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Nerc Data Mgt Woorkshop 17 Feb 09


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Nerc Data Mgt Woorkshop 17 Feb 09

  1. 1. To Share or Not to Share Research Data Michael Jubb NERC Data Management Group Workshop 17 February 2009
  2. 5. But…….                                                                        Cabinet office minister and long-time IT enthusiast backs making public data available for re-use
  3. 6. Benefits? <ul><li>Research benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the scholarly record </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>availability for further work, aggregation etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Cui bono? </li></ul>
  4. 7. And What are Researchers Actually Doing?
  5. 8. Forms and Varieties of Data: NSF/NSB categorisation <ul><ul><li>Research data collections intended to meet the needs of specific projects or groups, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resource or community collections, serving a single research community </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reference data collections, serving the needs of large and diverse communities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Experimental data </li></ul><ul><li>Observational data </li></ul><ul><li>Computational data </li></ul>
  6. 9. Other Categorisations of Data <ul><li>Raw data </li></ul><ul><li>Derived or transformed data </li></ul><ul><li>Static/dynamic </li></ul><ul><li>Data as primary or secondary product of research </li></ul>
  7. 10. Decisions? <ul><li>The records managers’ question </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What should be kept/made available/shared? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In what format? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Who decides, and when? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Role of data management plans? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>How do you deal with versioning issues </li></ul>
  8. 11. From Availability to Accessibility to Usability <ul><li>Available but “protected by PDF” </li></ul><ul><li>Where and how should data be made accessible and usable? </li></ul><ul><li>Controlled/managed or unfettered access? </li></ul><ul><li>With what metadata </li></ul><ul><ul><li>provided by whom? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>potential of data management plans registry? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Embargo periods? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Time_Period_of_Content: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Time_Period_Information: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Range_of_Dates_Times: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beginning_Date: 1996 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ending_Date: Unknown </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Currentness_Reference: publication date </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Status: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Progress: In Work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: As needed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spatial_Domain: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bounding_Coordinates: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>West_Bounding_Coordinate: -82.375 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>East_Bounding_Coordinate: -80 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>North_Bounding_Coordinate: 28.5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>South_Bounding_Coordinate: 24.5 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keywords: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theme: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: none </li></ul></ul>
  9. 12. Citation, Credit and Reward <ul><li>Haphazard/informal arrangements at present: articles reign supreme </li></ul><ul><li>Do we need protocols? </li></ul><ul><li>Citation practice in the xx-informatics fields </li></ul><ul><li>Implications in the research assessment world </li></ul>
  10. 13. Quality Assurance <ul><li>Twin aspects </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Content </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usability </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Do we have to rely on informal systems? </li></ul><ul><li>What is the role of peer review? </li></ul><ul><li>Can we rely on software to deal with the usability problem? </li></ul><ul><li>Funder stipulations and requirements? </li></ul><ul><li>Institutional issues </li></ul>
  11. 14. Expertise and Training <ul><li>What kinds of expertise are needed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>by researchers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>by information specialists? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Is there a need for a capacity/capability raising programme? </li></ul><ul><li>Role and status of information specialists within research teams </li></ul>
  12. 15. Roles and Responsibilities <ul><li>Within institutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research teams: researchers and information specialists? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Repositories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Across and between institutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Funders </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Subject/discipline-based repositories </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Funding responsibilities </li></ul>
  13. 16. Motivations and Constraints: I <ul><li>Evidence of benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Citation esteem and good evaluation </li></ul><ul><li>Explicit rewards </li></ul><ul><li>Altruism </li></ul><ul><li>Reciprocity </li></ul><ul><li>Enhanced visibility </li></ul><ul><li>Cultural/peer pressures </li></ul><ul><li>Opportunities for collaboration, co-authorship </li></ul><ul><li>Easy-to-do </li></ul><ul><li>No clear benefits/incentives </li></ul><ul><li>Competition; desire to extract maximum value </li></ul><ul><li>Desire for/fear of commercial exploitation </li></ul><ul><li>Access restrictions desired or imposed </li></ul><ul><li>Legal, ethical problems </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of time, funds, expertise </li></ul><ul><li>Sheer size of datasets </li></ul><ul><li>Nowhere to put it </li></ul>
  14. 17. Motivations and Constraints: II <ul><li>Funder requirements: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>carrots and sticks? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>in tune with cultural norms/beliefs/behaviours? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>policing? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>provision of funds </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Role of publishers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requirement for deposit </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Citation linking </li></ul></ul>
  15. 18. New Behaviours??
  16. 19. Ownership and IPR <ul><li>Lack of clarity </li></ul><ul><li>Are they real problems? </li></ul><ul><li>Tension between exploitation of IPR and public good purposes of research </li></ul><ul><li>Could ownership be a driver? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The very essence of IP rights entails a trade-off. On the one hand, IP rights provide economic incentives to innovate, but on the other, the exclusive rights that they confer to achieve this allow …… associated welfare losses and prevent access by other innovators. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gowers Review, 2006 </li></ul>One area that attracts significant debate is the way in which universities should be expected to use the Intellectual Property they develop: for example, what should be the balance between universities reaping the fruits of their own labour and delivering wider benefits? DIUS has commissioned the Vice Chancellor of Lancaster University, Paul Wellings, to lead a study into how universities should manage IP for their own benefit and for the benefit of the wider economy. Innovation Nation, 2008
  17. 20. Benefits <ul><li>Research benefits </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the scholarly record </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>availability for further work, aggregation etc </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Economic benefits </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits at different levels, to whom? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>evidence of value </li></ul></ul>
  18. 21. Take-Home Messages <ul><li>Different kinds of data, different values attached to them, different user needs </li></ul><ul><li>The sustainability challenge: co-operation needed between researchers, funders, institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Scope for publishers to promote access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>and need for clarity on text mining </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and monitoring of Web 2.0 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Need for incentives for researchers: support and reward for good practice </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits and evidence of value </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scholarly record </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-use and aggregation </li></ul></ul>
  19. 22. Thank you Report available at: /data-publication Data stewardship principles: /data-principles Michael Jubb RIN