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States of Matter 
Sarah Jones
More than 2000 years ago a Greek philosopher called 
Democritus suggested this hypothesis: 
All matter, living and non-liv...
The Particle Theory of Matter 
All MATTER is made up of tiny particles 
(ATOMS) that are constantly moving.
Solids, liquids and gases have two 
important properties - they all have mass 
and they all take up space.
Solids Solids include - steel, books and 
most of the objects you can see. 
They all have mass and occupy space. 
The shap...
Liquids 
Water, milk and oil are all 
examples of liquids. 
The volume of a liquid does not 
change, but its shape can. 
L...
Gases The air around us is a gas. 
Gases have mass and occupy 
space. 
Gases do not have a fixed 
shape of volume. 
A gas ...
Plasma 
Plasma makes up 99% of the 
Universe. 
It consists of charged particles 
that are even further apart than 
the par...
Melting
Boiling
Diffusion
States of Matter
States of Matter
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Year 8 States of Matter - For additional resources visit: http://www.iheartscience.net

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States of Matter

  1. 1. http://freehdw.com/wallpaper/iceberg-95261.html States of Matter Sarah Jones
  2. 2. More than 2000 years ago a Greek philosopher called Democritus suggested this hypothesis: All matter, living and non-living, is made of tiny particles too small to be seen. His idea was that if you kept cutting something into smaller and smaller pieces you would eventually come to the smallest possible particles - the building blocks of matter. He used the work atomos (which in Greek means ‘cannot be divided’) to describe these tiniest particles.
  3. 3. The Particle Theory of Matter All MATTER is made up of tiny particles (ATOMS) that are constantly moving.
  4. 4. Solids, liquids and gases have two important properties - they all have mass and they all take up space.
  5. 5. Solids Solids include - steel, books and most of the objects you can see. They all have mass and occupy space. The shape and volume of most solids cannot be easily changed. Powders are also solids but their shape can be changed.
  6. 6. Liquids Water, milk and oil are all examples of liquids. The volume of a liquid does not change, but its shape can. Liquids take on the shape of the container they are in.
  7. 7. Gases The air around us is a gas. Gases have mass and occupy space. Gases do not have a fixed shape of volume. A gas fills its container, no matter what the shape or size of the container e.g. a balloon. Gases can be compressed.
  8. 8. Plasma Plasma makes up 99% of the Universe. It consists of charged particles that are even further apart than the particles in a gas. You don’t see much plasma on Earth because it requires very high temperatures. The Sun is made of plasma, as are all the stars. Lightning is a type of plasma that occurs naturally on Earth.
  9. 9. Melting
  10. 10. Boiling
  11. 11. Diffusion
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Year 8 States of Matter - For additional resources visit: http://www.iheartscience.net

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