In the recent past
• Three Buddhist Groups
emerge
• Bodu Bala Sena
• Sihala Ravaya
• Ravana Balaya
• Protest against Cattl...
There were peaceful Marches
And sit in protests
Ugly Brawls
Violent Behaviors
Going above the law
But The Culmination of all
protests were…..
The Self Immolation of
Ven Bowatte Indrarathna Thera
Protest against cattle slaughter and beef eating
These campaigns leads to
• Awareness of cattle slaughter
• How they are slaughtered
• The suffering the animals( during sl...
Historical Evidence Against Cattle
Slaughter/Beef Eating
• King Elara Killed his son for killing a calf
• King Mahinda IV ...
Social Background of Cattle Slaughter
/Beef Eating
• Used in agriculture
• Raise as their own
children
• Gives milk, trans...
Religious Background of Cattle
Slaughter/Beef Eating
• Buddha taught Ahimsa
• Taking life of another considered to be a si...
Jivaka Sutta
• three instances meat should not be partaken,
when
• (1) seen,
• (2) heard, or when
• (3) there is suspicion...
• prohibited the eating of flesh of 10 animals
• human beings, elephants, horses, dogs,
snakes, lions, tigers, leopards, b...
Europeans came in 1505
• They ate beef
• Sinhala peoples
attitude towards beef
eating changes with
Europeans
• They suppli...
The Legal Aspects of Cattle
Slaughter
• Animal Act (No. 29 of 1958)
• slaughter of heifers and cows are
prohibited.(neat c...
Ethical Aspects of Cattle
Slaughter/Beef Eating
• The way we treat non-human
animals (be it a dog, a cow, a
mice).Slaughte...
With ones conviction
One can become….
• A vegan or a Vegetarian Ovo-vegetarian or Lacto --
vegetarian
This is purely a per...
Neat Cattle and Buffalo Populations in
Sri Lanka in 1000s
0
200
400
600
800
1,000
1,200
1,400
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 200...
The Milk Production in 1000liters
0
5000
10000
15000
20000
25000
2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
neat Ca...
Slaughter of Cattle-1000heads
0
50
100
150
200
250
2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012
Whole Island
Colombo MC
Milking
Cows
Dry Cows
Neat Cattle 280250 287760 568010
Buffalo 94290 77180 171470
Total 739480
Current productive dairy he...
Implications of Banning Cattle
Slaughter and Beef Eating
If Cattle slaughter is banned
• With in few years the
cattle population will
rise to millions
• Will be an
uncontrollable ...
• Small holders, will give up dairying
• They cannot feed all the cattle-no land
• No profits from selling additional cows...
Suggestions
• Using sexed semen
That produce female calves at 95% accuracy
• Establish Cattle sanctuaries
That can maintai...
Conclusion
• The sex semen expensive
Still no answer to unproductive cows
• Cattle sanctuaries-there is no adequate land,
...
• No dairy industry without a beef
industry
• Milk powder / milk products import
from factory farms.-worse than ours
• Hum...
The problem of beef eating
The problem of beef eating
The problem of beef eating
The problem of beef eating
The problem of beef eating
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The problem of beef eating

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  • These cows can produce one calf a year
    If we take 50% of that, every year they would produce 369,740 calves
    Of which 50% would be male calves, so we will have at least 184,870 male calves per year

    These cows can produce one calf a year
    If we take 50% of that, every year they would produce 369,740 calves
    Of which 50% would be male calves, so we will have at least 184,870 male calves per year

