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  1. 1. THE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 1
  2. 2. Table of ContentsHow to connect with the fellow Biharis : ............................................................................................ 3Want to contribute to this magazine .................................................................................................. 3Want to advertise in this magazine ................................................................................................... 3Editorial Board .................................................................................................................................. 3From editor‘s desk ............................................................................................................................ 4BENCON 2011 ................................................................................................................................. 5Bihar My Mother Land....................................................................................................................... 9Do you speak Bihari? ...................................................................................................................... 10Saas and bahu: the eternal struggle ............................................................................................... 13Bihar Development Trust ................................................................................................................ 16Much Needed Change and Development in Bihar, necessary to avoid revolution ........................... 18" ...".. ................................................................................................................................. 21Book Review ‗The Plain Truth‖ by N.K.Singh .................................................................................. 25A tale a tale story of the rampant corruption in the Civil Services .................................................... 25The Curious Case of Bihari Cuisine: Part 1 ..................................................................................... 26Ramdhari Singh Dinkar: Whose Pen Literally Burnt the Page ........................................................ 33 ........................................................................................................................... 35Chasing a Mirage............................................................................................................................ 36I am Death ...................................................................................................................................... 38 ............................................................................................................................... 38Loves Journey by Rashmi Singh .................................................................................................... 41The Concept of a Nation ................................................................................................................. 42Pride of Bihar Culture- Ramayan Group ......................................................................................... 43THE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 2
  3. 3. How to connect with the fellow Biharis :Please join us on Facebook:1. Facebook Bihar Community Bihar Society Org on Facebook to contribute to this magazinePlease send your artcile to the Editor: at thebiharwebzine@gmail.comWant to advertise in this magazinePlease send your advertisement to the Editor : at thebiharwebzine@gmail.comEditorial BoardEditor - Santosh Pandey (email: ) Blog: Editor - Atul Kumar (email: ) Blog: Editor - Manoj Pandey ( email: )Consulting Editor - Sarvesh Upadhyay ( email: )Design & Creative Editor - Sanjay Prasad ( email: ) Blog: Ankit Ptrakash (email: ) Website: Abhishek Kumar (email abhishekkjha@facebook.comAssociate Editor - Bhartendu Kumar Das ( email: )Associate Editor - Vivek Kumar (email: ) Blog: Editor - Ankit Kumar (email: ),Editor - Ajit Chauhan (email: ) Blog:,Consulting Guest Editor - replace Mrunalini with ―new editors ― Dwijendra Kashyap(emai :l BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 3
  4. 4. From editor’s deskDear readers,We are thankfull for your overhelming response with the first edition of this webzine. We have received manyencouraging responses from all quarter of society and from Bihari and non-Bihari community from across theglobe. It is this tremendous response that helps encourages and gives us much needed fuel to continue withthis publication in its second consecutive edition.Since the release of the first edition, a lot has happened in Bihar, there has been a tragic case of Policeatrocity in Farbesganj, Meeting of Nalanda mentor group was recently held, in another encouraging and boldstep, Bihar Society with the help of people of Bihar has established Bihar Entrepreneur Network (BEN) andthe first conference of BEN (BENCON) was held in the historic city of Bodh Gaya. The event was wellreceived by all stakeholders.Since, the idea of BEN germinated on the online/facebook forum and finallyculminated on the ground which is similar to the idea of launching this webzine as well, the theme of thisedition is dedicated to BEN -IDEAS to EXECUTION.After successful organization of BENCON, Bihar Society is now planning to organize another Bold and largescale event which will bring lot of positivity and energy not only in Patna but whole of Bihar. This event isPATNA MARATHON. The ground work has already been started and soo you will see lot of action.Although many of you have sent your contribution to this edition of the webzine and earlier edition there is stilldeficiency of good quality articles on current relevant topics, hence, we would like to urge upon you to shareyour articles on relevant topics for the next edition. Only your participation and contribution can elevate thequality of this webzine and sustain this wonderful initiative in a longer run.We also invite interested people with journalistic flavor to assume responsibility in publication of this webzine.Please do write to us at if you are interested to be part of this webzine in anymanner. Please send us your suggestion as to how this webzine can be further improved by email to us.Editorial TeamTHE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 4
