Comunidad de madrid luis.docx


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Comunidad de madrid luis.docx

  1. 1. By Luis Comunidad de Madrid
  2. 2. <ul><li>a . Relief: The relief is an area on a map is the difference between the highest point and the lowest point . </li></ul><ul><li>b. Rivers :They are continous currents of water . </li></ul><ul><li>c. Tributaries : A tributary or affluent is a steam or river which flows into a main stem or parent river or a lake. </li></ul><ul><li>d. Climate: This is the atmospheric weather of an area over a period of time </li></ul><ul><li>e.Soil :It’s the layer where plants and animals live </li></ul><ul><li>f. Vegetation : It’s the group of plants that grow in an area . </li></ul><ul><li>g.Fauna:It’s the group of animals that live in an area . </li></ul>Natural Landscapes :
  3. 3. <ul><li>Mountain:A mountain is a natural rise of the Earth's surface that usually has a &quot;summit &quot; (or &quot;top&quot;). It is usually steeper and taller than a hill. </li></ul><ul><li>Mountain range: mountain range is a single, large mass consisting of a succession of mountains or narrowly spaced mountain ridges, with or without peaks, closely related in position, direction, formation, and age; a component part of a mountain system or of a mountain chain. </li></ul><ul><li>Mountain chain: A mountain is a very high area of land with steep sides. </li></ul>What is a Mountain , Mountain range , and a Mountain chain?
  4. 4. <ul><li>They are Guadarrama , Gredos and Somosierra. </li></ul><ul><li>Guadarrama :is situated in the north of Madrid. </li></ul><ul><li>Gredos :is situated in the southwest of Madrid. </li></ul>Important mountains range in Comunidad de Madrid.
  5. 5. <ul><li>Plains are Vegas ,Campiñas and Páramos. </li></ul><ul><li>Vegas : Son los terrenos situados junto a los ríos. </li></ul><ul><li>Campiñas: Son zonas llanas con suelos arcillosos. </li></ul><ul><li>Páramos: Son zonas llanas con suelos pobres y calizos </li></ul>What are plains?
  6. 6. Important plains in Comunidad de Madrid They are the plain of river Manzanares and Tajo .
  7. 7. <ul><li>They are Valle del Lozoya and Valle of Fuenfría . </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Valleys :They are low areas that are between mountains .Rivers usually flow through valleys. </li></ul>What are Valleys?
  9. 9. <ul><li>A. Course : This is the river’s path from its source to its mouth.It has 3 main sectors: </li></ul><ul><li>Upriver is the part from it source to the plains. </li></ul><ul><li>Midriver is the part that goes through the plains.The rivers can make curves called meanders. </li></ul><ul><li>Downriver is the lowest </li></ul><ul><li>B.Channel :The channel is the terrain the river flows through . </li></ul><ul><li>C. Water flow : This is the amount of water that a river carries. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Rivers :Tajo . </li></ul><ul><li>Tributaries: Jarama and Guadarrama . </li></ul>
  11. 11. <ul><li>A  lake  is a large body of freshwater or salt water or salt water . </li></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>A  reservoir or is an  artificial lake  is used to store water . </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>Tajo : Atazar, San Juan, Valmayor and Santillana are the most important reservoirs in Madrid </li></ul>