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Phonics syllables

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Phonics syllables

  1. 1. GROUNDWORK FORCOLLEGE READINGWITH PHONICSFourth EditionJohn Langan© 2008 Townsend Press
  2. 2. Part I, Chapter Three:Phonics III: SyllablesTHIS CHAPTER IN A NUTSHELL• This chapter reminds you what a syllable is.• It then provides five rules that help you break wordsinto syllables:1 Divide between two consonants.2 Divide before a single consonant.3 Divide before a consonant + le.4 Divide after prefixes and before suffixes.5 Divide between the words in a compound word.
  3. 3. SYLLABLESA syllable is a word or part of a word that has only onevowel sound.• The word rip has just one vowel sound, so it has onlyone syllable.• The word sunscreen is pronounced in two parts, eachwith its own vowel sound: sun and screen. It has twosyllables.
  4. 4. • A word or syllable that has a silent final e has two vowelsbut only one vowel sound.• For example, the word tune has two vowels but only onevowel sound. It is a one-syllable word.SYLLABLESWords with More Than One Vowel in a Syllable1 Words with a silent final e
  5. 5. SYLLABLESWords with More Than One Vowel in a Syllable2 Words with two vowels together in which onevowel is silent• Some words or syllables have two vowels together but onlyone vowel sound.• For example, the word heat has two vowels, but only onevowel sound. It is a one-syllable word.
  6. 6. RULES FOR DIVIDING WORDS INTOSYLLABLESDividing between Two ConsonantsRule 1: When two consonants come betweentwo vowels, divide between the consonants.This rule is also known as the VC/CV (vowel-consonant/consonant-vowel) pattern.Examples:donkey: don-key happen: hap-pen silver: sil-ver
  7. 7. RULES FOR DIVIDING WORDS INTOSYLLABLESDividing between Three ConsonantsIf a word has three consonants in a row, divide betweenthe first consonant and the consonant blend.Examples:applaud: ap-plaud monster: mon-ster surprise: sur-prise
  8. 8. RULES FOR DIVIDING WORDS INTOSYLLABLESDividing before a Single ConsonantRule 2: When a single consonant comes between twovowel sounds, divide before the consonant.This rule is also known as the V/CV (vowel/consonant-vowel)pattern.Examples:even: e-ven minus: mi-nus pony: po-ny
  9. 9. RULES FOR DIVIDING WORDS INTOSYLLABLESDividing before a Consonant + leRule 3: If a word ends in a consonant followed by le,the consonant and le form the last syllable.Examples:handle: han-dle cable: ca-ble simple: sim-ple
  10. 10. RULES FOR DIVIDING WORDS INTOSYLLABLESDividing after Prefixes and before SuffixesRule 4: Prefixes and suffixes are usuallyseparate syllables.Examples:prefix: pre-fix unfair: un-fair review: re-viewPrefixes are word parts that are added at the beginnings ofwords. Here are some common prefixes:ad- com- con- de- dis- ex-in- non- pre- re- sub- un-
  11. 11. RULES FOR DIVIDING WORDS INTOSYLLABLESDividing after Prefixes and before SuffixesRule 4: Prefixes and suffixes are usuallyseparate syllables.Examples:player: play-er statement: state-ment needless: need-lessSuffixes are word parts that are added at the ends of words. Hereare some common suffixes:-able -en -er -ful -ing -ist-less -ly -ment -ness -sion -tion
  12. 12. RULES FOR DIVIDING WORDS INTOSYLLABLESDividing between Words in a Compound WordRule 5: Compound words are always dividedbetween the words they contain.Examples:railroad: rail-road bloodstream: blood-stream redhead: red-headA compound word is a combination of two words.
  13. 13. CHAPTER REVIEWIn this chapter, you learned the following:• A syllable is a word or part of a word that has only one vowel sound. Soto figure out the number of syllables in a word, count the number ofvowel sounds. Some vowels are silent, including the following:—Silent e: rose—The second letter of certain vowel pairs: pair, play, heat, breed, pie,soap, toe• Five rules can help you divide words into syllables:—Rule 1 (VC/CV): When two consonants come between two vowels,divide between the consonants: sil-ver.If a word has three consonants in a row, divide between the firstconsonant and the consonant blend: mon-ster.—Rule 2 (V/CV): When a single consonant comes between two vowelsounds, divide before the consonant: po-ny.—Rule 3: If a word ends in a consonant followed by le, the consonantand le form the last syllable: han-dle.—Rule 4: Prefixes and suffixes are usually separate syllables: un-fair,play-er.—Rule 5: Compound words are always divided between the words theycontain: gold-fish.

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