  5. 5. BENCON 2011------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Last month (21st May 2011) we organized our first summer of Gaya (when temperatures touched 45BEN CONFERENCE in Bodh Gaya. It has created a centigrade often).wave of excitement and energy among the young 4. The fact that 150+ entrepreneurs were able toentrepreneurs, students/teacher and locals of Gaya. converge at one venue on a saturday morning in theThe energy and hunger for creating jobs and being a heat of gaya itself was a good reflection of thepart of changing Bihar was very visible and palpable. "hunger" and "need gap" that exists in Bihar.This event was unique in many ways and the way 5. The fact that people like Ajay Kumar Gupta fromevent got organized and hosted itself had some Noida ( via Santosh Pandey) , Tanya Prasad fromlessons and reasons to celebrate Singapore (via Atul Kumar), Akhourie Nites (via Kumar Ankit) offered financial sponsorship for the event which was just an unproven idea and experiment also proved the need for many such events. 6. We also got great support & participation from various govt departments was another eye-opener. We didnt know Industry Commissioner (Principal Secy), CK Mishra jee till 1 week before the event and he bought in the idea and promised to sponsor the event. He also sent two of his senior team members to the event, who presented their case very well. The ease with which we could walk in & reach-out to to various departments in secretariat with no political connection was an example that entrepreneurs interested in Bihar should take note of.1. We had no formal organization or paid staff toconduct this event. It was organized in an opensource / wikinomics model.2. It started as an idea discussed over facebookand skype between Kumar Ankit, Naveen Sharma inGaya and Santosh Pandey in Europe, Atul Kumar inUSA. Many of them had never met in person so itwas an example of how the rules of collaboration anddoing business in the 21st century are changing.3. There were lot of skeptics, critics, cheerleaders,supporters and very strong supporters. Like all newventures we had a fair share of all of these. As theevent started to catch momentus more and more 7. The participation of 60+ students of Gayapeople started joing in but initially some of the key College in the event at a short notice gave a verymembers were also skeptical abou the possibility of encouraging signal. The way they were able to putpulling off an event like this in Bihar especially inTHE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 5
  6. 6. together a professional show and got trained in few Prachin Bharat, Ranjan Verma and Kumar Ankithours, put up a Rangoli under Lalita jee guidance. (locals from Gaya), pulled all their local network of8. The way Prof Madhukar Shukla, Prof Piyush freind sand family to the event ( Kumar AnkitsSinha, Prof Ashok Ghosh, Prof Nupur Bose and younger sister, Lisa, a +2 student, helped us callmany others supported the event and offered their media people), Kumar Rahul and Manish Dayal,networks and guidance was a symbol of the Aunty and uncle, friends & family all came together toresources and guidance that was available. make the event a success .. this was a good9. The participation of investing community showcase of EVENT 3.0 or Org 3.0 where eventsespeciall two young girls from Mumabi based funds can be executed at a short notice using the power ofwas encouraging, the way many of the speakers networks and collaboration.agreed to come on their own (in fact paid registrationfeed also) was a symbol of the event, theparticipation of media ( Prabhat Khabar, Hindustan,Hindustan Times, Telegraph, Mint, Appan Samacharand many more was very encouraging) and symbolof the fact that media, professors and investors areavailable if you put-up a team and lay out a visionand mission.10. The way multiple orgs like Bihar IndustriesAssociation, Bihar Udaya, Tie-Patna, Prachin Bharat,Green Leaf Energy, Sulabh International, PrabhatKhabar,, Appan Samachar,Kamdhenu, Karma Society and many otherscollaborated to make this event possible issomething to take note of and get inspired.11. During this event, Ram Kumar & Tanvi Nalin ,who were managing the speakers, partners andsponsors from Delhi flew to Gaya to host the event.Ranbir Bahadur of Bihar Uday, came from Cacluttaand took charge of registrations, Kavi Kumar & D. S.Mathur, Adviser, Sulabh from Delhi, Santosh Singhfrom IDRF, Chennai, Prof Ashok Ghosh and NupurBose from Patna, Mrs Jyoti Sinha and her team 12. As a result of the event, many enterpreneurs(Kamdhenu) from Patna, Rajiv Kumar came from discovered each other, their business and possibleManer with his world famous Ladoos, Ajay Gupta partnership opportunities, sales opportunities .. BENcame from Noida and his team not only sponsored discovered Abhihek Kumar Sinha, who singlethe event but also supported as a volunteer/team and handedly manged the show and logistics in Patnapanelsit on Infrastructure, Akhourie Ntesh and his and got the brochure published with some help fromteam (Praniti Motors) not only sponsorsed the evnt Prabhat Khabar and also managed the Patnabut also offered their cars and transportation help, logistics of guestsNaveen Sharma jee stayed in Gaya for those few 13. After the event, many enterepeneurial ideas anddays inspite of his crazy enterepreurial life as CEO of partnerships are in discussion but those discussionsTHE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 6
  7. 7. obviously in closed rooms and private discussions, been shared woth the 550+ members of BEN and we should see the fruits of BEN being launched in ideas are being discussed on a real time basis. near future. Abhishek Kr Singha & Kaushalendra Planning for 2012 has also started and you can visit discovered each other and are leveraging each below URL for details others networks and resources, Ravi Chandra found a wider net for his venture. 36768325022 . As a spin-off from the event, few14. One of the highlights of the event was after the event entereprenurial venturess have also been kicked when enterpeneurs were given a change to present the idea on stage and many did present their ideas ( off and you will see the detail from upcoming Image Bihar and many others). publication by BEN. (Atul Kumar) T-Shirt and other creative stuffs designed by Manish Sinha and Jugad Studio for BENCON 2011 Many many more results and learnings. We also learnt some hard lessons The promised 10 lakh INR from Indian Oil and 5 lakh INR from BPCL didnt come but we are sure more will come in next event. The quality of mikes and sound system at event venue could have been better and so on .. but then we have the next event to plan much longer for .. miles to go and miles to go before we sleep but the journey of a thousand miles beging with a single small step .. we took it .. now the topic of discussion in Bihar is changing from corruption and politics to job creation and entrepreneurship and that itself is a big giant leap forward ….. on the lines of TEDx, we hope to have smaller events in various cities of bihar ( Muzzafarpur, Chhapra, Hajipur, Darbhanga, Madhubani, Saharsa) and also maybe host the event at a national or international venue ... more to come later. After the meet, we had couple of meetings online and in Patna and the process of formalizing Madhu the first Bihari Twitter Bird BEN as a Trust is in progress. The Governance Model, Charter of BEN, Membership and goals have THE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 7
