RHETORICAL MODES A Rhetorical Mode is a strategy, a way or method of presenting a subject through writing or speech. Rhetorical modes help develop ideas, order them according to certain patterns, and also achieve a particular effect in the reader. Created by: Work Experience Degree Credit
NARRATION DESCRIPTION CLASSIFICATION and DIVISION DEFINITION ILLUSTRATION COMPARISON and CONTRAST PROCESS ANALOGY CAUSE and EFFECT ARGUMENTATIVE
NARRATIONNarration is used to present events in the past, the present, or even the imagined future.Your narrative may: focus on the facts, as, for example, in presenting historical background recreate an experience for readers, as in a personal essay tell an anecdote to introduce a discussion or illustrate a point envision images of the future, as in a proposal for a new policy or project
DESCRIPTION Description is used to create images of a place or object, sketch a person’s character, or provide images that evoke and share a feeling. Subjective description: emphasizes the emotional impact of scenes, as in a personal essay Objective description: sticks to the physical details, as in a scientific or technical report
CLASSIFICATION / DIVISION Classification is a useful way of grouping individual entities into identifiable categories based on their similarities. It offers an opportunity to explore similarities within groups and explain the differences and relationships between groups.
DEFINITION When introducing a term or concept to the readers, the writer must, clearly and accurately, define it. Synonym – offer a word or expression that has the same or nearly the same meaning Example - offer an example that has all central or typical characteristics of the term we want to define
ILLUSTRATION The Rhetorical Mode of Illustration refers to the use of detailed examples to make abstract or general ideas or concepts more concrete and specific.
COMPARISON andCONTRAST A Comparison and Contrast essay or paragraph explores the similarities and differences between two or more items, ideas, trends, works, etc. When we compare, we point out the similarities between two items, and when we contrast, we show their differences.
COMPARISON andCONTRAST In arranging comparison paragraphs you can employ: subject-by-subject organization - discuss each subject in its entirety point-by-point organization – examine each comparable feature for first one subject and then the other
PROCESS We use the Rhetorical Mode of Process when we need to provide readers with directions or explain how a mechanism or procedure works. To explain such processes effectively, label the steps or stages clearly, and present the explanation in chronological order.
ANALOGYAn Analogy compares topics that at firstglance seem quite different.A well-chosen analogy can make unfamiliar ortechnical information seem more commonplace andunderstandable. To be effective, an analogy must befamiliar to the reader, and its features or functionsmust be congruent with those of the target.
CAUSE and EFFECT The Cause and Effect strategy is employed when we need to trace the causes of a particular event or situation, to describe its effects, or both.Created by: Online Life Experience Degrees Accredited