Summary• Ovid’s dream begins and the scene is set.• A closely set grove of oak sits below a sunny hill.• Below the grove is a grassy meadow.• Ovid sits beneath the trees, trying to avoid the heat but is unsuccessful in doing so.• Finally, a white cow halts in front of his eyes.
Style Points• Idyllic, perfect scene set “aprico” = sunny (line 3) “viridissima” = very green (line 5) “lene sonantis aquae” = gently sounding water (line 6)• Indication of lurking danger “in ramis multa latebat avis” = many birds were concealed in the branches (line 4)
Style Points• Onomatopoeic effect created by “sonantis aquae” – “sounding water” used to convey the noise (line 6)• Repetition of “aestum” – “heat” shows prevalence of love (lines 7-8)• Use of “ecce” as exclamation at start of line 9 draws attention to the main character (white cow)• “candida vacca” description shows how cow is otherworldly and dreamlike (line 10)
Amores iii – Poem 5 (Lines 10 – 20) SummaryThe cow was as white as fresh snow andrecently squeezed milk from a sheep. She waswith a Bull, her companion, and they lay downon the ground together. He continues to chewon his recently digested cud. However his headbecomes heavy and sleep forces him to lay iton the ground .
Lines 10-20 AnalysisComparatives“candidor nivibus” (whiter than snow) – emphasises how white the cow is and exaggerates its appearance, making it seem so pure and perfect. This makes it seem more surreal and is in keeping with the on-going dream theme of the poem.ImageryThe description of the cow and the introduction of the Bull create a relaxed and peaceful scene. Also he uses “teneram” (tender) to describe the ground. This adjective helps to create vivid imagery as it makes us engage with our senses and imagine the touch of the earth. Thus helping us to bring to life the images and themes explored in this section.PersonificationIn this section, Ovid personifies “somnus” (sleep) as taking it taking away the Bulls strength. The personification helps to emphasise how dramatic the Bull’s need to lie down is and makes it seem a very physical visual image.
Summary: Amores iii.5 21-30 In this small passage we are recounted the vision of the crow coming down and pecking the cow’s chest, and then how the cow moving off to other bulls and pastures.
Analysis: Amores iii.5 21-30 Terque= three times; happened 3 times Petulanti; mischievous, almost sexual meaning The position of “fodit” as the first word emphasizes it and gives the pecking a more potent feel to it. The alliteration of “albentes abstulit” heightens the sense of worry and anger and confusion that Ovid’s persona is feeling.
Bull and place; reflective of being left behind Sed niger; brings out contrast/change Tauros; at end of line; emphasized Laeta; temptation Gregibusque inmiscuit illis; inbetween those herds in word order
Summary• Ovid asks the interpreter of dreams to explain his dream• The interpreter reveals that Ovids lover is going to leave him
Analysis• The use of the phrase “quicumque es” “whoever you are” when talking about the interpreter adds a sense of mystery and confusion to the section• “expendens…..singula” “weighing up each word” the use of these words seem to make the subject matter seem to be much more serious• The fact that Ovid has chosen to explain the dream may tell us something about who the poem is for, as it suggest that it is written for his love. In this case he has add this explanation so that he is sure that she will understand the message to is trying to put across.
More Analysis• Ovid makes a big contrast in this section between the previously pure girl and the now adulterous girl by using white and black as symbolism for this.• There is also another contrast made between the heat of love “aestus” and the cold bed that he will be left with “ frigidus”. Also the placement of “frgidus” at the beginning of the line emphasises the feel of emptiness that this image conquers• The use of the word “lena” to describe the old woman shows a sense of the hatred that Ovid has for her.• At the end of the poem Ovid becomes very melodramatic using both the image of his blood being drained of blood and the idea of darkness “nox” to show his immense fear.
Summary• Establishing she is allowed to sin as long as she doesn’t tell him.• Not on a need to know basis• Showing that anyone can sin but they shouldn’t tell anyone about it• Uses an example
Lines 1-4 Two similar couplets each with the same startNon ego, ne pecces, cum sis formosa, recusoI do not tell you to sin, since you are prettySed ne sit misero scire necesse mihi;But it shouldn’t be necessary for me to know, wretched that I amNec te nostra iubet fieri censura pudicamNor does my censure command you to become chaste,sed tandem ut temptes dissimulare PersuadingBut it does ask you try to pretend to be woman calling her pretty and makes her sad
Lines 5-8 Alliteration: Punchy “p”sNon peccat, quaecumque potest peccasse negareIt isn’t a sin for any girl to be able to say she hasn’t sinnedSolaque famosam culpa professa facit. ContrastingAnd only blame confessed gives her a bad reputation. day and nightQuis furor est, qua nocte latent, in luce fateriWhat madness is it to own up in daylight things that lay hidden in darknessEt, quae clam facias, facta referre pallam?And to recount openly the things you might do in secret? Almost making her feel Soft ‘f’ sound almost conveys stupid or ridiculous for secrecy admitting that she sins
Use of “Quiriti” a patriotic name for a Lines 9-10 Roman, is part of him twisting the Roman moralesIgnoto meretrix corpus iuctura QuiritiA tart going to join her body to some unknown son of QuirinusOpposita populum submovet ante seraKeeps the public out by locking the bolt beforehand Using a relevant example to pack up his case.