  8. 8. 6. Business Line (The Hindu) 16th May and-economy/economy/article2021439.ece Bihar Society to meet at Bodh Gaya 7. sinha-on-ben-in-prabhat.html 8. in-hindustan-times.html 9. network-an-idea-whose-time-has-come/ 10. entrepreneur-netwrork-bencon.html 11. yvoy8ck2Some media coverage of BENCON 12.!/Biharent 13. 14. bihar-enterpreneur-network-comes-to-a-successful- end 15. bihar-enterpreneur-network 16. Network/open_questions 17. Details-05-05-11 18. alumni-join-hands-to-encourage-entrepreneurship- 1107212.htm 19. NOMY/dna_english_news_and_features/B-Some Press coverage links of BENCON 2011 school/IIT-alumni-join-hands-to-encourage- entrepreneurship/DNMUM2122381. 20. ihar/story_14008562.jsp (Global meet to alumni-join-hands-to-encourage- boost business by ALOK KUMAR entrepreneurship_1550926 21. Forbes India (In May, Bihar saw its first ever d/story_14005395.jsp conference on entrepreneurshipRead 22. more: Entrepreneurship-Wealth-Creation range/in-bihar-cops-are-the-problem-not- 23. goons/25672/1#ixzz1RSE1eqjA ) network-ben-conferenc3. 24. y_14013003.jsp4. BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 8
  9. 9. The Buddha spent five years at Rajgir after having attained enlightenment, and many of the remains at Rajgir commemorate various incidents related to lifeBihar My Mother Land of Buddha, the hill of Gridhrakuta being perhaps the-------------------------------------------------------- most important, as this is where the BuddhaBIHAR is the name derived from the ancient word delivered most of his sermons. Bodhgaya is the spot"VIHARA" , It is indeed a land of monasteries. Hindu, where Lord Buddha attained enlightenment, with theBuddhist, Jain, Muslim and Sikh shrines abound in Mahabodhi Temple marking the precise location.this ancient land where India‘s first major empiresrose and fell. Where the ruins of the worlds‘ earliest Today Bihar rising in all aspect , todays Bihar is theuniversity slumbers in the void of time. The passage best place for entrepreneurs, businessmen. There isof Ganga, flowing wide and deep enrich the plains of huge potential and boundless of opportunitiesBihar before distributing in Bengal‘s deltoid zone. across many sectors including infrastructure, Education, Healthcare, Telecommunication,Ancient Bihar (which consisted of Anga (East Bihar), Agriculture , Energy , information technology (IT),Videha (North Bihar), Magadha (South Bihar) and Food production and Tourism.Vaishali (North Bihar)) was a center of power,learning and culture in ancient and classical India. In my last visit of Patna, i was there for one month,From Magadha arose India‘s first greatest empire, now i am sure in next five years Patna is going tothe Maurya empire as well as one of the world‘s most achieve Metro status and Bihar is going to bewidely adhered-to religions, Buddhism. Magadha number one state growth wise , because of lot ofempires, notably under the Maurya and Gupta other advantage , its is next best destination for ITdynasties, unified large parts of South Asia under a Company , again i am sure by 2014 Patna is next ITcentral rule. Its capital Patna, earlier known as hub in India .Pataliputra, was an important center of Indiancivilization. Nalanda was a centre of learning Now this is time of for us. We need to unite for ourestablished by the 5th century CE in Bihar. mother land, for our states development. We need to contribute our talent, our efforts. We need to doAmong all Indian states, Bihar is the one most something great and outstanding for our motherintimately linked to the Buddha‘s life, resulting in a land.trail of pilgrimages which have come to be known as Please awake and arise.come and join and be thethe Buddhist circuit. The Buddhist trail begins at the active part of growth of our Mother Land "BIHAR".capital city, Patna, where a noteworthy museum Now Bihar Govt and "BIHARI" people is ready tocontains a collection of Hindu and Buddhist bring Bihar on world MAP.sculptures as well as a terracotta urn said to contain Author : Binay Yadavthe ashes of Lord Buddha.THE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 9
  10. 10. Do you speak Bihari?------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- language. It has devnagri script.. it has Hindi"So do you speak Bihari at home?" grammar.. It doesnt have its own script andMore than often we are stumped by this question. vyakaran.. so surely not a different languageAm sure, most of the fellow Biharis never knewthat there is a certain language called Bihari Is it a Hindi Dialect: Not sure as how one wouldbefore they left Bihar. No parents told us this... no define dialect as? If i look at other 5 Biharschool book taught us. dialects- Magahi, Maithili, Bhojpuri, Angika and Bajjika.. i am able to differentiate the sound of it..My answer to that question was always a the tonality.. the words.. the specific districts wherebig No.No, because i never knew what Bihari it gets spoken. I am not able to imagine "Bihari inlanguage meant. What we speak at home is Hindi the same light.and thats the only language i am familiar with, iknow of and i speak. Is it Hindi: Thats what i always thought of.. .. so I would stick to it. But yes it is surely different fromFor long I defended that there is no such language Hindi that is spoken in the mainland in variouscalled Bihari.. We have Bhojpuri, Angika, Magahi, ways.Bajjika and Maithili as dialects of Hindi in Bihar butnothing as such which would be referred and For e.g.recognised as Bihari. 1) the way we speak... so we love strectching the word ( )However, lately if posed with the same question,my answer has been in affirmative...and primarly 2) We know the distinction between ,because of love for the place. , and theoretically... And we alsoAlright, so back to the same question. say व and instead of badi and chotiWhat is Bihari language? matra...( Something that seems to be absent in other region) but mess up with the pronunciation.a) Is it a different language? So Sheela would become sila...( or silwa) silsila would become shilshila.. We also mix र andb) Is it a Hindi dialect? . So is र and र is .c) Or is it Hindi? 3) We might be excellent with our Hindi vyakaranIs it a different language: Am not a linguist but i and adept at all those , , क क र etwould still want to believe that Bihari is not a al or but we mess up with gender. SoTHE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 10
  11. 11. though we know that dahi is khatta (grammatically)but in practice when we are speaking then well 8) As my sister sushmita says, Bihari Hindi exudessay, .. .. I think we are fond respect for one and everyone. So we say पof using masculine gender for most of the things. ( not ) instead of . used as aAlthough the interesting thing is that while writing, prefix for lot of words to suggest respect like:our sentence construction is correct. So in our , ...etc...essays we would write और . 