Open Source for Women / Girl Geeks


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A presentation I originally gave at the 5th Girl Geek Dinner Milano October 24th, 2008 with the contribution of Bruna Gardella. An introduction to Open Source, the world of women and Open Source, and the Girl Geek and Open Source.

* What is Open Source (OS)
* Why Open Source
* Open Source in the world
* The Girl Geek and the Open Source World
* How to Contribute
* Appendix A: Some Open Source Alternatives for Proprietary Software

Published in: Technology, News & Politics
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Open Source for Women / Girl Geeks

  1. 1. Open Source and the Girl Geeks Girl Geek Dinners Milano 24 October, 2008 with the contribution of Bruna Gardella and the support of the team GGD Milano Sara Rosso
  2. 2. Open Source <ul><li>What is Open Source (OS) </li></ul><ul><li>Why Open Source </li></ul><ul><li>O pen S ource in the world </li></ul><ul><li>The Girl Geek and the Open Source World </li></ul><ul><li>How to Contribute </li></ul><ul><li>Appendix: Some Open Source Alternatives for Proprietary Software </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is Open Source?
  4. 4. What is Open Source <ul><li>Free Software <> Open Source <> Free </li></ul><ul><li>The primary objective is not the (lack of) cost of the software, but its survival! </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Free Software Foundation (Stallman, GPL) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>OSI (Netscape) and Free /Libre and Open Source Software (F /L OSS) C ommunity </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Different Types of Software <ul><li>Proprietary: Limits for use, distribution and license, decided by the author. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Freeware: proprietary software available for free </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shareware: available for free, but only for a trial period, often in a limited version </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Public Domain : no copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source : with copyright but free to be modified and distributed (and even sold, depending on the license) </li></ul>
  6. 6. The Different Types of Software <ul><li>Proprietary: </li></ul><ul><li>Limits of use, distribution </li></ul><ul><li>and license, decided by the author </li></ul><ul><li>Public Domain: </li></ul><ul><li>No copyright </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source: </li></ul><ul><li>With copyright but free! </li></ul><ul><li>Can be redistributed. </li></ul>
  7. 7. The Different Types of Software <ul><li>GPL (Gnu General Public License) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>We're at version 3.0 … </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Copyleft : GPL applied also the modifications made to the original </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>LGPL : copyleft on the original source file, not “contagious” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Apache License : free with a note on copyright, without copyleft. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Four Foundation Rights of GPL Rif. [12]
  9. 9. Use it at your Discretion
  10. 10. Study and Modify it (even the source code)
  11. 11. D istribute the Original Software (copy and share)
  12. 12. D istribute the modified software (even the source code)
  13. 13. Why Open Source <ul><li>It's everywhere, it's around us...we use it and we don't even realize it . </li></ul><ul><li>There are no barriers to entry: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>no expensive courses </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>no expensive licenses </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Meritocracy </li></ul>
  14. 14. Why Open Source …today? Economic Crisis Less Budget! OS Skills in demand!!!
  15. 15. <ul><li>Linux Administrator Demand Trend </li></ul>JOB Market Rif. [13]
  16. 16. <ul><li>LAMP Demand Trend </li></ul>JOB Market Rif. [13]
  17. 17. Open Source is Growing !!!
  18. 18. New Open Source Projects Rif. [2]
  19. 19. Total Open Source Projects Rif. [2]
  20. 20. Where are the Women?
  21. 21. Presence of Women in Proprietary Software [Rif. 1]
  22. 22. Presence of Women in Open Source Software [Rif. 1]
  23. 23. There are Women… Linux Chix KDE Women * elenco nel l’ appendice A
  24. 24. And the Girl Geek?
  25. 25. Navigates with Reads RSS feeds with
  26. 26. Transfers the photos to her site via FTP with Modifies images/photos with Writes a post on her blog with
  27. 27. Uses OpenOffice to write and manage her important documents Manages her projects with GANTTProject Creates PDF with pdfforge
  28. 28. Condivide i video GGD peer-to-peer con Transmission Chats with her friends with Pidgin/Adium Watches a film with VLC
  29. 29. The world of Open Source is close to the Girl Geek Why not get Closer?
  30. 30. How to Contribute
  31. 31. Before Contributing...
  32. 32. How to Start... <ul><li>Which software do you use? </li></ul><ul><li>Is it Open Source? </li></ul><ul><li>Change </li></ul><ul><li>Try </li></ul><ul><li>Get Informed about the Community </li></ul><ul><li>And then? Contribute! </li></ul>
  33. 33. While you're using... <ul><li>Identify cool or interesting features </li></ul><ul><li>Note points for improvement or missing features </li></ul><ul><li>Identify improvements from a usability point of view </li></ul>
  34. 34. Now You're Ready! <ul><li>You should Contribute! </li></ul>There are many ways to do it!