Summary• Don’t let your sins be exposed• Act like you are innocent• Deny that you have indulged in naughtiness• There is a place – be naughty there!• Leave your sins in that place
TU TUA PROSTITUTES FAMAE PECCATA SINISTRAE COMMISSI PERAGES INDIUMQUE TUI?TU TUA – alliteration is punchy and makes it seem both inquisitive andaccusatoryCOMMISSI – (misdeed) emphasis at the start of lineCOMMISSI + INDICIUM - legal vocabulary being used by Ovidwhile he is undercutting the laws of Augustus
SIT TIBI MENS MELIOR, SALTEMVE IMITARE PUDICAS, TEQUE PROBAM, QUAMVIS NON ERIS, ESSE PUTEMMENS MELIOR – alliteration mimics the strength of the mindPUDICAS – placement means emphasis on the fact that she herself is notmodestQUAMVIS NON ERIS – (although you are not) placement in-between whatOvid thinks shows how it is stuck in his mind and it is mixed up in histhoughts
QUAE FACIS, HAEC FACITO: TANTUM FECISSE NEGATO NEC PUDEAT CORAM VERBA MODESTA LOQUI.QUAE FACIS, HAEC FACITO – repetition = emphasis and almost a bitconfusing and imperative shows desperationNEGATO – imperative = desperation perhaps and placement emphasises asessentially this is the most important thing he wants her to doNEC...LOQUI – turning morality on the head as due to roman morals, thiswas the opposite of what was meant to happen
Amores 3.14 lines 21-30• Ovid is describing what ‘misdeeds’ his girl should allow in the bedroom• Ovid asks her again to lie to him about these things
EST QUI NEQUITAM LOCUS EXIGAT: OMNIBUS ILLUM DELICIIS INPLE,STET PROCUL INDE PUDORDELICIIS – (pleasures) emphasis at beginning of line as to what thisplace is really about and enjambment heightens thisNEQUITAM – encouraging licentiousness and choice of vocabulary hasvery sexual connotationsPROCUL – (far away) heightens sense that Ovid really wants his girl to‘go wild’ in this place
HINC SIMUL EXIERIS, LASCIVA PROTINUS OMNIS ABSIT, ET IN LECTO CRIMINA PONE TUOSIMUL + PROTINUS – gives a sense of urgency and perhaps that he isgetting worried as his girl is leaving the place and so he wants her to asquickly as possible stop being naughty!ABSIT – emphasis at beginning of line as this is essentially the mostimportant part of the sentence as he wants her to stop these things.CRIMINA – legal vocabulary gives a sense of perhaps how awful the thingsshe is doing areIN LECTO – it is quite a sexual reference and it reminds us how Ovid isaware of what she is doing
“Illic..illic…illic” = There Context: Tricolon and anaphora Deliberately trying to provoke reaction Gives impression that Ovid’s mind is Esp. with recent introduction of Lex lingering on these thoughts, and keeps Juliae, and Augustus’s reign of modesty coming back to it. Humour? Jealousy?Undressing illic nec tunicam tibi sit posuisse pudori Love and passion ‘Venerem amor’ nec femori inpositum sustinuisse femur;Kissing… illic purpureis condatur lingua labellis, Shows the love inque modos Venerem mille figuret amor; Ovid feels to beGradually getting physical.more and more illic nec voces nec verba iuvantia cessent, May show why hegraphic spondaque lasciva mobilitate tremat doesn’t want her to leave him Generally very graphic and descriptive language: femur…purpureis…lingua…lasciva Creates a vivid image from Ovids imagination
indue cum tunicis metuentem crimina vultum,et pudor obscenum diffiteatur opus;•Zeugma: put on physical + metaphysical, clothes representingchastity. Telling her to act appropriately for situation.•Juxtaposition: PUDOR shame, OBSCENUM indecentshows the shame she should be feeling over these acts.da populo, da verba mihi; sine nescius errem,et liceat stulta credulitate frui!•Imperatives/Jussives: DA…DA…ERREM…LICEAT Shows Ovid is pleading with his girl for her not to tell him these things•Ovid’s persona as elegiac lover : voice seems pathetic and obsessive
Summary implied meaning• Why do you send and receive so many letters?• Why is the couch indented as if bodies have laid there?• Why is your hair a mess as you have not slept?• And your neck has a tooth mark on it?• Just make sure that you are subtle with your affair• If you protect your reputation, keep me ignorant of your actions as well• Every time you confess what you have done I die and go mad• And I feel cold at the prospect• I’m in love and can’t stop loving what I try and fail to hate• I would like to be dead as long as you are still with me.