9) Then we have super rich vocabulary which only Biharis would understand. And well, it extends4) We dont like saying things straight. When was beyond the popularly known burbak and baklolthe last time your name got pronounced as is. Welove suffixing. so Nina becomes Ninwa... rohit I have been trying to recollect the words which youwould become rohitwa.. ruchi would become get to hear in Bihar only..ruchiya.. khao would become khaiyebe.. nahaowould become nahaiyebe.. andhera would be Spontaneous ones.. :-)andheriya and so on.. so each of the Hindi wordwould have its suffix according to what suits the So you make bhaat in tokna and eat in a chipli.pronunciation... sosuffixing according to Tarkari is made in kadhahiya with the helpconvenience is one of the intrinsic characteristic of cholni. You take out daal from the tokna withof Bihari Hindi. the help of dabbu. Roti is rolled on a chokla with the help of belna5) Then we dont even like answering straight. You The sisa ka sisi (glass bottle) has got a thepiask a question and you get another question as an You see your face in an Ena ( Not Aaina)answer. You wipe your gor with a ghamchi Sugga (parrot) has a laal lol.Question: ?Answer: ? Sugga eats boont and sings sita ram sita ram Mummy would make6) Fetish for affirmation: Like my friend Ejaz rightly nenua and kadima ka tarkari today One is eksays that after every two sentence you would end tho.. two is doo go You sit on a peedha andup saying- " " :-) when your eyes water when you cut the onion then thats jhons lagna When somebody is screeching then he7) The use of , क instead of and is chichiya raha You go to क . I have actually always wondered about school Bhihane (Morning). Kapda feechna is washing clothes Okta jaana ( not ukta) is gettingusage of hum in Bihar particularly. to me is an bored. When you are stubborn then youurdu word so i would understand its wide usage in are thetharawadh belt but Hindi in Bihar does not have Urdu Jonk ( earthworm) is jhonkti.. and mitti ka cupinfluence. Never understood how hum got (kulhar) is kaptee or cuptea :-)calibrated with Bihars Hindi Butru kaan raha ( the kid id crying)THE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 11
  12. 12. Bartuhar or Kutumb are coming home to see the then its called susum, Bindi is tikli and a goldgirl and even if they like her they would ask for chain is a sikdi, Mattress is tosak you wrapgrand tillak. Door is Kiwad and chouraha is yourself in oodhna. Your head is kapar while achaubatiya tattoo would be Godna. Wife is kaniyan andSamosa is Singhara, chahe baliya ho ya Aara Jeth is bhaisur Jethani is gotni.. while a sasurGulab jamun is kala rasgulla and if you have sore remains a sasur. Biha- saadi ( vivah- shaadi)throat then do susum paani ka kulla Desi daru is the biggest celebration and if you didnt serveis taadi while the meetha sugarcane is ketari Buniya ka laddu then thats quite anCut the kasaili with a Sarauta ( betel nut cutter) embarrassment.and the tarkari on a hasuaEat boont ka saag garnished with mirch and tel To see is laukna... and to to slip is sasarna andthat should be Karuwa ( mustard oil). You go to If you blink then thats matki marna and if youmaidan with a lota and if you spot a big black limp then thats lengrana ( not langarana).ant, then thats a khota Ok.ok ok...The list can only get longer... as i amGo to kansaar for bhunja bhunjane writing this, am actually being able to think of soWhen you get lost then thats bhutlaana many words which had almost become absent inPolythene bags are Panni and hard board would my vocabulary. (Sorry.. bhocabulary.. thats thebe koot way we would pronounce it)Gaach would be tree and fawa is free :- Anyways, the point is not to create the shabkosh)Kheechad is "Kaado" while hibiscus is "arhul" but just to establish that Bihari has a distinctHandbag is jhola and you store water in shabd-kosh.... that the way we speak is slightlya "ghaila". different.. that we have used all our freedom to make it flexible... But at the end of the day it isMirch is Marchai while chai is still a chai HINDI.You jamao the dahi in matkuri while the kacchaaam is Tikola and if theres a hailstorm then ?thats called oola Ribbon is feeta and teekhais teeta You chilo chimdi on your kotha injaadey ka mausam and if the milk is lukewarm By Richa RaiTHE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 12
  13. 13. Saas and bahu: the eternal struggle------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The saas feels threatened by the entry ofAn exceprts from the book: ―Bhojpuri Kahawaten- the bahu so she wants to dominate her (the bahu)Ek Sanskritik Adhayan‖ written by late Satyadev and underscore her powers.Ojha and the Bhojpuri transcript from the bookproduced hereunder is translated by his son A smart bahu slowly works her way to a status soSantosh Ojha. that her voice is heard within the family. She exerts her personality and challenges the unbridled powers of the saas. In the olden days of child-marriage a saas could easily establish her influence on the family; since the age of the bahu has begun getting higher this too has gone. The bahu would no longer meekly subject herself to torture and let her saas control her life. The bahu is ready to raise her voice against her tyrannical saas. There are many Bhojpuri kahavatein dealing with this changing equation. @@@The relationship between two women in a family is Any mother is keen to see her son married.between a mother and her daughter, sister and (A bahu is critical to the extension of the familysister, sisters-in law (nanad-bhabhi), daughters-in- tree). Her anxiety grows when her son becomeslaw and mothers-in-law (saas-bahu). But the older. Many-a-time, the matrimonial proposal mayrelationship between the mother-in-law (saas) and even break down when the enemies of thethe daughter-in-law (bahu) attains importance for groom‘s family create obstructions. The older thethe power-struggle in encapsulates, the power for son, the more suspicious is the prospective bride‘sthe upper hand in the affairs of the family. Not family. So, when the son does get married, it issurprisingly we find more kahavatein on this natural for his mother to rejoice as in therelationship. The role of the saas is paramount in following kahavat:the household affairs till the bride (bahu) arrives.Before the marriage, the mother-in-law is the ,housewife- and the boss. And she genuinelybelieves that she has the rights to meddle into all प .the affairs within the family. Having a son is lucky, Having a daughter-in-law is fortuitous!THE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 13
  14. 14. And, when the bahu enters the household, र,क -कthe saas does not relinquish her powers to thenew bahu. To the contrary, she gets even more इ र, क -कattached to them. He is away, and I am free to go wherever I wish, , And she is off to her mother’s place; and I can eat प क whatever I want.All saas’ are pious, But the saas returns and does what she is traditionally expected to do, trouble and tortureAll bahus are sinners. her bahu:The saas believes there really is no point in giving ,any rights to such useless bahus, even in the .tiniest affairs of the household: र क र, My saas feels a surge of affection for me, And she singes my cheeks with glowing embers. कर - व क . Saas regularly criticizes even the tiniest ofRespect your bahu, yes, mistakes of the bahu and makes frequent sarcastic remarks. The bahu does not find theseBut why let her touch the domestic vessels? funny at all and she starts retaliating.The saas shows her miserly attitude to कवthe bahu as mentioned in the kahavat: कव प , क , A manipulated lamp-wick, कर, . Or a criticized bahu,In an outpouring of affection says the saas, Both are counter-productive.Dig a little cavity into your litti, I will fill it up withmattha (butter-milk) @@@@In the days of yore it was rather common in The bahu starts feeding her husband with real andhouseholds to serve the best portions of the meal imagined tales hersaas‘ tortures. And, over ato the men of the family and the dregs to the bahu. period of time, with such stories she is able toNo wonder the bahu would feel liberated when her influence her husband enough for him to develophusband and saas were away:THE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 14
