EscolaSecundáriaProfessorAntónioDamásio Ana Francisco nº2 Joana Vieira nº12 Karina Almeida nº14 Nicole Cardoso nº14
The portuguese culture is based on the celtic, germanic, iberia and romanic‟ ones. The diference between those cultures and the portuguese one is the type of habitation, the religion, the food, “folklore” or even on the typical streets .
The portgueuse language is one of the romantic languages. As all the languages from this group, the portuguese was descendant from the Latin. It was desenvolved in the actual Galícia and on Portugal‟s north, coming to Portugal until now.
Someof the tradicional clothes are still used on Minho‟s north in weddings and others cerimonies. 7 skirts from Nazaré
Each region has its own style of dance and music and a huge part of them are slower than Spain‟s one. Examples : Folklore dances Corridinho Saias
The “Fado” is the most popular type of music in Portugal. The folkloric music and dance are still important to the country. The word “fado” means fatality cause of the sad nature of the music, but some people think „regret‟ is the best explanation for this type of music. Fado is the proud and satisfaction of Portugal and it‟s also the biggest treasure from the country.
Panting – the classic and romantic Italian and French traditions influed some painters. Then, flemish artists , decored palace and convents , leaving a huge patrimony in the religious art. In the sec. XIX happened the renascence period in the national art and then the romantic period.
Glazedtile : is one of the most important types of decorativ arts in Portugal. The portuguese glazed tile point out cause of its geniality. Most of sec. XVI and XVII „s buildings are maid of it.
Those influences are from roman and gotic , appearing in cathedrals . Good examples of it are : Mosteiro de Jerónimos, Lisbon Convento de Cristo, TomarEduardo Souto Moura is the most famous portuguesearquitect of residencial projects.
The gypsy people are known as nomads, most of them came from India‟s North and nowadays live spread all over the world specially in Europe, but they‟re always minority in every country where they live. Countries with more number of gypsy people are : Romania , Bulgaria and Spain , followed by a lot of others.
First gypsy have appeared in Europe on XII Century , and the first time they were saw in Portugal was in the second half of XV Century. They‟re seen like not a good influence but they‟re still here. In 1526 they were forbidden of being in Portugal. On the XIX Century , the state started considering them Portuguese citizens, even though they know the gypsy don‟t accept the law from the country.
In 1996 most of gypsy children started going to schools, but the results were very modest, as it was found the dropout school rate increased.
The term gypsy style refers to the typical way East European music is played in restaurants, parties, and sometimes on-stage, in European cities. Music played in this style is known by the general public as "gypsy music". It is mainly instrumental and usually performed bystrings. The accompaniment may be executed by variousinstruments, but by preference includes a cimbalom and adouble bass.
Formed by many rhythm and different elements, which one with means lightness , happiness and feelings. On gypsy dance its movements express sensuality, love, angry, happiness or sadness.
For gypsies, children are a strong source of support, while the women „do the begging‟ and read hands, when men reach adulthood start to help their parents on the selling of craft products. They‟re very religious, but their beliefs are very influenced by the power of magic. They have legends about secret powers and magic rituals.
It‟svery different from Portuguese and it‟s only used for this population. The vocabulary was made by a mixture of a lot elements and it‟s named Romani.Some words :- Acans = eyes - Dai (or Bata) = mother- Aruvinhar = to cry - Kambulin = love- Bato = father - Panin = water - Ron = man- Calin = gyspy woman - Runin = woman- Calon = gyspy man - Trup = body