ANALYSIS of lines 31&32• Cur totiens video mitti recipique tabellas?• Cur pressus prior est interiorque torus?
ANALYSIS of lines 33&34• Cur plus quam somno turbatos esse capillos• Collaque conspicio dentis habere notam?
ANALYSIS of lines 35&36• Tantum non oculos crimen deducis ad ipsos• Si dubitas famae parcere, parce mihi
ANALYSIS of lines 37&38• Mens abit et morior, quotiens peccasse fateris,• Perque meos artus frigida gutta fluit
ANALYSIS of lines 39&40• Tunc amo, tunc odi frustra, quod amare necesse est;• Tunc ego, sed tecum, mortuus esse velim.
• Nil equidem inquiram nec, quae celare parabis, insequar: et falli muneris instar eritOvid decrees he would neverinvestigate her indiscretions• repetition of negatives inforce• The short snappy ‘Insequar’ emphasizes the strength of the statement
• Si tamen in media deprensa tenebere culpa et fuerint oculis probra videnda meisHe describes a situation in which hecatches her in the act• The idea that it ‘HAS’ to be seen by his eyes, otherwise he wouldn’t care• He describes her deeds as wicked, but this shows he loves her, but detests only what she does
• Quae bene visa mihi fuerint, bene visa negato: concedent verbis lumina nostra tuisHe admits that a simple denial from her willprevail over what he has seen to be true• The use of the word concede shows surrender and submission to her• The repetition of ‘Bene visa’ foregrounds its meaning, which is that the act was ‘Clearly seen’
• Prona tibi vinci cupientem vincere palma est, sit modo ‘non feci’ dicere lingua memor:Ovid describes how easy it would be for her todefeat him• Again, he talks about defeat and submission on his part as shown with ‘Prona tibi’ (leaning forward to [her])• The fact that the words in the second statement are all short show the simplicity of what she has to do
• Cum tibi contingat verbis superare duobus, etsi non causa, iudice vince tuo.Ovid seems resigned when he describeshow easily she can win, not throughevidence and loyalty but through defeatinghis• The blunt 3 worded final statements emphasize the finality and resignation of his submission to her
Summary• He Continues to beg his wife to deceive him and to spare his feelings• He adds how even if he does catch her in the middle of her sin he will yield to her words.• Stresses the fact that all he wants is to be blissfully ignorant and just keep up appearances
AnalysisNil equidem inquiram nec quae celare parabisInsequar et falli munaris instar erit.Ovid is adamant that he remain ignorant, negative repetition emphasises this.“muneris” gift, All Ovid asks for from his wife his this single kindness.He so fears adultery that he must make it absolutely clear that he will try his hardest not to discover it.
• si tamen in media deprensa tenebere culpa• Et fuerintoculis proba videnda meis• “vivenda” have to be seen, Ovid here shows his persona as the elagiac lover as he considers all possibilities.
• Quae bene visa mihi fuerint bene visa negato• Concedent verbis lumina nostra tuis• “bene visa” direct contrast between their implications, he wants her to deny everything however obvious it was.• “concedent” his eyes are inferior to her words.• “tuis” your, at the end of the line adds emphasis.
• prona tibi vinci cupientem vincere palma est• Sit modo „non feci‟ dicere lingua memor.”• “Palma” palm of victory, pathetic elagiac lover, the notion of love as a competition.• “Vinci cupientem” wanting to be defeated, again pathetic elagiac• “non feci” reference to legal vocabulary reinforces the idea that he is the believing judge.
• Cum tibi contingat verbis superare duobus• Etsi non causa iudice vince tuo.“Caudsa iudice” cause judge, juxtaposition emphasises that even though her case is damming Ovid will always turn a blind eye.“Verbis duobus” two words, Ovid is trying to persuade her with the reasoning that her task is pleasurable and easy.“tuo” your, last word in the poem strongly emphasises that she can do anything and that she is in control.
Themes• Elagiac – notion of victory• Fear, Ovid will do anything and believe anything to allay his fears.• Controvosy – why let your wife do wrong before your eyes. Legal vocabulary spites Augustus‟ reforms