  15. 15. hatred towards his mother. The mother senses this From one spout she pours buttermilkand laments: And amrit from the other, प प , The old lady gets the sour buttermilk इ प र व व While she serves amrit to her man.I nourished my son, he was my own, @@@@The bahu arrives and cuts me off from my own. The bahu tries to dominate her saas by all means fair and foul. She even threatens:The animosity intensifies and the saas isdevastated. Once when her son was unmarriedshe longed for a bahu and now she can not standher. इ परप व ,प व , I will scream my lungs off,प क क व . Enough for saas to vanish.Let a bahu come, let a bahu go; do I care? @@@@My body burns when I see the bahu. Sure enough, the bahu starts dominating the household. She rules the roost even as she takesThe bahu keeps consolidating her position with her off on her saas ever so often:husband who has now clearly turned anti-mother.She now feels emboldened to start treating कher saas badly as said in this picturesque kahavat: क व र प क -प क , The bed-clothes of saas क र, Serves as the foot-wiper of the bahu क The break between the bahu and saas is र, poignantly captured in the following kahavat. प प कMy cultured bahu, since she has come, क रServes food from a two-spouted vessel. Saas dies today,THE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 15
  16. 16. Cries tomorrow, the bahu. protagonists. Perhaps the saas should reconcile to the fact that one day, over time, the bahu will beThe bahu was never happy with the treatment ruling the roost in the family. Why not reconcile tometed by her saas, right from the beginning. this situation early on?Though there were some moments (especiallywhen the saas helped out with the chores when क इ , प क रवthe bahu was in the family way) when the bahu feltsome emotional attachment to hersaas. Hence कthe bahu weeps a bit, albeit a day late.@@@@ Neither a well-fed son, nor a thieving bahu,The relationship between the two women Carry the family gains away.deteriorates perhaps due to the lack of Santosh Ojhaunderstanding between the two femaleBihar Development Trust------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- receiving support from Bihari and people who feel strongly about the development of Bihar. Over the last three year, It is emerging as a platform for the youth who are passionate about Bihar to create and provide employment & services to benefit millions of people in Bihar. It is striving to to break the scale barrier of non-profit sector. It has aimed to demonstrate that professionals can turn entrepreneur in Bihar and catalyze the growth of economic activity with the help of poor people which has been achieved to certain extent. Bihar Development Trust is an idea to adapt GRAMEEN and AMUL model to Bihar context and in different sectors (manufacturing as well as services) supported by most efficient technologies. It hasBihar Development Trust has been founded on adopted a value chain approach for eachMarch 26, 2007 by management professionals livelihood initiatives. Its vision is to make Biharfrom IRMA (Institute of Rural Management, most developed state of India in next 20 years. ItsANAND) with a belief that professionally qualified mission is to build a US$20 billion enterprise inyouth should come back to Bihar and turn Bihar by 2020 in areas of opportunities likeentrepreneur to provide employment in their native microfinance, handloom and handicrafts, fruits andstate. The feeling was that Bihar Development vegetable, Agricultural commodities, health careTrust should act as an honest platform for and education, power andTHE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 16
  17. 17. BPO(animation,graphics etc),carbon trading andtourism etc with an outreach of 10 million families.Its core values are Ttransparency, Honesty, Faith,Integrity and Discipline. It has an outreach of 6000families and employee strength of 40. The Lodipur Bunkar Trust has been given share in the marketing company. It has provided drinking water facility, constructed drainage and cemented the work place of weavers and conducted design workshop with designers from NIFT, NID etc to develop contemporary designs .Rickshaw Sangh program enables cycle rickshaw drivers to ownBihar Development Trust is operating in Patna, rickshaws by accessing formal credit, repaidBhagalpur and Aurangabad Districts of Bihar. through easy installments. BDT has partnered withMicrofinance program provides credit and American India Foundation to implement thisinsurance services and promotes savings and program in literacy among women members. BDThas disbursed more than 5000 loans to womenborrowers with more than Rs.500 lakhs till datewith a repayment rate of 99.5% over last threeyear. It has an outstanding of over Rs. 150 Lakhwith around 3000 active borrowers. Tasar SilkLivelihood Program has organized 20 weavers inLodipur in form of Mutual Benefit Trust. It has been BDT is providing the rickshaw puller a new builtworking with two more weavers‘ clusters with an rickshaw, identity card, municipal license, health,outreach of 100-200 weavers with sales around medical, asset and life insurance.Rs. 50 Lakh.THE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 17
  18. 18. BDT has improved the livelihood of 100 rickshaw small span of 11 months. His role in BDT ispuller under this program in Bhagalpur. Farmer networking, fund raising, external communication,Livelihood Program is providing services like strategizing, designing and starting new programsInstitution building, input supply at fair price, Agri besides documentary, legal and financialExtension services, market linkages, Credit to compliance to various statutory bodies and donorfarmers at the doorstep to improve their earnings. agencies. He is good at networking, planning,BDT has an outreach of 500-700 farmers and training, communicating etc and in datamore than 20 farmer clubs have been formed in management, documentation etc.Aurangabad District. Bamboo Based LivelihoodProgram is providing micro credit and market Mr. Dev Kumar Dubey had worked in Employeelinkage assistance to 50 farmers to promote Provident Fund (EPF) under Ministry of Labour asbamboo cultivation & employment to 200 women. Account Officer during 1998-2004. He joined IRMANABARD supported manufacturing center in in 2004 after quitting his job. He did not joinedKahalgaon area of Bhagalpur District has been set SKS Microfinance from where he got an offerup. during campus placement. He spent one year working with NGOs in Bhagalpur working in SHG- Bank Linkage program besides exploring opportunities in social entrepreneurship. His role in BDT is day to day operations management, providing guidance to team members of various programmes, meeting government officials, ensuring proper implementation of programmes & utilization of funds, maintaining internal control systems etc. He provides strategic inputs from ground while the development programmes areBihar Development Trust has been founded by Dr. designed by Dr. Ravi ChandraRavi Chandra and Mr. Dev Kumar Dubey onMarch 26, 2007. They have studied together in Mr. Diwakar Vats joined Bihar Development TrustInstitute of Rural Management Anand (IRMA) in 2008 after quitting his corporate job in DLFduring 2004-2006. Group Company. He has done his post graduate diploma in business management fromDr. Ravi Chandra has graduated as dental International Management Institute, New Delhi insurgeon from Manipal University in 2003. He has 2007. He is helping both of them in planning andworked with Foundation of Ecological Security as strategy while in running day to day operations atCommunity Mobilizer before joining IRMA in 2004. Patna and doing local networking.He got rich management experience while workingin different kind of organization and situations inMuch Needed Change and Development in Bihar, necessary toavoid revolution-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------THE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 18
