Sp3 grammar book


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Sp3 grammar book

  1. 1. SP3 Grammar Book<br />Sol Shepherd<br />
  2. 2. Table of Contents<br />Preterite- pg 3<br />Trigger words- pg 4<br />-Car, -gar, -zar- pg 5<br />Spock- pg 6<br />Cucaracha- pg 7<br />Snake- pg 8<br />Snakeys- pg 9<br />Imperfect- pg 10 <br />Trigger Words- pg 11<br />Irregulars- pg 12<br />Preterite vs. Imperfect- pg 13<br />Ser vs. Estar- pg 14<br />Verbs Like Gustar- pg 15<br />Compartive/ Superlative- pg 16<br />Transition words- pg 17 <br />Future- pg 18<br />Trigger Words- pg 19<br />Irregulars- pg 20<br />Por- pg 21<br />Para- pg 22<br />Demonstrative adjectives- pg 23<br />Demonstrative pronouns- pg 24<br />
  3. 3. Preterite<br />Preterite is used with:<br />Past actions that are completed<br />Actions viewed as a single event<br />Actions repeated a specific number of times; occurred during a specific time period<br />Actions part of a chain of events<br />To state the beginning or end of an action<br />Ar: Er/Ir:<br />
  4. 4. Trigger Words (Preterite)<br />Ayer- yesterday<br />Anoche- last night<br /> El añopasado- last year<br /> La semanapasada- last week<br />Anteayer- day before yesterday<br />
  5. 5. Car, Gar, Zar<br />Car Gar Zar<br />-qué -gué -cé<br />-casté -gasté -zasté<br />-có -gó -zó<br />-camos -gamos -zamos<br />-caron -garon -zaron<br />
  6. 6. Spock<br />Hacer:<br />hicehicimos<br />hiciste<br />hizohicieron<br />Ir/Ser:<br />fuifuimos<br />fuiste<br />fuefueron<br />Dar/Ver:<br />di vi<br />disteviste<br />diovio<br />dimosvimos<br />dieronvieron<br />
  7. 7. Cucaracha<br />Andar- anduv-<br />Estar- estuv-<br />Poder- pud-<br />Poner- pus-<br />Querrer- quis-<br />Saber- sup- <br />Tener- tuv-<br />Venir- vin-<br />Decir- dij-<br />Traer- traj-<br />Conducir- conduj-<br />Traducir- traduj-<br />Producir- produj-<br />-é<br />-iste<br />-ó<br />-imos<br />-ieron<br />
  8. 8. Snake<br />Stem changers in the usted<br />e > I<br />Pedir-pide/piden<br />Preferir- prefire/prefiren<br />Competir- compite/compiten<br />Repetir- repite/repiten<br />Servir- sirve/sirven<br />Sentir- sinte/sinten<br />o>u<br />Dormir- durme/durmen<br />Morir- mure/muren<br />
  9. 9. Snakey<br />Stem changes in 3rd person<br />Y<br />Leer, Creer, Oir<br />-Í -ímos<br />-Í -ístes<br />-yo -yero<br />
  10. 10. Imperfect<br />-actions that “set the stage” for another past action<br />tions repeated habitually<br />-telling time<br />-stating one’s age<br />-mental states (usually)<br />-physical states (usually)<br />-describe characteristics of people, things or conditions<br />Actions not seen as completed <br />Ar: Er:<br />abaía<br />abasías<br />abaía<br />ábamosíamos<br />abaisíais<br />abanían<br />
  11. 11. Trigger Words (Imperfect)<br />Todos los dias- everyday<br />Cadames- every month<br />Siempre- always<br />Nunca- never<br />A veces- sometimes<br />Muchas veces- many times<br />Frecuentemente- frequently<br />A menudo- often <br />Todo el tiempo- all the time<br />
  12. 12. Irregular (Imperfect)<br />Ir Ser Ver<br />Iba -era -vía<br />Ibas -eras -vías<br />Iba -era -vía<br />Íbamos -éramos -víamos<br />Iban -eran -vían<br />
