Customer exit variables in sap

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Customer exit variables in sap

  1. 1. SAP COMMUNITY NETWORK SDN - sdn.sap.com | BPX - bpx.sap.com | BOC - boc.sap.com | UAC - uac.sap.com © 2011 SAP AG 1 Customer Exit Variables in SAP BW/BI Reports – First day of the Current/Previous Month Applies to: SAP BW 7.0 and will also work on BW 3.5. For more information, visit the EDW homepage. Summary This article explains step by step process about how to use Customer Exit Variables in SAP BW/BI reports. Author: Prakash Kumar Sahu Company: Tata Technologies Limited (Pune/India) Created on: 07 April 2011 Author Bio Prakash Kumar Sahu is a SAP BI consultant with more than 2 years of SAP BI/BW experience and currently working with Tata Technologies Limited (Pune/India). He has got rich experience and worked on various BW/BI implementation/Support projects.
  2. 2. Customer Exit Variables in SAP BW/BI Reports – First day of the Current/Previous Month SAP COMMUNITY NETWORK SDN - sdn.sap.com | BPX - bpx.sap.com | BOC - boc.sap.com | UAC - uac.sap.com © 2011 SAP AG 2 Table of Contents Introduction: ........................................................................................................................................................3 Business Scenario: .............................................................................................................................................3 Steps:………….. .................................................................................................................................................3 Code:…………… ................................................................................................................................................6 Testing of Code: .................................................................................................................................................9 Report Designer:...............................................................................................................................................12 Execute the Report: ..........................................................................................................................................13 See the Report Result: .....................................................................................................................................13 Related Content................................................................................................................................................14 Disclaimer and Liability Notice..........................................................................................................................15
  3. 3. Customer Exit Variables in SAP BW/BI Reports – First day of the Current/Previous Month SAP COMMUNITY NETWORK SDN - sdn.sap.com | BPX - bpx.sap.com | BOC - boc.sap.com | UAC - uac.sap.com © 2011 SAP AG 3 Introduction: This article explains requirement of Customer Exit Variables in BW/BI reports. We will learn how to use characteristic Customer Exit variables in our BI reports. Customer Exit Variable: In BI project, consultant often come across the situation when they need to use a processing type other than manual entry / default value, replacement path, SAP exit, or authorization to fulfill the requirement of the customer, then a customer exit gives you the option of setting up a processing type for variables, tailor-made to your specific needs. Business Scenario: In many BI reports (For example Sales Report) user want to see the MTD (Month-To-Date) sales data. For example if user runs the sales report on 7 th April, 2011 then report should give the sales data from 1 st April, 2011 to 6 th April, 2011. Similarly if user runs the sales report on 1 st day of any month then report should give the sales data of all the days of last month. For example, if user runs the report on 1 st April, 2011 then report should give the sales data from 1 st March, 2011 to 31 st March, 2011. In order to reflect the data in our BI report as per above requirement, we need to use the Customer Exit Variable on Calendar Day (0CALDAY) Steps: 1.Create Customer Exit Variable on Calendar Day (0CALDAY) Create Z_FDCPM (First Day of CurrentPrevious Month). The properties of the variable are as below:- Type of Variable : Characteristic Variable Name : Z_FDCPM Processing By : Customer Exit Characteristic : Calendar Day
  4. 4. Customer Exit Variables in SAP BW/BI Reports – First day of the Current/Previous Month SAP COMMUNITY NETWORK SDN - sdn.sap.com | BPX - bpx.sap.com | BOC - boc.sap.com | UAC - uac.sap.com © 2011 SAP AG 4 Variable Represents: Single Value Variable Entry : Mandatory Do not check ready for input. Below are some screenshots for better understanding:- 1.1 Double click on Calendar day InfoObject in your query or right click and select restrict. 1.2 Select Variables from drop-down box. 1.3 Select Characteristic Value Variable as a type from dropdown box. 1.4 Click on “Create New Variable”.
