Types Of Reflection


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This slideshow briefly describes three types of reflection that can be used, especially in nursing and midwifery.

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Types Of Reflection

  1. 1. Types of reflection Sarah Stewart 2008 [email_address] Image: ' H2O ' www.flickr.com/photos/11599314@N00/399970490
  2. 2. <ul><li>Each way of reflecting is important and a combination may be used to make sense of practice, “and imagine and/or bring about changes” (Taylor, 2000) </li></ul>Image: ' It's breathtaking! ' www.flickr.com/photos/90667736@N00/1362473050
  3. 3. Technical Reflection <ul><li>Accompanies empirical knowledge & scientific reasoning (very factual) to look at clinical practices and procedures </li></ul>Image: ' test tubes 2 ' www.flickr.com/photos/55569773@N00/247127539
  4. 4. <ul><li>Can you think of any clinical procedures that have no benefit? </li></ul><ul><li>How up to date are your hospital/facility policies? </li></ul><ul><li>What do you do as a matter of routine that you wonder may be of no value? </li></ul><ul><li>When was the last time you looked at evidence about an element of practice? </li></ul>
  5. 5. Mary notices a problem with dehydration in the women in her care Mary explores the issue of fasting in labour Mary decides to try allowing women to eat and drink in labour Mary reflects on the consequences of her new practice approach Assess & Plan Implementation Evaluation
  6. 6. <ul><li>Technical reflection gives you no sense of social, cultural, political, emotional or spiritual influences on practice </li></ul>Image: ' testing tube ' www.flickr.com/photos/49503156729@N01/11827393
  7. 7. Practical Reflection <ul><li>Making sense & meaning of </li></ul><ul><li>human experiences </li></ul>Image: ' Mankind ' www.flickr.com/photos/73491156@N00/1394588888
  8. 8. <ul><li>How do I feel about being a midwife? </li></ul><ul><li>How am I affected by the women I work with? </li></ul><ul><li>What makes communication so difficult at times? </li></ul>
  9. 9. Susan ‘made’ a woman have an epidural Susan thinks about her attitudes to pain in labour and how she supports women Realizes that she finds it hard to see women in pain Decides she must work on her own confidence in being a midwife Experiencing Interpreting Learning
  10. 10. <ul><li>Doesn’t help the understanding of power </li></ul><ul><li>relationships or influences </li></ul>Image: ' IMG_6660 ' www.flickr.com/photos/26451473@N00/35926090
  11. 11. Emancipatory Reflection <ul><li>Regards power relationships between people in the workplace </li></ul>Image: ' Weather Factory ' www.flickr.com/photos/62722321@N00/235805526
  12. 12. <ul><li>What are the power relationships that constrain my practice? </li></ul><ul><li>How can I improve my practice in the light of those constraints? </li></ul><ul><li>How does my perceptions of me and my practice constrain me? </li></ul>
  13. 13. Lisa (midwife) shouts at Ann (student) for encouraging a woman to birth standing Thinks about student/midwife relationship Ann considers Lisa’s feelings about being midwife responsible Ann talk to Lisa about birth positions, show her evidence & plans for future births Construct Deconstruct Confront Reconstruct
  14. 14. <ul><li>Makes small changes slowly </li></ul><ul><li>Who dares wins! </li></ul>Image: ' MPIX-NT08-T1103-Q034621 ' www.flickr.com/photos/13704260@N07/2608178590
  15. 15. Reference <ul><li>Taylor, B. (2000). Reflective practice: a guide for nurses and midwives. St Leonards, Allen and Unwin. </li></ul>