Effective use of power point as a presentation tool com


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Effective use of power point as a presentation tool com

  1. 1. Effective Use of PowerPoint as a presentation toolhttp://eglobiotraining. com/
  2. 2.  Preparation You should understand the mission target and purpose. Ask yourself... Who is the audience What do they need to know How can a presentation get the message across. Target your presentation to concentrate on what three things you want the audience to remember. A handy trick is to create the presentation starting with the end and working backwards. Start with what you want to accomplish at the end and create slides that help lead up to the conclusion. Before using the computer, plan your work using file cards or sticky notes. Make a card for each point or thought you may want to convey. Arrange them in a logic order. Eliminate what is not needed or does not add to the presentation.http://eglobiotraining.com/
  3. 3.  Slide Content Make sure each slide builds on the previous slide and that all slides have a logical progression. A visual graph or chart can be worth a thousand words. Include graphs or charts to backup or emphasis the major issues. Studies show that half of what an audience learns during a presentation are provided by the visuals. Keep the slides simple. Every slide should be understood within 7 seconds. If there is too much on a slide, split it in two. Use bullets to emphasis major points. A general rule is the 6-6-6 rule. ◦ No more than 6 words per item ◦ No more than 6 bullets per slide ◦ No more than 6 text slides in a rowhttp://eglobiotraining.com/
  4. 4.  Presentation Avoid using laser pointers. Most of the time you cant hold the darn thing steady and it can distract from what you are saying or displaying. If your slide is prepared correctly, you should not have to point to something. The use of a remote control to change slides is convenient and can make for a smoother presentation. Dont rely on battery power. Make sure you have your AC adapter connected Dont turn off all of the lights, unless you want to put the audience to sleep. The audience should have enough light to be able to take notes. At the end of the presentation hand out printed copies of the slides. Dont hand them out before or you will only invite people to try and match the handout with your actual presentation. You want to keep them focused on you and the screen, not on the handouts.http://eglobiotraining.com/
  5. 5.  Special Effects Use special effects with caution. Presentation software will allow you to create different methods of transition from slide to slide. Only use one transition method. Using multiple transition methods only distract from what you actually want to get across. Dont get carried away with animation, bouncing or moving text. Concentrate more on what you want to convey to keep the audience focused.http://eglobiotraining.com/
  6. 6.  Fonts Use easy to read fonts Dont use less than a size of 18 points Dont over use italics Dont use more than 2 fonts per slide Keep the fonts consistenthttp://eglobiotraining.com/
  7. 7.  Length It is recommended that a presentation should run no longer than 20 minutes and no more than 15 slides. If more time is absolutely required, give your audience a break every so often at strategic breaking points. Make sure there is time at the end of the presentation to allow for questions and answers. Rehearsals will help you determine the length and to trim down the presentation if necessary.http://eglobiotraining.com/
  8. 8. http://eglobiotraining.com/ Showing things to an audience during a speech is as old as public speaking. In nearly all cases, showing an audience a physical thing, an actual object, is the best way to engage an audience’s attention. But when this isn’t possible, presentation software like PowerPoint (or Apple’s Keynote software) allows the modern public speaker to show things to an audience on a large screen. What has been turned upside-down over the past decade’s spread of PowerPoint, for most PowerPoint users, is that the “speech” is now mostly what’s on the screen, rather than what is spoken. In other words, the proper relation of the illustration tool to the speech has been reversed. In the opinion of many people, this has tragically damaged the art of public speaking. No one can imagine Abraham Lincoln nor Martin Luther King, Jr., needing PowerPoint. But today many people who give oral presentations cannot imagine doing so without PowerPoint. In the interest of restoring some balance to the use of PowerPoint, without rejecting its use altogether, here are some suggestions for how to use PowerPoint effectively.