  5. 5. Customer Exit Variables in SAP BW/BI Reports – First day of the Current/Previous Month SAP COMMUNITY NETWORK SDN - sdn.sap.com | BPX - bpx.sap.com | BOC - boc.sap.com | UAC - uac.sap.com © 2011 SAP AG 5 1.5 Make the setting as below in General tab. 1.6 Make the settings as below in the Details Tab. Leave the other tabs in its default settings. Click OK.
  6. 6. Customer Exit Variables in SAP BW/BI Reports – First day of the Current/Previous Month SAP COMMUNITY NETWORK SDN - sdn.sap.com | BPX - bpx.sap.com | BOC - boc.sap.com | UAC - uac.sap.com © 2011 SAP AG 6 Code: Go to T-Code CMOD in BW and then give your Project Name and click on Change button. Click on Components. Double Click on EXIT_SAPLRRS0_001.
  7. 7. Customer Exit Variables in SAP BW/BI Reports – First day of the Current/Previous Month SAP COMMUNITY NETWORK SDN - sdn.sap.com | BPX - bpx.sap.com | BOC - boc.sap.com | UAC - uac.sap.com © 2011 SAP AG 7 Double click on ZXRSRU01. Write the following code in the ABAP Editor. *---------------------------------------------------------- * * INCLUDE ZXRSRU01 * *---------------------------------------------------------- * * *************** Data Type Declaration ****************** * DATA : l_s_range TYPE RSR_S_RANGESID, loc_var_range LIKE RRRANGEEXIT, yyyy(4) TYPE n, mm(2) TYPE n, dd(2) TYPE n, fst_date LIKE sy-datum, begdt LIKE sy-datum. CASE i_vnam. * Below codes calculate first day of current/previous month * (If Date is first day of the month then it gives first day * of the previous month, If date is not the first date of the * month then it gives first day of the current month) WHEN 'Z_FDCPM'.
  8. 8. Customer Exit Variables in SAP BW/BI Reports – First day of the Current/Previous Month SAP COMMUNITY NETWORK SDN - sdn.sap.com | BPX - bpx.sap.com | BOC - boc.sap.com | UAC - uac.sap.com © 2011 SAP AG 8 IF i_step = 2. REFRESH e_t_range. dd = sy-datum+6(2). mm = sy-datum+4(2). yyyy = sy-datum+0(4). IF dd = '01' AND mm = '01'. mm = '12'. yyyy = yyyy - 1. ELSEIF dd = '01' AND mm <> '01'. mm = mm - 1. ELSEIF dd <> '01'. mm = mm. ENDIF. CLEAR : fst_date. CONCATENATE yyyy mm '01' INTO fst_date. begdt = fst_date. CALL FUNCTION 'DATE_TO_PERIOD_CONVERT' EXPORTING i_date = begdt * I_MONMIT = 00 i_periv = 'V3' IMPORTING e_buper = mmm e_gjahr = yyyy. CALL FUNCTION 'FIRST_DAY_IN_PERIOD_GET' EXPORTING i_gjahr = yyyy * I_MONMIT = 00 i_periv = 'V3' i_poper = mmm IMPORTING e_date = firdt. CLEAR: ls_ra_sid. ls_ra_sid-sign = 'I'. ls_ra_sid-opt = 'EQ'. ls_ra_sid-low = firdt. CLEAR: ls_ra_sid-high. APPEND ls_ra_sid TO e_t_range. ENDIF. * Above codes calculate first day of current/previous month ENDCASE.
  9. 9. Customer Exit Variables in SAP BW/BI Reports – First day of the Current/Previous Month SAP COMMUNITY NETWORK SDN - sdn.sap.com | BPX - bpx.sap.com | BOC - boc.sap.com | UAC - uac.sap.com © 2011 SAP AG 9 Testing of Code: We will test our codes to check if our customer exit variable works as per the given requirement or not. We will provide the date manually and will check for its return value. Following are some test cases. Input Date Expected output date 01.01.2011 ( 20110101 ) 01.12.2010 ( 20101201 ) 01.02.2011 ( 20110201 ) 01.01.2011 ( 20110101 ) 07.02.2011 ( 20110207 ) 01.02.2011 ( 20110201 ) In data type declaration declare temporary variable curdt as below. curdt LIKE sy-datum, For testing purpose only, temporarily modify your codes as below. Set the External Breakpoint as below.
