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Glaucoma meducation part III

Glaucoma is an eye disorder that damages the optic nerve and can cause vision loss and blindness if untreated. It is often associated with increased fluid pressure in the eye. While it usually has no symptoms, it is known as the "silent thief of sight" as vision is lost gradually over time. There are several types of glaucoma including open-angle glaucoma, which is the most common type, and angle-closure glaucoma, which develops quickly. Treatment involves medication, surgery, or both to lower pressure and prevent further vision loss, as vision lost to glaucoma cannot be regained. Regular eye exams are important for diagnosis and management of this leading cause of blindness.

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Glaucoma meducation part III
Glaucoma meducation part III
Glaucoma meducation part III
”Glaucoma” is an eye disorder in which
 the optic nerve is damaged, permanently
damaging vision in the affected eye(s) and
   progressing to complete blindness if
   untreated. It is often, but not always,
associated with increased pressure of the
   fluid in the eye (ocular hypertension)
Glaucoma meducation part III
Glaucoma has been
nicknamed the "silent thief of
     sight" because the loss of
         vision normally occurs
  gradually over a long period
           of time, and is often
     recognized only when the
   disease is quite advanced!!

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Glaucoma meducation part III

  • 4. ”Glaucoma” is an eye disorder in which the optic nerve is damaged, permanently damaging vision in the affected eye(s) and progressing to complete blindness if untreated. It is often, but not always, associated with increased pressure of the fluid in the eye (ocular hypertension)
  • 6. Glaucoma has been nicknamed the "silent thief of sight" because the loss of vision normally occurs gradually over a long period of time, and is often recognized only when the disease is quite advanced!!
  • 7. There are several types of glaucoma. The two main types are: I.open-angle glaucoma & II. angle-closure glaucoma.
  • 8. Normal-Tension Glaucoma(NTG): 1)Also called “low-tension” or “normal- pressure” glaucoma, in normal-tension glaucoma (NTG) the optic nerve is damaged even though the pressure in the eye is not very high. 2)In general, a "normal" pressure range is between 10-20 mm Hg. 3) The causes of NTG are still unknown.
  • 9. Childhood Glaucoma: 1)This is a rare condition that may be inherited, caused by incorrect development of the eye’s drainage system before birth. 2)Occurs in babies and young children. It is usually diagnosed within the first year of life. 3)Also referred to as “congenital glaucoma”, “pediatric”, or “infantile glaucoma”
  • 10. OPEN ANGLE CLOSED ANGLE GLAUCOMA GLAUCOMA “Open-angle” means Angle-closure that the angle glaucoma is a where the iris result of the angle meets the cornea is between the iris as wide and open and cornea is as it should be. closing. It is also Open-angle glaucoma is also called “acute called “primary glaucoma” or glaucoma” or “narrow-angle “chronic glaucoma” glaucoma”
  • 11. OPEN ANGLE CLOSED ANGLE GLAUCOMA GLAUCOMA
  • 12. OPEN ANGLE CLOSED ANGLE GLAUCOMA GLAUCOMA  Is caused by the slow  Is caused by blocked clogging of the drainage drainage canals, resulting in a canals, resulting in sudden rise in intraocular pressure increased eye  Has a closed or pressure narrow angle between  Has a wide and open the iris and cornea angle between the  Develops very quickly iris and cornea  Has symptoms and  Develops slowly and is damage that are a lifelong condition usually very  Has symptoms and noticeable damage that are not  Demands immediate noticed. medical attention.
  • 14. Everyone is at risk for glaucoma!! However, certain groups are at higher risk than others….
  • 15. Glaucoma is much more common among older people. You are People Over 60 six times more likely to get glaucoma if you are over 60 years old. The most common type of glaucoma, primary open-angle glaucoma, is hereditary. If members Family Members with of your immediate Glaucoma family have glaucoma, you are at a much higher risk than the rest of the population.
  • 16. Glaucoma is the leading cause of blindness among African Americans. It African Americans is six to eight times more common in African Americans than in Caucasians. Recent studies indicate that the risk Hispanics (especially for Hispanic higher age groups) populations is greater
  • 17. Central corneal hypertension thickness <0.5mm High myopia Trauma (nearsightedness)
  • 18. People at high risk for glaucoma should get a complete eye exam, including eye dilation, every one or two years
  • 19. Examination of Name of the test 1.The inner eye pressure Tonometry 2.Optic nerve Ophthalmoscopy (dilated eye examination) 3.The complete field of vision Perimetry (visual field defect) 4.The angle in the eye where the iris meets the cornea Gonioscopy 5.Thickness of the cornea Pachymetry
  • 20. Diagnosing glaucoma is not always easy, and The most important careful evaluation of the concern is protecting optic nerve continues to your sight. be essential to diagnosis and treatment. If your condition is Doctors look at many particularly difficult to factors before making diagnose or treat, you decisions about your may be referred to a treatment. glaucoma specialist. A second opinion is always wise if you or your doctor become concerned about your diagnosis or your progress.
  • 21. With the facts about glaucoma, you can take charge of your health with a few adjustments to your routine. Caring for your eyes may include medication, surgery, or a combination of treatments
  • 22. Carefully follow your medication Glaucoma regimen to Medication preserve a healthy eye pressure and prevent vision loss. Depending on the severity of glaucoma, laser Glaucoma Surgery treatment or conventional surgery may be necessary.
  • 23. Beta blockers Carbonic Prostaglandin anhydraze Derivatives inhibitors Sympathomimetics Parasympathomimetics
  • 24. Goniotomy Trabeculotomy Implants • for congenital glaucoma's Trabeculectomy • for adult glaucoma's
  • 25. Glaucoma is a leading cause of blindness? Glaucoma can cause blindness if it is left untreated. And unfortunately approximately 10% of people with glaucoma who receive proper treatment still experience loss of vision.
  • 26. Glaucoma is not curable, and vision lost cannot be regained. With medication and/or surgery, it is possible to halt further loss of vision. Since glaucoma is a chronic condition, it must be monitored for life. Immediate Diagnosis is the first step to preserving your vision.
  • 27. Older people are at a higher risk for glaucoma but babies can be born with glaucoma (congenital glaucoma). Young adults can get glaucoma, too.
  • 28. With open-angle glaucoma, the most common form, there are virtually no symptoms. Usually, no pain is associated with increased eye pressure. Vision loss begins with peripheral or side vision. You may compensate for this unconsciously by turning your head to the side, and may not notice anything until significant vision is lost.
  • 29. It is important to have your eyes examined regularly ………..
  • 31. Initiative by: Rotaract Club of The Caduceus Acknowledgement:  Rtr. Resham Parikh (President)  Rtr. Udit Dalmia (Vice-President and PD Director)  Rtr. Sanket Shah (Secretary)  Rtr. Pradnya Shinde (Project Designer) For further info. please contact: Rtr. Pradnya 8898512030 Rtr. Udit 9821888645 RID 3140