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  • thanks to dr.abaka for his good work I never believe that HIV has cure, I was HIV positive over 2 year now before I came across a comment about how dr.abaka cure HIV and herpes disease but when I saw it i have it in mind that he can’t cure HIV I just decided to give it a try I contact him that night luckily to me he replied me, but I don’t believe him I thought it was a scam but I still hold on to see the work of Dr abaka if he is saying the truth he ask for some details about me i gave him all he needed and I waited to see his reply to my problem after all, he told me to go for check up and I went for HIV test I cant believe I was negative,am so happy and grateful to God for using Dr abaka to cure me, that is the reason why i decided to write this wonderful testimony of how i was cured, i recommend Dr abaka to you all around the world,contact him on his Email or you can also reach him through +2349063230051 thanks dr.abaka for helping me at this young age if you need help contact, He can also cure so many sickness
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  • I am Sonia Sandra from SOUTH AFRICA,I Never believed i was ever going to be HIV Negative again,Dr Benson has given me reasons to be happy, i was HIV positive for 2 years and all the means i tried for treatment was not helpful to me, but when i came on the Internet i saw great testimony about Dr Benson on how he was able to cure someone from HIV, this person said great things about this man, and advice we contact him for any Disease problem that Dr Benson can be of help, well i decided to give him a try, he requested for my information which i sent to him, and he told me he was going to prepare for me a healing portion, which he wanted me to take for days,and after which i should go back to the hospital for check up, well after taking all the treatment sent to me by Dr Benson i went back to the Hospital for check up, and now i have been confirmed HIV Negative, friends you can reach Dr Benson on any treatment for any Disease he is the one only i can show you all up to, reach him on Dr Benson on his email..........
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  • Appreciation is the key to doing more that is why I have took some time out to thank some one who cured me of my 2 years HEPATITIS B problem. It became a major problem to me as it was affecting my marital life and I was no longer comfortable so I decided to look for a solution and I came across a post of Dr Ariba and how he has been helping people of the same problem I contacted him and told him all I have been facing in my life. He told me how to get his product and how to take it after every thing I find out that all was now okay with me and that my HEPATITIS B problem was gone that is why I have come out today to say thank you to him . if you need cure for HIV/AIDS, Herpes, cancer or diabetes of all types you can contact his email OR Whatsapp: +2348140439497
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  • Do you know that there is a great Herbal doctor who can cure any deadly disease. Like Cancer, Hiv, syphilis, madness, low spam count e.t.c. Well my main reason why i am writing this right now is to inform the whole world about the great deeds, Dr. Ariba did for me. I was diagnosed of this deadly disease in the year 2000 ever since then i was taking my medications, until i met the great spell caster, though i never believed in spell. I saw many testimonies on how a great spell caster cured their deadly diseases. I contacted him through his phone number. I called him, he asked me to send him my email, which i did. He gave me a form to fill, I filled it and send it back to him. He told me that his god's required some items in which he will use in casting a curing spell on me. I don't know where to find the items he required. He told me that the only alternative is for of to send him the money, then he can help me to purchase the items from the items sellers. I promised myself to do anything to get cured. I sent him the money. He bought the items and casted a curing spell on me. Two day later he asked me to go for check-up, when i did the check-up i was tested HIV Negative. If you passing through hardship and you need a way out, kindly contact him via his email on or call his number on +2348163979933
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  • i was diagnosed with HIV/AIDS for over 5 years which made loose my job and my relationship with my fiance after he discovered that i was having HIV, he departed from me i tried all my best to make him stays with me, but neglected me until a friend of mine on Facebook from Singapore told me Great healer, who will restore my life back with his powerful healing spell, he sent me the email address to contact ( and i quickly contacted him, and he said my condition can solved, that he will treat the disease immediately only if i can accept trust him and accept his terms and condition, i Agreed because i was so much in need of help by all means, so i did all he want from me and surprisingly on Sunday last week He sent me a text, that i should hurry up to the hospital for a checkup, which i truly did, i confirm from my doctor that i am now ( HIV NEGATIVE) my eyes filled with tears and joy, crying heavily because truly the disease deprived me of many things from my life, This is a Miracle, Please do not en-devour to email, or or call 2348163979933 for healing and solution
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  1. 1. Community Dentistry Presentation by Sarang Suresh
  2. 2. HIV AIDS Sarang Suresh Hotchandani
  3. 3. HIV/AIDS at a Glance • Identified in 1983. • HIV is the infection that causes AIDS. • HIV has few or no symptoms for up to 10 years or more before symptoms of AIDS develop. • 1 Dec: World’s AIDS Day • HIV can be spread during sex play. • Latex and female condoms offer very good protection against HIV. • There is no cure for HIV/AIDS, but treatment is available.