  10. 10. Customer Exit Variables in SAP BW/BI Reports – First day of the Current/Previous Month SAP COMMUNITY NETWORK SDN - sdn.sap.com | BPX - bpx.sap.com | BOC - boc.sap.com | UAC - uac.sap.com © 2011 SAP AG 10 Enter the t-code RSRT in BW, give the query name and press enter. After this, click on Execute + Debug. Following are some function Keys for debugging. F5 Single Step F6 Execute F7 Return F8 Continue Press F5 one by one till cursor points to ENDFUNCTION. When cursor points to ENDFUNCTION then click F8 to continue.
  11. 11. Customer Exit Variables in SAP BW/BI Reports – First day of the Current/Previous Month SAP COMMUNITY NETWORK SDN - sdn.sap.com | BPX - bpx.sap.com | BOC - boc.sap.com | UAC - uac.sap.com © 2011 SAP AG 11 Double click on the variable during the debugging to get the current value of the variable at that instant. After debugging is complete we get the values of variables as below. We can see that, we are getting the output date as expected. Following are screenshots for other two cases after debugging.
  12. 12. Customer Exit Variables in SAP BW/BI Reports – First day of the Current/Previous Month SAP COMMUNITY NETWORK SDN - sdn.sap.com | BPX - bpx.sap.com | BOC - boc.sap.com | UAC - uac.sap.com © 2011 SAP AG 12 Report Designer: In Report Rows: Drag and Drop Calendar Day and Factory Characteristics. In Report Columns: Drag and Drop Quantity key figure. In Report Fitter: Restrict the 0CALDAY(Calendar day) with a range whose lower limit is Customer Exit Variable Z_FDCPM(First Day of CurrentPrevious month) and upper limit is 0DAT (Current Calendar Day) with offset -1. Please note that 0DAT gives today’s date so 0DAT-1 will give yesterday’s date.
  13. 13. Customer Exit Variables in SAP BW/BI Reports – First day of the Current/Previous Month SAP COMMUNITY NETWORK SDN - sdn.sap.com | BPX - bpx.sap.com | BOC - boc.sap.com | UAC - uac.sap.com © 2011 SAP AG 13 Execute the Report: See the Report Result: See the date ranges in the report. Report was executed on 7 th April, 2011 so it is giving data from 1 st April, 2011 to 6 th April, 2011.
  14. 14. Customer Exit Variables in SAP BW/BI Reports – First day of the Current/Previous Month SAP COMMUNITY NETWORK SDN - sdn.sap.com | BPX - bpx.sap.com | BOC - boc.sap.com | UAC - uac.sap.com © 2011 SAP AG 14 Related Content https://www.sdn.sap.com/irj/sdn/index Implementing Customer Exit Reporting Variables as Methods SAP Library - Customer Exits SAP Library - BI Suite - Reporting Variables-Customer Exits For more information, visit the EDW homepage
  15. 15. Customer Exit Variables in SAP BW/BI Reports – First day of the Current/Previous Month SAP COMMUNITY NETWORK SDN - sdn.sap.com | BPX - bpx.sap.com | BOC - boc.sap.com | UAC - uac.sap.com © 2011 SAP AG 15 Disclaimer and Liability Notice This document may discuss sample coding or other information that does not include SAP official interfaces and therefore is not supported by SAP. Changes made based on this information are not supported and can be overwritten during an upgrade. SAP will not be held liable for any damages caused by using or misusing the information, code or methods suggested in this document, and anyone using these methods does so at his/her own risk. SAP offers no guarantees and assumes no responsibility or liability of any type with respect to the content of this technical article or code sample, including any liability resulting from incompatibility between the content within this document and the materials and services offered by SAP. You agree that you will not hold, or seek to hold, SAP responsible or liable with respect to the content of this document.

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