LECTURER: PROF.RIZA ATIQ ABDULLAH Presented byHASSN AHMED HASSN P64139SARAH HAZIM MOHAMMED P65407MALEK M ALGADI P64143
is the capital and the largest city of Sweden and constitutes the most populated urban area in Scandinavia. Stockholm is the most populous city in Sweden, with a population of 871,952 in the municipality (2010). one of the most beautiful capitals in the world, is built on 14 islands connected by 57 bridges
Stockholm has been one of Swedens cultural, media, political, a nd economic centres. Stockholm has been nominated as a global .ranked 24th in the world, 10th in Europe, and first in Scandinavia. Stockholm is known for its beauty, its buildings and architecture, its abundant clean and open water. The geographical city centre is situated on the water. Over 30% of the city area is made up of waterways and another 30% is made up of parks and green spaces.
Stockholm is Swedens financial center. Major Swedish banks, such as Swedbank. The majority of people in Stockholm work in the service industry, which accounts for roughly 85% of jobs in Stockholm. The significant number of jobs created in high technology companies. Large employers include IBM, Ericsson, and Electrolux.
Ericsson—8,430 Posten AB (national postal service)—4,710 Skandinaviska Enskilda Banken (SEB)—4,240 Swedbank—3,610 Södersjukhuset (Southern Hospital)—3,610 MTR Stockholm (Stockholm Subway operator)—3,000 Nordea—2,820 Handelsbanken—2,800 IBM Svenska—2,640 Capgemini—2,500 Securitas AB—2,360 Veolia Transport—2,300 ISS Facility Services—2,000 Sveriges Television (public television)—1,880 Nobina Sverige AB — 1,873 (2012) Sodexo—1,580
Ecological and Social planning development Nature conservation is an important piece of sustainability, and should benefit both humans and the environment, -Adapt the urban structure to the geographical constraints— urban development occurred in natural depressions of the land, with a radial metro system running through each neighborhood and suburban town, -This radial development pattern leaves green ―wedges‖ in between the urban areas—which form a system of parks and open spaces that make a region wide system linked by paths and green arterials -The nodes of urban development along the public transportation system need to be dense, mixed-use, and walkable, - Open space planning requires cooperation between involved municipalities, regional entities, and the national government.
• Planning has a long history in the Swedish society; the first planning laws were drawn up in the 19th century. In Sweden, planning is largely done by local governments, Sweden’s planning system has three main elements:1. Democratic and decentralized decision-making,2. Competing interests are balanced,3. Ecological and social needs and values are taken into account
Stockholm has an extensive public transport system, one that by at least one measure, is the most expensive in the world. It consists of the Stockholm Metro and Stockholm commuter rail.
Stockholm Metro has 100 stations and a total system length of 105 km which makes it one of the longest metro networks in Europe. There are also large number of bus lines, In Stockholm, there four airports
Make Long-Term Investments• Stockholm has not been afraid of making long-term investments within their city and region.• They have laid an extensive metro subway system that has allowed the city to develop in nodes around the rail stations.• These investments mean that only 22% of Stockholmers and 40% of residents in Stockholm use own a car.
Planning :is a Cooperative Process• Even during Stockholm’s most rapid period of growth, the City managed urban development according to their comprehensive plan.• This plan was not legally binding, but was followed both within the City of Stockholm and its adjacent suburban towns.• The reason that municipalities in the greater Stockholm region follow these non-binding plans is because they are created during a consensus-based process where private organizations, public agencies, and citizens are involved.• This approach results in a plan that reflects an integration of these various perspectives.
Plan for Density• In Stockholm, dense areas that are established as targets for growth in the City Plan are given extra attention,as planners craft detailed development plans that mandate the type, form, and timing of development in that area.Then, as long as a development proposal meets the established plan’s criteria, it is automatically approved.
Sector Opportunities: SustainableConstruction• Large domestic city development project (80,000 new apartments)• Large infrastructure investments (€ 30 billion by 2030)• Large number of well established companies in sustainable infrastructure and construction• High prosperity in exemplary developments with high sustainability performance• World´s best example of large scale sustainable district (Hammarby Sjöstaden: 25,000 inhabitants, 5,000 foreign experts/year on visits )• Specialised research in sustainable infrastructure and urban environment (KTH, IVL, Stockholm Institute, Universities in Linköping, Uppsala, Stockholm)
Sector opportunities: New Fuels• New generation of gas vehicles (Volvo, Scania, etc.)• Biogas use in diesel motors (dual fuel)• Growing number of alternatively driven vehicles (including heavy transports)• Development of new infrastructure for bio gas and natural gas (Fortum)• Strong public demand - Stockholm will increase production 10 times in 5 years• Several investments planned in the region (Fortum, Käppala, Scandinavian Biogas)• All vehicles in the inner city to change to renewable fuels in 2010• Target: decrease CO2 emissions from 4 to 3 tonnes/year and inhabitant 2010• Examples of investors: Scandinavian Biogas (Iceland), Swedish Biofuels, Chemrec (USA-Sweden)
Sector opportunities: Renewable Energy• Sweden is set to have up to 49% renewable energy by 2020• Key sources of renewable energy – Solar cells: only 40 000 households out of 2 million have solar cells today – Wind power: large amount of planned investments – Biogas: change of public and private transport to renewable fuels• Europe’s first fuel cell for buildings (ABB)• Large energy companies co-owned by municipalities are changing equipment and fuels, investing in CO2 neutral heat and power generation ( Fortum)• Specialised research: wave power ( Uppsala University, Ångström laboratory), investments from national and private sources, hydrogen technology research (KTH)• Examples of investors: Fortum (Finland), EON (Germany), Vesta (Denmark), Chromogenics (USA), Climatewell (Spain)
Sector opportunities: Water Technologies• High performance of water management systems: – low costs of production and distribution of tap water – low use of water – high quality at low cost (1 SEK/litre)• Water treatment combined with biogas production• Experimental water plant in Hammarby Sjöstaden – showroom and test bed for new technologies• Niche technologies for industrial waste water treatment• Specialised incubators at Kista Science City and Technikhöjden• Examples of investors:
Recent investments• Scandinavian Biogas (Ir) expands with a 50m investment in biogas plan in Stockholm, based on all fractions of organic waste, new highly efficient technology.