  4. 4. Origin of HIV • Scientists identified a type of chimpanzee in West Africa as the source of HIV infection in humans. • The virus most likely jumped to humans when humans hunted these chimpanzees for meat and came into contact with their infected blood. • Over several years, the virus slowly spread across Africa and later into other parts of the world
  5. 5. What Is HIV? To understand what HIV is, let’s break it down: • H – Human • I – Immunodeficiency • V – Virus
  6. 6. What Is AIDS? To understand what AIDS is, let’s break it down: • A – Acquired • AIDS is not something you inherit from your parents. You acquire AIDS after birth. • I – Immuno • D – Deficiency • S – Syndrome
  7. 7. All people with HIV don’t have AIDS? • HIV causes people to become sick with infections that normally wouldn't affect them. • AIDS is short for acquired immune deficiency syndrome. It is the most advanced stage of HIV disease.
  8. 8. How Do You Get HIV?
  9. 9. HIV/ AIDS can’t be Transmitted
  10. 10. Signs & Symptoms
  11. 11. Symptoms of HIV & AIDS HIV • swollen glands in the throat, armpit, or groin. (first HIV symptoms) • • • • Slight fever Headaches Fatigue Muscle aches AIDS • thrush • severe or recurring vaginal yeast infections • chronic pelvic inflammatory disease • severe and frequent infections • periods of extreme and unexplained tiredness that may be combined with headaches, lightheadedness, and/or dizziness • quick loss of more than 10 pounds of weight that is not due to increased physical exercise or dieting • bruising more easily than normal • long periods of frequent diarrhea • frequent fevers and/or night sweats And Much More............
  12. 12. Oral Manifestation of HIV Infection • Oropharyngeal Candidiasis • Oral Hairy Leukoplakia • Chronic Herpes Simplex • Kaposi’s Sarcome
  13. 13. Oropharyngeal Candidiasis • Oral Thrush • Fungal Infection • Presents as Semi-Adherent white plaque on the palate. • Very Common in HIV +ve • Glossitis and angular Stomatitis, not uncommon.
  14. 14. Oral Hairy Leukoplakia • Lesion most commomly appear on lateral surface of tongue. • This condition is Highly Predictive of Future Development of AIDS.
  15. 15. Kaposi’s Sarcoma • Diagnostic for AIDS • Oral Cavity may be first / only site of Lesion • Common site Palate • Pathogenesis still well understood, nor its interaction with HIV
  16. 16. HIV and AIDS Estimates (2012) PAKISTAN • Number of people living with HIV87,000 [50,000 - 160,000] • Adults aged 15 to 49 prevalence rate <0.1% [<0.1% - 0.2%] • Adults aged 15 and up living with HIV85,000 [48,000 - 160,000] • Women aged 15 and up living with HIV24,000 [14,000 - 44,000] • Children aged 0 to 14 living with HIV -- N/A • Deaths due to AIDS3,500 [2,100 - 6,600] • Orphans due to AIDS aged 0 to 17 N/A
  17. 17. Reduce Your Risk • • • • • • • • Fluid of Transmission Sexual Risk Factors When One Partner Is HIV+ Substance Abuse/Use Pregnancy & Childbirth Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PreP) Post-exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) Blood Transfusions & Organ/Tissue Transplants
  18. 18. Fluids of Transmission
  19. 19. Sexual Risk Factors
  20. 20. When One Partner Is HIV+ Dental Dams Used in Oral Sex
  21. 21. Substance Abuse/Use • Injection drug use • Drinking alcohol or taking other drug
  22. 22. Pregnancy & Childbirth • HIV-positive mothers can transmit HIV to their babies. • During pregnancy • During vaginal childbirth • Through breastfeeding But with proper treatment and coordination with healthcare providers, HIV-positive mothers can significantly reduce the risk of transmitting HIV to their babies.
  23. 23. Pre-exposure Prophylaxis (PreP) • PrEP, is a new HIV prevention method in which people who do not have HIV infection take a pill daily to reduce their risk of becoming infected. • The pill, called Truvada®, (tenofovir and emtricitabine) contains two of the many medications that can be used to treat people who already have HIV. • Prevent HIV from making copies of itself and turning into an infection that’s spread throughout your body.
  24. 24. Post-exposure Prophylaxis (PEP)
  25. 25. Blood Transfusions & Organ/Tissue Transplants
  26. 26. HIV Tests • Antibody Test:- The most common HIV test. • Enzyme immunoassay (EIA) • Rapid HIV antibody tests • Antigen Test • PCR Test
  27. 27. Treatment • HIV Antiretroviral • Emergency HIV Pills • Atiretroviral Drugs
  28. 28. Staying Healthy with HIV Myths & Facts • • • • • • • • • Having HIV Means You Have AIDS (Myth) It's Difficult to Get HIV From Casual Contact (Fact) You Have Just a Few Years to Live (Myth) You'll Know You Have HIV Because of Your Symptoms (Myth) HIV Can Be Cured (Myth for now) Anyone Can Get HIV (Fact) Sex Is Safe When Both Partners Have HIV (Myth) You Can Have a Baby if You Are HIV-Positive (Fact) You Can’t Avoid Other HIV-Related Infections (Myth)
  29. 29. HIV Issue in Dental Practice • Dentists have to Treat HIV +ve Patient. He can not deny that patient. • The risk of Transmission from Patient to Dentist is Low. • Many Dentists have HIV infected persons without knowing it.