Education,social,economical,political and technological changes in education


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  • Some trends and issues are: MOOCs (massive open online courses) , Expect growing pains in assessing new Common Core standards, Diversity remains a challenge in education reform, Change is coming to traditional higher education degrees, Adaptive learning is an emerging trend in higher education, Early education is a wise Investment.
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Education,social,economical,political and technological changes in education

  2. 2. “Education is the natural, harmonious and progressive development of man’s innate powers”. According to JOHANN HEINRICH PESTALOZZI,
  3. 3. “Education is the development of all those capacities in the individual which will enable him to control his environment and fulfill his possibilities.” According to JOHN DEWEY,
  4. 4. “Education is the all round drawing out of the best in child and man – Body, Mind and Spirit”. According to MAHATMA GANDHI,
  6. 6. Education and social change Education as a instrument of social change Education as an effect of social change
  7. 7.  Education initiates the social change and gives them direction and purpose.  Education creates the social reformers and leaders who consciously make all the efforts to bring about social changes.  Education determines the nature of social changes, which ought to be brought about.  Education prepares the individual for social changes. It brings a change in the need – dispositions and also frustrations with the status. Relationship between education and social change
  8. 8. “Education and social change is a two-way traffic. While education provides, transmits and disseminates the whole culture. Social change is the instrument and pre-condition of educational thought”. According to V R TANEJA
  9. 9. Civilization change Cultural change Change in social relationship Types of social changes
  10. 10. Two-Fold Problem of Education in Relation to Social Change Does this change take place in society stand for progress? Is it in right direction? 1. Adjustment to the change in situation 2. creation of new order or education for social progress Conservation of social heritage and culture Progress of civilization
  11. 11. Dewey says’ “ by various agencies unintentional and designed, a society transforms uninitiated and seemingly alien beings into robust trustee of its own recourses and ideals. Education is thus a fostering, venturing and cultivating process. All of these words means that implies attention to the condition to the growth”.
  12. 12. Simplifying and ordering the environment Purifying and idealizing environment Wider and better balance environment Schools as miniature communities Educational Implications of Education as a Social Function
  13. 13. Present education needs Five new linkages Past with the living present existing realities Urban elite and rural people through education opportunities Youth need a close-up sense of belonging and fuller involvement with society Science and spiritual impulse World of formal education English of instruction and social change English medium school and social change. Education and Social Change in India
  14. 14. Economic conditions, economic policies and economic system are the important factors that constitute educational environment. Collaboration with foreign universities exchange of students and faculty members from one county to another country. Trends in domestic trade, export, inflation, money supply, foreign exchange reserved growth of industry, agriculture and services sector determine status of education. Loans for higher studies and educational institutions Economic changes
  15. 15. Funding for education Investment in education Strategies for resources mobilization Economic factors and education
  16. 16.  Consultancy  Research and development services  Short term specialized courses  Technology transfer  Running continuing education courses on commercial basis  Developing workshops as training cum production centers  Corpus fund  Utilizations of available resources by industries Strategies for resources mobilization
  17. 17. Government policies in education are based on prevailing environment. Dual degree course, job oriented courses, vocational courses, short term courses relating to information technology Uniform curriculum Uniformity of conducting exams Financial support Political changes
  18. 18. Political environment Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan National Policy on Education District Primary Education Program Mid-Day Meal Scheme Pradhan Mantri Gramodaya Yojana
  19. 19. It is recently introduced in selected school in India. The primary objective of this program is to provide required infrastructure in schools for providing basic education to children. Increasing enrolment rate Reducing drop out. Sarva shiksha abhiyan
  20. 20. Streamlining higher secondary education Centralized admission for professional education Medium of instruction Reservation policy National policy on education
  21. 21. Educational Technology B C Mathis Education technology refers to the development of set systemic methods, practical knowledge for the designing, operating and testing in schools. Deceoco Education technology is in the form of detailed application of the psychology of learning to practical teaching problems.
  22. 22. It is the application of scientific principles of education. it lays stress on development of methods and techniques for effective teaching. It stresses the organization of learning situations for effective realization of the goals of education. It emphasizes the designing and measuring instruments for testing learning outcomes. Involves input ,output and process aspect of education. Nature &characteristics of educational technology
  23. 23. It is not confined to the use of electronic media in education, it includes system approach also. It is important media of communication. It is not taken a synonym to audio visual aids in education. It is very comprehensive term and is not to be viewed in terms of its parts or includes Instructional, Teaching technology, Programmed learning, micro teaching and system analysis. Nature &characteristics c0nti.....