  35. 35. Contribute: Q&A , Testing <ul><li>Testing and reporting bugs </li></ul><ul><li>Recommend new desired features </li></ul><ul><li>Feedback on usability </li></ul><ul><li>Participate on the forums </li></ul>
  36. 36. Contribute: Program <ul><li>Program! </li></ul><ul><li>Create a plugin or add-on </li></ul><ul><li>Share your modifications of the software with the community </li></ul>
  37. 37. Contribuire: Usability <ul><li>Explore a paradigm of interaction </li></ul><ul><li>Improve the learnability </li></ul><ul><li>Plan the interfaces adaptable for new evolutions </li></ul><ul><li>“ Where Open Source meets Usability” </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  38. 38. Contribute: Documentation <ul><li>Create or improve documents or manuals </li></ul><ul><li>Contribute to support forums or mailing lists </li></ul><ul><li>Create a theme, logo or graphic for the site or for the software </li></ul>
  39. 39. Contribute: Altruism <ul><li>Donate money!!! </li></ul>
  40. 40. Contribute: Advocacy <ul><li>Speak about it on the site, with your online and offline networks </li></ul><ul><li>Show which OS software you use in the software of your site </li></ul><ul><li>Link to donation sites and participation in the communities </li></ul>
  41. 41. Contribute: Advocacy <ul><li>Become a consultant who promotes the use of OS solutions with your clients </li></ul><ul><li>Create courses or workshops (even free) to teach the use of OS software </li></ul>
  42. 42. Contribute: Translate <ul><li>Speak more than one language? </li></ul><ul><li>Translate software menus, manuals, web sites, support documents or forums </li></ul>
  43. 43. Ready??
  44. 44. Sara Rosso [email_address]
  45. 45. Want to Know More? Bibliography <ul><li>FLOSSPOLS: Gender: Integrated Report of Findings, Bernhard Krieger, James Leach </li></ul><ul><ul><li> pdf </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// flossproject .org/report/FLOSS_Final4. pdf </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Total Growth of Open Source , Amit Deshpande, Dirk Riehle , SAP Research, SAP Labs LLC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. riehle .org/2008/03/14/the-total-growth-of-open-source/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Women Open Source Free Software - Biblio </li></ul><ul><ul><li> html </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Women in Open Source Mini-conference  </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Open-source needs more women developers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>,10801,103777,00. html </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Elenco di Programmi Open Source </li></ul><ul><ul><li> source </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Un introduzione a Open Source In Italiano </li></ul><ul><ul><li> floss </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Geek Feminism Wiki on Open Source </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// geekfeminism . wikia . com / wiki /Open_Source_Software </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Top 5 Open Source Wiki Engines </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PDF Editing & Creation: 50+ open source/free alternatives to Adobe Acrobat </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Open Source slides from WebChick – presentati alla GGD Montreal, Gennaio 2008 </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Intervista a Stallman </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. youtube .com/watch?v=uJi2rkHiNqg </li></ul></ul><ul><li>IT Jobs Watch: Computing Careers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. itjobswatch .co. uk /jobs/ uk / linux </li></ul></ul>
  46. 46. Photo Credits <ul><li>Slide 3: http://www. flickr . com / photos / oberazzi /318947873/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 9: </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 10: </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 11: http://www. flickr .com/photos/ silvertje /2621932632/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 12: </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 17: Sara Rosso, www. sararosso .com </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 28: </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 31: </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 34: </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 35: </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 36: http://www. flickr .com/photos/ alisdair /135306281/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 38: </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 39: </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 40: http://www. flickr .com/photos/ notionscapital /2493066577/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 41: </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 42: http://www. flickr .com/photos/ tosaytheleast /2317331669/ </li></ul><ul><li>Slide 43: </li></ul>**All the photos in this presentation have a Creative Commons license or the permission of the author.
