Japanese and American Culture


Published on

Published in: Education
1 Like
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Total views
On SlideShare
From Embeds
Number of Embeds
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Japanese and American Culture

  1. 1. JAPANESE & AMERICAN C U LT U R E Kristyn Perry Kiefer O’ Sullivan Sarah Jane Calub
  2. 2. Japanese Culture human fulfillment through close association with others harmony cooperation and recognition of social roles inner self-control & self-discipline http://www.flickr.com/photos/87913776@N00/500279386/sizes/o/
  3. 3. American Culture faith in individual freedom democratic government commitment to economic opportunity and progress for all “melting pot”
  5. 5. BACKGROUND Japan is not a single island; 4 large islands and thousands of smaller ones limited farmland used predominately for rice fish (both fresh and preserved) plays major role in diet
  6. 6. http://morningnoonandnight.files.wordpress.com/2007/08/soy-sauce.jpg http://www.visitjapannow.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/05/tea-ceremony.jpg culture-buddhism.jpg http://japaneselanguageculturefood.com/graphics/culture/japanese- 3 BC: Chinese contribute Korean influences: Rice-growing soy sauce, tea, chopsticks, Buddhism; people forbidden and imperial rule to eat meat publicly http://quezi.com/wp-content/uploads/ 2008/12/bowl-of-rice.jpg
  7. 7. Buddhism responsible for 5 flavors and colors in meals. sweet yellow spicy black 16th Century: salty white Portuguese & Dutch enters trade with Japan. bitter green Westerners introduce fried foods, tobacco, sugar, and sour red corn. http://thebokenonline.com/wp-content/uploads/2009/08/SushiBar____.jpg 1600 - 1868: Japan closes ports to foreigners. Culture becomes even more deeply rooted. http://foodportraits.com/images/346.jpg
  8. 8. JAPANESE FOOD compared to other nations, Japanese cooking uses almost no spices emphasis on pure, clean flavors of indigenous ingredients: fish, seaweed, vegetables, rice, and soybeans limited agriculture/livestock are limited rice served at every meal; gohan = rice and meal
  9. 9. APPEARANCE meals designed with beauty, simplicity, and modesty in mind meal is not a meal unless it balances 3 aspects: artistic presentation selection of plate/serving piece taste dishes are simply prepared, but combination of flavors, textures, and foods creates elegance and variety that typifies Japanese style http://www.fotobank.ru/img/FC00-5959.jpg?size=l
  10. 10. SUSHI http://www.flickr.com/photos/digital_di/359900357/sizes/l/
  11. 11. BENTO http://takaramilwaukee.com/images/unkai_bento_box.jpg
  12. 12. SEASONALITY seasonality of foods has long been practiced in Japan special foods/treats not expected to stay for long May: sincha (new tea harvest) Spring: cherry blossom rice http://thepioneerwoman.com/tasty-kitchen/files/2010/03/sakuramochi-400x300.jpg September: shimmering white dishes, abalone, cucumbers, and bamboo shoots symbolize the moon Winter: mandarin oranges symbolize sun and the New Year Sheppard’s theories: imitation, intention and audience expectations
  13. 13. JAPANESE MUSIC rooted in tradition and convention; not hugely progressive pride in identity J-pop and J-rock, now popular genres in Japan, were off shoots from Western rock and pop (latter half of 20th century) much of Japanese music uses instruments which would be unfamiliar to Western fans of music
  14. 14. http://cache.virtualtourist.com/750110-Japanese_lady_playing_the_O_Koto-Japan.jpg http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/64/Japanese_Koto.jpg KOTO A national instrument of the Japanese, this large wooden stringed instrument is played sitting down next to it.
  15. 15. http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/c/c6/Sanshin.jpg http://www.okinawa.usmc.mil/Public%20Affairs%20Info/Images%20Complete/HighResImages/060908-sanshin7.jpg SANSHIN This traditional instrument local to Okinawa consists of a python-covered base, a neck and three strings, which are plucked with a plectrum.
  16. 16. http://www.bekkoame.ne.jp/~takinojo/images_workshop/instruments/inst_per_kotsuzumi.jpg http://blog.drecom.jp/shinchan7/img/300/masami.jpg TSUZUMI This hourglass shaped drum has two drum heads with cords that are loosened or tightened in order to change the pitch of the drums.
  17. 17. TAIKO Taiko means “drum” came to Japan from China around 500B.C. originally Gagaku or court music military use originally made from thick, wide tree trunks now a modern music with influences from Jazz and other genres now played in groups, which may have several taiko drums accompanied by other percussion instruments Sheppard’s principles: meaning and truth http://nymag.com/daily/intel/2007/03/16/16_kodo_lg.jpg
  18. 18. American Culture http://c.photoshelter.com/img-get/I00004TfdjeBKLGc/s/650
  19. 19. American History • Christopher Columbus landed on islands in Caribbean Sea in 1492 • Europeans came from the East and the Spaniards came from the South • The formation of the new nation began in Virginia, Massachusetts, and New York • Britain won a fight against the French and took over rule of the new world • Colonists became angry over the British rule • American Revolution began in 1775 • Declaration of Independence was adopted on July 4th 1783
  20. 20. Western Music • reactive and progressive; always pushing the medium forward • social movements are often defined by their music • E.G. Beats = Jazz • Hippies = Acid Rock • Cyberpunk of ‘90s = birth of Techno • Western music is constantly redefining what it is to be alive at that time • Musical analysis of songs gives insight into time http://performingarts.ufl.edu/wp-content/uploads/2007/05/vanguard-jazz-orchestra-inside-cropped.jpg
  21. 21. BOB DYLAN The Times They are a Changin’ • written in 1964 • Dylan was a popular American folk singer in the U.S. • speaks the minds of people who were alive during the time of the Vietnam war and social upheaval • written to be the “anthem of protest” • features traditional Western instruments, using only the acoustic guitar and harmonica • Sheppard’s theory: expression http://vrroom.naa.gov.au/Images/Protest%20against%20the%20Vietnam%20war1_11460306_tcm11-18309.jpg
  22. 22. HIP HOP CUL TURE • Began with the Harlem Renaissance in the 1960’s • Consists of four primary elements: DJ-ing, breakdancing, graffiti, and MC-ing • DJ Kool Herc is credited with establishing hip hop culture • The first crew was the Rock Steady Crew http://www.thegiantpeach.com/productimages/main/detailed/brands/sedgwickcedar/fall09/100709/600-S&C_8.jpg
  23. 23. Breakdancing • uses amazing acrobatic moves • sometimes dance in pairs • performed primarily by young males • began to replace fighting between rival gangs, usually between young Hispanics • Sheppard’s theories: form, expression, and imitation http://www.flickr.com/photos/stuwillis/275985993/sizes/o/