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Pragati odisha

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Pragati odisha

  1. 1. Jai SRI Pragati,Koraput Welcomes U
  2. 2. Year of Establishment: 26th January 1992 VISION: To build a self-reliant society, free from hunger and exploitation, where everyone irrespective of caste, creed, sex or language have right to dignified means of livelihood and through collective action ensure socio-economic justice and ecological balance. Operational Area : Koraput District in Odisha State Our Programme Themes :  Formation and Empowerment of People’s Organizations Ensure food security through Natural Resource Management Sustainable Agriculture through organic practices Disaster Preparedness and Risk Reduction Women Empowerment About Pragati
  3. 3. Objective: Enhance sustainable food security of Small and marginal farmer of Koraput district through SRI and sustainable agriculture. Program coverage (2008 to 2013) : 13 Blocks of Koraput District Panchayats : 44 Villages : 213 Farmers : 11304 Area in acres : 7162 Program coverage Kharif 2013: 8 Blocks of Koraput District Panchayats : 34 Villages : 157 Farmers : 3038 Area in acres : 1806 Pragati Koraput Experiences in Organic SRI
  4. 4. • Promotion of SRI: Note: Beginning of the project 395 farmers in 231 acres land in Kharif 2008 we have spread the practice to 11304 farmers in 7162 acre land 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 7000 8000 9000 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13 2013 kharif 1024 3000 4205 8266 3038 705 1360 1635 5356 1806
  5. 5. Block GP Villages Farmers Acres Semiliguda 2 3 21 14 Pottangi 1 1 1 1 Boipariguda 1 1 12 7 Koraput 2 3 3 1 Nandapur 4 13 106 96 5 10 21 143 119 Block GP Villages Farmers Acres Semiliguda 2 6 220 111 Koraput 2 9 497 485 2 4 15 717 596 •Promotion of SRI: Ragi: •Application of SRI principles in other crops:
  6. 6. Rationale for Organic SRI  Small farm holders –Average 1 ha land holdings.  Food insecurity & Need to increase productivity.  By default ,farmers follow organic practices.  Lack of investment capacity for chemical farming  Low per capita income- 83.81 % below the poverty line  Irregular monsoons- Need to reduce water stress.
  7. 7. Package of Practices for Organic SRI  Pre Sowing Seed Treatment- Cow urine solution, Bija Amruta  Land Preparation Summer Ploughing , Bund cleaning,Green manuring, FYM  Crop management Medicinal compost, Vermi compost ,Jiba Ambamruta ,Neem oil/Cake/Leaf extract  Post harvest Timely harvest ,Selection of plants for seed, Proper Draying, Storage ,marketing
  8. 8. 1 Green manure 8 kg/ac 2 Manure (FYM) @2 MT/ac 3 Vermicompost @20kg/ac 4 panchagavya (10liters / ac pre-dilution) 5 HandiKhata (60 lt/ac) 6 PSB and Azatobactor 6 kg/ac 7 Fish Amines 1 lt/ac) •Nutrient Management 1 Summer Ploughing 2 Neem, Karanja seed/Leaf + kernel extract 3 Garlic + Tobacco leaf extract 4 Fresh cow dung spray 5 Pheromone Traps 4 no/ac 6 Tricho Cards (3 Cards/ac) •Pest & disease management Organic practices for nutrient and pest management
  9. 9. Achievement •150 Nos. Community Resource Persons trained on Preparation and application of Organic practices. •11,304 farmers adopted organic nutrient and pest management practices in SRI principles • 717 farmers adopted organic practices in vegetable cultivation in 596 acres with an average income of 16500/- per acre. •176 farmers clubs formed in 176 villages covering 10,443 farmers. 93 Farmers clubs establish linkage with NABARD. • 1657 farmers established vermi- compost units and mobilized 199 vermi units through linkage with NHM •District and Block level interface created space for liasioning with Dist. Administration,PRIs and line department officials. •Exposures created space for cross learning and sharing of organic practices among 508 farmers and implementing staff.
  10. 10. Impact:  Increased production per acre & food security for small farm holders- 3-6 months.  Popularisation and increased adoption of organic practices.  Increased area of land put under SRI paddy( Average- 0.63 acre per farmer).  37 Indigenous varieties propagated.  Replication of SRI principles in Ragi(143 farmers in 119 acres in 21 villages) , Vegetables, Pulses and oil seeds.  Increased income from sale of surplus as yield increases. (Incremental Crop yield (q/ac) against traditional-Paddy: 5.33,Sugarcane: 3.2, Ragi: 2.7)  SRI incorporated in all projects as an intervention for increasing food availability.  Cadre of CRPs, progressive and women farmers propagate SRI principles.
  11. 11. Objective: •Refinement of principles and procedures of SRI cultivation for wider adaptability. •Document the action research findings in a systematic manner for making SRI more inclusive in nature. •Disseminate the research results among various stakeholders and farmers in particular for up scaling of SRI Aspects of Research 1. No of plants per hill X Age of seedlings (AOS ) 2. Age of seedlings (AOS ) x Spacing 3. Contribution of each aspect on crop yield On Farm research on SRI
  12. 12. Issues & Challenges :  Convergence with Govt. scheme for scale up - a challenge in delivering commitment and the stance of the organization.  Promotion of massive Line sowing by Govt. with package of hybrid seeds and chemical fertilizers affected intensity of scale up of SRI.  Scale up of technology and increased outreach requires policy support, but little initiative from govt. for promotion of SRI. Learning:  SRI principles proved effective in Ragi, Vegetables and pulses-resulted in increased yield and adopting package of practices.  Intensive intervention & action research in organic practices needed for scaling up.  Seed banks can be a key strategy for conservation and multiplication of indigenous varieties and retain the seed control at farmer level. Suggestions/Recommendations:  Integrating voices of farmers groups into state level advocacy and building a state level lobby with evidence based documentation and research.  The technology need to be extended to millets, vegetables ,pulses and cash crops.  Market linkage through producer organizations to enable small farm holders move from subsistence farming to income enhancement.
  13. 13. Thank you

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