  47. 47. Groups of Women in OS <ul><li>Debian Women </li></ul><ul><li>Linux Chix </li></ul><ul><li>Fedora Women http:// fedoraproject .org/ wiki /Women </li></ul><ul><li>GNOME Women GnomeWomen </li></ul><ul><li>KDE Women http://women. kde .org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Ubuntu Women http://www. ubuntu </li></ul><ul><li>PHP Women http://www. phpwomen .org/ </li></ul><ul><li>Drupalchix http:// groups . drupal . org / drupalchix </li></ul><ul><li>Apache Women mbox /www-women/ </li></ul><ul><li>BSDChix BSDChix / </li></ul>
  48. 48. Appendix A: Some Open Source Alternatives for Proprietary Software
  49. 49. Operating System <ul><li>Proprietary: </li></ul><ul><li>Windows, Mac OS </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source: </li></ul><ul><li>Linux (generale) http:// www. linux . it </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ubuntu </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Debian http:// www. debian . org </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>SUSE http://www. opensuse . org </li></ul></ul><ul><li>OpenSolaris http://www. opensolaris . org </li></ul><ul><li>BSD http://www. bsd .org </li></ul>
  50. 50. Web Browser <ul><li>Proprietary: </li></ul><ul><li>Internet Explorer , Opera, Safari, Google Chrome </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source : </li></ul><ul><li>Firefox </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Flock </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>K-Meleon </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  51. 51. Presentations, Documents, Spreadsheets <ul><li>Proprietary: </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft Office, Lotus Suite </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source: </li></ul><ul><li>  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. openoffice .org </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GNOME Office </li></ul><ul><ul><li> GnomeOffice </li></ul></ul>
  52. 52. Wiki <ul><li>Proprietary: </li></ul><ul><li>Confluence, Google Sites, Wikispaces, PBWiki </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source </li></ul><ul><li>MediaWiki </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. mediawiki .org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Twiki </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. twiki .org </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PMWiki </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. pmwiki . org / </li></ul></ul>
  53. 53. Web Sites and CMS <ul><li>Proprietary: </li></ul><ul><li>Dreamweaver, custom CMS </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source:  </li></ul><ul><li>Wordpress </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. wordpress .org </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Drupal </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. drupal .org </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Joomla </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. joomla .org </li></ul></ul>
  54. 54. Instant Messaging <ul><li>Proprietary: </li></ul><ul><li>GTalk, MSN Messenger, Skype , Yahoo </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source: </li></ul><ul><li>Pidgin </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adium </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>aMSN </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  55. 55. Create PDF <ul><li>Proprietary: </li></ul><ul><li>Adobe PDF Creator </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source: </li></ul><ul><li>PDF Creator </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// sourceforge .net/projects/ pdfcreator </li></ul></ul><ul><li>PDF Forge </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. pdfforge .org </li></ul></ul>
  56. 56. FTP <ul><li>Proprietary: </li></ul><ul><li>Bulletproof, WinFTP </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source: </li></ul><ul><li>FileZilla </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// filezilla </li></ul></ul><ul><li>WinSCP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// winscp .net </li></ul></ul>
  57. 57. Various Tools <ul><li>Web Statistics: AWStats </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// awstats . sourceforge .net/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Create Podcasts: Audacity  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://audacity. sourceforge .net </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Manage Projects: GANTTProject </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mind Map: Free Mind </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// freemind . sourceforge .net/ wiki /index. php /Main_Page </li></ul></ul>
  58. 58. Various Tools <ul><li>Modify Images: GIMP </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. gimp .or g </li></ul></ul><ul><li>XAMPP – package of web server apps installable on your PC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. apachefriends .org/en/ xampp .html </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Delete files, forever: Inferno </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://inferno. sourceforge .net/ </li></ul></ul>
  59. 59. PC Backup <ul><li>Proprietary: </li></ul><ul><li>Genie Backup, Norton Ghost, Mozy </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source: </li></ul><ul><li>Amanda </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http:// amanda . zmanda .com/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>BackupPC </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  60. 60. Database <ul><li>Proprietary: </li></ul><ul><li>Access, MS SQL, IBM DB2, Oracle database </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source: </li></ul><ul><li>MySQL </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. mysql .com/products/database/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>GNOME-DB </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul><ul><li>SQLite </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. sqlite .org/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>InnoDB </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. innodb .com/ </li></ul></ul>
  61. 61. Server Web & Mail <ul><li>Proprietary: </li></ul><ul><li>Microsoft IIS & Exchange </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source: </li></ul><ul><li>Sendmail </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www. sendmail .org </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Apache web server </li></ul><ul><ul><li>http://www.apache. org </li></ul></ul>
  62. 62. Metaverse <ul><li>Proprietary: </li></ul><ul><li>SecondLife </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source: </li></ul><ul><li>The OpenSource Metaverse Project  </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>
  63. 63. (Management) ERP/CRM <ul><li>Proprietary: </li></ul><ul><li>SAP , JD Edwards (Oracle) </li></ul><ul><li>Open Source: </li></ul><ul><li>Compiere : ERP e CRM </li></ul><ul><ul><li> </li></ul></ul>