Education and social change
Education as a instrument of
Education as an effect of social
Education initiates the social change and gives them
direction and purpose.
Education creates the social reformers and leaders who
consciously make all the efforts to bring about social
Education determines the nature of social changes, which
ought to be brought about.
Education prepares the individual for social changes. It
brings a change in the need – dispositions and also
frustrations with the status.
Relationship between education and
“Education and social change is a two-way
traffic. While education provides, transmits
and disseminates the whole culture. Social
change is the instrument and pre-condition of
According to V R TANEJA
Change in social relationship
Types of social changes
Two-Fold Problem of Education in
Relation to Social Change
Does this change take place in society stand for progress?
Is it in right direction?
1. Adjustment to the change in situation
2. creation of new order or education for social progress
Conservation of social heritage and culture
Progress of civilization
Dewey says’ “ by various agencies unintentional
and designed, a society transforms uninitiated and
seemingly alien beings into robust trustee of its own
recourses and ideals. Education is thus a fostering,
venturing and cultivating process. All of these words
means that implies attention to the condition to the
Simplifying and ordering the environment
Purifying and idealizing environment
Wider and better balance environment
Schools as miniature communities
Educational Implications of
Education as a Social Function
Present education needs
Five new linkages
Past with the living present existing realities
Urban elite and rural people through education
Youth need a close-up sense of belonging and fuller
involvement with society
Science and spiritual impulse
World of formal education
English of instruction and social change
English medium school and social change.
Education and Social Change in India
Economic conditions, economic policies and
economic system are the important factors that
constitute educational environment.
Collaboration with foreign universities exchange of
students and faculty members from one county to
Trends in domestic trade, export, inflation, money
supply, foreign exchange reserved growth of
industry, agriculture and services sector determine
status of education.
Loans for higher studies and educational institutions
Funding for education
Investment in education
Strategies for resources
Economic factors and education
Research and development services
Short term specialized courses
Running continuing education courses on commercial basis
Developing workshops as training cum production centers
Utilizations of available resources by industries
Strategies for resources mobilization
Government policies in education are based
on prevailing environment.
Dual degree course, job oriented courses,
vocational courses, short term courses
relating to information technology
Uniformity of conducting exams
Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan
National Policy on Education
District Primary Education Program
Mid-Day Meal Scheme
Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana
It is recently introduced in selected school in India.
The primary objective of this program is to provide
required infrastructure in schools for providing basic
education to children.
Increasing enrolment rate
Reducing drop out.
Sarva shiksha abhiyan
Streamlining higher secondary
Centralized admission for
Medium of instruction
National policy on education
B C Mathis
Education technology refers to the development of set systemic
methods, practical knowledge for the designing, operating and testing
Education technology is in the form of detailed
application of the psychology of learning to practical
It is the application of scientific principles of
it lays stress on development of methods and
techniques for effective teaching.
It stresses the organization of learning situations for
effective realization of the goals of education.
It emphasizes the designing and measuring
instruments for testing learning outcomes.
Involves input ,output and process aspect of
Nature &characteristics of
It is not confined to the use of electronic media in
education, it includes system approach also.
It is important media of communication.
It is not taken a synonym to audio visual aids in
It is very comprehensive term and is not to be viewed
in terms of its parts or processes.it includes
Instructional, Teaching technology, Programmed
learning, micro teaching and system analysis.
Nature &characteristics c0nti.....
Hillard Jason has started the following major
objectives of educational technology.
1. Transmitting information
2. Serving as role
3. Assisting the practice of specific skills
4. Contributing to the provision of feed back
General objectives of educational
1. The need to reach more students.
2. To reach them with an improved range of
3. To offer greater opportunities for
4. To permit at least a limited student response.
Mackenzie and others describe following four
main objectives of educational technology
1. Identification of educational needs and asirations of the
2. Determination of the aims of education, broad strategies
and structure of education
3. Developing a suitable curriculum with interaction of arts,
human values and sciences.
4. Identification of material resources and strategies for the
desired aims of education
5. Developing certain models leading to improvement in the
process of teaching learning.
macro-level objectives of educational
6.Identification of major constraints in the environment
and the ways and means of tackling them.
7.Assisting in extending vocational opportunities to
masses especially neglected sector of society./
8.Managing the entire educational system covering
planning, implementation and evaluation phases
macro-level objectives of educational
Identifying and analyzing the characteristics and
educational needs of the students
Determining the specific classroom objectives and
starting them in behavioral terms
Analyzing the contents of instruction and organizing
them in proper sequence.
Identifying the nature of the interaction of the sub-
systems like students performance or change in
Identifying the available teaching-learning materials
Macro-level objectives of educational
Evaluating the effectiveness of the class room
teaching in terms of the students performance or
change in behavior.
Providing appropriate feed back to the students as
well as teachers to bring modification in the teaching
Macro-level objectives of educational
1. Technology related to general
educational administration and
2. Technology related to general
3. Technology related to the instructional
Scope of educational technology
Mackenic and others(1980)classify the devices on basic
of information resources.
1. Television, language laboratory and other audio-
2. Feedback devices including machines.
3. Reprographic equipment like computers‘ and
programmed learning material.
Percival and Ellington(1984)classify techniques.
1. Mass instructional techniques
2. Induvidized instructional techniques.
Classification of educational
Identification of educational goals and objectives of
Developing appropriate curriculum for the
achievement of stipulated goals.
Developing suitable teaching learning materials
Analyzing the process of teaching learning materials.
Selecting and developing proper teaching learning
strategies for obtaining optimum results.
Developing and selecting appropriate audio-visual
Functions of educational technology
Utilizing effectively the hardware and software
Providing essential feed back and control through
Preparing teacher s in the new technology of
1. Individualized instruction
2. Meeting the problem of mass
3. Equalizing educational opportunity
4. Providing continuing education
Contribution of educational
Improvement in quality of teaching
Wireless class room
Interactive white boards
Current trends in education
More reliance on technology
Increase acceptance of non-formal
type of education
Restructuring traditional program
Increase opportunity for higher
Methods of appraisal
Innovation in teaching and
Emergence of individual as
a teaching unit
education and presence of
The teaching and learning process is largely directed by the
nature and needs of learner
The basic shift in emphasis from the subject of instruction to
nature &needs of learner is based on math etic principle.
Math tics is the science of behavior of pupil undergoing the
process of learning.
Educationist like Rousseay ,Petalozzi ,John dewey and others
have contributed to the development of child centered
Participatory approach of teaching.
Instructional activities with the realization of specific and clear
cut the learning outcomes has inevitably to a reassessment.
The model of teacher as the pivotal and dominate figure in
education, presenting a variety of information to pupils has
Dictator to friend.
To prepare student for learning by enabling them to actively
participate in teaching learning process rather than simply
Creation of environment.
Current issues in education
Discipline and security
Trends and Issues in Indian Education
Integrated education for
Indira Gandhi National
Free and compulsory education of satisfactory quality should be
provided to all children up to age of 14 yrs.
Target ; 1) Universal Access
2) Universal Retention
3) Universal Achievement
1. Creating parental awareness and community mobilization
2. Involvement of communities
3. Economic incentives
4. Improvement in the content and process of schooling
5. District primary education program me.
6. National program me of nutritional support.
The government of India , Department of education
running since 1979-1980, a program me of NFE for
children of age group who remain out side the formal
system due to various reasons.
Focus of scheme is only educationally backwards
It also covers urban slums, tribal, desert areas.
Non formal education
Education for women's quality
Creating an environment for women to seek
knowledge and information with a view to bringing
about a change in their perception about themselves