Pocket Diary Transcriptionof Charles H. Peterson        Sunday, April 16, 1865                  Monday, April 17, 1865Clea...
Primary SourcesHow to locate and use them effectivelyNicole Ramirez, Fall 2012
What are Primary Sources?                     ●   Diary entry                     ●   Scrapbook                     ●   Ne...
What are Primary Sources?
Are these Primary Sources?
Are these Primary Sources?
What are Primary Sources?Definition ● A primary source is any item, such as an original photograph or a diary    entry, th...
Locating Primary Sources(Activity)Task: Locate Primary Sources for the following research topic:●    Prohibition in the 19...
Locating Primary Sources(Activity)1.2.3.   If you continue to experience difficulty conducting your search, what are     y...
Where doprimary sources     live?     Locating Primary Sources
Physical Repositories                     Photo                     courtesy                     of LAPL                  ...
Physical Repositories      Photo courtesy of ONE             Courtesy of BookPatrol.net  Archives / Repositories          ...
Digitized Collectionshttp://www.loc.gov/                                   http://www.archives.gov/http://www.calisphere.u...
Locating Primary SourcesStrategies:●   Identity key terms, figures, and dates    Topic: Prohibition in the 1920s and medic...
Locating Primary Sources●   Establish place    - proximity to location occurrence    - donations to the university attended
Locating Primary Sources●   Use academic language    puppy      doggie Zoe    dog canine    Beagle    Canis lupus familiar...
Locating Primary Sources●   Search broadly to start●   Narrow down your search using criteria    Topic: Prohibition in the...
Locating Primary Sources●   Rhetoric (at the time vs. current usage)    e.g. World War I --> "The Great War"●   Identify p...
Locating Primary Sources●   Citation Searching    of Secondary Sources
Effective Inclusion ofPrimary Sources●   Provide illustrative examples    - Disneys Pirates of the Caribbean
Effective Inclusion ofPrimary Sources●    Present multiple perspectives“.... a rebel colonel visited the      “ ... every ...
Effective Inclusion ofPrimary Sources●   Analyze sources independently & put forth your own original ideas
How do you evaluate biasand validity of a primary        source?          Contextualizing Sources
Contextualizing Sources ●    Mulitple perspectives ●    Voices present, voices absent ●    Validity ●    How do you know w...
Lesson 6  primary sources
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Lesson 6 primary sources

