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Introductory and Language courses : in Flanders a multi-level governance issue

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  1. 1. Introductory and Languagecourses : in Flanders a multi-level governance issue Inge Hellemans Agency for Internal Affaires Flemish Autority
  2. 2. Belgium : a brief reminder• 1 federal state• 3 communities : Flemish, French & German• 3 regions : Flanders, Wallonia & Brussels• Different policies by different authorities• “Integration” is a competence on regional level.
  3. 3. Integration policy in Flanders - Inburgering (1st phase of integration): = a categorial policy (mainly for newcomers) - Flemish Parliament Act on Civic Integration - Integratie (2nd phase of integration): = mainly an inclusive policy, however, categorial when necessary - Flemish Parliament Act on Integration
  4. 4. Introductory and Language courses Inburgering: a specific programme as a first step• Coordinated by welcome office• Consists of: - Training programme: › Elementary Dutch course › Social orientation course › Career orientation - Supported by programme counselling - Social participation
  5. 5. Introductory and Language courses :training programme Dutch course: - Elementary course (A.1. Breakthrough level) - 240 h, 180 h, 120 h or 90 h, depending on the case
  6. 6. Introductory and Language courses :training programme Career orientation: - From the perspective of the person integrating: professional, educational or socio-cultural - Guidance towards continuing education, work, participation in socio-cultural provision, volunteer work and other leisure activities - Basis: experience and qualifications (such as diplomas) - Guidance towards work - During a 20 hour course or through interviews
  7. 7. Introductory and Language courses :training programmeSocial orientation course: - Introduction to Flemish society - Themes: Belgian state structure, education, mobility, health,… - Broad attention to values and standards - Given in the mother tongue of the people integrating - 60 h
  8. 8. Integration is not something you just do ina classroomSocial participation:Encouraging the persons integrating to:  build up a social network,  to get to know their local town or community,  to practice their Dutch,  to sign up to become a member of a local association or sports club,  to take up voluntary work,… f.e. project “Samen Inburgeren” (coaching on voluntary basis)
  9. 9. Inburgering: one-stop-shop ?• First line activities• “One-stop shop” - for ‘service’, not for ‘documents’• Data of people integrating are entered into central database (a Cross Roads Bank)
  10. 10. Inburgering = multi-level partnership• Municipalities › Informing newcomers• Welcome offices › Establishing initial contact with people integrating › Providing assistance › Organising social orientation courses
  11. 11. Inburgering = multi-level partnership• ‘Dutch Language Houses’ › Guiding people towards the most suitable Dutch provision• Dutch language providers › Dutch language courses are provided by adult basic education centres, adult education centres and university language centres
  12. 12. Inburgering = multi-level partnership• Flemish Service for Employment and Vocational Training (VDAB) › Career orientation courses › Assist people integrating to find a job• OCMW (Openbaar Centrum voor Maatschappelijk Welzijn) (Public Centre for Social Welfare) › Guiding people towards ‘Inburgering’ if necessary
  13. 13. Overview Partners Arrival at the Welcome office municipality Integration House of Dutch contract Language providers VDAB Elementary Social Career OCMW Dutch course orientation orientation other Programme counselling Social participation Integration certificat Regular educational services Secondary integration programme
  14. 14. Multi-level partnershipAuthorities Involved• Federal authorities: - Competent for access to territory• Flemish authorities: - Competent for integration policy - Legislative and executive role - Subsidises the institutions concerned• Local authorities - Informing newcomers
  15. 15. Multi-level partnershipAuthorities Involved Flemish authorities – policy areas involved:• Internal Affairs• Education• Work
  16. 16. Inburgering = multi-level partership• 8 welcome offices + 8 ‘Dutch Language Houses’ + VDAB• Areas of activity: - One welcome office in each of the five Flemish provinces - One welcome office in cities of Antwerp, Ghent and Brussels
  17. 17. Implementation of Inburgering by welcome officesStructures of welcome offices:• 6 non-profit organisations• 1 urban service (Antwerp)• 1 belong to a provincial authority No (legal) role for the private sector
  18. 18. Figures on welcome offices Inburgering 2009 2010 2011 2012Total of integration contracts 14.158 18.608 20.824in Flanders and BrusselsBudget for the 8 welcome 28,2 mil 24,4 mil 27,3 mil 29 miloffices
  19. 19. Case Antwerp – urban service• The ‘Atlas-building’ : one-stop-shop
  20. 20. Case Antwerp• Different services together in one building: - Welcome office Antwerp - Huis van het Nederlands (the Dutch Language House Antwerp) - Servicepoint volunteers - Servicepoint associations - Secretariat of the ‘neighbourhood’ - Documentation centre - Polyvalent meeting place
  21. 21. Integration is not somethingyou just do in a classroom
  22. 22. Integration: horizontal and inclusive policy• Focus on the entire society, with special attention to the targetgroup (1st and 2nd generation + social deprivation factors)• 3 main goals Participation, Accesibility of organisations and services, Sociale cohesion.• Importance of local authorities
  23. 23. Local integration policy• Financing (granting of a subsidy) of local authorities willing to implement a proactive integration policy• Financing based on: Request of the local authority (no obligation), Conditions: minimal presence of the target group + problems of social deprivation Agreement between the Flemish authority and the local authority (goals, actions, indicators) → current situation: 46 local authorities have an agreement
  24. 24. Thank you for your attention !Inge.hellemans @ 00 32 2 553 33 19www . Inburgering . be