Identify & Explain the different contra-indications
that prevent and restrict treatment
Explain the different Contra-actions
Observe a demonstration of a Pedicure
Perform a Pedicure
Set yourself a target on your feedback from last week
Mini Pedicure (File & Paint ) 25 mins
Standard Pedicure 45mins
Luxury Pedicure 1hr 15mins
French Pedicure Extra 15mins
WHAT IS A
It is something that prevents or restricts the way in
which the treatment is carried out.
It is important that you can recognise a contra-
indication so to prevent any further harm to the
client or yourself, and to prevent cross-infection and
FUNGAL INFECTION – ATHLETES FOOT
Cause - Fungal infection
of the skin.
Appearance – The skin
in-between the toes
appears, sodden, white
and itchy – it may be red
RINGWORM OF THE TOENAIL
Cause - Vegetable fungus. Usually
the result of nail injury and then
Appearance - 3 forms:
a) White patches that can be
scraped off the nail surface.
b) Long yellowish streaks within
c) Disease spreads from the free
edge to the matrix. You will notice
the nail plate starts to lift and
Cause – Bacteria Infection
Picking the skin at the side of
the toenails, or a break in the
skin becoming infected. It often
accompanies ingrowing toenails.
Appearance – Inflammation,
redness and pus occurs in the
Cause – Bacterial infection
or unsanitary habits.
Appearance – Small red
blemishes form which start
to weep and spread.
Honey coloured crusts then
Cause - Viral infection.
Appearance – Small
circular core that is flat
and will often have black
dots in its centre, it can
sometimes be white
around the edges. It
indents into the sole of
PARASITIC INFESTATIONS – SCABIES
Cause – Infestation of
an itch mite that burrows
under the skin.
Appearance – Small red
papules occur and they
then fill with dirt and give
a greyish zig-zag
SEVERE NAIL SEPARATION
Cause – Bacterial/fungal infection, trauma or
Appearance - This may be infectious and the
nail will visibly separate from the nail bed.
Some discoloration or streaks will be present in
the nail and the nail surface will be irregular.
Cause - Internal or
external irritant, may be
Reddening of the skin,
with swelling, cracks
and possibly blisters.
These blisters leak fluid
that form scabs. Quite
often present in the joint
Cause - No real cause is
known. It is thought to be
hereditary or stress related.
Appearance - Red patches
of skin appear with scale like
waxy cells covering the area.
Bleeding will occur if the
area is scratched, removing
the scales, and secondary
infection may then occur.
Cause - Trauma to the skin tissues, usually
resulting from banging. The blood vessels
under the skin burst which allows the blood to
seep under the skins surface.
Appearance - May appear blue or black and
then fade to a yellowy green.
CONTRA-INDICATIONS THAT RESTRICT THE WAY IN
WHICH YOU CARRY OUT THE TREATMENT
Minor nail separation.
Minor eczema and psoriasis (not active).
MINOR NAIL SEPARATION
Cause - Usually damage to the nail, however could be
related to illness.
Appearance - Nail will lift slightly from the nail bed and
will appear a creamy, yellow colour where it has lifted.
Cause – Could be a variety of causes such as: injury to
the nail, or trauma i.e. running or playing lots of sport
causes the trainers to rub against the toenails.
Appearance – Split or broken nails.
Cause – Injury.
Appearance – Client would normally be wearing a
plaster cast, if fingers are broken they would be
Cause – Tight fitting shoes or
genetic. Bunions develop as
a result of pressure on the
side of the big toe.
Appearance - As a result the
toe is pushed out of line
towards the other toes. The
joint is more prominent it can
become sore and red. Quite
often a hammer toe can
accompany this condition.
What is the most likely cause of an adverse
reaction during a manicure or a pedicure?
What could the skin look like?
What Action should you take?
Remove the products
Apply cold compress
Advise to seek medical advice if the symptoms persist