Scientific Management

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Scientific Management

  1. 1. Scientific Management And Time and Motion Studies Presented by: Sanju Yadav
  2. 2. Scientific Management By Frederick Winslow Taylor in 1911 Methods: Optimizing the way to perform tasks Simplifying the jobs to increase productivity
  3. 3. Soldiering Phenomenon of worker’s purposely operating well below their capacity. Causes: Universal belief Non incentive wage system Rule-of-thumb method
  4. 4. Time Studies Examples Pig iron Science of shoveling
  5. 5. Motion Studies Given by Frank and Lillian Gilbreth Example: Bricklaying
  6. 6. Purpose of Time and Motion Study Reduce number of motions in performing a task Increase the productivity
  7. 7. Four principles of scientific management Replace rule-of-thumb work methods with scientifically studied Scientifically select, train and develop each worker Cooperate with the workers Divide work equally between managers and workers
  8. 8. Drawbacks of Scientific Management Increased monotony of work. Skill variety, task identity, task significance, and autonomy were missing. Dehumanizing.
  9. 9. Thank You

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