  13. 13. Preterite vs. Imperfect<br />Preterite<br />Actions that can be viewed as a single event<br />Actions that were repeated a specific number of times<br />Actions that occurred during a specific period of time<br />Actions that were part of a chain of events<br />To state the beginning or en of an action<br />Imperfect<br />Actions that were repeated habitually<br />Actions that “set the stage” for another past action<br />For telling time<br />Stating one’s age<br />Mental states (usually)<br />Physical sensations (usually)<br />To describe the characteristics of people, things or conditions<br />
  14. 14. Ser vs. Estar<br />Ser<br />D- descriptions<br />O- occupation<br />C- characteristics <br />T- time<br />O- origin<br />R- relationship<br />P- possession<br />E- events<br />D- dates<br />Estar<br />H- health<br />E- emotions<br />L- location<br />P- present condition<br />I- <br />N- ar=ando<br />G- er=endo<br />
  15. 15. Verbs Like Gustar<br />Aburir, Encantar, Faltar, Fascinar, Importar, Interesar, Molestar, Quedar, Caerbien/mal, Doler, Disgustar, Hacer, Preocupar, Sorprender, Apetecer<br />When gustar is followed by one or more verbs in the invinitive; singular form is used<br />Often used in the conditional (me gustaría) to soften a request<br />Would íaíamos<br />Should ías<br />Could íaían<br />
  16. 16. Compartive/Superlative<br />Mas … que/ menos… que/ tan… como<br />Para decir “more than” o “less than” con números se usamás de or menos de<br />Irregulares: <br />Bueno- mejor<br />Malo- peor<br />Viejo- mayor<br />Joven- menor<br />
  17. 17. Transition Words<br />Aunque- even though<br />También- also<br />Mientras- while<br />A pesar de- inspite of<br />Pero- but<br />Por lo tanto- therefore<br />Sin embargo/ no obstante- nevertheless<br />
  18. 18. Future<br />Yo- infinitive + é<br />Tú- infintive + ás<br />El/ella/usted- infinitive + á<br />Nosotros- infinitive + emos<br />Vosotros- infinitive + éis<br />Ellos/ellas/ustedes- infinitve + án<br />Estudiar +<br />É<br />Ás<br />Á<br />Emos<br />Éis<br />Án<br />
  19. 19. Trigger Words (Future)<br />El proximodía<br />El proximosemana<br />Mañana<br />El proximoaño<br />El proximohora<br />
  20. 20. Irregular (Future)<br />Decir- Dir<br />Hacer- Har<br />Poner- Pondr<br />Salir- Saldr<br />Tener- Tendr<br />Valer- Valdr<br />Venir- Vendr<br />Poder- Podr<br />Querrer- Querr<br />Saber- Sabr<br />Caber- Cabr<br />Haber- Habr<br />É<br />Ás<br />Á<br />Emos<br />Éis<br />Án<br />
  21. 21. Por<br />Passing through… PORtal<br />General rather than specific location… PORtugal<br />How long something lasts…. PORever<br />The cause of something… PORpuse<br />An exchange… exPORt/imPORt<br />Doing something in place of or instead of someone else… I’m POR, pay for me <br />A means of transportation… transPORtation<br />
  22. 22. Para<br />For whom something is done… surprise PARAty<br />Destination… PARAguay<br />The purpose for which something is done<br />To express an opinion… PARAdon me, but<br />To contrast or compare<br />To express idea of deadline… PARAmedic<br />
  23. 23. Demonstrative Adjectives<br />Masculin Plural Feminine Plural<br />Estos (these) Estas (these)<br />Esos (those) Esas (those)<br />Aquellos (those) Aquellas (those)<br />Masculine Singular Feminine Singular<br />Este (this) Esta (this)<br />Ese (that) Esa (that)<br />Aquel (that) Aquella (that)<br />
  24. 24. Demonstrative Pronouns<br />Masculine Feminine Neuter<br /> Singular<br />Éste (this) ÉstaEsto<br />Ése (that) ÉsaEso<br />Aquél (that) AquéllaAquello<br /> Plural<br />Éstos (these) Éstas<br />Ésos (those) Ésas None<br />Aquéllos (those) Aquéllas<br />