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  1. 1. Egypt Laura and Arantxa
  2. 2. The Sphinx of Giza <ul><li>The Great Sphinx carried out carving a hill of limy rock. It measures a height of twenty meters, measuring the face more than five meters. The head might represent the Pharaoh Kefrén, the body represents a lion. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Egyptians pyramids. <ul><li>A view of the pyramids at Giza from the plateau to the south of the complex. From right to left are the Great Pyramid of Khufu, the Pyramid of Khafre and the Pyramid of Menkaure. The three smaller pyramids in the foreground are subsidiary structures associated with Menkaure's pyramid. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Egyptian writing <ul><li>Hieroglyphics- Hieroglyphics was the form of writing used in Ancient Egypt. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Egyptian clothes <ul><li>Egyptian women wore a dress that would form a long tube. Two shoulder straps were used to hold up this dress. It would extend down to the ankles and was usually made from linen. Egyptian men would wear a piece of linen around their waist that would extend to their knees. This was called a kilt. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Who were the farmers in Ancient Egypt? <ul><li>The pharaoh got the rich peasant s to do the farm work on the rich lands. </li></ul><ul><li>Most villagers were farmers. Farmers lived in towns too, along with craftworkers, traders and other workers and their families. </li></ul><ul><li>                                                                                                                                                       </li></ul>
  7. 7. What crops did the Egyptian Farmers grow? <ul><li>Egyptians grew crops such as wheat , barley , vegetables , figs , melons , pomegranates and vines . </li></ul>
  8. 8. Crops <ul><li>Cereals. Is used for livestock and poultry feed . </li></ul><ul><li>Fibre crops. Cotton has traditionally been the most important fibre crop in </li></ul><ul><li>Egypt and the leading agricultural export crop. </li></ul><ul><li>Sugar crops. Sugar cane is the main sugar crop in upper Egypt. </li></ul><ul><li>Food legumes. These include a number of bean crops that are used for </li></ul><ul><li>human consumption. </li></ul><ul><li>Forage crops. Is the major winter forage crop cultivated in the Nile Valley and delta. </li></ul><ul><li>Fruits. Citrus, Other subtropical fruits, grapes, stone fruits and pome fruits. </li></ul><ul><li>Vegetables. Tomatoes, potatoes. </li></ul>
  9. 9. Nile river <ul><li>The River Nile is about 6,670 km, only 22% of the Nile’s course runs through Egypt. The River Nile is formed from the White Nile and the Blue Nile . </li></ul><ul><li>In Egypt, the River Nile creates a fertile green valley across the desert. The ancient Egyptians lived and farmed along the Nile, they could grow crops only in the mud left behind when the Nile flooded, the Nile river provided water, food, transportation and excellent soil for growing food. </li></ul><ul><li>The Nile also gave the ancient Egyptians food. They used spears and nets to catch fish. They would also use the nets to catch birds that flew close to the surface of the water. </li></ul><ul><li>Reeds, called papyrus, grew along side the Nile. The Egyptians made paper and boats from the reeds. </li></ul><ul><li>Another way the Nile helped the ancient Egyptians was in trade. The Nile was the quickest and easiest way to travel from place to place. </li></ul>
  10. 10. mummies <ul><li>A mummy is a corpse whose skin and organs have been preserved by exposure to chemicals, extreme coldness (ice mummies), very low humidity, or lack of air when bodies are submerged in bogs. </li></ul><ul><li>The mummification process took seventy days. Special priests worked as embalmers, treating and wrapping the body. </li></ul><ul><li>The most famous Egyptian mummies are those of Seti I and Rameses II (13th century BC. </li></ul><ul><li>After death, the pharaohs of Egypt usually were mummified and buried in elaborate tombs. </li></ul><ul><li>The Egyptians believed that the mummified body was the home for this soul or spirit. If the body was destroyed, the spirit might be lost. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The end