Meducation Part II Diabetes.


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Meducation Part II ,December issue addresses key concerns and basic information pertaining to Diabetes.

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Meducation Part II Diabetes.

  1. 1. Diabetes Mellitus
  2. 2. What Is Diabetes Mellitus? Most of the food we eat is turned into glucose (sugar) for our bodies to use for energy. The pancreas, an organ near the stomach, makes a hormone called insulin to help glucose get into our body cells. When you have diabetes, your body either doesn’t make enough insulin or can’t use its own insulin very well. This problem causes glucose to build up in your blood(HYPERGLYCEMIA in medical terms). Diabetes means that a person’s blood sugar is too high. Your blood always has some sugar in it because the body needs sugar for energy to keep you going. But too much sugar in the blood can cause serious damage to the eyes, kidneys, nerves, and heart.
  3. 3. TYPES OF DIABETESBroadly there are three main types of diabetes: Diabetes Type 1 - You produce no insulin at all. Diabetes Type 2 - You dont produce enough insulin, or your insulin is not working properly. Gestational Diabetes - You develop diabetes just during your pregnancy.
  4. 4. How do I even suspect I have it? You may recall having some of these signs before you found out you had diabetes: Being very thirsty. Urinating a lot—often at night. Having blurry vision from time to time. Feeling very tired much of the time. Losing weight without trying. Having very dry skin. Having sores that are slow to heal. Getting more infections than usual. Losing feeling or getting a tingling feeling in the feet. Vomiting.
  5. 5. How can I be sure ?Urine Sugar test Random blood sugar testBoth these can also be done at home to monitor the patient’s progress
  6. 6. Its always advisable to see your doctor at the earliest Oral Glucose Tolerance Speak to your doctor test without any hesitation
  7. 7. ARE YOU THE ONLY ONESUFFERING FROMDIABETES????NO !!!!!!!!! YOU HAVE THE FOLLOWING PRIVILEDGED COMPANY:Elizabeth Taylor - ActressJim Turner - Actor"Smokin Joe" Frazier - BoxerKing Fahd - King of Saudi Arabia
  8. 8. Crap! The doc told me I have life is finished! The story is far from over my friend Millions of diabetics are well controlled with drugs,insulin,exercise, Yoga and lead a healthy joyful life They go to work,see their kids grow up and do what everybody else does normally!
  9. 9. Alright it’s all good! So how do I manage my life now?First and foremost, you must take responsibilityfor your own day-to-day care and not anyone else. How??! Healthy eating Physical activity / exercise / Yoga / Aerobics Regular blood glucose testing and maintaining a diary Take your pills as prescribed Follow your diet religiously Follow up with your doctor as instructed on a regular basis
  10. 10. Home based care Monitoring your own glucose is done with a Glucose Meter. Self- monitoring is often called SMBG (self-monitoring of blood glucose). Glucose meters today are small, battery-operated devices.
  11. 11. USING A GLUCOMETER When you want to test for glucose with a glucose meter you need to place a small sample of your blood on a test strip. Your skin is pricked with a lancet - like a very fast pin-prick. These test strips are disposable. You then place the strip in the monitor. The strips are coated with enzymes that combine with glucose in blood. Based on the glucose level in blood,they flash the appropriate values on the screen.
  12. 12. Prevention is better than cure…if itcan’t be prevented,it can surely be controlled.
  13. 13. Be more physically active !! Go for a walk with a friend, a neighbour, your family Don’t take the elevator.. Use the stairs Park further away, walk a few more steps Play with your children, grandchildren or friends Clean around the house Run errands Join an Aerobics or Tai-Chi class Go for weekend Yoga lessons
  14. 14. Eathealthy !!
  15. 15. Who gives a damn! I think the doctor is just scaring me unecessarily.. I’m just fine!! If your Diabetes is undiagnosed,you are just unlucky If you have been informed about your ailment and yet choose not to do anything,YOU ARE A FOOL and are gambling with your life! Why should you control it 
  16. 16. REMEMBER!!Diabetes is serious yet controllable! 1. Learn about diabetes - what you can do to control your diabetes 2 . Be physically active every day– dance or walk ! 3 . Learn what you should eat. A registereddietician can help you plan your meals 4 . Make wise food choices – less fat, low salt.More fiber (fruits and vegetables) 5 . Visit your doctor or health care provider
  17. 17.  Spread the word !! Educate your friends, family and loved ones Care for those who need it the most Be responsible.. Health is a gift !!