poem in which the first letter of each line spells out a word, phrase,
or name when read vertically
“A Boat Beneath a Sunny Sky” by Lewis Carroll
A boat, beneath a sunny sky
Lingering onward dreamily
In an evening of July—
Children three that nestle near,
Eager eye and willing ear,
Pleased a simple tale to hear—
Long has paled that sunny sky:
Echoes fade and memories die:
Autumn frosts have slain July.
Still she haunts me, phantomwise,
Alice moving under skies
Never seen by waking eyes.
Children yet, the tale to hear,
Eager eye and willing ear,
Lovingly shall nestle near.
In a Wonderland they lie,
Dreaming as the days go by,
Dreaming as the summers die:
Ever drifting down the stream—
Lingering in the golden gleam—
Life, what is it but a dream?
oncrete poetry (also known as shape poetry) forms the words of the
poem so that they take on a shape relevant to what the poet is
“The Altar” by George Herbert
A broken ALTAR, Lord, thy servant rears,
Made of a heart and cemented with tears;
Whose parts are as thy hand did frame;
No workman's tool hath touch'd the same.
A HEART alone
Is such a stone,
As nothing but
Thy pow'r doth cut.
Wherefore each part
Of my hard heart
Meets in this frame
To praise thy name.
That if I chance to hold my peace,
These stones to praise thee may not cease.
Oh, let thy blessed SACRIFICE be mine,
And sanctify this ALTAR to be thine.
dirge is a hymn or song of lamentation or grief, often composed to
be performed at a funeral.
“A Dirge” by Christina Rossetti
Why were you born when the snow was falling?
You should have come to the cuckoo’s calling,
Or when grapes are green in the cluster,
Or, at least, when lithe swallows muster
For their far off flying
From summer dying.
Why did you die when the lambs were cropping?
You should have died at the apples’ dropping,
When the grasshopper comes to trouble,
And the wheat-fields are sodden stubble,
And all winds go sighing
For sweet things dying.
“Funeral Blues” by W. H. Auden
Stop all the clocks, cut off the telephone,
Prevent the dog from barking with a juicy bone,
Silence the pianos and with muffled drum
Bring out the coffin, let the mourners come.
Let aeroplanes circle moaning overhead
Scribbling on the sky the message 'He is Dead'.
Put crepe bows round the white necks of the public doves,
Let the traffic policemen wear black cotton gloves.
He was my North, my South, my East and West,
My working week and my Sunday rest,
My noon, my midnight, my talk, my song;
I thought that love would last forever: I was wrong.
The stars are not wanted now; put out every one,
Pack up the moon and dismantle the sun,
Pour away the ocean and sweep up the wood;
For nothing now can ever come to any good.
short, witty, funny poem that often has contradictions in it
"To see a world in a grain of sand,
And a heaven in a wild flower,
Hold infinity in the palm of your hand,
And eternity in an hour"
Candy is dandy
But liquor is quicker
Fell great oaks
Here’s my wife: here let her lie!
Now she’s at rest – and so am I.
n epitaph is a poem intended for (or imagined for) an inscription upon
“Upon a Child that Died” – Robert Herrick
Here she lies, a pretty bud,
Lately made of flesh and blood,
Who as soon fell fast asleep
As her little eyes did peep.
Give her strewings, but not stir
The earth that lightly covers her.
prose text that has been reshaped by a poet into rhyming or free
Page 3 from Fahrenheit 451 by Ray Bradbury
Pleasure to burn
Pleasure to see things eaten
Things blackened and changed
Brass nozzle in his fists
This great python spitting its venemous kerosene
Blood pounded in his head
His hands were hands of some
Amazing conductor playing all symphonies
Blazing and Burning
Japanese verse form of three unrhyming lines in five, seven, and five
“Rendezvous” - Philip Appleman
Once more as I wait
for you, night and icy wind
melt into cold rain.
It’s cold—and I wait
For someone to shelter me
And take me from here.
n often humorous and silly poetry form. A limerick has five lines. The
first, second, and fifth line are the same number of syllables and
rhyme with each other. The third and fourth line are the same number
of syllables (typically shorter) and rhyme with each other.
“A Young Lady of Lynn” - Anonymous
There was a young lady of Lynn,
Who was so uncommonly thin
That when she essayed
To drink lemonade
She slipped through the straw and fell in.
There was an odd beaver from Corning
Who liked to cook pancakes each morning.
With a flip of his tail,
To the ceiling they'd sail,
Then they'd fall to the floor without warning!
Nonmetrical, nonrhyming lines that closely follow the natural rhythms
of speech. A regular pattern of sound or rhythm may emerge in free-
verse lines, but the poet does not adhere to a metrical plan in their
“I’m not lonely” – Nikki Giovanni
I'm not lonely
sleeping all alone
you think i'm scared
but i'm a big girl
i don't cry or anything
I have a great
big bed to roll around
in and lots of space
and i don't dream
bad dreams like i used
to have that you
were leaving me
Now that you're gone
i don't dream
and no matter
what you think
i'm not lonely
“Love Is” – Nikki Giovanni
Some people forget that love is
tucking you in and kissing you
no matter how young or old you are
Some people don't remember that
listening and laughing and asking
no matter what your age
Few recognize that love is
no fun at all
You and me
sing Google Slides, you are going to create a presentation of poems
that you have written. Over the past few days we have discussed
many types of poetry. You must choose at least five types of poetry
and compose original poems adhering to the structures of those
types of poetry. In addition, you will devote a slide after each poem to
discussing the origin and analysis of your poetry. You could discuss
what inspired you to write the poem (experience, individual, other
poet, etc.), thematic choices, symbolism, effect, etc. Also, you must
use at least three vocabulary words from this semester in your
ou will be graded on: Grammar, Punctuation, Spelling, Varied Diction
(Use of 3 vocabulary words and general good descriptive word
choice) and Expression (Creativity! Make it pretty and original!)
Poetry Types and point value (Total Points=70)
crostic – 5 points (at least 5 lines)
oncrete – 8 points (at least 8 lines)
irge – 7 points (at least 7 lines)
pigram – 2 points
pitaph – 7 points (at least 7 lines)
ound Poem – 10 points (at least 10 lines)
aiku – 3 points
aried Diction – 5 points (3 vocab words, good word choice)
xpression – 10 points (Creativity, descriptive language, visually
appealing slides, etc.)
rammar – 5 points (capitalization, subject verb agreement, run-ons,
fragments, etc. UNLESS explanation slide specifies non-grammar
unctuation – 5 points (apostrophes; commas and periods in
pelling – 5 points (homophones and other mistakes)