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  2. 2. MULTINATIONAL COMPANY <ul><li>Enterprise </li></ul><ul><li>Provides Services </li></ul><ul><li>From 1991 the number of MNC in India has been increased. </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of MNCs are from the U.S </li></ul><ul><li>India has a huge market for automobiles </li></ul><ul><li>Multinational automobile companies like Fiat, Piaggio and Ford Motors in India. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Why are Multinational companies in India? <ul><ul><ul><li>Huge market potential of the country </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>FDI attractiveness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Labor competitiveness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Macro-economic stability </li></ul></ul></ul>
  4. 4. TOP MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES(world) <ul><li>Microsoft </li></ul><ul><li>Nokia </li></ul><ul><li>Toyota </li></ul><ul><li>Intel </li></ul><ul><li>Coca-Cola </li></ul><ul><li>Sony </li></ul><ul><li>IBM </li></ul><ul><li>General Electric </li></ul><ul><li>Nike </li></ul><ul><li>Citigroup </li></ul>
  5. 5. TOP MULTINATIONAL COMPANIES(India) <ul><li>Infosys technologies </li></ul><ul><li>Reliance Industries </li></ul><ul><li>Wipro </li></ul><ul><li>Hero Hondo motors </li></ul><ul><li>Dr.Reddy's Laboratories </li></ul><ul><li>Larsen and toubro </li></ul><ul><li>Ranbaxy Laboratories </li></ul><ul><li>ITC </li></ul><ul><li>Cipla </li></ul><ul><li>ICICI </li></ul>
  6. 6. Types of MNCs <ul><ul><li>Horizontally integrated multinational corporation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vertically integrated multinational corporations. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Diversified multinational corporations. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. WHAT MNC WANT? <ul><li>Strong protection </li></ul><ul><li>Favorable treatment </li></ul><ul><li>Low taxes </li></ul><ul><li>Low regulation </li></ul><ul><li>Right to establish, without burdensome red tape </li></ul><ul><li>Right to move employees in and out, to move capital in and out </li></ul><ul><li>Uniform standards across countries―makes it easier to conduct business. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Multinational Corporations and Development <ul><li>Size of MNCs and FDI Worldwide: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>At the turn of the century,the largest 50 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li> MNCs had $1.8 trillion in foreign buisness </li></ul><ul><li>and $2.1 trillion in foreign sales. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The size of the global economy is expected </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>to quadruple in the next 50 years,which </li></ul><ul><li>increases the oppurtunities for international </li></ul><ul><li>economic integration </li></ul>
  9. 9. Positive Aspects of MNCs <ul><ul><li>Infrastructure </li></ul></ul><ul><li>development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy development </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Technology transfer </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Employment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skills training </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Govt revenue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joint Ventures </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Negative Aspects of MNCs <ul><ul><li>Exploitation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Corruption,unethical business practices Human rights abuse, labor rights abuse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of sovereignty, policy-making. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Loss of control over resources </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. cont........ <ul><li>Encroachment of global culture </li></ul><ul><li>Unequal terms of trade </li></ul><ul><li>Dependence </li></ul><ul><li>Absorbing costs, not gaining revenue </li></ul><ul><li>Urbanization </li></ul><ul><li>Environmental degradation </li></ul>
  12. 12. ABOUT CMM <ul><li>Capability Maturity Model is a service mark. </li></ul><ul><li>The data was collected from organization. </li></ul><ul><li>It is an abstraction of an existing system. </li></ul><ul><li>It is based on the observation rather than theory. </li></ul><ul><li>It is an effectifve approach to improve the software development process. </li></ul>
  13. 13. Why CMM Matters...... <ul><li>It is the most widespread and detailed software development model. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a standard for much DoD work, which is a lot of software projects. </li></ul><ul><li>It is being used by many non-DoD businesses. </li></ul><ul><li>It is widely criticized, and has inspired several anti-CMM models. </li></ul><ul><li>Your tax dollars paid for it. </li></ul>
  14. 14. How to use CMM? <ul><li>Hire an officially certified CMM Assessor to conduct </li></ul><ul><li>formal evaluation. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To win government software contracts. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To find high-quality software subcontractors. (SA-CMM) </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For pure development shops, to impress </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>clients with our quality. (India) </li></ul><ul><li>Send your own people to official CMM training, the </li></ul><ul><li>conduct internal assessments. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>For a large organization where software </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>process improvements have a big payoff. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Levels in CMM <ul><li>Initial </li></ul><ul><li>Repeatable </li></ul><ul><li>Defined </li></ul><ul><li>Managed </li></ul><ul><li>Optimizing </li></ul>
  16. 16. About 5 Levels in CMM
  17. 17. OBSERVATION <ul><li>CMM contains a lot of verbiage. </li></ul><ul><li>Can seem like just a word game, which it might be to some extent. </li></ul><ul><li>CMM does describe some important methods for running software projects. </li></ul>
  18. 18. Problems with CMM <ul><li>It is a goal, not a method </li></ul><ul><li>Being used just as stamp of approval </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t say anything about software! </li></ul><ul><li>Doesn’t help in a crisis </li></ul><ul><li>Only for repetitive tasks </li></ul>
  19. 19. CMM is a Goal, not a Method <ul><li>Related to this point, some organizations are </li></ul><ul><li>rigid about mandating CMM to their employees. </li></ul><ul><li>This has given CMM a bad reputation as an </li></ul><ul><li>onerous, inflexible method. </li></ul><ul><li>The problem here (usually) is misunderstanding </li></ul><ul><li>CMM, not its rigidity. </li></ul>
  20. 20. Thank u.......