  19. 19. The question is, when our politicians and 2. He can request help from the best agencies inbureaucrats shall began thinking as a facilitators? the world in Policing, Judiciary, bureaucracy andLike Haryana, Gujarat, Tamil etc… Political System. Hire services in respective fields from best governed countries like UK, US,Right from CM to general public, there is immense Germany, Netherland in order to revitalize theneed to think and act in terms of development, otherwise defunct corrupt system and enforce aremoving corruption, providing civic amenities, change for better, understand how theseonly then; we can raise the living status in Bihar developed countries evolved their system from theabove African States. old legacy.. By the way we are still carrying the leftover of the old British system, which have beenGovernance and law enforcement in Bihar is not completely revamped in their own countries.better than any African state. We have almostdefunct civic system, policing, judiciary, health, 3. He can simplify most of the rules for bettereducation system…. everything is rotten. Civic understanding by common people and easysystem does not take care of cleaning drainage, implementation by agencies.road, hygiene in hospital, restaurants, Dhaba,Hotels, there is almost no honest inspector who This job shall not take more than one/two year/s. Iworks honestly for the enforce of law just for can further elaborate if there is such need.salary. Police and judiciary is another most rotten,corrupt and junk system. You have to pay tons of Regarding economic development in Bihar, you domoney to get your legal and rightful work done, of not have to go far, checkout Haryana, Gujarat,course you can get all illegal work done if you Tamil, AP, Karnataka, Maharashtra, what they arespend money as the system demand. providing, why Bihar cannot provide. Free zones like all these states are providing.We have plethora of law, but their enforcement isalmost nil and these laws are selectively used for 1. We have a lot of land unfit for agriculture andtargeting people at convenience for making money inhabitations, identify them and allot for theor suppressing opponents by the bureaucrats, development of Economic free zones, we can takepoliticians, police, judiciary. Do you think our chief help of infrastructure developers, to develop shademinster Mr. Nitish Kumar, does not know all these, 40%, plots on lease 50%, roads drainage 10% andbut what he has done so far is not sufficient but power for these free zones.cosmetics. 2. Every districts shall have at least one such freeDid he setup a working group till date even after zoneover 5 years in power. Below are some verycommon ideas, but need real zeal and honest 3. Make all investment and commercial approvalapproach in implementation: simple, online and fully computerized in order to reduce human interface resulting into reducing1. He can setup separate working corruption and fast processing.groups/committees on how to get rid of corruptionin police, bureaucracy, judiciary and politics.THE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 19
  20. 20. 4. Deploy development and facilitator friendly development. Unfortunately Congress failed. Thenofficial in guidance and approval. It shall be their public gave almost 15 years to RJD. Baring theduty to complete the task of approval in time commendable change in psycho-socialbound period and get the same from central govt. engineering for backward classes, RJD failed inif any. Approval in services sectors should be in maintaining law and order, controlling of corruptionone day. For instance, if you want to start any and much needed development say roads,business in Dubai, it needs one day in Chamber of employments, etc... Now the same public gaveCommerce and Ministry of Industry and Economy, mandate to JDU-BJP for the very much needed2-3 days for labor visa in labor department. change in Bihar.5. The delivery mechanism must have What are the options left with the people otherincentive/bonus for efficiency and achievement of than mandate to change the government? Sometargets. This job is not tedious and must not take of them have already taken arms in their hand aremore than one/two year/s. The government needs called Moist. The next option left for the public isto concentrate on the development of social come on the street in mass i.e. revolution.sectors:a) Re-investment in health, education, technical e) Years of JDU-BJP rule is already finished and itand professional education sectors on mass scale is running in the second span for 10 years. This isby govt. and private sector. Old requirement like 5 right time to pull all the strings of development,acre land (impossible in city areas / or high entry control on corruption and began reforms. Insteadcapital barrier, running period) should be modified. of doing cosmetic change and creating politicalShall be complemented with quality teaching, hype (say public display of wealth of babus /netas,sufficient equipment, laboratory, building and cycle scheme, etc...) we need real reforms (reformplacement. on policing, reform in judiciary, reform in bureaucracy and politics), We want to stopb) It shall approve as much as possible colleges leakages of resources from plan and non-planin medical, engineering, management, IT etc. expenditure and its implementation in real sense say 99% like the western countries.c) Strengthens Municipalities / ruralgovernance and all honest and hardworking NGOs The evolutions in Middle-East & African countriesin all communities. Deploy honest inspector for are against poverty, low income, high inflation, andimplementation of rules and hygiene though out concentration of wealth in few hands (mostlystates. politician/industrialist), corruption in police, bureaucracy, judiciary and politics. Situation ind) Some of us in Bihar, say politicians, Bihar is not different from these countries the onlyintelligentsia as well as few general public believe, exception is we have power to change the head ofthat it is the people of Bihar, responsible for the Govt. every five year, however the junk systempoor state of affairs, including corruption, remains the same.underdevelopment, poverty, poor governance Bihar. But I disagree, the people of Bihar, gavea long span of time to Congress for change andTHE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 20
