2IndexPageWhy should teachers use songs to teach?By Sara Falagán Izquierdo3Which activities can teachers do?By Isa Rojo Santamaría5Some websites where you can teach and learn EnglishBy Elena Castro Queipo8
3Why should teachers use songs to teach?By Sara Falagán IzquierdoI’m going to talk about song’s features and explain them. The question is ‘Whyshould teachers use song to teach?’Songs have some fantastic features to teach and learn English easily and funny.I believe it is important to see this pyramid because in it we can see how importantpractice is. In this group, ‘practice by doing’, we can include learning songs.Also songs are a tool that can be read, heard and demonstrated in a group. For this,songs are the best way to learn English.We can teach with songs...We can teach a lot of things with only a song.Vocabulary: Songs are the best way to learn vocabulary. It isn’t a new method.It has been used for a long time and it has been known for many years. Vocabulary likeanimals, parts of the body or action verbs are the most frequently taught at school.Pronunciation: The best thing about songs is that you can listen to the word’spronunciation. Sounds are recognized and pupils repeat them. It is a way of learning tospeak and understand with special attention to the sound system of language. To practicepronunciation songs with clear lyrics must be chosen.Grammar: Songs have grammatical structures that we can use to teach. You canextract them and create a lot of examples to explain in class.Culture: Songs are culture; you can teach and learn where they come from, whowrote them and what kind of songs they are.
4Songs features and advantages‘The brain love music’There are some features which make the pupils learn better with songs than in atraditional way. This method influences learners motivation.A good characteristic is that songs are repetitive and they have rhythm. For thisreason, students can easily memorize any material.Other important features of songs are:- They are social (children sing with others).- Children are active. With songs you can dance and represent what say the song.Children need to move and with songs can do it.- It isn’t necessary translate.- Songs are adaptable to needs.- Children like them.
5Which activities can teachers do?By Isabel Rojo SantamaríaVocabulary:We can choose different styles or rhythms to sing, dance and learn with thesame song. (If we transmit them the origin of this songs, we are also transmittingculture, tradition)We can also use repetitions with claps to remember a specific letter or aspecific word.We can usually know specific topics in each song such as parts of the body,farm animals, wild animals etc.Students can internalize diary activities like hygienic habits.“Calendar Polka” or “Days of the week” are examples to know the timeorganization in our culture, and we can practice them with the method of omittingletters.Teachers can use different strategies to develop this kind of activities. Some ofthese are: make mistakes to capture their attention, with a silent word (or white spacesif they have the lyric). We start this kind of activities with one advantage: in general,students like songs especially when they are songs they listen to on the radio (newsongs)During the process, they are listening to the good pronunciation and with them;they can learn phonetics and sounds.Sometimes, movement is very important (“head and shoulders”) because it helpthem to remember some words. With songs children are more active and they make theactivity more fun for kids.
6Another alternative is to invite children to draw something while they listen tothe music, what they suggest, possibly related to what the song is about.It is very good option to ask students what song they would like to workbecause it will be much more motivated.Phonetic:Sounds, phonemic awareness “Fox in socks” or “alphabet phonics” to practicepronunciation, chose clear lyric songs.Grammar:When we sing songs, or just when we listen to them, we are unconsciouslylearning different grammatical structures. These structures are usually very repetitive,and teachers can adapt them to each level, not only attending to vocabulary, alsogrammatical structures.One of the activities we can practice to promote learning of differentgrammatical constructions can be first listen the song which has a repetitive melody,and then try to sing the lyrics.There are some specific expressions that can be learned with songs, such asmovements or greetings (move right, good morning ...) and gestures are also veryimportant to memorize them.Other common grammatical constructions for higher levels are comparisons oftenses. For example, what was done in the past and what is done today.There are songs about everyday actions that we do, like going to school, open/close windows or doors, clap, play with friends, etc. All these action verbs havesimple constructions that children learn easily because they are things that they do daily,so, they understand them.
7Also, question-answer songs can be used and we believe them are very usefulbecause children are involved from the beginning. An example would be the songs thatare asked about what do you need to...? or weather questions.Finally, we would like to mention riddles. They are a very simple and anentertaining way to learn both vocabulary and grammar. Children love them becausethey are very attentive because they want to be the first to guess the emotion. Thisactivity gives us the possibility of contests and you have a great time.Culture:In the previous sections we have seen how most of the songs have a culturalcomponent because their own specific expressions learn to express things that arecultural, customs and daily activities. In addition, we find typical country songs thatcan help us to identify ourselves with people who do not belong to our culture,especially when working with immigrant children.There are also original songs from different times of the year and specific partiessuch as Christmas carols, Halloween etc.Now, we are going to talk about two kinds of activities that we believe mayinvolve many of all positives things that we have explained about how to work learningEnglish with children through songs.The first one is KARAOKE, this is a social activity and with it, children candevelop not only music, learning vocabulary, culture, phonetics and grammar inEnglish, but also other more personal skills such as competition, loss of shame, fun...The other one are the JAZZ CHANTS, which have lots of possibilities to workwith, even improvisation. This kind of activity can be use with all ages, topics,grammar structures etc. because the main thing is follow the Jazz rhythm.To sum up, the important thing is not to sing well, the performance; if you dontsing well...just produce the rhythms (“keep them the rhythm”)... the important thing isto make students aware to read the message in English.
8Some websites where you can teach and learnEnglishBy Elena Castro QueipoIn intentet, you can find some pages with a lot of chants. You can use this chantswhen you teach Enlish.In more than one page give a explanation about the different types of songs thatyou can use.http://www.ehow.com/way_5485987_chants-learning-english.htmlIn the first page, I find and explanation about the different types of songs that youcan find.ABCsYoung students learn the value of the letters in the English alphabet by learninghow to chant the ABCs. This is a valuable lesson because it incorporates the letters thatare used and the correct way to say them.Vocabularly ChantsAs students learn group vocabulary words. List all of the words that are used inyour classroom, such as Desk, Chair, Board, Chalk. Then, create a chant. Point toobjects in a certain order, and have students chant the names of those objects. Create achant that the entire classroom can call out based on these words.Song ChantsMany songs, like nursery rhymes and songs written for children, can be chantedinstead of sung. As students chant these songs, they will be able to learn the vocabulary
9in them. As students learn the various songs that they are chanting, the vocabulary inthose songs will become an important part of what they are learning.http://dreaminenglish.wordpress.com/2008/05/09/teaching-children-english-with-chants/In the second page you can find several Free Download Chants .Here are thetopics, the chants are clasifying in diferents cathegories: ABC Phonics, Animals,Clothing (2 chants), Days of the week, Happy New Year, Opposites, Months, Places,Sports.http://anglomaniacy.pl/carol3.htmIn this page there are games, grammar, expresion, vocabulary and songs. Thereare some Christmas carols, and other songs about other vocabulary. In this page thereare the lyrics of differents songs and a soudtrack, the children can listen to thesoundtrack and then, they sing the song. Some songs including movement.http://www.teachchildrenesl.com/songs.htmFinally on this page there is a list of songs with their description. You can choosethe chant that you want and download it for your class. This page is good because youknown what like the song is before you download it.
10BibliographyCarolyn Graham (2011) Seen on http://jazzchants.net/BBC Teaching English (2012) ‘Using songs in the classroomSeen on http://www.teachingenglish.org.uk/tips/using-songs-classroomDavid Deubelbeiss (2011) Using songs in the efl classroom Seen onhttp://www.slideshare.net/ddeubel/using-songs-in-the-efl-classroomTypes of songs. Seen on http://www.ehow.com/way_5485987_chants-learning-english.html