Ape Conf Presentn 21 Jan 09


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Presentation to the APE 2009 Conference

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Ape Conf Presentn 21 Jan 09

  1. 1. The Road Ahead: Forward, But In What Direction? Michael Jubb Director, Research Information Network Academic Publishing in Europe Conference Berlin 21 January 2009
  2. 2. <ul><li>If you cry “Forward”, you must without fail make plain in what direction to go </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Anton Chekhov </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Whose perspective? some key stakeholders <ul><li>Researchers as creators, disseminators and users </li></ul><ul><li>Research funders </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Public, charitable and commercial sectors </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>National policy-making bodies </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Research institutions </li></ul><ul><li>Publishers (and secondary publishers) </li></ul><ul><li>ICT service providers </li></ul><ul><li>Libraries and publicly-funded service providers </li></ul><ul><li>Commercial information service providers </li></ul>
  4. 4. The big picture: overall costs of the current system
  5. 5. Some propositions <ul><li>The volume of research undertaken worldwide has increased, is increasing, and will continue to increase </li></ul><ul><ul><li>and more of it will be done collaboratively </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Researchers are both producers and consumers of research outputs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>but they don’t necessarily share the same interests </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Governments invest in research because they believe it has a positive impact on society and the economy </li></ul><ul><ul><li>and they want to maximise that impact </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The costs of research, and of higher education, have increased, are increasing, and ought to be diminished </li></ul><ul><ul><li>and cost-effectiveness will become an increasingly-dominant theme </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Challenges for the future skills services content sustainability locus of provision user expectations and needs
  7. 7. Content: user expectations and needs <ul><li>published and non-”published” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>grey literature, reports, working papers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>data: raw or refined? mine or yours? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>websites, blogs, wikis, emails </li></ul></ul><ul><li>quality-assured and non-”quality-assured”? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>the good-enough source and/or version? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>pre or post-publication peer review? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>digital and non-digital </li></ul><ul><ul><li>perdurance of the book? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>role of digitisation </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Content: locus of provision <ul><li>changing roles of </li></ul><ul><ul><li>researchers and research institutions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>personal websites, repositories etc </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>publishers and aggregators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>direct relationship with authors and readers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>who aggregates? </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>from ownership to licensing </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>consortia as aggregators? </li></ul></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Content: costs and sustainability <ul><ul><li>continued growth in the volumes of research </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>constrained university budgets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>sustainability of the publishing business under challenges of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ green” OA </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ gold” OA </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Services: user expectations and needs <ul><li>researchers as creators </li></ul><ul><ul><li>quality assurance and enhancement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>distribution and marketing </li></ul></ul><ul><li>researchers and others as consumers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>quality assurance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>search and navigation services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>access, 24x7 and permanent </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>links and interoperability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>text mining (published text as data) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>funders and research institutions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>assessment and evaluation services </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Services: locus of provision <ul><li>publishing services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>still needed? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>competition from other providers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>search, navigation, access & preservation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>overlapping roles of </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>search engines </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>individual libraries and consortia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>individual publishers, aggregators etc </li></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Services: sustainability <ul><li>search, navigation and access </li></ul><ul><ul><li>invigorating competition or wasteful duplication? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>levels of usage of services provided by publishers and libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><li>sustainability/preservation of digital content </li></ul><ul><ul><li>roles of publishers and libraries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>grey literature, websites, blogs, wikis, emails……. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>increasing interest in assessment and evaluation services </li></ul><ul><ul><li>RAE/REF in the UK; ERA in Australia </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Skills, expertise and competences: user expectations and needs <ul><li>specialist research skills and specialist information skills </li></ul><ul><li>what’s easy, and what’s not </li></ul><ul><ul><li>and how that changes </li></ul></ul><ul><li>the dangers of the ‘information literacy’ approach </li></ul><ul><li>enhanced needs in some areas </li></ul><ul><ul><li>eg business, management and communication skills; bibliometrics </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Skills, expertise and competences: locus of provision <ul><li>differences of view as between researchers, librarians and publishers </li></ul><ul><li>changes in views over time </li></ul><ul><li>de-skilling, up-skilling and complementarity </li></ul>
  15. 15. Skills, expertise and competences: sustainability <ul><li>continuing need for skills development for both researchers and information specialists </li></ul><ul><ul><li>generic and specialist skills </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>complementarity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>engagement and communication </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Some conclusions: seeing through a glass darkly <ul><li>1. Users (creators and consumers) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>they are (or should be) the drivers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>but we are only beginning to understand how they use information resources and services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>they don’t understand the digital information environment; but they want content and services that </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>are quick and simple to use </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>are as comprehensive and interoperable as possible </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>provide for both quality-assured and non-quality-assured content </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>there’s an increasing demand for assessment and evaluation services </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Some conclusions: seeing through a glass darkly <ul><li>2. Providers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>growth in concentration of resources and services </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>growth in overlaps (and competition?) between different types of provider </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>researchers and research institutions </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>libraries and library consortia </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>publishers and aggregators </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>search and navigation services </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>complementarity and skill sets </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. Some conclusions: seeing through a glass darkly <ul><li>3. Sustainability </li></ul><ul><ul><li>constraints on university funding </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>but research volumes continue to increase </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>growing interest in the overall costs of the scholarly communications process, and in the (cost-) efficiency of the research process as a whole </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>growth in support from Governments and funding agencies for “gold” OA policies; and from universities and research institutions for “green” OA </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>growing concerns about the pace and the costs of transition </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Thank you Michael Jubb www.rin.ac.uk Activities, Costs and Income Flows in Scholarly Communications : http://www.rin.ac.uk/costs-funding-flows Mind the skills gap: Information-handling training for researchers: http://www.rin.ac.uk/training-research-info To share or not to share: Publication and quality assurance of research data outputs : http://www.rin.ac.uk/data-publication Researchers' use of academic libraries and their services : http://www.rin.ac.uk/researchers-use-libraries