  9. 9. http://eglobiotraining.com/Ten Thoughts About How to Use PowerPoint Effectively
  10. 10. 1. PowerPoint, when displayed via a projector, is a useful tool for showing audiences things that enhance what the speaker is saying. It is a useful tool for illustrating the content of a speech, such as by showing photos, graphs, charts, maps, etc., or by highlighting certain text from a speech, such as quotations or major ideas. It should not be used as a slide-show outline of what the speaker is telling the audience.http://eglobiotraining.com/
  11. 11.  2. Slides used in a presentation should be spare, in terms of how much information is on each slide, as well as how many slides are used. A rule of thumb is to put no more than eight lines of text on a slide, and with no more than eight to ten words per line. In most cases, less is more, so four lines of text is probably better. Don’t display charts or graphs with a lot of information—if it’s useful for the audience to see such things, pass them out as handouts.http://eglobiotraining.com/
  12. 12.  3. Unless you’re an experienced designer, don’t use the transition and animation “tricks” that are built into PowerPoint, such as bouncing or flying text. By now, most people roll their eyes when they see these things, and these tricks add nothing of value to a presentation.http://eglobiotraining.com/
  13. 13.  4. Above all, use high-contrast color schemes so that whatever is on your slides is readable. Unless you are a talented graphic designer, use the templates that come with PowerPoint or Keynote, and keep it simple— high concept design in a slide presentation doesn’t help in most circumstances, unless you’re in the fashion or design fields. If you use graphics or photos, try to use the highest quality you can find or afford— clip art and low-resolution graphics blown up on a screen usually detract from a presentation. http://eglobiotraining.com/
  14. 14.  5. Rehearse your PowerPoint presentation and not just once. Don’t let PowerPoint get in the way of your oral presentation, and make sure you know how it works, what sequence the slides are in, how to get through it using someone else’s computer, etc. Make sure that you can deliver your presentation if PowerPoint is completely unavailable; in other words, make sure you can give your speech without your PowerPoint presentation.http://eglobiotraining.com/
  15. 15.  6. Get used to using black slides. There are few speeches that need something displayed on the screen all the time. If you include a black slide in your presentation, your audience will refocus on you, rather than on the screen, and you can direct them back to the screen when you have something else to show them. Put a black screen at the end of your presentation, so that when you’re done, the PowerPoint presentation is finished and off the screen.http://eglobiotraining.com/
  16. 16.  7. Concentrate on keeping the audience focused on you, not on the screen. You can do this by using slides sparingly, standing in front of the audience in a way that makes them look at you, and, if possible, going to the screen and using your hand or arm to point out things on a slide. If you expect to be using PowerPoint a lot, invest in a remote “clicker” that lets you get away from the computer and still drive your presentation. If you don’t have one of those, it’s better to ask someone to run the presentation than to be behind a screen and keyboard while you talk.http://eglobiotraining.com/
  17. 17.  8. If you show something on a computer that requires moving the cursor around, or flipping from one screen to another, or some other technique that requires interaction with the computer itself, remember that people in the audience will see things very differently on the projection screen than you see them on the computer screen. Keep motion on the screen to a minimum, unless you’re showing a movie or a video. It’s better to show a static screenshot of a Web page, embedded on a slide, than to call up the Web page in a browser on a computer. If you want to point out something on a Web page, go to the screen and point at it—don’t jiggle the cursor around what you want people to look at: their heads will look like bobble-headed dolls.http://eglobiotraining.com/
  18. 18.  9. Don’t “cue” the audience that listening to your speech means getting through your PowerPoint presentation. If the audience sees that your PowerPoint presentation is the structure of your speech, they’ll start wondering how many slides are left. Slides should be used asynchronously within your speech, and only to highlight or illustrate things. Audiences are bored with oral presentations that go from one slide to the next until the end. Engage the audience, and use slides only when they are useful.http://eglobiotraining.com/
  19. 19.  10. Learn how to give a good speech without PowerPoint. This takes practice, which means giving speeches without PowerPoint. Believe it or not, public speaking existed before PowerPoint, and many people remember it as being a lot better then than it is now. A few people use presentation software in extremely effective ways—Steve Jobs and Stanford Law Professor Lawrence Lessig are two examples. Al Gore’s use of Keynote in the movie “An Inconvenient Truth” was a good model. But these three examples don’t look at all like the way most people use PowerPoint. Avoiding bad PowerPoint habits means, first and foremost, becoming a good public speaker.http://eglobiotraining.com/
  20. 20. Respectfully Submitted to:Prof. Erwin M. Globio, MSIThttp://eglobiotraining.com/