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Punctuation powerpoint presentation

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Punctuation powerpoint presentation

  1. 1. ENGLISH LESSON GRADE: 9 TOPIC: PUNCTUATION Presented by Maluleke T.S.
  2. 2. How Do You Use the Comma?  Use a comma to separate independent clause (sentences) in a compound sentence. I like English, BUT it is difficult.
  3. 3. How Do You Use the Comma? Continue Use commas to separate words, phrases, and clauses when there are three or more in a series. For instance, Sanny can run, jump, and skip.
  4. 4. More on Commas When the date identifies the day of the week, the date is set off with a comma. See the example below: On Thursday, August 25, school resumes.
  5. 5. More on Commas  Use Comma to set off nouns of direct. For example: “Gertrude, I want you to know that Matilda like George.” address.  Use a comma to set off a year when it is with a month and date. - Julius was born June 25, 1954, in Gauteng, Soweto.
  6. 6. More on Commas  Use commas when writing full addresses in sentence form. I live at 2345 Westchester Blvd., Springfield, IL 62703  Use commas to set off introductory phrases that come at the beginning of a sentence. Feeling anxious, George slowly stepped on the stage.
  7. 7. Use commas to set off nonrestrictive relative clauses (not necessary to the meaning of the sentence) from the rest of the sentence. Who Whose) Restrictive/nonrestrictive Whom Which) Nonrestrictive (needs a
  8. 8. Commas Continue ◦That boy, who is standing by the door is my son.
  9. 9. Commas  Use commas to set of parenthetical expressions. -Jason is handsome, however, looks can be deceiving. Use a comma to set off short quoted sentences from the rest of the sentence. Hamlet said, “To be or not to be. That is the question.”
  10. 10. Commas  Use commas to set of parenthetical expressions. -Jason is handsome, however, looks can be deceiving. Use a comma to set off short quoted sentences from the rest of the sentence. Hamlet said, “To be or not to be. That is the question.”
  11. 11. Use a semi-colon to separate independent sentences. These are sentences that are closed conned in thought and not joined by a conjunction. For example, After class, I went to the Pizza Hut; then I graded papers for an hour.
  12. 12. Use a semi-colon to separate independent clause if there are commas within the parts. I wrote to George, Matilda, and Gertrude; and Ellen notified Jason by phone.
  13. 13. Capitals latters A capital letter is normally used in writing:  For the first letter of the first word at the beginning of a sentence  For the first letter of proper nouns (Kevin), countries (South Africa), cities (Johannesburg), and titles (the Champion).
  14. 14. Capitals latters  For the first letter of the names of days (Tuesday), months (February), festivals (Dwali).  For the first letter of houses, ships, streets, newspapers, books, play-titles (King Street).  For a person‟s initials (K.G. Baxter).  For the word I.
  15. 15. Full stops A full stop is used at the end of a sentence, unless the sentence calls for a question mark (?) or an exclamation mark (!). Example, Joyce went to the shop.
  16. 16. The power of the English Language
  17. 17. Exclamation marks An exclamation mark is used after expressions of surprise, motion, fear and delight: For instance, Oh!, Ah!, Look!, and Hurrah!
  18. 18. Exclamation marks Examples, What a superb goal Gigs scored at Highbury! I did not know you were here! How fierce she looks!
  19. 19. Question marks A question mark is always placed at the end of a question.  What are you doing? But a question mark is not used in:  I asked them what they were doing.
  20. 20. Apostrophes An apostrophe is a mark (‘ ) used to indicate. the possessive case the omission of a letter or letters  If the word does not end in s, add „s:
  21. 21. Apostrophes  Examples, The book of the boy – the boy‟s book  The book of the children – the children‟s books If the word ends in s and is singular, add „s:  The book of Charles – Charles‟s book
  22. 22. Quotation marks (inverted commas Words quoted are put into quotation marks. The boy said, “He has the book”. Note the comma before the quotation mark and that since the words inside the marks form a sentence, the first letter is a capital letter
  23. 23. Hyphen The sign (-) used to join words to indicate that they have a combined meaning or that they are linked in the grammar of a sentence For instance, a pick-me-up, mother-inlaw, good-hearted.
  24. 24. Parenthesis  Use parenthesis to enclose words or figures that clarify or are used as an aside.  Example: He received one hundred and fifty points (150)on his math project.
  25. 25. List of references Kevin Baxter. September, 18. 2013 http://www.slideshare.net/KevinBaxter1/english-basics-punctuation Karin Heart.2013, http://www.slideshare.net/karrinheart/punctuation-13609611 Ellen Conner. 2010. http://www.slideshare.net/conno1ej/punctuation-powerpoint3312708 Arundathie Abeysinghe, International Avlation Academy.Srilankan Airline http://www.slideshare.net/arundathie81/esl-punctuation-rulescommas
  26. 26. The End Thank you

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