  21. 21. We do not have much time left, we need toachieve real tangible change or the time is not far (The writer Mohammad Irfan, (from Muzaffarpur) iswhen we are faced with the same situation as it is Finance Director with a large overseas group, andfaced in Tunisia, Egypt, Libya, Yaman etc............. has exposure in overseas countries and their governance."ब र ...".."ब र ..."... . .??.. ..औ . ... .. ....... - औ ... - ......... - औ ..... .. इ , औ औ इ औ . , .. .??..... औ ,इ " "...औ इ ,औ - .. , - .. ..औ ..?..इ इ .... औ , ..औ . . , .. इ .... ..इ .. ,THE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 21
  22. 22. .. .. .. इ .. इ .??... .. . . इ .. ..औ ... , .. , ऊ , इ ,इ .. , ! औ औ ... औ , ... .. .. .. .. ... .. - , .. .!! .. .. .. इ इ ??... .. ... . , - .. औ .. ..?. . . . - ..??.. .. इ .. -इ इ .. .. .??.. औ ... इ इ - .... ...THE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 22
  23. 23. .. औ इ ... ढ़ इ .. .. इ . औ Author: Bhaskar G Vatsa, Mumbai, India ,औTHE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 23
  24. 24. THE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 24
  25. 25. Book Review ‘The Plain Truth” by N.K.SinghA tale a tale story of the rampant corruption in the Civil Services------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- Kissa Kursi Ka, the sugar scam, Airbus briberyN K Singh is the CBI officer who arrested Indira and St Kitts forgery were no ordinary criminalGandhi in 1977. Forced to return to his home cases investigated by the CBI. Singh describes incadre in Orissa after she returned to power, this some detail how these important functionaries ofcourageous and diligent Indian Police Service the Indian State shamelessly subverted theofficer was brought back to the CBI by Prime system to sabotage the investigation and theMinister V P Singhs government. judicial process. Facts are indeed stranger than fiction.”One of the first cases he was assigned was the StKitts forgeries. Unfortunately, his meticulous Singh gives glimpses of the deep-rooted nexusinvestigation into the case earned the wrath of the that has developed between crime, criminals,next prime minister, Chandra Shekhar, who politicians and civil servants. How willingly seniortransferred him out of the agency. civil servants connived at subverting the rule of law to please their political masters. Blinded by theirIn the second of six extracts from his fascinating ambition, some of them became willingbiography, The Plain Truth, N K Singh discloses accessories to criminal acts. They told lies,the genesis of the St Kitts investigation which has committed acts of perjury, theft, and destruction ofnow resulted in a chargesheet against former evidence, but managed to go scot free. On theprime minister P V Narasimha Rao. contrary, they were duly rewarded for their criminal role. These are the types who manage to reachOutlook writes about this book “THE Plain Truth, the top of the ladder more easily. The numbers ofas told by N.K. Singh, is going to shock and such civil servants—pliable, loyal to the powersdismay many of its readers. The insiders account that are, unscrupulous and ambitious—areof events that have become an important part of unfortunately multiplying. They are the real villains.Indias contemporary political history makes The criminal-politician link cannot operate withoutcompelling reading. The media has not stopped them.discussing them, but this book fills some importantgaps in our knowledge about these cases. It is a very readable, but a serious book. It raises some fundamental questions about our politicalSinghs story confirms our worst fears about the and administrative system. These questions needextent of politicisation of civil service and such vital to be confronted and solutions found, if ourinvestigation agencies as the CBI. Law doesnt democratic system is to survive. I recommend thisappear to take its own course when it comes to book to all, irrespective of the fact whether theyinfluential and powerful persons, whatever the agree with the authors version of the events orrhetoric. not. It is good that such books are coming out. TheThe book unmasks a number of senior political villains who strut around as heroes need to beleaders and well-known civil servants, some of exposed.whom still hold very important positions. Cases likeTHE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 25
  26. 26. The Curious Case of Bihari Cuisine: Part 1(Part 2 will be published in the next edition of the webzine)-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Despite the many Biharis across the country, andacross the continents (Mauritius, countries of theWest Indies and Fiji come to my mind easily), andBiharis in Bihar, of course, there is no popularrecognition of the Bihari cuisine. We do not haverestaurants announcing in big and bold that theyserve authentic Bihari cuisine. No Bihari foodfestivals in five star- or even three star- hotels. Noteven does the friendly neighbourhood restaurantannounce: ―Specialist in Chinese, Mughalai, Daal is something which all of us Indians havePunjabi and Bihari cuisine‖. A pity, the Bihari regularly, albeit with varying differences. But havecuisine has failed to grab the attention of other you had the Bihari daal? Arhar dal, just wateredfellow countrymen? Or is it that the Biharis have down so, with a heavenly chhaunk of ―panch-failed to position their cuisine as something phoran”? (Can you visualize the description of thisunique. I understand that there is Gujrati thali, dish in fancy five star restaurants: ―Toor lentils,Bangal ranna, Andhra mealsu and Kashmiri cooked to the right consistency with perfection andwaazwaan. But, alas, no Bihari cuisine. How seasoned with a unique, mouth-wateringcome? combination of five spices‖.)It is my humble endeavour in this post to educatethe non-Bihari reader on the delights of the Biharicuisine.Maybe us Biharis are to be blamed. When askedfor our favourite meal, we just utter ―Daal-bhaat-chokha‖. Or sometimes even ―maad-bhaat-chokha‖. I am in love with the aforementioned stuffas well; I am a Bihari and I understand thedelicacy of what other people would believe israther pedestrian. And chokha, the exotic mashed potatoes with a liberal touch of mustard oil and a sprinkling of salt. Some would also add to it a burnt- and mashed- red chilli to impart to it spiciness and an exotic taste.Bhaat, you exclaim is the mundane rice? Well, mundane the rice may be, but have youTHE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 26