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Lesson 6 primary sources

  1. 1. Pocket Diary Transcriptionof Charles H. Peterson Sunday, April 16, 1865 Monday, April 17, 1865Clear all day, and / very pleasant. Clear all day. This morning / we received the Todays paper confirms / thesad / news of President / Lincolns Death of our President. / He wasdeath. No / particulars. the flags assassinated / while at Fords Theatreare all half masted. / seeing the "American / CousinI sent two letters / one to Leogun (?) played" on Friday / evening. Theand / one to Hollnes. assassin is / supposed to be Wilkes /We did nt get any / papers, nor mail Booth (the Actor).today. He also made an / attempt onEvery thing appears / to be sad and Secretary / Sewards life but / at lastsorrowful / over the Death of our account he / was still alive.President. / It certainly / is a great Received two letters / one fromshock to the / Country, about this Clarke, and / one from Leem (?).time. Cannons firing all / day.
  2. 2. Primary SourcesHow to locate and use them effectivelyNicole Ramirez, Fall 2012
  3. 3. What are Primary Sources? ● Diary entry ● Scrapbook ● Newspaper Article ● Newspaper Sketch ● Leave Pass ● Letters / Cards What are Primary Sources?
  4. 4. What are Primary Sources?
  5. 5. Are these Primary Sources?
  6. 6. Are these Primary Sources?
  7. 7. What are Primary Sources?Definition ● A primary source is any item, such as an original photograph or a diary entry, that provides a first-hand account of an experience, event, or historical period from the perspective of the creator or the people that were present
  8. 8. Locating Primary Sources(Activity)Task: Locate Primary Sources for the following research topic:● Prohibition in the 1920s and medical marijuana today1. Begin your search. Within your research groups, discuss - Where would you start your search? What would you search for?2. Revise your search. Within your research groups, discuss - How do you refine, clarify, or modify your search? (Particularly if you are unsuccessful or unhappy with your initial results.)
  9. 9. Locating Primary Sources(Activity)1.2.3. If you continue to experience difficulty conducting your search, what are your next steps? - Give up. (Just kidding! Of course not.) - Consult your teacher. - Ask a librarian.
  10. 10. Where doprimary sources live? Locating Primary Sources
  11. 11. Physical Repositories Photo courtesy of LAPL Photo courtesy of CSUN, Daily Sundail University Archives & Special Public Libraries Collections Photo courtesy of LAPL Photo courtesy of CSUN, Daily Sundail
  12. 12. Physical Repositories Photo courtesy of ONE Courtesy of BookPatrol.net Archives / Repositories Museums Photo courtesy of Mayme A. Clayton LIbrary and Photo courtesy of ONE Museum
  13. 13. Digitized Collectionshttp://www.loc.gov/ http://www.archives.gov/http://www.calisphere.universityofcalifornia.edu/ http://www.oac.cdlib.org/http://www.nps.gov/history/ http://www.historyexplorer.si.edu/ (Discover History tab) Proquest Historical Newspapers Not an exhaustive list
  14. 14. Locating Primary SourcesStrategies:● Identity key terms, figures, and dates Topic: Prohibition in the 1920s and medical marijuana today Terms 18th Amendment Volestead Act Cullen-Harrison Act Figures Carrie Nation Anti-Saloon League George Cassiday Dates January 17, 1920 December 5, 1933
  15. 15. Locating Primary Sources● Establish place - proximity to location occurrence - donations to the university attended
  16. 16. Locating Primary Sources● Use academic language puppy doggie Zoe dog canine Beagle Canis lupus familiaris primary sources archives repositories special collections ephemera artifacts
  17. 17. Locating Primary Sources● Search broadly to start● Narrow down your search using criteria Topic: Prohibition in the 1920s and medical marijuana today Broad Prohibition in the 1920s Prohibition Regulations 18th Amendment Volestead Act Cullen-Harrison Act Narrow
  18. 18. Locating Primary Sources● Rhetoric (at the time vs. current usage) e.g. World War I --> "The Great War"● Identify perspective (bias) The Civil War (American) --> "War of Northern Aggression" or "The War Between the States"
  19. 19. Locating Primary Sources● Citation Searching of Secondary Sources
  20. 20. Effective Inclusion ofPrimary Sources● Provide illustrative examples - Disneys Pirates of the Caribbean
  21. 21. Effective Inclusion ofPrimary Sources● Present multiple perspectives“.... a rebel colonel visited the “ ... every man turned from himhospital, and requested the with contempt, saying “neverprivilege of talking to all the would they join the ConfederateIrishmen who were there ... as he army: they would rather starve inhad something special to say to prison, and die and decay,” andthem... he introduced himself ... he said he ought not to call himselfhad received orders ... to recruit an Irishman, and think that otherhis regiment with Irish prisoners. Irishmen had no more principleHe had been to ... other prisons ... than himself; and, if they caughtand some had joined him ... him within Union lines, wouldScarcely had he finished have the Lynch law enforced forspeaking, when every man ... his benefit: therefore he went away without any recruits.” Excerpts a from POW account
  22. 22. Effective Inclusion ofPrimary Sources● Analyze sources independently & put forth your own original ideas
  23. 23. How do you evaluate biasand validity of a primary source? Contextualizing Sources
  24. 24. Contextualizing Sources ● Mulitple perspectives ● Voices present, voices absent ● Validity ● How do you know what is a good source (valid vs. forgery) ● verifying the information youre finding is for the actual person you are seeking information regardingFrom Duke:Before you use the evidence you find there, ask yourself these importantquestions. What are the documents you’ve found: letters, pamphlets, pictures,advertisements, handbooks, newspaper articles? Who authored them, for whatintended audience, and with what motives? Can you trust it, and how would youverify its claims?http://www.duke.edu/~ekb6/Developing%20Effective%20Research%20Strategies.pdf

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