a necessary framework or overview for subsequent
learning, e.g., reading assignments, small group activities, discussion.
• It offers current information (more up to date than most texts) from
• It provides a summary or synthesis of information from different
• It creates interest in a subject as lecturers transmit enthusiasm about
• It does not afford the instructor with ways to provide
students with individual feedback.
• It is difficult to adapt to individual learning differences.
• It may fail to promote active learning unless other teaching
strategies, such as questioning and problem-solving
activities, are incorporated into the lecture.
• It does not promote independent learning.
HOW LECTURING CAN MAKE MORE EFECTIVE
When planning a lecture, keep in mind that
you have control or influence over several
elements of your classroom.
• 1. Visual Message – The slides and other
visual aids you use can either complement or
confuse your verbal message, depending on
how you design them. Consider how photos
and other images might function as
metaphors that make your points more
2.Physical Presence – While some
instructors are naturally gifted public
speakers, we can all be more aware of and
leverage our physical presence to better
communicate to our audiences.
3. Students’ Notes – Students can often spend
more mental energy taking notes during class
than thinking about your content. Consider
ways you can make it easier for your students to
take notes so they can focus more on engaging
with your material
4. What Students Think – As Angelo and
Cross say in their classic book Classroom
Assessment Techniques, "teaching without
learning is just talking.” How can you help
your students mentally grapple with your
material during class?
5. What Students Say & Do – Keep in mind
that even in a so-called lecture class, you
don’t have to lecture the whole time.
Consider small-group and whole-class
activities that might enhance your students
Additional hints for a successful lecture
include the following:
• Present an outline of the lecture (use the
blackboard, overhead transparency or handout)
and refer to it as you move from point to point.
• Repeat points in several different ways. Include
examples and concrete ideas.
• Use short sentences.
• Stress important points (through your tone or
• Pause to give listeners time to think and write.
• Use lectures to complement, not simply repeat, the
• Learn students’ names and make contact with them
during the lecture.
• Avoid racing through the last part of the lecture.
This is a common error made by instructors wishing
to cram too much information into the allotted
as social workers or being to be social workers
we need to be the knowledge providers of the
society. Some may be efficient lecturers or
some may be most profound speakers ….but it
must start form here …from this class itself…..