Fascism Origins and development and key themes Thursday 20 March 2008
fasces
'strength  through  unity'
 
'1789 is dead'
Strong 'anti-character'
2 distinct traditions
Statism
Racial theories
Origins and development
20th Century ideology
'Believe, Obey, Fight'
World War One 1914-1918
Italy Fascist Party
Germany Nazis
Inter-war period
Democracy in infancy
Industrialisation
Counter-revolution
World Economic Crisis of 1930s
Frustrated nationalism
World War Two 1939-1945
'the fear of freedom'
Neo-fascism
Core Themes
Why is fascism a difficult ideology to analyse?
Ideology?
'an ill-assorted hodge-podge of ideas' Hugh Trevor-Roper
'Weltanschauung'
Political movement
'fascist minimum'
Which movements can be classified as genuinely fascist?
'the total charismatic community' A.J. Gregor (1969)
'palingenetic ultranationalism' Roger Griffin (1993)
'holistic-national radical Third Way' Roger Eatwell (1996)
Core Themes <ul><li>Anti-rationalism </li></ul><ul><li>Struggle </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership and elitism </li></ul><ul><li...
Anti-rationalism
Counter-Enlightenment
'Will to power' Nietzsche
'Political myths' Georges Sorel (1847-1922)
Vitalism Henri Bergson (1859-1941)
What are the 3 ways in which anti-rationalism has influenced fascism?
'Action not Talk' Mussolini
'Anti-philosophy'
Volksgemeinschaft
'Strength through Unity'
Struggle
'Natural selection'
What impact did Social Darwinism have on fascism?
Social Darwinism impacted upon fascism in 3 main ways: Struggle as natural an inevitable. Power and strength are worshippe...
'Victory is to the strong and the weak must go to the wall' Hitler, 1944
'War is to men what maternity is to women' Mussolini
Strength= Goodness Weakness= Evil
Eugenics
Life as an 'unending struggle'
Leadership and elitism
Patriarchy
Fascists believe that  society is composed of  3 kinds of people.
'Ubermensch'
Nietzsche
Charisma
'Adolf Hitler is Germany, Germany is Adolf Hilter'. 'Mussolini is always right'.
Fuhrerprinzip
'totalitarian democracy'
Socialism
Dislike of large-scale capitalism
Collectivism
'Capitalism is a system by which capital uss the nation for its own purposes. Fascism is a system by which the nation uses...
Limitations of fascist socialism
Leftist elements were marginalised  once fascists came to power
Pragmatism not ideology determined fascist economic policy
Anti-communism more prominent within fascism than anti-capitalism.
Ultranationalism
Chauvinism
Aryanism
'integral nationalism' Charles Maurras
Germany, Italy and  Japan
Autarky
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a2 govt. and politics fascism origins and themes

  1. 1. Fascism Origins and development and key themes Thursday 20 March 2008
  2. 2. fasces
  3. 3. 'strength through unity'
  4. 5. '1789 is dead'
  5. 6. Strong 'anti-character'
  6. 7. 2 distinct traditions
  7. 8. Statism
  8. 9. Racial theories
  9. 10. Origins and development
  10. 11. 20th Century ideology
  11. 12. 'Believe, Obey, Fight'
  12. 13. World War One 1914-1918
  13. 14. Italy Fascist Party
  14. 15. Germany Nazis
  15. 16. Inter-war period
  16. 17. Democracy in infancy
  17. 18. Industrialisation
  18. 19. Counter-revolution
  19. 20. World Economic Crisis of 1930s
  20. 21. Frustrated nationalism
  21. 22. World War Two 1939-1945
  22. 23. 'the fear of freedom'
  23. 24. Neo-fascism
  24. 25. Core Themes
  25. 26. Why is fascism a difficult ideology to analyse?
  26. 27. Ideology?
  27. 28. 'an ill-assorted hodge-podge of ideas' Hugh Trevor-Roper
  28. 29. 'Weltanschauung'
  29. 30. Political movement
  30. 31. 'fascist minimum'
  31. 32. Which movements can be classified as genuinely fascist?
  32. 33. 'the total charismatic community' A.J. Gregor (1969)
  33. 34. 'palingenetic ultranationalism' Roger Griffin (1993)
  34. 35. 'holistic-national radical Third Way' Roger Eatwell (1996)
  35. 36. Core Themes <ul><li>Anti-rationalism </li></ul><ul><li>Struggle </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership and elitism </li></ul><ul><li>Socialism </li></ul><ul><li>Ultranationalism </li></ul>
  36. 37. Anti-rationalism
  37. 38. Counter-Enlightenment
  38. 39. 'Will to power' Nietzsche
  39. 40. 'Political myths' Georges Sorel (1847-1922)
  40. 41. Vitalism Henri Bergson (1859-1941)
  41. 42. What are the 3 ways in which anti-rationalism has influenced fascism?
  42. 43. 'Action not Talk' Mussolini
  43. 44. 'Anti-philosophy'
  44. 45. Volksgemeinschaft
  45. 46. 'Strength through Unity'
  46. 47. Struggle
  47. 48. 'Natural selection'
  48. 49. What impact did Social Darwinism have on fascism?
  49. 50. Social Darwinism impacted upon fascism in 3 main ways: Struggle as natural an inevitable. Power and strength are worshipped for their own sake and weakness is despised. National qualities can only be cultivated through conflict and expansion..
  50. 51. 'Victory is to the strong and the weak must go to the wall' Hitler, 1944
  51. 52. 'War is to men what maternity is to women' Mussolini
  52. 53. Strength= Goodness Weakness= Evil
  53. 54. Eugenics
  54. 55. Life as an 'unending struggle'
  55. 56. Leadership and elitism
  56. 57. Patriarchy
  57. 58. Fascists believe that society is composed of 3 kinds of people.
  58. 59. 'Ubermensch'
  59. 60. Nietzsche
  60. 61. Charisma
  61. 62. 'Adolf Hitler is Germany, Germany is Adolf Hilter'. 'Mussolini is always right'.
  62. 63. Fuhrerprinzip
  63. 64. 'totalitarian democracy'
  64. 65. Socialism
  65. 66. Dislike of large-scale capitalism
  66. 67. Collectivism
  67. 68. 'Capitalism is a system by which capital uss the nation for its own purposes. Fascism is a system by which the nation uses capital for its own purposes'. Oswald Mosley (leader of the BUF)
  68. 69. Limitations of fascist socialism
  69. 70. Leftist elements were marginalised once fascists came to power
  70. 71. Pragmatism not ideology determined fascist economic policy
  71. 72. Anti-communism more prominent within fascism than anti-capitalism.
  72. 73. Ultranationalism
  73. 74. Chauvinism
  74. 75. Aryanism
  75. 76. 'integral nationalism' Charles Maurras
  76. 77. Germany, Italy and Japan
  77. 78. Autarky

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