Increasing the use of library and self-motivated learning by Problem Based Learning (PBL) approach at Faculty of Health-Care Sciences, EUSL
Santharooban, S (Assistant Librarian) and Sathaananthan, T (Lecturer)Faculty of Health-Care Sciences@ Annual Research Session-2010 Eastern University, Sri Lanka
It is observed and reported by several authors that the library usage decline in most of academic libraries. libraries become deserted libraries. There are several reasons for the decline of the library use. ◦ Technology has widened variety of electronic resources. ◦ (sometime) Students are given with handful of notes.
These developments have reduced the need to visit the library. Decline in library usage changes the knowledge background and information- seeking habits for students (and staff too). In parallel, plagiarism is increased. Decline in the use of physical collections and services, make it difficult to justify additional space, staffing and other traditional resources
But, the improved teaching-learning process will increases use of library. ◦ this will increase the knowledge backgrounds of users The Problem Based Learning is such an approach which will encourages the students’ search for information literacy and thereby increase the use of library.
Problem-based learning (PBL) originally started in the field of Medical education. It is a teaching learning process where the learning takes place by finding solution for real-world problems. The students are given a scenario on a topic and they work in teams through a structured process to solve problem.
The PBL improve the self directed learning. With its emphasis on independent learning and information-gathering, the PBL environment promotes many values of library. Faculty of Health-Care Sciences, EUSL has introduced PBL in its curriculum.
In the PBL of FHCS, students are given with real case history. Students are divided into groups and discuss cases. The PBL class is facilitated by two tutors and resource person. At the end of the each PBL day, students are provided with learning needs related to the case history. Students search the information to study the learning needs given in the PBL class. In the next PBL day, the learning needs will be discussed. This will continue for a week.
The objective of the present study is toanalyse the impact of PBL on the library usageof students of Faculty Health-Care Sciences.
The daily usage was record from November 2008 to July 2010. The numbers of student users coming to the library during the PBL week was compared with traditional lecture period. The two sets of data were compared using student-t test. Association between PBL period and increased frequency of library users was tested by Chi-squared.
Chi-squared test (p <0.00) reveals that there is a association between PBL teaching period and increase in library usage by students. significant different (p=0.014<0.05) between the number of student users during PBL weeks and preceding week of traditional lecture. Average student user/day in PBL > Average student user/day in non- PBL.
Results shows that the PBL have impact on the library usage. In PBL, the self-directed learning are encouraged among the students. The facilitators motivate the students’ critical thinking. It stimulates the students searching habits for literature related to their field. The library facilitate to solve the problem. This will automatically increase the library usage.
Since the PBL is an integrated approach, solution will NOT be obtained only through a particular discipline, must have to read all the disciplines related to the problem. students become a voracious readers and improves their knowledge and skill. Other experimental evidences also indicates that PBL students learn as well as traditional students and enjoy learning more than students studying identical subjects in traditional, lecture based curricula.
Observational evidences from present study show that in-house reference is dramatically increased than lending. This type of library usage improve the ◦ students’ self learning ability, ◦ life long learning and ◦ information searching For medical profession, continuous learning is essential to overcome newly emerging problems.
Though the PBL is widely practiced in medical education, it can be recommended to other non-medical faculties to adopt PBL in their curriculum.