Draft Report for discussion                              Jan 2009                                                     Chap...
Draft Report for discussion                              Jan 2009                      Chapter

The Women’s College adapte...
Draft Report for discussion            Jan 2009                                                Chapter
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9 12 Historical Evolution Last Layer Of Womens College


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9 12 Historical Evolution Last Layer Of Womens College

  1. 1. Draft Report for discussion Jan 2009 Chapter Women’s college traces its beginnings to the Nampally Girls School, The decision of handing over the Residency building for the use of whose principal’s ardent desire was a college education for her girls[1]; Women’s college was taken by General Chaudhri who took prompt for she believed it was essential to their development. The sanction of action, wired Delhi, and with Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru’s the government came in 1924 after which the college started support, sanction was granted in March 1949. functioning at the Nampally school itself, with seven students and the four of the school teachers with Miss Pope acting as the principal of the In July 1949, women’s college shifted to the Residency. college as well as the school. ‘For the long suffering students who have a trying time in dingy building, this was unbelievable good luck. They freaked out. There was Women’s college was shifted to two places from Nampally Girls School sense of joy and sheer exuberance at finding themselves amongst before it was finally shifted to the vacant British Residency Campus in spacious grounds, lawns and sheer exuberance at finding themselves July, 1949. The first one is to the Golden Threshold and the second amongst spacious grounds, lawns and shady trees. A lovely campus, one is to a group of squalid buildings near Moajjam Jahi Market. Every plus and imposing building[1]! year there was a considerable increase in the strength of the students and with it, an increase in the teaching staff and the grant of finances. Our college building is in many ways unique among the colleges of By 1939, it had 200 students on its rolls and by the time the college India and the world. For where else do students live in a fortress and shifted the Residency campus the strength was 440. cross a drawbridge to go from one lecture to another? Where else do they have a chance to enjoy sixty acres of college campus in the very Miss Linnel (Principal: 1947 – 1955) had succeeded in getting the heart of a great city and where else have they connected with the authorities[2] to agree to shift the University College for Women from college building an authentic and highly romantic love story[2]? Do we its dilapidated buildings to the magnificent splendor of the British all realize our unusual possession or know much of its history? Residency which was then lying vacant. [1] St. George’s Girls school and St Francis Girls school has opened in 1850, followed Though there are other colleges in the city for women to go for college by the St Ann’s Convent School. All were originally meant for European and Eurasian girls but later on admitted local Christians and others. When Mir Mahboob Ali Pasha, education, such as Arts College at Osmania University and Nizam the sixth Nizam, came to the throne in 1869, the government began to take an interest College; University College for Women was chosen by many of the in the education of girls, and Zenana girls school was started in 1887. Some more schools such as Mahboobia girls school was established for the daughters of the girls over the others because of the sheer space and freedom offered aristocracy and the upper classes who were still not being formally educated, although by the campus. In the next five decades, it has become a pioneer in the they were being taught at home by governesses, much in the manner of their counterparts in England field of girl’s education in Hyderabad by its wide range of courses [2] ‘We sought every where for a change of building, she said later, but no offered according to the changing requirements from the society. improvement seemed likely until January 1949 when our vice chancellor Nawab Ali Yavar Jung, brought Dr Radhakrishnan (then vice-president of India), and the [1] ‘For one week,’ recalls Soona with a smile, ‘they couldn’t hold classes because we university Education Commission to inspect the college. Dr Radhkrishnan whimsically were roaming every where, inspecting every thing, soaking up the beauty of the place chose the worst of all our buildings – the Botany department, that had been and simply delighting in our surroundings. It was a blissful time. condemned by the Public Works Department engineers as being physically unsafe, to [2] ‘She told the story of Kirk Patrick and Khairunnissa, says Soona. All the three site in and discuss our shameful condition. He then left, saying that ours was the most versions of how they met, their marriage and how he remained faithful to her and faced miserable and depressing women’s college he has ever seen. He asked the vice criticism of his choice of a wife, from his superiors, rather than give her up.’ chancellor what he proposed to do about it. Nawab Sahib had a plan all ready and that very evening Maj. Gen. Chaudhri was approached and asked to recommend the transfer of the old British Residency to Osmania University for the use of the Women’s college.’ Conservation Management Plan, Osmania University College for Women, Former British Residency, Hyderabad 13
  2. 2. Draft Report for discussion Jan 2009 Chapter The Women’s College adapted to campus so well as the factors of ‘Protection and Privacy’ which were of primary importance to a women’s college at that time were immediately available as the same was required during the Residency period (1779 – 1949)[3]. Miss Linnel, who was instrumental in the transformation of spaces belonging to the institution of Residency (1779 – 1949) to the institution of Women’s College (1949 – 2009), was awarded a Pamda Sri in 1971, posthumously, for her contribution to education in India. [3] The Residency was heavily fortified after the attack on the Residency in 1857. The high walls around the Residency and the large site and lush vegetation in the gardens gave privacy to the people at the Residency Conservation Management Plan, Osmania University College for Women, Former British Residency, Hyderabad 14
  3. 3. Draft Report for discussion Jan 2009 Chapter In the last 50 years, many new buildings were added in the campus to accommodate the growing needs of the women’s college. (Refer drawing no…..) such as the Administrative building, PG block, IT block, Library, Meeting hall, chemistry block, hostels etc. Some of the buildings came in place of the old buildings such as the bungalow of first Resident. The college was awarded with A++ Category by the University Grants Commission of Government of India for the quality of education being imparted. It has being an autonomous status by the Osmania University. Most of the academic activities such as classrooms and laboratories were accommodated into the erstwhile buildings by adaptively reusing them in best possible manner. The main house was used for the administration and for ceremonies which perfectly fits into the grandeur of the interior. Currently, the main house is vacated (due to its physical condition) except for a few classes, principals’ room, storage of furniture and WMF project office. Most of the base storey continues to be used as a storage space till today. The rooms in the second floor of the main house were used as class rooms until recently. ESTABLISHMENT OF WOMEN’S COLLEGE 1949 - 2009 Conservation Management Plan, Osmania University College for Women, Former British Residency, Hyderabad 15