The benefits of critical thinking


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The benefits of critical thinking

  1. 1. The Benefits of Critical Thinking<br />By Sarah Kinney<br />Speech 104<br />
  2. 2. Components of a good critical thinker<br />Perception- the way we see the world<br />Assumption- implied ideas<br />Emotion- an individuals state of mind in relation to their environment.<br />Language- complex systems of communication.<br />Argument- a set of sentences, (premises and conclusion)<br />Fallacy- incorrect reasoning resulting in misconception.<br />Logic- principles of valid reasoning.<br />Problem solving- a higher order cognitive process that requires control of routine and fundamental skills.<br />
  3. 3. Critical thinkers make decisions based on taking the time to gather appropriate information, research and weighing the possible outcomes.<br />Critical thinking allows people to compare, analyze, critique, and synthesize information.<br />Critical thinkers keep an open mind and change there views based on new knowledge aquired.<br />Critical thinkers examine there actions to see why they make the decisions they do.<br />
  4. 4. Good critical thinkers know how to separate opinions from facts.<br />Critical thinkers make better decisions which are less impulsive, leading them to be more successful in life.<br />They also know the difference between rational thoughts and emotional impulses.<br />Critical thinking greatly increases success in college students.<br />
  5. 5. Good critical thinking skills require practice.<br />To develop good critical thinking skills, it is necessary to internalize principles and apply them to everyday situations.<br />Critical thinking requires putting aside biases when coming up with logical courses of action.<br />
  6. 6. Critical thinking games <br />These are a few exercises I found on the internet to help improve critical thinking skills.<br />Critical Thinking Exercise 1: Tour Guide for an Alien<br />Pretend that you have been assigned the task of conducting a tour for aliens who are visiting earth and observing human life. You're riding along in a blimp, and you float over a professional baseball stadium. One of your aliens looks down and becomes very confused, so you tell him that there is a game going on.<br />Try to answer the following questions for him.<br />What is a game?<br />Why are there no female players?<br />Why do people get so passionate watching other people play games?<br />
  7. 7. More critical thinking exercises<br />Try to determine whether each statement sounds like a fact or an opinion, and discuss with a friend or study partner.<br />My mom is the best mom on earth.<br />My dad is taller than your dad.<br />My telephone number is difficult to memorize.<br />The deepest part of the ocean is 35,813 feet deep.<br />Dogs make better pets than turtles.<br />Smoking is bad for your health.<br />Eighty-five percent of all cases of lung cancer in the U.S. are caused by smoking.<br />If you flatten and stretch out a Slinky toy it will be 87 feet long.<br />Slinky toys are fun.<br />One out of every hundred American citizens is color blind.<br />Two out of ten American citizens are boring.<br />
  8. 8. Bibliography <br /><br /><br /><br />…/Critical-Thinking-Exercises.htm<br />