  24. 24. Hillard Jason has started the following major objectives of educational technology. 1. Transmitting information 2. Serving as role 3. Assisting the practice of specific skills 4. Contributing to the provision of feed back General objectives of educational technology
  25. 25. 1. The need to reach more students. 2. To reach them with an improved range of learning materials. 3. To offer greater opportunities for independent study. 4. To permit at least a limited student response. Mackenzie and others describe following four main objectives of educational technology
  26. 26. 1. Identification of educational needs and asirations of the community 2. Determination of the aims of education, broad strategies and structure of education 3. Developing a suitable curriculum with interaction of arts, human values and sciences. 4. Identification of material resources and strategies for the desired aims of education 5. Developing certain models leading to improvement in the process of teaching learning. macro-level objectives of educational technology
  27. 27. 6.Identification of major constraints in the environment and the ways and means of tackling them. 7.Assisting in extending vocational opportunities to masses especially neglected sector of society./ 8.Managing the entire educational system covering planning, implementation and evaluation phases macro-level objectives of educational technology (conti…)
  28. 28. Identifying and analyzing the characteristics and educational needs of the students Determining the specific classroom objectives and starting them in behavioral terms Analyzing the contents of instruction and organizing them in proper sequence. Identifying the nature of the interaction of the sub- systems like students performance or change in behavior. Identifying the available teaching-learning materials and resources. Macro-level objectives of educational technology
  29. 29. Evaluating the effectiveness of the class room teaching in terms of the students performance or change in behavior. Providing appropriate feed back to the students as well as teachers to bring modification in the teaching learning process. Macro-level objectives of educational technology(conti….)
  30. 30. 1. Technology related to general educational administration and management. 2. Technology related to general educational testing 3. Technology related to the instructional process. Scope of educational technology
  31. 31. Mackenic and others(1980)classify the devices on basic of information resources. 1. Television, language laboratory and other audio- visual resources. 2. Feedback devices including machines. 3. Reprographic equipment like computers‘ and programmed learning material. Percival and Ellington(1984)classify techniques. 1. Mass instructional techniques 2. Induvidized instructional techniques. Classification of educational technology
  32. 32. Identification of educational goals and objectives of the community. Developing appropriate curriculum for the achievement of stipulated goals. Developing suitable teaching learning materials Analyzing the process of teaching learning materials. Selecting and developing proper teaching learning strategies for obtaining optimum results. Developing and selecting appropriate audio-visual aids Functions of educational technology
  33. 33. Utilizing effectively the hardware and software media. Providing essential feed back and control through evaluation. Preparing teacher s in the new technology of teaching. Functions(conti…..)
  34. 34. 1. Individualized instruction 2. Meeting the problem of mass education 3. Equalizing educational opportunity 4. Providing continuing education Contribution of educational Improvement in quality of teaching technology
  35. 35. Technological changes Artificial intelligence CD-ROM Dial Access E-Mail Teleconferencing or Interactive television Telelecture Teletutorial Teleseminar Internet Wireless class room microphones Interactive white boards Video conferencing
  36. 36. Current trends in education  Paedocentric  Teachers Role  Activity centered  Creative education  Community participation  More reliance on technology  Increase acceptance of non-formal type of education  Restructuring traditional program  Increase opportunity for higher studies Methods of appraisal Innovation in teaching and learning Educational quality assurance Emergence of individual as a teaching unit Commercialization of education and presence of foreign universities
  37. 37. The teaching and learning process is largely directed by the nature and needs of learner The basic shift in emphasis from the subject of instruction to nature &needs of learner is based on math etic principle. Math tics is the science of behavior of pupil undergoing the process of learning. Educationist like Rousseay ,Petalozzi ,John dewey and others have contributed to the development of child centered education. Participatory approach of teaching. Paedocentric
  38. 38. Instructional activities with the realization of specific and clear cut the learning outcomes has inevitably to a reassessment. The model of teacher as the pivotal and dominate figure in education, presenting a variety of information to pupils has practically disappeared. Dictator to friend. To prepare student for learning by enabling them to actively participate in teaching learning process rather than simply spoon feeding. Creation of environment. Teachers role
  39. 39. Current issues in education Discipline and security Bilingual education Mainstreaming Unemployment Poverty
  40. 40. Trends and Issues in Indian Education Elementary education Non-formal education Universalization of primary education Mahila-Samakhya Vocational education Integrated education for disabled children's Navodaya Vidyalaya Kendriya Vidhyalaya University grand commission Indira Gandhi National Open University
  41. 41. Free and compulsory education of satisfactory quality should be provided to all children up to age of 14 yrs. Target ; 1) Universal Access 2) Universal Retention 3) Universal Achievement Strategies: 1. Creating parental awareness and community mobilization 2. Involvement of communities 3. Economic incentives 4. Improvement in the content and process of schooling 5. District primary education program me. 6. National program me of nutritional support. Elementary education
  42. 42. The government of India , Department of education running since 1979-1980, a program me of NFE for children of age group who remain out side the formal system due to various reasons. Focus of scheme is only educationally backwards status . It also covers urban slums, tribal, desert areas. Non formal education
  43. 43. Education for women's quality Creating an environment for women to seek knowledge and information with a view to bringing about a change in their perception about themselves and society. Mahila samakhya(1989)
  44. 44. Thank you