  27. 27. experimented with various types of rice? Usina Oh, you are not in favour of chaawal, at all, andchaawal (parboiled rice) or Arwaa chawal (the you wish to try some alternate stuff? Whatlong-grained rice, with a flavour of its own? And about Janera ke khichdi? Khichdi made of corn?either variety of rice is cooked with varyingdegrees of consistency, depending upon the family Or maybe you are a wheat afficionado. Multipletraditions passed down the centuries. delicacies beckon you! Roti and paratha are mundane. Maybe you should try some varietiesA cousin of the above is maad-bhaat- ofmakuni. Makuni of different pedigrees. Makuni ischokha. Maad, the starchy fluid drained out of the what others would callbharwaan paratha. Withpan (tasla) during an intermediate stage of cooking either mashed potatoes, or phool-rice is used as a substitute to daal. Sometimes gobhi(cauliflower), or murai (radish) as the filling.relished even without the chokha- with a piece of a Technically correct. But this description equates itpickle. Nimki, or the sour lemon pickle, made from to the heavily commercial Punjabi fare and misseslarge lemons, being a favourite. Sure there will be out on the unique combo of the Bihari spices,a quantity of maad left behind on your plate. Just specially the two jewels in the spicylift up the cheepa, or chhipli (plate in Bhojpuri- crown: ajwain and mangarial. Don‘t understand?speak) to your lips and quaff the residual elixir! Head out for a dinner with a Bihari family!You find the above combos too cumbersome, all The cuisine of Bihar is not limitedthis effort to fix your daal-bhaat, or maad-bhaat? to chawal, roti alone. You should seek out theFret not, you can always feast on khichdi, the vegetables that the Biharis eat. Lauki, konhda,ultimate comfort food. I have dwelt on this in much nenua, jheenga etc. But the king of all Bihardetail in earlier posts of mine. Suffice it to say that vegetables would be parwal. Parwal is rathershould you wish to have thekhichdi, do not forget unique to Bihar and to some other parts of theits traditional accompaniments as mentioned in the East. (Notably in Bengal, where it is called potol. Infollowing ditty: fact, the Bengalis are so fond of it, some of them even occasionally name their offspring, Potol!).―Khichdi ke chaar yaar,Dahi, papad, ghee, achaar.‖ If you happen to come to our local market and see a throng of men and women around the rare shopTHE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 27
  28. 28. that sells parwal, you can be sure that the mash some boiled parwal, throw in a few table-customers are nearly all Biharis or Bengalis. Each spoonfuls of mustard oil and spices, salt, to tasteone in the crowd pressing this little yellow- and you get parwal ka chokha. Or, you can evenspeckled green sabzi between his or her finger- prepare a totally delightfulmithai with it. Just thattips and evaluating if the parwal was ―fresh‖ or instead of filling it with spices, stuff it―boodha‖ (over-ripe). Some would even break this withkhowa and dry fruits. Parwal ki mithai!tender vegetable between their fingers. If it gaveway with a smart, crisp snap, then it was fresh You said you do not quite enjoy green vegetables?(and by extension the entire lot). If it gave way Maybe you should try a combination of veggiesreluctantly and ended up as a squishy mass then it and some other botanical produce as well! Likewas boodha! pieces of vegetables coated with a batter of gram flour-besan- and deep fried in oil. Sounds familiar?But why this lavish attention on parwal, a sabzi Of course this is bajkaa, aka ―pakoda‖ in all-Indiawhich rest of the country does not even bother to speak. Or would you prefer green leaves wrappedconsider in their scheme of culinary activities? The in a batter of besan; ―rinkwachch”? (Aka patra insimple answer is, they are not aware of the magic Gujarati, one of those famous starters of ayou can work with the imperial parwal. Gujarati thali, farsaan). If you really do want to avoid vegetables, worry not, the Bihar cuisineIt can be made into a bhujiya (not to be confused has khandera, cuboids of fried besan cooked in awith Haldiram, Bikaneri or generally speaking, the spicy gravy. Best relished withchaawal. And soRajsthani bhujiya- those are made of plain or many other varieties!spiced besan); sautéed slices of parwal withpotato or on its own. (What a delight it is to crunch You want more adventures into Bihari cuisine?those lovely crisp parwal seeds!). It can be a Wait a bit, I will soon write about the ubiquitous,gravy sabzi, either in glorious isolation or and multi-faceted, ―sattu‖.combined with aloo. You can halveeach parwal and stuff it with a mix of spices- and Santosh Ojhayou getkaluanji or bharwaan parwal. You could BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 28
  29. 29. Leaders Inspire – Perspective on leadership style of M S Dhoni & Nitish Kumar------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- dimensions of their leadership style in their own sphere of influence. They have displayed remarkably identical traits and style which really demonstrates similarity in their leadership style and ability to influence outcomes. Communication is the key Dhoni has always spoken his mind out on every aspect of Indian cricket. Often criticized for beingIt takes moment in life to make it special, dream of too blunt, he has never been a favorite of hisa generation, imagination of a nation, heartbeat of bosses in BCCI. Nitish Kumar also stands out forbillions, and then the prayers finally were being upfront and plain talks, he has often earnedanswered. India lifted the world cup 2011 with wrath of media, alliance partners and even his owngreat pride and emotions. What Dhoni and his team members for speaking his mind out. Anothermen have achieved will remain etched in the interesting aspect that stands out of Dhoni andmemory of our generation forever. Tears of joy, Nitish is the way they have been humble and opencries of triumph, and a sense of gratitude filled our enough to admit weaknesses. Dhoni didn‘t mincehearts as the realization of world cup victory finally any words in castigating his fielders publicly andsinks to the nation. even accepted that few decisions didn‘t work to the plan.Celebrations still continue and what really stoodout was the cool and razor sharp finesse which Likewise, Nitish has publicly rebuked his own partyDhoni displayed in his leadership style throughout men and allies on many programs and policies. Atthe tournament. Perhaps he summed it up himself the same time, one must acknowledge that theywhen he said how his decisions could have been have set right goals,questioned. But as lady luck had it, Dhoni willsmile all the way to the glorious annals of worked with their teams to strive together as acricketing history, perhaps the most successful team. As the captain of the team, both have beenIndia captain ever. articulating there plans and vision for the teams.One can‘t help but draw parallels of his leadership Get the best out of limited meansstyle with another great leader Nitish Kumar whowas the Man of Year 2010 for bringing a ray of One of the most inspiring aspects of both thesehope and faith in the murky theater of Indian leaders has been how they have struck to thepolitics. Nitish Kumar, Chief Minister of Bihar, won basics of managing their teams. With limitedhis world cup (Bihar elections) consecutively by resources at hand, they have ensured that theytransforming the electoral dynamics in Bihar. Both get the best out of each situation to work to theirNitish and Dhoni have uncanny similarities in the team‘s advantage and thereby imbibing the cultureway they operate and bring out few unique of self-belief and resilience. Despite India‘s limitedTHE BIHAR, Q2, 2011 Edition Page 29