  • The problem of beef eating

    1. 1. In the recent past • Three Buddhist Groups emerge • Bodu Bala Sena • Sihala Ravaya • Ravana Balaya • Protest against Cattle Slaughter and Beef Eating
    2. 2. There were peaceful Marches
    3. 3. And sit in protests
    4. 4. Ugly Brawls
    5. 5. Violent Behaviors
    6. 6. Going above the law
    7. 7. But The Culmination of all protests were…..
    8. 8. The Self Immolation of Ven Bowatte Indrarathna Thera Protest against cattle slaughter and beef eating
    9. 9. These campaigns leads to • Awareness of cattle slaughter • How they are slaughtered • The suffering the animals( during slaughter) • Animosity with the groups in beef trade • Refraining from eating beef
    10. 10. Historical Evidence Against Cattle Slaughter/Beef Eating • King Elara Killed his son for killing a calf • King Mahinda IV indicated in “Wewelketiya Gratiffi” punishments for cattle slaughter • King Bhathikabhaya demoted people who ate beef in to Janitors • Ibn Battuta explained in his records about punishments for cattle slaughter • Ma Huan also explained about attitudes of sihhala society towards cattle slaughter
    11. 11. Social Background of Cattle Slaughter /Beef Eating • Used in agriculture • Raise as their own children • Gives milk, transport and natural fertilizer • slaughtering / eating beef despised • Beef eaters low caste people
    12. 12. Religious Background of Cattle Slaughter/Beef Eating • Buddha taught Ahimsa • Taking life of another considered to be a sin • But never prohibit monks from eating meat Refuse Devadatta’s request • In Hinduism cattle is a holy animal (lord Siva’s Vehicle)
    13. 13. Jivaka Sutta • three instances meat should not be partaken, when • (1) seen, • (2) heard, or when • (3) there is suspicion. (That the living being has been purposely slaughtered for the eater)
    14. 14. • prohibited the eating of flesh of 10 animals • human beings, elephants, horses, dogs, snakes, lions, tigers, leopards, bears and hyenas. • cattle were not included in this list. • Mahagopalaka Sutta explains the qualities of good cattle farmer
    15. 15. Europeans came in 1505 • They ate beef • Sinhala peoples attitude towards beef eating changes with Europeans • They supplied the Europeans with cattle and themselves start eating beef
    16. 16. The Legal Aspects of Cattle Slaughter • Animal Act (No. 29 of 1958) • slaughter of heifers and cows are prohibited.(neat cattle and Buffalo) • The cows slaughtered with government vet surgeons certificate ( 10 years old / not productive/poor health.) • The neat cattle bulls can be slaughtered. • Buffalo bulls cannot be slaughtered unless GVS certify (10 years old / not productive/poor health.)
    17. 17. Ethical Aspects of Cattle Slaughter/Beef Eating • The way we treat non-human animals (be it a dog, a cow, a mice).Slaughtering /ill treating/using in experiments • No religious belief, faith or fear of punishment involved. • Based on deep thinking and conviction ( Animal Liberation: Towards an End to Man’s Inhumanity To Animals” Peter singer )
    18. 18. With ones conviction One can become…. • A vegan or a Vegetarian Ovo-vegetarian or Lacto -- vegetarian This is purely a personal act
    19. 19. Neat Cattle and Buffalo Populations in Sri Lanka in 1000s 0 200 400 600 800 1,000 1,200 1,400 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Neat Cattle Population Buffalo Population
    20. 20. The Milk Production in 1000liters 0 5000 10000 15000 20000 25000 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 neat Cattle Buffalo
    21. 21. Slaughter of Cattle-1000heads 0 50 100 150 200 250 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 Whole Island Colombo MC
    22. 22. Milking Cows Dry Cows Neat Cattle 280250 287760 568010 Buffalo 94290 77180 171470 Total 739480 Current productive dairy herd
    23. 23. Implications of Banning Cattle Slaughter and Beef Eating
    24. 24. If Cattle slaughter is banned • With in few years the cattle population will rise to millions • Will be an uncontrollable pest • Will graze all the grass lands available • Make the country a dessert by deforestation
    25. 25. • Small holders, will give up dairying • They cannot feed all the cattle-no land • No profits from selling additional cows and bulls • Unprofitable business • Large herds keepers will go out of business because their main business is beef trade
    26. 26. Suggestions • Using sexed semen That produce female calves at 95% accuracy • Establish Cattle sanctuaries That can maintain unproductive animals and bulls • Export all the bulls and unproductive cows
    27. 27. Conclusion • The sex semen expensive Still no answer to unproductive cows • Cattle sanctuaries-there is no adequate land, lack of grass, and non profitable venture • Exporting Bulls and unproductive animals, for slaughter –Again for slaughter
    28. 28. • No dairy industry without a beef industry • Milk powder / milk products import from factory farms.-worse than ours • Humane methods of cattle management/ slaughter methods is the need.

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